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SENATE.]
Address to the President.

[DECEMBER, 1796. A message from the House of Representatives the negative; and, having agreed to amend the informed the Senate that they are now ready to report, the further consideration thereof was meet the Senate in the Chamber of that House, I postponed. to receive such communications as the PresiDENT OF THE UNITED STATES shall be pleased to

SATURDAY, December 10. make to them.

Address to the President. Whereupon, the Senate repaired to the Cham

The Senate resumed the consideration of the ber of the House of Representatives, for the

report of the committee in answer to the Adpurpose above expressed.

dress of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES The Senate returned to their own Chamber,

ber; to both Houses of Congress; and, after further and a copy of the Speech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, this day addressed to both

amendments, it was unanimously adopted, as

follows: Houses of Congress, was read. (For which, see the proceedings in the House of Representatives

We thank you, sir, for your faithful and detailed of December 7, post.]

exposure of the existing situation of our country;

and we sincerely join in sentiments of gratitude to an Ordered, That Messrs. READ, Tracy, and BINGHAM, be a committee to report the draft

overruling Providence for the distinguished share of

public prosperity and private happiness which the of an Address to the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED

people of the United States so peculiarly enjoy. States, in answer to his Speech this day to both We are fully sensible of the advantages that have Houses of Congress.

resulted from the adoption of measures (which you It was further ordered that the Speech of the have successfully carried into effect) to preserve peace, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, this day cultivate friendship, and promote civilization, amongst communicated to both Houses, be printed for the Indian tribes on the Western frontiers ; feelings the use of the Senate.

of humanity, and the most solid political interests, Resolved, That each Senator be supplied, dur- equally encourage the continuance of this system. ing the present session, with copies of three

We observe, with pleasure, that the delivery of the newspapers printed in any of the States as military posts, lately occupied by the British forces, he may choose, provided that the same are fur

within the territory of the United States, was made nished at the rate of the usual annual charge for

with cordiality and promptitude, as soon as circum

stances would admit; and that the other provisions such papers.

of our treaties with Great Britain and Spain, that

| were objects of eventual arrangement, are about being THURSDAY, December 8.

carried into effect, with entire harmony and good JOHN LAURANCE, from the State of New York. / faith. attended, and, the oath required by law being

| The unfortunate but unavoidable difficulties that administered to him, he took his seat in the opposed a timely compliance with the terms of the Senate.

Algerine Treaty, are much to be lamented; as they Ordered, That Messrs. STOCKTON, Read, and

may occasion a temporary suspension of the advan

tages to be derived from a solid peace with that BINGHAM, be a committee to inquire whether

power, and a perfect security from its predatory any, and what, regulations are proper to be warfare ; at the same time, the lively impressions made, on the subject of the resignation of a that affected the public mind on the redemption of Senator of the United States.

our captive fellow-citizens, afford the most laudable

incentive to our exertions to remove the remaining FRIDAY, December 9.

obstacles. TIMOTHY BLOODWORTH, from the State of

We perfectly coincide with you in opinion, that the

importance of our commerce demands a naval force North Carolina, attended.

for its protection against foreign insult and depredaA message from the House of Representation, and our solicitude to attain that object will be tives informed the Senate that they have re- always proportionate to its magnitude. solved that two Chaplains be appointed to Con- The necessity of accelerating the establishment of gress for the present session-one by each certain useful manufactures, by the intervention of Housewho shall interchange weekly; in which the Legislative aid and protection, and the encourthey desire the concurrence of the Senate. agement due to agriculture by the creation of Boards, Whereupon, the Senate

(composed of intelligent individuals,) to patronize this Resolved, That they do concur therein, and primary pursuit of society, are subjects which will that the Right Reverend Bishop WHITE be readily engage our most serious attention. Chaplain on the part of the Senate.

