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MAY, 1802.]
. Disbursement of Public Moneys.

(H. OF R. he commerce and resources of the country. It to the accusation of expending public money was far from our expectation that the Navy of without anthority. If he had rented land for he United States was to be limited to six ships the purpose, he would have been equally liable of the line, or to any number within the con- to the same reproach; and if he had neglected Tenient means of the country, short of a force to do either, he would have been exposed to an idequate to render our flag respectable and our impeachment. The Secretary has it fully in his navigation secure. It was not supposed that power to show, that his purchases will save a he seventy-fours would be launched for several large sum of money to the United States. A Tears, but we had hopes when they left the navy yard, for a seventy-four, cannot be pretocks, a flourishing commerce would enable us pared without great expense. Under this head, o lay the keels of new ships in their places. I am informed by the Secretary, that one hunUnder this view were the two hundred thousand dred thousand dollars were expended on one lollars appropriated, to the purchase of land frigate, the Constellation. This was occasioned producing timber fit for a navy. With this in a great degree by leasing the yard. At the nowledge, so plainly derivable from the policy expiration of the lease, the public lose the benefit pursued by the Legislature, what was the Sec- of all their expense in preparing and improving 'etary of the Navy to do? It was made his the ground. luty to build six seventy-fours and six sloops. In addition to the inference which the Secre»f-war. It is surely not expected that they tary might fairly make, of an authority to pur were to be built on the water or in the air, and chase ground for the navy yards, if a purchase of consequence it will be allowed that he had could be made on cheaper terms than a contract inthority to provide yards, for the purpose of of lease, he had further to consider the intensonstructing them. The public had no yards, tion, plainly manifested by the Legislature, of ind it was therefore necessary to obtain ground establishing a system which would require the rom individuals. As there were no persons use of these navy yards at a future time, beyond lisposed to make charitable grants, it remained the duration of any common lease. Nay, he only for the United States to purchase ground knew not what time was to be consumed in n fee simple, or for a term of years, paying a building the ships directed, and of course conld gross sum or an annual rent. The act of Con- not know for what term a contract couid be gress, directing the ships to be built, appro- made. At present, if the Government should priated not a dollar either for the renting or be disposed to sell the ships on the stocks, they for the purchase of land. But a million of dol- have the power to sell the navy yards, and they ars were appropriated to the building of the will have the same power when the ships are ships, which was directed to be done, but which launched ; and they may thus convert in effect would not be done without an expenditure for the permanent purchase into a term for years, and. Can there be a plainer proposition, than and restore to the Treasury the money which hat an appropriation for a certain service, em- has been expended. But, sir, what I consider braces every article without which the service as the hardest act on the part of the majority cannot be performed? In the present instance, of the committee, was their refusal to suffer tho the service imposed upon the Secretary, could answer of the Secretary to the letter we adnot be performed without obtaining navy yards dressed to him, explaining the grounds of his at the public expense. It therefore rested in conduct, to accompany the documents annexed his discretion, for the faithful exercise of which to the report. We have been told by the genhe was accountable to the Government, either tleman from Maryland (Mr. NICHOLBON) that it to purchase or rent the ground, necessary for was not the business of the committee to report he yards. It was his duty to conform to the the opinions of the Secretary, or of any other views of the Legislature, and to make such an individual. If this be correct, I believe it was irrangement as would be most advantageous to as little the business of the committee to report he public. If it answered the object, and was their own opinions. They should have confined most for the interest of the Government to rent, themselves to the statement of facts, and upon :hen surely he ought to have rented it; but if those facts have left the House and the nation t comported more with their views, or was at farge to form their own opinions. nore to their benefit to purchase, it was then If this course had been pursued, there would is duty to purchase.

have been little occasion to publish the reasonThis inquiry, however, was never made by ing of Mr. Stoddert ; but, as the opinion of the he committee. They never asked the question committee is merely their inference from certain whether it was cheaper to buy or to rent, and premises, it was due to the public, as well as to hey have condemned the Secretary for buying the Secretary, that the grounds should be exand not renting, when he had no more authority | plained which had led him to a different cono rent than to buy, and when by buying he has clusion from that adopted by the committee. probably saved to the United States several | This report seems, at present, intended only for bundred thousand dollars. The situation of this public information; certainly I must believe to officer is peculiarly hard. Having been directed give correct information. The letter of Mr. to build a number of ships for the public ser- Stoddert throws great light upon a part of it,. vice, he has purchased navy yards for the pur- and when our object is only to inform the people pose, and in consequence has subjected himself on a subject, why should we refuse any light

H. or R.]

which places it more clearly before their eyes?

Monday, 5 o'clock P. M., May 8.

On motion, Ordered, That Mr. Gbiswold and Mr. Sascttel Smith be appointed a committee, on the part of this House, jointly, with such committee as may be appointed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the President Of The United States, and notify him of the proposed recess of Congress.

