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From the North-est Territory.-Paul Fearing. MONDAY, December 7, 1801.

From Mississippi Territory. -Narsworthy Hunter. This being the day appointed by the constitu

A quorum, consisting of a majority, being tion for the annual meeting of Congress, the

| present, the House proceeded, by ballot, to the following members of the House of Representa

choice of a Speaker; and, upon examining the tives appeared, produced their credentials, and ballots

ballots, a majority of the votes of the whole took their seats in the House, to wit:

House was found in favor of NATHANIEL Macon, From New Hampshire.—Abiel Foster, George P. one of the Representatives for the State of Upham, and Samuel Tenney.

North Carolina: Whereupon, Mr. MACON was From Massachusetts.---William Eustis, John Bacon, conducted to the chair, and he made his acPhanuel Bishop, Joseph B. Varnum, Richard Cutts,

knowledgments to the House as follows: Lemuel Williams, William Shepard, Ebenezer Mattoon, Nathan Read, Josiah Smith, and Manasseh

“GENTLEMEN : Accept my sincere thanks for the Cutler.

honor you have conferred on me, in the choice just From Rhode Island.—Thomas Tillinghast, and Jo

made. The duties of the chair will be undertaken seph Stanton, jr.

with great diffidence indeed; but it shall be my conFrom Connecticut.-Roger Griswold, Samuel W.

stant endeavor to discharge them with fidelity and Dana, John Davenport, Calvin Goddard, Benjamin

impartiality." Tallmadge, Elias Perkins, and John C. Smith.

The House proceeded, in the same manner, From Vermont.--Israel Smith.

to the appointment of a Clerk; and, upon exFrom New York.-Samuel L. Mitchill, Philip Van amining the ballots, a majority of the whole Cortlandt, Theodorus Bailey, John Smith, Benjamin House was found in favor of John BECKLEY. Walker, Thomas Morris, Killian K. Van Rensselaer, The oath to support the Constitution of the Lucas Elmendorph, David Thomas, and John P.

United States, as prescribed by law, was then Van Ness.

administered by Mr. GRISWOLD, one of the ReFrom New Jersey.-John Condit, James Mott, Wil

presentatives for the State of Connecticut, to liam Helms, Henry Southard, and Ebenezer Elmer. From Pennsylvania.-William Jones, Michael Leib,

the SPEAKER; and then the same oath, or afJohn Smilie, William Hoge, Isaac Vanhorne, Joseph

firmation, was administered, by Mr. SPEAKER, Heister, Robert Brown, Henry Woods, John A. Hanna,

to each of the members present. John Stewart, Thomas Boude, and Joseph Hemphill.

A message from the Senate informed the From Delaware. -James A. Bayard.

House that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, From Maryland.—John Archer, Joseph H. Nichol and ready to proceed to business; and that, in son, Samuel Smith, Richard Sprigg, John Dennis, the absence of the Vice President, they have and Thomas Plater.

elected the honorable ABRAHAM BALDWIN, From Virginia.--Thomas Newton, jr., John Ran President of the Senate, pro tempore. dolph, jr., George Jackson, Philip R. Thompson, Ordered, That a message be sent to the John Taliaferro, John Stratton, William B. Giles, Senate to inform them that a quorum of this Abram Trigg, John Trigg, Anthony New, John

House is assembled, and have elected NATHANSmith, David Holmes, Richard Brent, Edwin Gray, |

IEL MACON, one of the Representatives of the and Matthew Clay. From Kentucky.—Thomas T. Davis, and John

State of North Carolina, their Speaker, and are Fowler.

ready to proceed to business; and that the From North Carolina.--Nathaniel Macon, Willis

Clerk of this House do go with the said mes. Alston, Richard Stanford, Charles Johnson, Archi- sage. bald Henderson, and John Stanley.

The House proceeded, by ballot, to the choice From Tennessee.-William Dickson.

of a Sergeant-at-Arms, Doorkeeper, and AssistFrom South Carolina.—Thomas Sumter, Thomas ant Doorkeeper; and upon examining the balMoore, and Thomas Lowndes.

lots, a majority of the votes of the whole House From Georgia. -John Milledge.

| was found in favor of JOSEPH WHEATON, as Ser

H. OF R.]


[DECEMBER, 1801 geant-at-Arms, and, also, a unanimous vote in Committee of Commerce and Manufactures.favor of Thomas CLAXTON, and Thomas Dunn, Mr. SAMUEL SMITH, Mr. Etstis, Mr. Dasa, Mr. severally, the former as Doorkeeper, and the MITCHILL, Mr. JONES, Mr. Newtox, and Wr. latter as Assistant Doorkeeper.