A National University may be converted to the Mr. READ, from the committee appointed for

for most useful purposes; the science of legislation being the purpose, reported the draft of an Address

so essentially dependent on the endowments of the to the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, in an

mind, the public interests must receive effectual aid

from the general diffusion of knowledge ; and the swer to his Speech to both Houses of Congress,

United States will assume a more dignified station at the opening of the session; which was read.

among the nations of the earth, by the successful culOn motion that it be printed for the use of tivation of the higher branches of literature. the Senate, it passed in the negative.

| A Military Academy may be likewise rendered On motion, it was agreed to consider the re-equally important. To aid and direct the physical port in paragraphs; and, after debate, a motion force of the nation, by cherishing a military spirit, was made for recommitment, which passed in enforcing a proper sense of discipline, and inculcating

DECEMBER, 1796.]
Proceedings.

(SENATE & scientific system of tactics, is consonant to the Ordered, That the committee who prepared soundest maxims of public policy. Connected with, the Address, wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE and supported by such an establishment, a well regu- UNITED STATES, and desire him to acquaint the lated militia, constituting the natural defence of the

Senate at what time and place it will be most Country, would prove the most effectual, as well as

convenient for him that it should be presented. economical, preservative of peace.

Mr. READ reported from the committee, that We cannot but consider, with serious apprehen

il they had waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE sions, the inadequate compensations of the public

of UNITED STATES, and that he would receive the officers, especially of those in the more important stations. It is not only a violation of the spirit of a

of the spirit of a | Address of the Senate on Monday next, at twelve public contract, but is an evil so extensive in its

o'clock, at his own house. Whereupon, operation, and so destructive in its consequences, Resoloed, That the Senate will, on Monday that we trust it will receive the most pointed Legis- next, at twelve o'clock, wait on the PRESIDENT lative attention

or THE UNITED STATES accordingly. We sincerely lament that, whilst the conduct of the United Sates has been uniformly impressed with the character of equity, moderation, and love of peace,

Monday, December 12. in the maintenance of all their foreign relationships, | THEODORE FOSTER, from the State of Rhode our trade should be so harassed by the cruisers and Island ; JOHN BROWN, from the State of Kenagents of the Republic of France, throughout the ex-tucky; and HENRY TAZEWELL, froin the State of tensive departments of the West Indies.

Virginia, severally attended. Whilst we are confident that no cause of complaint exists that could authorize an interruption of our

Address to the President. tranquillity or disengage that Republic from the bonds of amity, cemented by the faith of treaties, we can

| Agreeably to the resolution of the 10th innot but express our deepest regrets that official com

stant, the Senate waited on the PRESIDENT OF munications have been made to you. indicating a | THE UNITED STATES, and the VICE PRESIDENT. more serious disturbance of our commerce. Although in their name, presented the Address then we cherish the expectation that a sense of justice, and agreed to. e consideration of our mutual interests, will moderate To which the PRESIDENT made the following their councils, we are not unmindful of the situation reply: in which events may place us, nor unprepared to GENTLEMEN : It affords me great satisfaction to adopt that system of conduct, which, compatible find in your Address a concurrence in sentiment with with the dignity of a respectable nation, necessity me on the various topics which I presented for your may compel us to pursue.

information and deliberation; and that the latter will We cordially acquiesce in the reflection, that receive from you an attention proportioned to their the United States, under the operation of the Federal respective importance. Government, have experienced a most rapid aggran For the notice you take of my public services, dizement and prosperity, as well political as com civil and military, and your kind wishes for my permercial

sonal happiness, I beg you to accept my cordial Whilst contemplating the causes that produce this thanks. Those services, and greater, had I possessed auspicious result, we must acknowledge the excel- | ability to render them, were due to the unanimous lence of the constitutional system, and the wisdom of calls of my country, and its approbation is my abunthe Legislative provisions; but we should be de-dant reward. ficient in gratitude and justice did we not at- When contemplating the period of my retirement, I tribute a great portion of these advantages to the saw virtuous and enlightened men, among whom I virtue, firmness, and talents of your Administration relied on the discernment and patriotism of my

