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MARCH, 1801.]
Adjournment.

[H. OF R. Being to whom I feel myself responsible for all my | OF THE UNITED STATES of the proposed recess of conduct. May the Almighty keep you in his holy Congress, reported that the committee had, acprotection. Farewoll.

cording to order, performed that service, and A message from the Senate informed the that the PRESIDENT signified to them that he had House that the Senate have appointed a com- no further communication to make, but the exmittee on their part, jointly, with such com- pression of his wishes for the health and happi. mittee as may be appointed on the part of this ness of the members, and a pleasant journey on House, to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED their return to their homes and families. STATES, and to inform him that Congress is ready Ordered, That a message be sent to the Sento adjourn without day, unless he may have ate to inform them that this House, having any further communications to make to them. completed the business before them, are now

The House proceeded to consider the fore- ready to adjourn without day; and that the going resolution of the Senate, agreed to the Clerk of this House do go with the said mes. same, and appointed Mr. PINOKNEY and Mr. sage. Grove the committee on the part of this House. The Clerk accordingly went with the said

Mr. PINOKNEY, from the joint committee of the message ; and being returned, Mr. SPEAKER adtwo Houses, appointed to notify the PRESIDENT | journed the House, sine die.**

• The administration of Mr. Adams fell upon difficult 124 per centum classes, of which to the value of 264 millions times, and involved the necessity of measures always un- were imported; of the 15 per centum class only 74 millions popular in themselves, and never more so than at that time. were imported; and the average of the whole was 18 per The actual aggressions of France upon our commerce, her centum and a fraction. The specifics were increased, but threats of war, and insults to our ministers, required prepa- not considerably; and the cost of collecting the whole was rations to be made for war; and these could not be made | 41 per centum. Direct taxes and loans made up the rewithout money, nor money be had without loans and taxes.mainder. The whole amount collected from duties was Fifteen millions was the required expenditure of the last about 10 millions: to be preciso, $10,126,213; that is to say, year of his administration; a large sum in that time, but nearly twenty times as much as the support of the Govern almost the whole of which went to three objects; the army, ment (comprehending every civil object) required. The the nary, and the public debt. The support of the Govern- administration of Mr. Adams, though condemned for extramont remained at the moderate som which it had previously vagance, was strictly economical in the support of the Gov. presented; to wit, $560,000. The duties still remained ernment, and in the collection of the revenue : the army moderate-the ad valoreme, 10, 121, 15 and 20 per centum ; and the navy, those cormorant objects of expenditure, and the latter more nominal than real, as it only fell upon a brought the demands for money which injured the adminis. few articles of luxury, of which the importation was only to tration. the value of $430,000. The main levy fell upon the 10 and

SENATE.]

Proceedings.

[DECEMBER, 1801

SEVENTH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION.

BEGUN AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 7, 1801.

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THOMAS JEFFERSON.

LIST OF MEMBERS

SENATORS.
New Hampshire.--Simeon Olcott, James Sheafe.
Vermont.---S. R. Bradley, Nathaniel Chipman.
Massachusetts.-- Jonathan Mason,
Rhode Island.-Christopher Ellery, Theodore Foster.
Connecticut.-James Hillhouse, Uriah Tracy.
Nero York.—John Armstrong, G. Morris.
New Jersey.-Aaron Ogden, Jonathan Dayton.
Pennsylvania.-George Logan, Peter Muhlenberg.
Delavoare.-William H. Willes, Samuel White.
Maryland.-John E. Howard, Robert Wright.
Virginia.-Stevens T. Mason, Wilson C. Nicholas
North Carolina. - Jesse Franklin, David Stone.
South Carolina.John . Calhoun, Jacob Read.
Georgia.-A. Baldwin, Jama Jackson.
Tennessee.-William Cocke, Joseph Anderson.
Kentucky.-John Breckenridge, John Browno.