LOWNDES. A message from the Senate informed the Resoloed, That a standing Committee of House that the Senate have appointed a com- Ways and Means be appointed, whose duty it mittee on their part, jointly, with such com- shall be to take into consideration all such remittee as may be appointed on the part of this ports of the Treasury Department, and all sach House, to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNI- propositions, relative to the revenue, as may be TED STATES, and inform him that a quorum of referred to them by the House; to inquire into the two Houses is assembled, and ready to re the state of the public debt, of the revenue, and ceive any communications he may think proper of the expenditures; and to report, from time to make to them.

to time, their opinion thereon." Mr. SAMUEL SMITH, from the joint committee Ordered, That Mr. RANDOLPH, Mr. GRISWOLD, appointed to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE Mr. ISRAEL SMITH, Mr. BAYARD, Mr. SYILIE UNITED STATEs, and notify him that a quorum Mr. READ, Mr. NICHOLSON, Mr. VAN RENSof the two Houses is assembled and ready to re- BELAER, anu Mr. DICKSON, be appointed a comceive any communication he may think proper mittee, pursuant to the said resolution. to make to them, reported that the committee had performed that service, and that the PRESI

WEDNESDAY, December 9. DENT signified to them that he would make Another member, to wit, Joms CAMPBELL, a communication to this House, to-morrow, by from Maryland, appeared, produced his cremessage.

dentials, was qualified, and took his seat in the

TUESDAY, December 8.
Several other members, to wit: from Penn-

THURSDAY, December 10.
sylvania, ANDREW Gregg; from Virginia, San Mr. ELMENDORPH, from the committee to
UEL J. CABELL; from North Carolina, JAMES whom was referred, on the eighth instant, a
HOLLAND; and from South Carolina, WILLIAM letter from THOMAS CLAXTON, the Doorkeeper
BUTLER; appeared, produced their credentials,

of this House, relative to certain expenditures, and took their seats in the House; the oath to

and further assistance necessary to be allowed support the Constitution of the United States for enabling him to execute the duties of his being first administered to them by Mr. SPEAK

station, made a report; which was read and ER, according to law.

considered : Whereupon, A petition of John McDonald, late of the Resoloed, That THOMAS CLAXTON be, and is city of Philadelphia, was presented to the

hereby, authorized to employ, under his imme House and read, praying that he may be em

diate direction, one additional assistant, two ployed to superintend the arrangement and servants, and two horses, for the purpose of safe-keeping of the books intended for the li- performing such services and duties as are brary of the two Houses of Congress; and that usually required by the House of Representshe may receive such compensation for his ser- | tives, during the present session, and for four vices, in that capacity, as to the wisdom of

days thereafter; and the sum of five dollars and Congress shall seem meet.

seventy-five cents per day be allowed to him Ordered. That the said petition be referred for that purpose; and that he be paid therefor to the committee appointed yesterday, on the

out of the fund appropriated for the contingent part of this House, jointly with the committee expenses of the House. appointed by the Senate, to take into considera- | A message from the Senate informed the tion a statement made by the Secretary of the House that the Senate have proceeded to the Senate, respecting books and maps purchased appointment of a Chaplain to Congress, on their pursuant to a late act of Congress, and to make part, and the Rev. Mr. GANTT has been duly report respecting the future arrangement of elected. the same. The following committees were appointed

Friday, December 11. pursuant to the standing rules and orders of Several other members, to wit: from New the House, viz:

| Hampshire, JOSEPI PEIRCE ; from MassachuCommittee of Elections. -Mr. MILLEDGE, Mr. I setts, PELEG WADSWORTH; from Virginia, ThoTENNEY, Mr. CONDIT, Mr. DENNIS, Mr. Hanna, MAS CLAIBORNE and JOHN CLOPTON; and, from Mr. STANLEY, and Mr. JOHN TALIAFERRO.

North Carolina, WILLIAM H. Hill, appeared, Committee of Revisal and Unfinished Busi- | produced their credentials, were qualified, and ness.-Mr. DAVENPORT, Mr. CLAY, and Mr. I took their seats in the House. ALSTON.

Committee of Claims.-JOHN COTTON SMITH, Mr. GREGG, Mr. HOLMES, Mr. MATTOON, Mr.

MONDAY, December 14. John Smith, of New York, Mr. PLATER, and! Another member, to wit, Lewis R. MORRIS Mr. Moore.