-which have been conspicuously displayed in the fellow-citizens to make the proper choice of a succesmost trying times, and on the most critical occasions.

sor; men who would require no influential example It is, therefore, with the sincerest regret that we to ensure to the United States " an able, upright, and Dow receive an official notification of your intentions energetic Administration,” To such men I shall cheerto retire from the public employment of your country. fully yield the palm of genius and talents to serve

When we review the various scenes of your public our common country; but, at the same time, I hope life, so long and so successfully devoted to the most I may be indulged in expressing the consoling reflecarduous services, civil and military, as well during tion, (which consciousness suggests,) and to bear it the struggles of the American Revolution, as the with me to my grave, that none can serve it with convulsive periods of a recent date ; we cannot look purer intentions than I have done, or with a more forward to your retirement without our warmest disinterested zeal. affections and most anxious regards accompanying

G. WASHINGTON. you, and without mingling with our fellow-citizens at large in the sincerest wishes for your personal happi The Senate returned to their own Chamber, ness that sensibility and attachment can express and then adjourned.

The most effectual consolation that can offer for the loss we are about to sustain, arises from the anima

WEDNESDAY, December 21. ting reflection, that the influence of your example will extend to your successors, and the United States

THEODORE SEDGWICK, appointed a Senator by thus continue to enjoy an able, upright, and ener

the State of Massachusetts, in place of CALEB getic Administration.

STRONG, resigned, attended, produced his creJOHN ADAMS, dentials, and the oath required by law being Vice President of the United States,

administered to him, he took his seat in the and President of the Senate. Senate.

SENATE]

Proceedings.

(FEBRUARY, 1797 TUESDAY, December 27.

| who, having examined and ascertained the num JOAN EAGER HOWARD, appointed a Senator | ber of votes, presented a list thereof to the Vice by the State of Maryland, in place of RICHARD PRESIDENT, which was read as follows: Potts, resigned, produced his credentials, and for John Adams, 71 votes; for Thomas Jefferson, the oath required by law being administered, he 68; for Thomas Pinckney, 59; for Aaron Burr, 30; took his seat in the Senate.

for Samuel Adams, 15 ; for Oliver Ellsworth, 11; for JOSIAA TATTNALL, from the State of Georgia, George Clinton, 7; for John Jay, 5; for James Ireattended.

dell 2; for George Washington, 2; for John Henry,
2; for Samuel Johnson, 2; for Charles Cotesworth

Pinckney, 1;
WEDNESDAY, December 28.
JAMES Ross, from the State of Pennsylvania, the two Houses of Congress as follows:

Whereupon the VICE PRESIDENT addressed attended.

In obedience to the Constitution and law of the

United States, and to the commands of both Houses WEDNESDAY, January 11, 1797. of Congress, expressed in their resolution passed in JOHN VINING, from the State of Delaware, the present session, I now declare that attended.

JOHN ADAMS is elected President of the United States, for four years, to commence with the fourth

day of March next; and that THURSDAY, January 12.

THOMAS JEFFERSON is elected Vice President of the AARON BURR, from the State of New York, United States, for four years, to commence with the and STEVENS THOMSON Mason, from the State fourth day of March next. And may the Sovereign of Virginia, attended.

of the Universe, the ordainer of civil government on earth, for the preservation of liberty, justice, and

peace among men, enable both to discharge the Friday, January 27.

duties of these offices conformably to the ConstituJOHN HUNTER, appointed a Senator by the tion of the United States, with conscientious diligence, State of South Carolina, in place of PIERCE | punctuality, and perseverance. BUTLER, resigned, attended, produced his cre The VICE PRESIDENT then delivered the votes dentials, and the oath required by law, being of the Electors to the Secretary of the Senate, administered to him, he took his seat in the the two Houses of Congress separated, and the Senate.