A message from the Senate informed the House that the Senato have appointed a committee on their part, jointly, with the committee appointed on the part of this House, to wait on the President Of The United States, and notify him of the proposed recess of Congress.

Mr. Griswold, from the committee appointed

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on the part of this House, jointly, with the as> mittee appointed on the part of the Senate, M wait on the President Of The United State. and notify him of the proposed recess of Congress, reported that the committee had performed that service; and that the President signified to them he had no farther communicaiicc to make during the present Session.

Ordered, That a message be sent to the Seeate, to inform them that this House, barns completed the business before them, are cow about to adjourn until the first Monday in December next; and that the Clerk of this Hera do go with the said message.

A message from the Senate informed the House that the Senate, having completed the Legislative business before them, are now ready to adjourn. Whereupon,

The Speaker adjourned the House until the first Monday in December next.



DECEMBER, 1802.]




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MONDAY, December 6, 1802.

SATURDAY, December 11. In pursuance of the law of last session, the Mr. FRANKLIN, from North Carolina, attended. second session of the seventh Congress com- The number of members assembled' not being menced this day, at the city of Washington, sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate adand the Senate assembled, in their Chamber, at journed. the Capitol. PRESENT :

Monday, December 13.
SIMEON OLOOTT, from New Hampshire. Mr.J. Mason, from Massachusetts ; Mr. Dar-
URIAH TRACY, from Connecticut.

TON, and Mr. OGDEN, from New Jersey; and
CHRISTOPHER ELLERY, from Rhode Island. Mr. SUMTER, from South Carolina, severally at-
STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, from Vermont. tended.
SAMUEL WAITE, from Delaware.

The VICE PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate
ROBERT WRIGHT, from Maryland.

proceeded to the choice of a President, pro temABRAHAM BALDWIN, from Georgia.

pore, as the constitution provides, and the balWILLIAM PLUMER, appointed a Senator by the lots being collected and counted, the whole State of New Hampsbire, to supply the vacancy number was found to be 17, of which 9 make a occasioned by the resignation of JAMES SHEAFE, majority. produced his credentials, and took his seat in Mr. Bradley had 7, Mr. Tracy had 7, Mr. the Senate.

Baldwin 1, Mr. Dayton 1, Mr. Logan 1. The number of members assembled not being There was consequently no choice. Wheresufficient to form a quorum, the Senate ad upon, the Senate proceeded to the election of a journed.

President, pro tempore, as the constitution pro

vides, and the ballots being collected and TUESDAY, December 7.

counted, the whole number was found to be 17, Mr. BRECKENRIDGE, from Kentucky; Mr.

of which 9 make a majority.

i FOSTEP, from Rhode Island ; Mr. HOWARD, from

Mr. Bradley had 8, Mr. Tracy 7, Mr. Dayton

1, Mr. Logan 1. Maryland; and Mr. Logan, from Pennsylvania,

There was consequently no choice. Where severally attended.

upon the Senate proceded to the election of a There being no quorum, the Senate adjonrned.

President pro tempore, as the Constitution pro

vides, and the ballots being counted, the whole WEDNESDAY, December 8.

number was found to be 17, of which 9 make a The number of members assembled not being

majority. sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad

Mr. Bradley had 8, Mr. Tracy 7, Mr. Dayton journed.

1, Mr. Logan 1.

There was consequently no choice. WhereTHURSDAY, December 9.

upon, the Senate proceeded to the election of a The number of members assembled not being

President, pro tempore, as the constitution pro

resia sufficient to constitute & quorum, the Senate ad-i

vides, and the ballots being counted, the whole

number of votes was 14, of which 8 make a majourned.


Mr. Tracy had 7, Mr. Bradley 5, Mr. Dayton FRIDAY, December 10.

1, Mr. Logan 1. Mr. S. T. Mason, from Virginia, attended. There was consequently no choice; and the

The number of members assembled not being Senate adjourned. sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate adjourned.

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Tuesday, December 14. The Vice President being absent, the Senate proceeded to the choice of a President, pro Urnpore, as the constitution provides, and the ballots being collected and counted, the whole number was found to be 17, of which 9 make a majority.

Mr. Bradley had 9, Mr. Tracy 7Mr. Dayton 1. Consequently, Stephen R. Bradley was elected President of the Senate, pro tempore.

The credentials of Mr. Plpmer, appointed a Senator by the State of New Hampshire, to supy a vacanoy occasioned by the resignation of

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Sheafe, Esq., were read; and the oath prescribed by law was administered to him by the President.

Ordered, That the Secretary wait on the President of the United States, and acquaint him that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, and that, in the absence of the Vice President, they have elected Stephen R. Bradley, President of the Senate, pro tempore.