I from the State of Vermont, appeared, produced

DECEMBER, 1801.]
Barbary Powers.

[H. OF R. his credentials, was qualified, and took his seat premature to make any pledge until all the doin the House.

cuments connected with the subject were be

fore the House. TUESDAY, December 15.

Mr. MITCHILL suggested the propriety of

amending the original resolution by inserting Barbary Powers.

after the word “law," " if necessary." This The House resolved itself into a Committee of

would render the resolution conditional. To the the Whole on the State of the Union, the follow

resolution he was a friend. For when the ing resolution being under consideration : aspect and extent of the United States were

"Resolred, That it is expedient that the President considered, it must be evident to every man be authorized by law, further and more effectually that we were a commercial people. The bulk to protect the commerce of the United States against and extensiveness of our produce required vesthe Barbary Powers."

sels to carry it to foreign countries. The carMr. NICHOLSON said, that when this resolution riage required protection. The Government was yesterday laid on the table, he had moved, must of course give protection. With respect to for reasons that he had assigned, to strike out the Mediterranean expedition, no plan under the words “further and more." He was, on re- the Government had been better devised ; and flection, more and more persuaded of the accu- he had no hesitation to say, that if the Mediterracy of his objections to the unqualified terms ranean trade required further protection, he of the original motion. If we adopt it, we would be for making further appropriations of pledge ourselves to increase the naval force at the public moneys. present at the disposition of the President. But Mr. NICHOLSON said he could not agree to the if his modification were agreed to, every gentle- suggestion of the gentleman from New York, as man would remain at liberty to put his own by adopting it we should do nothing. How construction on the words "effectual force." | does the matter now stand? Congress has put Uninformed as we were as to the necessity of into the hands of the President six frigates, increasing the force, it would be highly impro- which he had used for the public service in per to commit ourselves by any precipitate de- the Mediterranean. This was not a fit time to cision. He, therefore, moved to strike out the express his opinion on the propriety of the words “further and more.”

measures of the Executive. But when a fit ocMr. GILEs opposed the striking out the words, casion did offer, he would have no hesitation to which, in his opinion, did not relate to the say the President had done right. quantum of force placed under Executive dispo To return to the point-The President had sition, but to the measures proposed to be taken now six frigates. If we agree to the resolution, by the Executive. He should vote for the mo. do we not pledge ourselves to increase this force tion unamended, though he had been, and still One squadron had been sent to the Mediterwas, as averse as any gentleman in that House ranean; another was in operation to go there, to an improper augmentation of the Army or he understood. This was all right. But there Navy. With respect to the Navy, he was followed no necessity from these circumstances friendly to it as it now stood, or to an augmen- to pledge ourselves to increase the force. tation of it to meet any particular emergency. We were not even acquainted with the senti

Mr. S. SMITH said that as he understood the ments of the President on this point. His comresolution, it went not to pledge any man to munications did not inform us that he desired a augment the Navy, but to authorize the Presi- larger force. If he did desire it, he would say dent, with the present force, to take measures so. He had, on the contrary, recommended a for the defence of our trade. We were at war reduction of the Army and Navy; and to desire with Tripoli. Against that power, therefore, an augmentation of the latter, would be, in the the President felt himself at liberty to act effi- same breath, to say one thing and mean another. ciently. But gentlemen should advert to our Mr. Eustis.—The President, in his communisituation with regard to Algiers and Tunis. cations, has informed us that he has hitherto Those powers may become hostile. They may acted on the defensive. The simple question become so in the recess of Congress. It may now is, whether he shall be empowered to take be necessary without delay to protect our trade offensive steps. This has no relation, therefore, against them. Will you then confine the Presi. to an increase of the force; nor shall we, by dent, in relation to these powers, to & Peace adopting it, pledge ourselves to such effect. Establishment ? Certainly, when these circum- Mr. GILES was happy that the discussion was stances were duly weighed, no gentleman will one more of words than of principles. He perrefuse the power which this resolution is in- fectly coincided with the gentleman from Marytended to confer.

land, who had moved the amendment, in his Mr. SMILIE was in favor of the amendment general sentiments. It would be wrong in this for one reason. He was ready at all times to House prematurely to pledge itself for an ingrant commerce every necessary protection. crease of naval force. But the words of the reBut by adopting this resolution, we pledge our solution do not relate to the quantum of force, selves, without inquiring into the necessity, to but entirely to the measures to be taken with extend further protection. No doubt further any force. When the President is authorized protection will be required. But ho thought it I further and more effectually to protect our