Senate returned to their own Chamber, and

soon after adjourned. THURSDAY, February 2. Mr. SEDGWICK reported, from the joint com

THURSDAY, February 9. mittee appointed on the part of the Senate, on the subject of the election of PRESIDENT and! The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate VICE PRESIDENT, that, in their opinion, the fol- | the following communication: lowing resolution ought to be adopted, viz: Gentlemen of the Senate: “That the two Houses shall assemble in the

In consequence of the declaration made yesterday Chamber of the House of Representatives on Wednes

in the Chamber of the House of Representatives of day next, at twelve o'clock; that one person be ap

the election of a President and Vice President of the pointed a teller on the part of the Senate, to make a

United States, the record of which has just now been

Unit list of the votes as they shall be declared : That the read from your journal by your Secretary, I have result shall be delivered to the President of the Sen-judged it proper to give notice that, on the 4th of ate, who shall announce the state of the vote and the

the March next at 12 o'clock I propose, to attend again persons elected to the two Houses assembled as afore in the Chamber of the House of Representatives, in said ; which shall be deemed a declaration of the per

order to take the oath prescribed by the Constitution sons elected President and Vice President, and, to

of the United States to be taken by the President, gether with a list of votes, be entered on the journals

to be administered by the Chief Justice or such of the two Houses."

other Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States as can most conveniently attend; and, in case

none of those Judges can attend, by the Judge of the WEDNESDAY, February 8.

District of Pennsylvania, before such Senators and A message from the House of Representa- Representatives of the United States as may find tives informed the Senate that they are ready it convenient to honor the transaction with their to meet the Senate in the Chamber of that presence. House, agreeably to the report of the joint com Ordered, That the Secretary carry an attested mittee, to attend the opening and examining the copy of this communication to the House of votes of the Electors for PRESIDENT and VICE | Representatives. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, as the con | Ordered, That Messrs. SEDGWICK, TAZEWELL, stitution provides.

and READ, be a joint committee, with such The two Houses of Congress accordingly as- committee as may be appointed on the part of sembled in the Representatives' Chamber, and the House of Representatives, to consider the certificates of the Electors of sixteen States whether any, and if any, what measures ought were, by the VICE PRESIDENT, opened and de- to be adopted for the further accommodation of livered to the tellers, appointed for the purpose, the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, for the

FEBRUARY, 1797.]
Proceedings.

(SENATE. term commencing on the 4th day of March

FRIDAY, February 10. next.

| The Senate resumed the consideration of the Ordered, That the Secretary desire the con

motion made yesterday, that the Secretary of currence of the House of Representatives in the

the Senate wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE appointment of a joint committee on their part.

UNITED STATES, and notify him of the election A message from the House of Representatives

of PRESIDENT and VICE PRESIDENT OF THE informed the Senate that they have agreed to

UNITED STATES, to commence with the 4th day

a the report of the joint committee appointed to

of March next. ascertain and report a mode of examining the

On motion, to insert “a committee” in place votes for PRESIDENT and VICE PRESIDENT OF of a

ESIDENT OF I of “the Secretary," it passed in the negative. THE UNITED STATES, and of notifying the persons and the motionna

And the motion being amended, was adopted as elected of their election.

follows: Mr. SEDGWICK, from the joint committee to

| Ordered, That the Secretary of the Senate whom it was referred to join such committee as j.

* lay before the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES might be appointed by the House of Represen

" a copy of the journal of the 8th instant, relative tatives to ascertain and report & mode of ex

to the opening and counting the votes for PRESIamining the votes for PRESIDENT and VICE

DENT and VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and of no

STATES, and the declaration of the PRESIDENT tifying the persons elected of their election,

of the Senate consequent thereon; and, also & reported that, having further concurred with

copy of the notification given by the PRESIDENT the committee appointed by the House of Rep-|

nepel elect of the time, place, and manner of qualifyresentatives, that, in their opinion, the follow

ing to execute the duties of his office. ing resolution ought to be adopted by the

| A message from the House of RepresentaSenate:

tives informed the Senate that they agree to the Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate be report of the joint committee appointed by the directed to give, by letter, to the Vice President Itwo Houses to confer on a proper mode of notify. elect, a notification of his election.”