Nero York.-Theodore Bailey, Lucas Elmendorph, E. LiFingston, Samuel L. Mitchill, Thomas Morris, John Smith, David Thomas, Philip Van Cortlandt, John P. Van Ness, Killian K. Van Rensselaer, Benjamin Walker.

New Jersey.-John Condit, Ebenezer Elmer, William Helms, James Mott, Henry Southard.

Pennsylvania.-Thomas Boude, Robert Brown, Andrew
Gregg, John A. Hanna, Joseph Heister, Joseph Hemphill,
William Hoge, William Jones, Michael Leib, John Smilie,
John Stewart, Isaac Van Horne, Henry Woods.

Delaware.-James A. Bayard.
Maryland.—John Archer, John Campbell, John Dennis
Daniel Heister, Joseph H. Nicholson, Thomas Plater, Sam-
uel Smith, Richard Sprigg.

Virginia. Richard Brent, Samuel J. Cabell, Thornss
Claiborne, John Clopton, John Dawson, William B. Giles,
Edwin Gray, David Holmes, John Geo. Jackson, Anthony
New, Thomas Newton, John Randolph, John Smith, John
Stratton, John Taliaferro, Philip P. Thompson, Abram Tries,
John Trigg.

North Carolina.-Willis Alston, William B. Grove, Archibald Henderson, William H. Hill, James Holland, Charles Johnston, Nathaniel Macon, Richard Stanford, John Stanley, Robert Williams.

South Carolina.-William Butler, Benj. Huger, Thomas
Lowndes, Thomas Moore, John Rutledge, Thomas Samter.

Georgia.-John Milledge, Benjamin Taliaferro.
Mississippi.-Narsworthy Hunter.
Tennessee.-William Dickson.
Kentucky.-Thomas T. Davis, John Fowler.
Ohio.-Paul Fearing.

REPRESENTATIVES.
Nero Hampshire. Abiel Foster, Joseph Pearce, George
B. Upham.

Vermont-Lewis R. Morris, Israel Smith.
Massachusetts.-John Bacon, Phanuel Bishop, Manasseh
Cutler, Richard Cutts, William Eustis, Seth Hastings, Silas
Lee, Eben Mattoon, Nathan Read, William Shepard, Josiah
Smith, Joseph B. Varnum, P. Wadsworth, Lemuel Williams.

Rhodo Island.-Joseph Stanton, Thomas Tillinghast.

Connecticut.— Samuel W. Dans, John Davenport, Calvin Goddard, Roger Griswold, Elias Perkins, John C. Smith, Benjamin Talmadge.

PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE. Monday, December 7, 1801. 1 John E. HOWARD, from Maryland. The first session of the Seventh Congress of l STEVENS THOMPSON Mason and Wilson CABI the United States commenced this day, con- NICHOLAS, from Virginia. formably to the constitution, and the Senate! ABRAHAM BALDWIN, from Georgia. assembled at the Capitol in the City of Wash- JOSEPH ANDERSON and WILLIAM COOKE, from ington.

Tennessee.

STEPHEN R. BRADLEY, appointed a Senator by PRESENT:

the State of Vermont, for the remainder of the THEODORE FOSTER, from Rhode Island term for which their late Senator, Elijah Paine, NATHANIEL CHIPMAN, from Vermont. was appointed ; JOHN BRECKENRIDGE, appointed

WILLIAM HILL WELLS and SAMUEL WHITE, a Senator by the State of Kentucky; CHRISTOfrom Delaware.

| PHER ELLERY, appointed a Senator by the Stato

DECEMBER, 1801.]
President's Message.