H. OF R.]
Ratio of Representation.

[DECEMBER, 1801. trade, it was not said that we will give him four The preferences avowed by the several speak. or six additional frigates; but merely that heers, appeared to arise from the application of is to have means, more or less, which shall be that divisor to the State from which each memadequate to make offensive operations against ber came, which left the least fraction. those who shall make offensive operations Some gentlemen, however, declared, and par against us.

ticularly Mr. GILES, that he had made no calIt was well understood that he was for keep- culation, and that his preference of the smallest ing the Navy within proper bounds; but if ever ratio proposed was the preference of principle. there was a case where it was required, this was Those in favor of a small ratio argued that, the case, and he acknowledged that he was for em- though the expense attending the compensapowering the President to authorize not merely tion of the members might be somewhat inà dismantlement of a vessel, but her capture. creased, yet that it would be trifling compared

The question was then taken on Mr. NICHOL with the great advantages that would result son's amendment and lost.

from a larger representation; that such a repre When the original motion of Mr. SMITH Was sentation would be productive of true economy, carried.

as it would oppose all extravagant expenditure Ordered, That a bill or bills be brought in, of money ; that the weight of expense incurred pursuant to the said resolution; and that Mr. by the Government, did not arise from the erEustis, Mr. SAMUEL SMITH, Mr. Dana, Mr. pense of the civil list, which formed but a speck MITCHILL, and Mr. Jones, do prepare and bring in the mass of expenditure; that it was imin the same.

portant to this Government to adopt those

measures which would ensure the respect and WEDNESDAY, December 16.

the confidence of the people; that this end Another member, to wit, BENJAMIN HUGER,

would be best attained by each Representative from South Carolina, appeared, produced his being familiarly acquainted with the inte credentials, was qualified, and took his seat in of his constituents; and that this could only be the House.

the case when the number of his constituents

were limited within certain bounds. It was Ratio of Representation.

true that it had been said that a body of more The House, according to the order of the day, | than one hundred, even though it be composed proceeded to consider the first resolution report- of philosophers, was a mob; but it was replied ed yesterday from the Committee of the whole that the long experience of this country had House on the state of the Union, in the words proved the reverse, for that many of the State following, to wit:

Legislatures corrsisted of more members. " Resolved, That the apportionment of Representa These ideas were but feebly opposed. The tives amongst the several States, according to the diversity of opinion expressed chiefly arose from second enumeration of the people, ought to be in a a division of the House on the ratios of thirty ratio of one Representative for every thirty-three thousand and thirty-three thousand. The forthousand persons in each State.”

mer was advocated principally from a regard to Mr. Geiswold remarked, that the effect of Delaware and Rhode Island, which, by its adopadopting this resolution would be an increase of tion, would have each two Representatives inmeinbers in that House ; that the number would stead of one, if a higher ratio were preferred. amount to nearly one hundred and fifty. He During the discussion, it was moved to strike was of opinion that the present House was suffi- out the word “three ;" leaving thirty thousand ciently numerous for every correct purpose, as as the ratio. This motion was lost--yeas 43, well of legislation, as for obtaining all desirable | nays 46. information from the people. Should an aug-/ Mr. BAYARD then moved to strike out "thirtymentation be made, the consequences would be three," leaving the resolution blank, in order an increase of expense, and business would inevi- that it might be filled up with such number as tably be protracted. He moved, therefore, to should be agreeable to the House. strike out the words "thirty-three,” meaning, This motion was opposed chiefly by Mr. NICH if they were stricken out, to propose the substi-OLSON and Mr. Eustis, who were of opinion that tution of a larger number.

the progressive increase of the members would On this motion a desultory debate ensued, in be sufficiently large on the ratio of thirty-three which Messrs. GRISWOLD, S. SMITH, NICHOLSON, thousand persons to a member. They were also GILES, BAYARD, ALATON, ELMER, EUSTIS, SPRIGG, further in favor of this number as it left the and other gentlemen, took part.

fewest fractions. The only two States much inMr. GRISWOLD stood alone in advocating an jured by it would be Delaware and North Caroapportionment of one member to every 40,000 lina; whereas, if the ratio was increased to persons.

thirty-five thousand, New Jersey would have a Messrs. GILES and BAYARD were for one mem fraction of 31,000; Delaware of 26,000; Maryber for every 30,000.

land of 30,000; Georgia of 23,000; and KenMessrs. S. SMITH, NICHOLSON, and Eustis, tucky of 29,000. were for one member for 33,000.