ing the VICE PRESIDENT elect of his election. On motion, it was agreed to insert the PRESI Mr. SEDGWICK, from the committee of conferDENT of the Senate instead of the Secretary; ence above mentioned, reported that the followand,

ing resolution should be adopted by the House On motion, it was agreed to reconsider the of Representatives: resolution, and to recommit the report from the "Resolved, That the notification of the election of joint committee.

the Vice President elect be made by such person and Mr. SEDGWICK reported, from the joint com- in such manner as the Senate may direct.” mittee last mentioned, that the committee on On motion, that it be' the part of the House of Representatives con- « Resolved, That the President of the United States sidered themselves discharged from their com- be requested' to communicate (in such manner as he mission.

shall judge most proper) to the person elected Vice Resolved, That the Senate disagree to the re- President of the United States, for the term of four port of the joint committee on the mode of years, to commence 4th day of March next, informanotifying the VICE PRESIDENT elect of his election of his said election : " tion, and that a committee be appointed on the part of the Senate, to confer with such com

It passed in the negative.

Ordered, That the resolution this day agreed mittee as may be appointed on the part of the House of Representatives, on the report of the

to by the House of Representatives, relative to

the notification of the election of the VICE joint committee above mentioned; and that Messrs. SEDGWICK, LAURANCE and Read, be the

PRESIDENT elect, be referred to Messrs. Mason, managers at the conference on the part of the

HILLHOUSE, and SEDGWICK, to consider and reSenate.

port thereon to the Senate. Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the

Mr. Mason reported, from the committee last House of Representatives therewith.

appointed; and, the report being read, was

amended and adopted as follows: On motion, that it be

Resolved, That the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED * Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate beSTATES be requested to cause to be transmitted directed, and he is hereby directed, to lay before the to Thomas JEFFERSON, Esq., of Virginia, VICE President of the United States a copy of the journal PRESIDENT elect of the United States, notificaof yesterday, relative to the opening and counting |tion of his election to that office : and that the of votes for President and Vice President of the PPESIDENT of the Senat

nd Vice President of the PRESIDENT of the Senate do make out and United States, and the declaration of the President of the Senate thereon; and, also, to present to the

sign a certificate in the words following: President of the United States a copy of the notifica

Be it known, that the Senate and House of Repretion given by the President elect of the time, place,

sentatives of the United States of America, being and manner, of qualifying to execute the duties of convened in the city of Philadelphia, on the second his office."

Wednesday in February, in the year of our Lord one

thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, the underOrdered, That the motion lie until to-mor-written Vice President of the United States and row for consideration.

| President of the Senate did, in the presence of the

SENATR.)

Proceedings.

(FEBRUARY, 1797. said Senate and House of Representatives, open all | from my seat in this House, and take my leave of the the certificates and count all the votes of the Electors members of the Senate. for a President and for a Vice President; by which I ought not to declare, for the last time, your adit appears that THOMAS JEFFERSON, Esquire, was duly journment, before I have presented to every Senator elected, agreeably to the constitution, Vice President present, and to every citizen who has ever been & of the United States of America.

Senator of the United States, my thanks, for the can“In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand dor and favor invariably received from them all. It and seal, this 10th day of February, 1797."

is a recollection of which nothing can ever deprive Ordered, That the Secretary lay this resolu

me, and it will be a source of comfort to me, through tion before the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED

the remainder of my life, that as, on the one hand, STATES.

in a government constituted like ours, I have for

eight years held the second situation under the ConMONDAY, February 13.

stitution of the United States, in perfect and uninterOn request, the VICE PRESIDENT was excused rupted harmony with the first, without envy in one, from further attendance in the Senate after or jealousy in the other; so, on the other hand, I Wednesday next.

have never had the smallest misunderstanding with

any member of the Senate. In all the abstruse ques WEDNESDAY, February 15.