(SENATE. of Rhode Island, for the remainder of the term for which their late Senator, Ray Greene, was

TUESDAY, December 8. appointed ; JAMES JACKSON, appointed a Senator

JONATHAN DAYTON and AARON OGDEN, from by the State of Georgia ; GEORGE LOGAN, ap- the State of New Jersey, and JESSE FRANKLIN, pointed a Senator by the Executive of the State from the State of North Carolina, severally atof Pennsylvania, in the place of their late Sepa- I tended. tor, Peter Muhlenberg, resigned: SIMEON OL-) Resoloed, That two Chaplains, of different COTT, appointed a Senator by the State of New denominations, be appointed to Congress for Hampshire, for the remainder of the term for the present session, one by each House, who which their late Senator, Samuel Livermore, I shall interchange weekly. was appointed; URIAH Tracy, appointed a

President's Message.
Senator by the State of Connecticut; and
ROBERT WRIGHT, appointed a Senator by the

The following letter and Message were re-
State of Maryland, severally produced their ceived from the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED
credentials, and took their seats in the Senate. States, by Mr. Lewis, his Secretary :
The VICE PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate

DECEMBER 8, 1801. proceeded to the election of a President, pro

Sir: The circumstances under which we find ourtempore, as the constitution provides; and

selves at this place rendering inconvenient the mode ABRAHAM BALDWIN was chosen.

heretofore practised, of making by personal address The PRESIDENT administered the oath, as the the first communications between the Legislative and law prescribes, to Mr. BRADLEY, Mr. BRECKEN- Executive branches, I have adopted that by MesRIDGE, Mr. ELLERY, Mr. JACKSON, Mr. OLCOTT, | sage, as used on all subsequent occasions through the Mr. TRACY, and Mr. WRIGHT, and the affirina- session. In doing this I have had principal regard tion to Mr. LOGAN.

to the convenience of the Legislature, to the economy Ordered, That the Secretary wait on the of their time, to their relief from the embarrassment PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES and acquaint

of immediate answers, on subjects not yet fully behim that a quorum of the Senate is assembled. | fore them, and to the benefits thence resulting to the and that, in the absence of the VICE PRESIDENT,

| public affairs. Trusting that a procedure founded in they have elected ABRAHAM BALDWIN, President

these motives will meet their approbation, I beg of the Senate, pro tempore.

leave, through you, sir, to communicate the enclosed Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the

Message, with the documents accompanying it, to

the honorable the Senate, and pray you to accept, House of Representatives that a quorum of the for yourself and them, the homage of my high respect Senate is assembled and ready to proceed to and consideration. * business, and that, in the absence of the VICE

THOMAS JEFFERSON. PRESIDENT, they have elected ABRAHAM BALD The Hon. the PRESIDENT of the Senate. WIN, President of the Senate, pro tempore.

A message from the House of Representa- | Fellow-citizens of the Senate, tives informed the Senate that a quorum of the

and House of Representatives : House is assembled, and have elected NATHAN

It is a circumstance of sincere gratification to me IEL Macon their Speaker, and are ready to pro

that, on meeting the great council of our nation, I ceed to business.

am able to announce to them, on grounds of reasonaOrdered, That Messrs. ANDERSON and Jack

ble certainty, that the wars and troubles which for son be a committee on the part of the Senate,

so many years afflicted our sister nations, have at together with such committee as the House of

length come to an end ; and that the communica

tions of peace and commerce are once more opening Representatives may appoint on their part, to

among them. Whilst we devoutly return thanks to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES | the beneficent Being who has been pleased to breathe and notify him that a quorum of the two

into them the spirit of conciliation and forgiveness, Houses is assembled, and ready to receive any 1 we are bound with peculiar gratitude, to be thankcommunications that he may be pleased to make ful to him that our own peace has been preserved to them,

through so perilous a season, and ourselves permitted A message from the House of Representatives quietly to cultivate the earth, and to practise and informed the Senate that the House agree to the resolution of the Senate for the appointment of a joint committee to wait on the PRES

* This is the first instance of a Message being sent to tho IDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and have ap

two Houses at the commencement of a session. Though pointed a committee on their part.

