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Mat, 1800.]

The bill provided that it should be one hundred feet square at the base, and of a proportionate height.

Mr. Eggleston wished to hear the estimated price.

Mr. Harper said he had an estimate from Mr. Latrobe, of Philadelphia, who was the architect employed on the Pennsylvania Bank, the estimate of which had rather been over the actual expense; the estimate was that a pyramid of one hundred feet at the bottom, with nineteen steps, having a chamber thirty feet square, made of granite, to be taken from the Potomac, with a marble sarcophagus in the centre, and four marble pillars on the outside, besides other proportionate ornaments, would amount to $62,500. He hoped no objection would be made to the price, since it could not occur on any future occasion, as another Washington would never die.

Mr. Nicholas thought every sense of respect ■would be as well signified by a building of less dimensions, and it would be considerable less expense; he moved to strike out one hundred and insert sixty. After some debate, this was negatived.

The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for its third reading.

Meeting of Congress.

A bill was received from the Senate appointing the time and directing the place of the next meeting of Congress, which provided that the two Houses should meet at the city of Washington on the third Monday in November next.

The House went into committee thereupon, •which was reported. On the question for its third reading, it was carried—yeas 82, nays 82. The Speaker voted in the affirmative, and it was ordered to a third reading to-morrow.

Saturday, May 10.
Memory of Washington,

The bill for erecting a mausoleum for George Washington, in the city of Washington, was read a third time; and upon the question, shall the bill pass?

Mr. KrronELL called the yeas and nays upon it, and proceeded to give his reasons why he would vote against the bill. He was followed by Mr. Harper in favor of it, and Mr. RanDolph against it; when the question was taken, and the bill passed—yeas 54, nays 19, as folio ws:

Ykas.—Willis Alston, Bailey Bartlett, James A. Bayard, Jonathan Brace, John Brown, Gabriel Christie, William C. C. Claiborne, William Craik, Samuel W. Dana, Franklin Davenport, Thomas T. Davis, John Dawson, George Dent, Joseph Dickson, Thomas Evans, Abiel Foster, Albert Gallatin, Henry Glenn, Channcey Goodrich, Elizur Goodrich, Edwin Gray, Roger Griswold, John A. Hanna, Robert Goodloe Harper, David Holmes, Benjamin Hnger, James H. Imlay, James Jones, John Wilkes Kittera, Henry Lee, Silas Lee, Edward Livingston, Lewis It. Morris, Peter Mablenbcrg, Abraham Nott, Robert Page, Jonas Piatt, Lcven Powell, John Road, John Rut

[H. Op R.

ledge, jun., Samnel Sewall, James Sheafe, John Smith, Samuel Smith, Richard Dobbs Spaight, George Thatcher, John C. Thomas, Richard Thomas, Abram Trigg, Philip Van Cortlandt, Peleg Wadsworth, Robert Wain, Lemuel Williams, and Henry Woods.

Nays.—Theodoras Bailey, Robert Brown, Matthew Clay, John Condit, John Davenport, George Jackson, Aaron Kitchcll, Michael Leib, James Linn, Nathaniel Macon, Anthony New, John Nicholas, John Randolph, William Shepard, John Smilie, Thomas Sumter, John Thompson, John Trigg, and Joseph B. Varnum.

Next Meeting of Congress.

The bill from the Senate appointing the time and directing the place of the next meeting of Congress, was read a third time; when

Mr. Bayard moved that it be recommitted to a Committee of the whole House, for the purpose of altering the time of commencing the session. After some debate, the motion was negatived.

The question was then put, shall the bill pass? and resolved in the affirmative—yeas 41, nays 85. The next meeting of Congress will of course take place on the third Monday in November next.

Imprisonment for Debt.

The bill making further provision for the relief of persons imprisoned for debts due the United States, was taken up in committee, agreed to, and upon the question shall the bill be engrossed for a third reading, it passed in the affirmative—yeas 86, nays 25. The bill was subsequently read the third time and passed— yeas 89, nays 27.

[By this bill no person indebted to the United States can be discharged from prison, unless ho shall have suffered two years imprisonment.]

Elections of President.

A message was received from the Senate informing the House that the Senate adhere to their disagreement to the amendments to the bill prescribing the mode of deciding disputed elections of President and Vice President of the United States, made by this House, and subsequently insisted on, Whereupon,

Mr. Harper moved that this House do also adhere to their disagreement to recede; which was carried, and the bill, consequently, is lost.

Monday, May 12. On motion of Mr. Nicholas, the House rescinded a resolution to adjourn the two Houses this day, and a resolution was adopted that the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House should adjourn both Houses tomorrow. The Senate amended it by proposing Wednesday. On the question of concurrence, it was carried, 40 to 24.