On the question being taken for striking ont Mr. ALSTON was in favor of one representa- "thirty-three," there rose only thirty-one memtive for every 31,000.

bers. It was therefore declared to be lost.

DECEMBER, 1801.]
Apportionment Bill.

[H. OF R. The question was then taken on the original | Mr. LOWNDES.-If he thought such officer nemotion, and carried without a division, and a cessary he should not oppose the measure, but committee of three members appointed to bring at present he did not think such appointment in a bill conformably thereto.

necessary. He conceived the Clerk to be responsible to the House; that it was his duty to

attend to the printing; that he could employ THURSDAY, December 17.

whom and as many as he pleased. Whence, Another member, to wit, DANIEL HEISTER, then, the necessity of such appointment? Befrom Maryland, appeared, produced his creden- sides, such printer will become an officer of tials, was qualified, and took his seat.

this House, must have a salary, and will be

called the printer of the House : and, if printer Friday, December 18.

of a paper, whatever sentiments might be ad

vanced in such paper would perhaps be considPublic Printing.

ered as the sentiments of the House. Mr. RANDOLPH, chairman of the committee Mr. Eustis considered it altogether unnecesappointed to see what alterations were necessary, disadvantageous, and troublesome. sary to expedite the printing business of the The first was carried: that relating to the apHouse, reported that the committee thought pointment of a printer not carried; about twenty it expedient to request the Heads of the Depart-only rising in favor of it. ments to attend and inspect the printing of all such documents, reports, and statements, as are

Apportionment Bill. directed by law to be annually laid before the The House resolved itself into a Committee of House; and that it was necessary that a printer the Whole on the bill for the apportionment of to the House be appointed, who shall be re- Representatives among the several States, acsponsible for the faithful and prompt execution cording to the second enumeration. of all business confided to him by order of the Mr. Macon (Speaker) moved to strike out House.

" thirty-three," the ratio fixed by the bill, for Mr. GRISWOLD wished the report altered to a the purpose of inserting "thirty." resolution; to the first part of it he should agree, Mr. N. observed that it did not appear, from but doubted whether the latter part would be the different ideas expressed by different genconcurred in. He did not think it sufficient or tlemen, that any material inconvenience would expedient to appoint but one; the business result from the increased number of inembers would require more, particularly at the close of that would be created by the ratio of thirty the session. He could see no reason for altering thousand being adopted. Whereas on the the mode in which the printing business was ground of principle a great benefit would flow now and had ever been done; it now lies with from it. In his opinion, to secure the confithe Clerk, who is empowered to employ as dence of the people in the Government, it was many persons as he pleases or deems expedient. essential to lessen the districts as much as posIf such printer should be appointed, he will be-sible, that the elector might know the elected. come an officer of the House ; he will not be At present, particularly in North Carolina, they responsible to the Speaker. We have officers were so large that a voter depended more upon enough already ; it is needless to multiply. the opinions of others than upon his own infor

Mr. RANDOLPH said, the committee had con- mation. The ratio of thirty thousand would sidered these objections; but, he believed, suffi- not introduce into the House more than one cient reasons might be offered to convince the hundred and sixty members, which number did House of the expediency of this measure. If not equal that of the members in several of the one be appointed, he will know his duty and be State Legislatures, of which no complaints had prepared; he will employ as many hands as he been made, and from which no inconvenience wishes. Had there been one appointed by the had arisen. He felt particularly for Delaware, House last session, he would have been on the which would be severely affected by the ratio in spot now, fully prepared promptly to execute the bill. the orders of the House ; nor should we have Mr. GILES hoped the motion would obtain. such delay as that by which we are now unfor- As far as respected the State of Virginia, he felt tunately troubled.

little or no anxiety. But he, on general princiMr. NICHOLSON.- We have but few printers ples, preferred the smallest ratio. It was an in this vicinity, nor is it probable their number essential principle of a Republican Government will be soon increased. The printing for the that the people voting should know whom they House is said to be worth $4,000 per annum; if vote for ; that the elector should be well acone be appointed for that purpose, he will have quainted with the elected. To ensure this effect every thing in readiness, and be responsible for the districts should be small. He was aware of his faithful duty.

| the impossibility of reaching this point preciseMr. S. Smith thought a printer thus appointed ly: but it was our duty to approach it as nearly might perform a considerable part of his duty as possible. Though, in relation to the situation previous to each session; to many documents of Delaware, he did not subscribe fully to the he might attend. Mr. S. wished such printer ideas of some gentlemen, as the case was an exappointed as a permanent officer.

I treme one, and he knew the impropriety of

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