A similar notice was directed to be given to the House of Representatives, and also that the Senate are ready to proceed to business.

On motion, it was agreed to proceed to the choice of a Chaplain on the part of the Senate, and the ballots having been collected and counted, the whole number was 17, of which 9 is the majority.

Doctor Gantt had 10, Mr. M'Cormick 4, Mr. Priestley 2, Mr. Balch 1

So it was Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Gantt be the Chaplain to Congress, on the part of the Senate, during the present session.

Wednesday, December 15.

The following Message was received from the President Of Tfie United States: To the Senate and Home of Representative* of the United States:

"When we assemble together, fellow-citizens, to consider the state of onr beloved country, our just attentions are first drawn to those pleasing circumstances which mark the goodness of that Being from whose favor they flow, and the large measure of thankfulness we owe for his bounty. Another year has come around, and finds us still blessed with peace and friendship abroad; law, order, and religion, at home; good affection and harmony with our Indian neighbors; our burdens lightened, yet our income sufficient for the public wants, and the produce of the year great beyond example. These, fellow-citizens, are the circumstances under which we meet: and we remark, with special satisfaction, those which, under the smiles of Providence, result from the skill, industry, and order of our citizens, managing their own affairs in their own way, and for their own use, unembarrassed by too much regulation, unoppressed by fiscal exactions.

On tbe restoration of peace in Europe, that portion of the general carrying trade which had fallen to our share during the war, was abridged by the returning competition of the belligerent powers. This was to be expected, and was just. But, in addition, we find in some parts of Europe monopolizing discriminations,

which, in the form of duties, tend effectually a phibit the carrying thither our own produce ia or own vessels. From existing amities, and a ssri i justice, it is hoped that friendly discussion wS. prv duce a fair and adequate reciprocity. Bat ihtrj. false calcnlations of interest defeat our hope, it Bs with the Legislature to decide whether they Trill zr?. inequalities abroad with countervailing ineqa*Ene*« home, or provide for the evil in any other war.

It is with satisfaction I lay before yon an act a ia British Parliament anticipating this subject to fit a to authorize a mutual abolition of tbe draw mi countervailing duties, permitted under the trettj i 1794. It shows, on their part, a spirit of justice a: friendly accommodation, which it is our dnty sxZ x: interest to cultivate with all nations. Whether tb would produce a due equality in the navigation fcstween the two countries is a subject for your oaseeration.

Another circumstance which claims aoeatke. u directly affecting the very source of our aatigiir. is the defect or the evasion of the law pnrilBJ It the return of seamen, and particularly of that itlonging to vessels sold abroad. Numbers of the? discharged in foreign ports, have been thrown on is hands of our Consuls, who, to rescue them front is dangers into which their distresses might phup them, and save them to their country, have foods necessary, in some cases, to return them at the peblie charge. ,

The cession of the Spanish province of LouisUas 6 France, which took place in the course of the latere, will, if carried into effect, make a change in tie »>■ pect of our foreign relations, which will donbtte have just weight in any deliberations of the lecture connected with that subject.

There was reason, not long since, to apprehend tin the warfare in which we were engaged with Tnf«B might be taken up by some other of the Barbary Pfers. A reinforcement, therefore, was immediately •> dered to the vessels already there. SubsequentiCTmation, however, has removed theae apprehension* £ the present. To secure our commerce in that sea *■ the smallest force competent, we have supposed ft to watch strictly the harbor of Tripoli. Still, homra, the shallowness of their coast, and the want of nailer vessels on our part, has permitted some cruiser! ■ escape unobserved; and to one of these an Amenta vessel unfortunately fell a prey. The captain, ca American seaman, and two others of color, reosc prisoners with them ; unless exchanged under an agre*" ment formerly made with the Bashaw, to whom,« the faith of that, some of his captive subjects hni restored.

The convention with'the State of Georgia has bee ratified by their Legislature, and a repurchase fiw the Creeks has been consequently m»d« of a p*-"1 of the Tallassee country. In this purchase h" been also comprehended a part of the lands the fork of Oconee and Ocmulgee PJvers. Tie particulars of the contract will be laid before Congress so soon as they shall be in a state for comawcation.

In order to remove every ground of differ*TM* P* sible with onr Indian neighbors, I hare prortoWTM the work of settling with them and markin? u« boundaries between us. That with the fa*^** nation is fixed in one part, and will be throuirhwhole within a short time. The country to *■* their title had been extinguished before the tion is suflicient to receive a very Teefecubte pf*


DECEMBER, 1802.)