tions, difficult conjectures, dangerous emergencies,

and animated debates, upca the great interests of our Withdrawal of the Vice-President, (novo Presi- country, which have sc fter end so deeply impressed

dent elect of the United States,) and his Vale all our minds, and interested the strongest feelings dictory to the Senate.

of the heart, I have experienced a uniform politeness

and respect from every quarter of the House. When After the consideration of the Executive busi questions of no less importance than difficulty have ness, a motion was made that the Senate now produced a difference of sentiment, (and difference of adjourn; when the VICE-PRESIDENT addressed opinion will always be found in free assemblies of them as follows:

men, and probably the greatest diversities upon the Gentlemen of the Senate :

greatest questions,) when the Senators have been If, in the general apprehension of an intention to

equally divided, and my opinion has been demanded retire in that most eminent citizen. to whom all eves according to the constitution, I have constantly found. had been directed, and all hearts attracted, as the

in that moiety of the Senators from whose judgment centre of our Union, for so long a period, the public

I have been obliged to dissent, a disposition to allow opinion had exhibited any clear indication of another. | me the same freedom of deliberation, and indepenin whom our fellow-citizens could have generally

dence of judgment, which they asserted for themunited, as soon as I read that excellent Address,

selves. which announced the necessity of deliberation in the

Within these walls, for a course of years, I have choice of a President, I should have imitated the ex

been an admiring witness of a succession of informan ample of a character with which I have co-operated, tion, eloquence, patriotism, and independence, which, though in less conspicuous and important stations, as they would have done honor to any Senate in any and maintained an uninterrupted friendship for two age, afford a consolatory hope, (if the Legislatures of and twenty years. But, as a number of characters the States are equally careful in their future selecappeared to stand in the general estimation so nearly

tions, which there is no reason to distrust,) that no on a level, as to render it difficult to conjecture on council more permanent than this, as & branch of which the majority would fall; considering the rela

the Legislature, will be necessary, to defend the rights, tion in which I stood to the people of America, I liberties, and properties of the people, and to protect thought it most respectful to them, and most condu-| the Constitution of the United States, as well as the cive to the tranquillity of the public mind, to resign constitutions and rights of the individual States, myself, with others, à silent spectator of the general against errors of judgment, irregularities of the pas deliberation, and a passive subject of public discussions, or other encroachments of human infirmity, or sions.

more reprehensible enterprise, in the Executive on Deeply penetrated with gratitude to my country one hand, or the more immediate representatives of men in general, for their long continued kindness to the people on the other. me, and for that steady and affecting confidence, with

| These considerations will all conspire to animate which those who have most intimately known me, me in my future course, with a confident reliance, from early life, have, on so many great occasions, in- that as far as my conduct shall be uniformly meas, trusted to me the care of their dearest interests; since ured by the Constitution of the United States, a majority of their Electors, though a very small one,

| faithfully directed to the public good, I shall be suphave declared in my favor, and since, in a Republican ported by the Senate, as well

ported by the Senate, as well as by the House of RepGovernment, the majority, though ever so small, must resentatives, and the people at large; and on no other of necessity decide, I have determined, at every conditions ought any support at all to be expected or hazard of a high but just responsibility, though with desired. much anxiety and diffidence, once more to engage in

With cordial wishes for your honor, health, and their service. Their confidence, which has been the happiness, and fervent prayers for a continuation of chief consolation of my life, is too precious and sacred the virtues, liberties, prosperity, and peace, of our a deposit ever to be considered lightly; as it has been beloved country, I avail myself of your leave of founded only on the qualities of the heart, it never | | absence for the remainder of the session. has been, it never can be, deceived, betrayed, or forfeited by me. It is with reluctance, and with all those emotions

THURSDAY, February 16. of gratitude and affection, which a long experience The VICE-PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate of your goodness ought to inspire, that I now retire proceeded to the choice of a PRESIDENT pro

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