veiled and commended by temporary reasons, founded in

the convenience of the members and placed in the fore part Mr. ANDERSON reported, from the joint committee, that they had waited on the PRESIDENT

of the letter, yet the concluding reasons (which are of a

general and permanent nature) disclose the true reasons for OF THE UNITED STATES and acquainted him that

the change-which was, to make it permanent; and pormaa quorum of both Houses is assembled, and that

nent it has been. It was one of Mr. Jefferson's reforms-the the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES informed

former way of assembling the two Houses to hear an address the committee that he would make a communi

in person from the President, returning an answer to it, the cation to them by message to-morrow.

two Houses going in form to present their answer, and the intervention of repeated committees to arrange the details of these ceremonious meetings, being considered too close | an imitation of the royal mode of opening a British Parlia

SENATE)
President's Message.

[DECEMBER, 1801. improve those arts which tend to increase our com- without the sanction of Congress, to go beyond the forts. The assurances, indeed, of friendly disposition, line of defence, the vessel, being disabled from conreceived from all the powers with whom we have mitting further hostilities, was liberated with its Cret. principal relations, had inspired a confidence that our The Legislature will doubtless consider whether, by peace with them would not have been disturbed. authorizing measures of offence also, they will place But a cessation of irregularities which had affected our firce on an equal footing with that of its adrer. the commerce of neutral nations, and of the irrita- saries. ! communicate all material information or tions and injuries produced by them, cannot but add this subject, that, in the exercise of this importart to this confidence, and strengthens, at the same time, function confided by the constitution to the Legislathe hope that wrongs committed on unoffending ture exclusively, their judgment may form itself on a friends, under a pressure of circumstances, will now knowledge and consideration of every circumstance be reviewed with candor, and will be considered as of weight founding just claims of restitution for the past, and I wish I could say that our situation with all the new assurances for the future.

other Barbary States was entirely satisfactory. This Among our Indian neighbors, also, a spirit of peace covering that some delays had taken place in the and friendship generally prevails; and I am happy performance of certain articles stipulated by 22, I to inform you that the continued efforts to introduce thought it my duty, by immediate measures for filamong them the implements and the practice of hus- filling them, to indicate to ourselves the right of bandry, and of the household arts, have not been considering the effect of departure from stipulation without success; that they are becoming more and on their side. From the papers which will be laid more sensible of the superiority of this dependence before you, you will be enabled to judge whether our for clothing and subsistence, over the precarious re-treaties are regarded by them as fixing at all the sources of hunting and fishing; and already we are measure of their demands, or, as guarding from able to announce that, instead of that constant dimi. the exercise of force our vessels within their pornution of their numbers, produced by their wars and er; and to consider how far it will be safe and extheir wants, some of them begin to experience an in- pedient to leave our affairs with them in their pris crease of population.

ent posture. To this state of general peace with which we have I lay before you the result of the census lately been blessed, one only exception exists. Tripoli, the taken of our inhabitants, to a conformity with which least considerable of the Barbary States, had come we are now to reduce the ensuing ratio of represenforward with demands unfounded either in right or tation and taxation. You will perceive that the it in compact, and had permitted itself to denounce crease of numbers, during the last ten years, proverde war, on our failure to comply before a given day. / ing in geometrical ratio, promises a duplication in The style of the demands admitted but one answer. / little more than twenty-two years. We contemplate I sent a small squadron of frigates into the Mediter-| this rapid growth, and the prospect it holds up to w ranean, with assurances to that power of our sincere not with a view to the injuries it may enable us to do desire to remain in peace; but with orders to protect to others in some future day, but to the settlement of our commerce against the threatened attack. The the extensive country still remaining vacant within measure was seasonable and salutary. The Bey had our limits, to the multiplication of men susceptible of already declared war. His cruisers were out. Two happiness, educated in the love of order, habituate had arrived at Gibraltar. Our commerce in the to self-government, and valuing its blessings abort Mediterranean was blockaded, and that of the Atlan all price. tic in peril. The arrival of our squadron dispelled Other circumstances, combined with the increas the danger. One of the Tripolitan cruisers, having of numbers, have produced an augmentation of repe. fallen in with and engaged the small schooner Enter- | nue arising from consumption, in a ratio far beyond prise, commanded by Lieutenant Sterret, which had that of population alone; and, though the changes du cone as a tender to our larger vessels, was captured. | foreign relations now taking place, so desirably after a heavy slaughter of her men, without the loss the whole world, may for a season affect this branco of a single one on our part. The bravery exhibited of revenue, yet, weighing all probabilities of expense, as by our citizens on that element will, I trust, be a well as of income, there is reasonable ground of cortestimony to the world that it is not the want of that fidence that we may now safely dispense with all the virtue which makes us seek their peace, but a con