(SENATE, ion, which Congress will probably see the expediency for that purpose may go to the saving what we al. f encouraging so soon as the limits shall be declared. ready possess. No cares, no attentions, can preserve Ve are to view this position as an outpost of the vessels from rapid decay, which lie in water and exJnited States, surrounded by strong neighbors, and posed to the sun. These decays require great and listant from its support. And how far that monopoly constant repairs, and will consume, if continued, a which prevents population should here be guarded great portion of the moneys destined to Naval pur

gainst, and actual habitation made a condition of poses.' To avoid this waste of our resources, it is he continuance of title, will be for your considera- proposed to add to our navy yard here a dock, within ion. A prompt settlement, too, of all existing rigbts which our present vessels may be laid up dry, and ind claims within this Territory presents itself as a under cover from the sun. Under these circumvreliminary operation

stances, experience proves that works of wood will In that part of the Indiana Territory which in- remain scarcely at all affected by time. The great ludes Vincennes, the lines settled with the neigh- abundance of running water which this situation oring tribes fix the extinction of their title at a possesses, at heights far above the level of the tide, if readth of twenty-four leagues from east to west, and employed as is practised for lock navigation, furbout the same length, parallel with and including the nishes the means for raising and laying up our vesVabash. They have also ceded a tract of four miles sels on a dry and sheltered bed. And should the quare, including the salt springs, near the mouth of measure be found useful here, similar depositories hat river.

for laying up, as well as for building and repairing In the department of finance it is with pleasure I vessels, may hereafter be undertaken at other navy nform you that the receipts of external duties for the yards offering the same means. The plans and esast twelve months have exceeded those of any former timates of the work, prepared by a person of skill and rear, and that the ratio of increase has been also experience, will be presented to you without delay; greater than usual. This has enabled us to answer all and from this it will be seen that scarcely more than he regular exigencies of Government, to pay from the has been the cost of one vessel is necessary to save the Creasury within one year upwards of eight millions of whole, and that the annual sum to be employed lollars, principal and interest, of the public debt, ex. towards its completion may be adapted to the views lusive of upwards of one million paid by the sale of of the Legislature as to Naval expenditure. ank stock, and making in the whole a reduction of To cultivate peace, and maintain commerce and learly five millions and a half of principal, and to navigation in all their lawful enterprises; to foster zave now in the Treasury four millions and a half of our fisheries as nurseries of navigation and for the Tollars, which are in a course of application to the nurture of man, and protect the manufactures urther discharge of debt and current demands. Ex-adapted to our circumstances; to preserve the faith serience, too, so far, authorizes us to believe, if no of the nation by an exact discharge of its debts and

xtraordinary event supervenes, and the expenses contracts, expend the public money with the same vhich will be actually incurred shall not be greater care and economy we would practise with our own, han were contemplated by Congress at their last and impose on our citizens no unnecessary burdens; to ession, that we shall not be disappointed in the ex- keep, in all things, within the pale of our constitupectations then formed. But, nevertheless, as the tional powers, and cherish the Federal Union as the

ffect of peace on the amount of duties is not yet fully only rock of safety; these, fellow-citizens, are the Lscertained, it is the more necessary to practise every

| landmarks by which we are to guide ourselves in all

landmarks by w useful economy, and to incur no expense which may our proceedings. By continuing to make these the be avoided without prejudice.

rule of our action, we shall endear to our countryNo change being deemed necessary in our Military men the true principles of their constitution, and proEstablishment, an estimate of its expenses for the en-mote a union of sentiment and of action, equally suing year, on its present footing, as also of the sums auspicious to their happiness and safety. On my part o be employed in fortifications, and other objects you may count on a cordial concurrence in every meawithin that department, has been prepared by the sure for the public good; and on all the information I Secretary of War, and will make a part of the gen- possess which may enable you to discharge to advaneral estimates which will be presented to you. tage the high functions with which you are invested

Considering that our regular troops are employed by your country. for local purposes, and that the militia is our general

TH. JEFFERSON. reliance for great and sudden emergencies, you will DECEMBER 15, 1802. loubtless think this institution worthy of a review, and give it those improvements of which you find it The Message and papers therein referred to susceptible.

were read; and Estimates for the Naval Department, prepared by Ordered, That five hundred copies of the Mezhe Secretary of the Navy, for another year, will, in sage of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, ike manner, be communicated with the general esti- together with one hundred copies of each of the mates. A small force in the Mediterranean will still

terranean will still papers referred to in the Message, be printed for be necessary to restrain the Tripoline cruisers; and the use of the Senate. the uncertain tenure of peaco with some other of the Barbary Powers may eventually require that force to

A message from the House of Representatives

| informed the Senate that the House have elected be augmented. The necessity of procuring some smaller vessels for that service will raise the estimate;

the Reverend WILLIAM PARKINSON a Obaplain to put the difference in their maintenance will soon make Congress, on their part. t a measure of economy.

Presuming it will be deemed expedient to expend annually a convenient sum towards providing the

WEDNESDAY, December 22. Naval defence which our situation may require, IL DWIGHT FOSTER, from the state of Massachucannot but recommend that the first appropriations setts, attended.

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