internal taxes-comprehending excise, stamps, aucscientious desire to direct the energies of our nation tions, licenses, carriages, and refined sugars; to to the multiplication of the human race, and not to which the postage on newspapers may be added, to its destruction. Unauthorized by the constitution, facilitate the progress of information; and that the

remaining sources of revenue will be sufficient to pro

vide for the support of Government, to pay the intermont. Some of the democratic friends of Mr. Jefferson doubted whether this change was a reform, in that part of it

est of the public debts, and to discharge tha principals

within shorter periods than the laws or the general es. which dispensed with the answers to the President. Their

pectation had contemplated. War, indeed, and view of it was, that the answer to the Speech, or Message, 1 toward events. may change this prospect of things afforded & regular occasion for speaking to the state of the and call for expenses which the imposts could not Union, and to all the topics presented; which speaking, los-meet. But sound principles will not justify our tar. ing its regular vent, would afterwards break out irregularly | ing the industry of our fellow-citizens to accumulare on the discussion of particular measures, and to the inter-treasure for wars to happen we know not when, and ruption of the business on hand. Experience has developed which might not, perhaps, happen, but from the that irregularity, and another-that of speaking to the Mes- temptations offered by that treasure. sage on the motions to refer particular clauses of it to appro These views, however, of reducing our burdens are priate committees, thereby delaying the reference; and, informed on the expectation that a sensible, and at the one instance during Mr. Fillmore's administration, prevent same time a salutary, reduction may take place in ing the reference daring the entire session.

I our habitual expenditures. For this purpose those

DECEMBER, 1801.]

President's Message.

(SENATE.

of the civil Government, the army, and navy, will! A statement has been formed by the Secretary of need revisal. When we consider that this Govern- War, on mature consideration, of all the posts and ment is charged with the external and mutual rela- stations where garrisons will be expedient, and of the tions only of these States; that the States themselves number of men requisite for each garrison. The navo principal care of our persons, our property, and whole amount is considerably short of the present our reputation, constituting the great field of human Military Establishment. For the surplus no particconcerns, we may well doubt whether our organiza- ular use can be pointed out. For defence against intion is not too complicated, too expensive ; whether vasion their number is as nothing; nor is it conceived offices and officers have not been multiplied unneces needful or safe that a standing army should be kept sarily, and sometimes injuriously to the service they up in time of peace, for that purpose. Uncertain as were meant to promote. I will cause to be laid be we must ever be of the particular point in our cirfore you an essay towards a statement of those who, cumference where an enemy may choose to invade under public employment of various kinds, draw us, the only force which can be ready at every point, money from the Treasury, or from our citizens. Time and competent to oppose them, is the body of neighhas not permitted a perfect enumeration, the ramifi boring citizens, as formed into a militia. On these, cations of office being too multiplied and remote to collected from the parts most convenient, in numbers be completely traced in a first trial. Among those proportioned to the invading force, it is best to rely, who are dependent on Executive discretion, I have not only to meet the first attack, but if it threatens begun the reduction of what was deemed unneces- to be permanent, to maintain the defence until regusary. The expenses of diplomatic agency have been lars may be engaged to relieve them. These conconsiderably diminished. The inspectors of internal siderations render it important that we should, nt revenue, who were found to obstruct the accounta every session, continue to amend the defects which bility of the institution, have been discontinued. from time to time show themselves in the laws for Several agencies, created by Executive authority, on regulating the militia, until they are sufficiently persalaries fixed by that also, have been suppressed, and fect: nor should we now, or at any time, separate, should suggest the expediency of regulating that until we can say that we have done every thing for power by law, so as to subject its exercise to Legisla- | the militia which we could do were an enemy at our tive inspection and sanction. Other reformations of door. the same kind will be pursued with that caution The provision of military stores on hand will be which is requisite, in removing useless things, not to laid before you, that you may judge of the additions injure what is retained. But the great mass of pub- still requisite lic offices is established by law, and therefore by law With respect to the extent to which our naval alone can be abolished. Should the Legislature preparations should be carried, some difference of think it expedient to pass this roll in review, and try opinion may be expected to appear; but just attenall its parts by the test of public utility, they may be tion to the circumstances of every part of the Union assured of every aid and light which Executive infor- | will doubtless reconcile all. A small force will probmation can yield. Considering the general tendency ably continue to be wanted for actual service in the to multiply offices and dependencies, and to increase Mediterranean. Whatever annual sum beyond that expenses to the ultimate term of burden which the you may think proper to appropriate to naval prepacitizens can bear, it behooves us to avail ourselves | rations, would perhaps be better employed in providof every occasion which presents itself for taking off ing those articles which may be kept without waste the surcharge ; that it never may be seen here that, or consumption, and be in readiness when any exiafter leaving to labor the smallest portion of its earn- | gence calls them into use. Progress has been made, ings on which it can subsist, Government shall itself as will appear by papers now communicated, in proconsume the whole residue of what it was instituted viding materials for seventy-four gun ships, as dito guard.

rected by law. In our care, too, of the public contributions in- How far the authority given by the Legislature for trusted to our direction, it would be prudent to mul- procuring and establishing sites for naval purposes, tiply barriers against their dissipation, by appropri- has been perfectly understood and pursued in the exating specific sums to every specific purpose susceptible ecution, admits of some doubt. A statement of the of definition; by disallowing all applications of money expenses already incurred on that subject is now laid varying from the appropriation in object, or trans- before you. I have, in certain cases, suspended or cending it in amount; by reducing the undefined slackened these expenditures, that the Legislature field of contingencies, and thereby circumscribing might determine whether so many yards are necessadiscretionary powers over money; and by bringing ry as have been contemplated. The works at this back to a single department all accountabilities for place are among those permitted to go on; and five money, where the examinations may be prompt, ef of the seven frigates directed to be laid up, have been ficacious, and uniform.

| brought and laid up here, where, besides the safety An account of the receipts and expenditures of the of their position, they are under the eye of the Execlast year, as prepared by the Secretary of the Treas-utive Administration, as well as of its agents; and ury, will, as usual, be laid before you. The success where yourselves also will be guided by your own which has attended the late sales of the public lands view in the legislative provisions respecting them, shows that, with attention, they may be made an which may, from time to time, be necessary. They important source of receipt. Among the payments are preserved in such condition, as well the vessels as those made in discharge of the principal and inter- whatever belongs to them, as to be at all times ready est of the national debt, will show that the public for sea at a short warning. Two others are yet to faith has been exactly maintained. To these will be laid up, as soon as they shall receive the repairs be added an estimate of appropriations necessary for requisite to put them also into sound condition. As the ensuing year. This last will, of course, be af- a superintending officer will be necessary at each fected by such modifications of the system of expense yard, his duties and emoluments, hitherto fixed by as you shall think proper to adopt.

| the Executive, will be a more proper subject for le

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