A message from the Senate, informed tho House that the Senate agree to the resolution for postponing the time of adjournment of the


H. OF R.]

[MAY, 1800 two Houses, with an amendment; to which | House that they adhered to the amendment; they desire the concurrence of this House. whereupon,

The House proceeded to consider the amend- Mr. GALLATIN Moved that the further considment proposed by the Senate to the resolution eration of the bill be postponed till the third for postponing the time of adjournment: Where- Monday in November next, which was carried. upon,

After receiving several messages from the * Resolved, that this House doth agree to the PRESIDENT, notifying the signing of various bills, said amendment.

there appearing no further business before the

House, on motion of Mr. O. GOODRICH a resoluWEDNESDAY, May 14.

tion for the appointment of a joint committee

to wait on the PRESIDENT, and inform him of Canadian Refugees.

the proposed recess, was adopted, and was conA message from the Senate informed the curred in by the Senate. House that the Senate have passed a bill regu-l Mr. O. GOODRICH, from the Joint Committee, lating the grants of land to the Canada and reported that they had performed that service, Nova Scotia refugees, with amendments. and that the PRESIDENT informed them he had

The amendments were taken into considera- no other communication to make, except his tion, and opposed by Mr. GALLATIN, who said good wishes for their health and happiness, and the object of the Senate was to give the refu- that he wished them a pleasant journey to their gees land worth ten cents an acre, instead of respective homes. good land worth one dollar per acre, as proposed A message having been sent to the Senate to by this House; rather than do this, he would | inform them this House was ready to adjourn. give them nothing.

after a few minutes a motion was made for that Mr. LIVINGSTON was of the same opinion, and purpose, and carried; when. hoped the House would not concur. These peo- The SPEAKER, after taking an affectionate ple had waited eighteen years, and he thought it farewell of the members, and expressing his wish extremely hard they should now be put off in for their safe return and happiness, during the this manner.

recess, adjourned the House till the third MonThe amendments were unanimously rejected. day in November next, to meet in the city of A message from the Senate informed the Washington, in the District of Columbia.


NOVEMBER, 1800.]





MONDAY, November 17, 1800.

The credentials of DWIGHT FOSTER, appointed

a Senator by the State of Massachusetts, in In porsuance of the law of the last session, place of Samuel Dexter, resigned, were read, the second session of the sixth Congress com- and he took his seat in the Senate. menced this day, at the city of Washington, The VICE PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate and the Senate assembled, in their Chamber, at proceeded to the election of a President, pro the Capitol.

tempore, as the constitution provides, and JOHN PRESENT :

E. HOWARD was chosen.

The PRESIDENT administered the oath preJOIN LANGDON and SAMUEL LIVERMORE, from

scribed by law to Mr. FOSTER. New Hampshire.

Ordered, that the Secretary wait on the DWIGHT FOSTER, from Massachusetts.


him that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, Connecticut.

and that, in the absence of the Vice President, THEODORE FOSTER, from Rhode Island.

they have elected John E. HOWARD, President NATHANIEL CHIPMAN, from Vermont.

of the Senate, pro tempore. JAMES SCHUREMAN, from New Jersey.

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint tho WILLIAM HILL WELLS, from Delaware.

House of Representatives that a quorum of JOHN E. HOWARD, from Maryland.

the Senate is assembled and ready to proceed STEPHENS THOMPSON Mason, from Virginia.

to business; and that, in the absence of tho JOHN Brown, from Kentucky.

Vice President, they have elected John E. JOSEPH ANDERSON and WILLIAM COOKE, from

HOWARD President of the Senate, pro tempore, Tennessee.

A message from the House of RepresentaABRAHAM BALDWIN, from Georgia.

tives informed the Senate that a quorum of the The number of members present not being

House is asscmbled, and they have appointed a sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate

committee on their part, together with such adjourned to 11 o'clock to-morrow morning.

committee as the Senate may appoint, to wait


notify him that a quorum of the two Houses is The number of members present not being assembled, and ready to receive any communisufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate | cations that he may be pleased to make them. adjourned.

Resoloed, That the Senate concur in the reso

lution last recited, and that Messrs. WELLS and WEDNESDAY, November 19.

TRAOY be the committee on the part of the

Senate. There being no quorum, the Senate adjourned.

Mr. WELLS reported, from the joint com

mittee last mentioned, that they had waited on THURSDAY, November 20.

the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES; and that There being no quorum present, the Senate

be acquainted the committee that he would

meet the two Houses of Congress, at 12 o'clock adjourned.

to-morrow, in the Senate Chamber. FRIDAY, November 21. TIMOTHY BLOODWORTH, from the State of

SATURDAY, November 22. North Carolina; HUMPHREY MARSHALL, from Ordered, That the Secretary notify the House the State of Kentucky; and GOUVERNEUR MOR- of Representatives, that the Senate are ready RIS, from the State of New York, severally attended.

* The First Meeting of Congress at Washington City.. VOL. II.-31


to meet them in their Chamber, for the purpose of receiving the communications from the President Of The United States.

The House of Representatives having accordingly taken the seats assigned them, the PresiDent Op The United States came into the Senate Chamber, and addressed both Houses of Congress as follows:

Gentlemen of the Senate, and

Gentlemen of the House of Representative*:

Immediately after the adjournment of Congress at their last session in Philadelphia, I gave directions, in compliance with the laws, for the removal of the public offices, records, and property. These directions have been executed, and the public officers have since resided and conducted the ordinary business of the Government in this place.

I congratulate the people of the United States on the assembling of Congress at the permanent seat of their Government; and I congratulate you, gentlemen, on the prospect of a residence not to be changed. Although there is cause to apprehend that accommodations are not now so complete as might be wished, yet there is great reason to believe that this inconvenience will cease with the present session.

It would be Unbecoming the Representatives of this nation to assemble, for the first time, iu this solemn temple, without looking up to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and imploring his blessing.

May this Territory be the residence of virtue and happiness! In this city may that piety and virtue, that wisdom and magnanimity, that constancy and self-government which adorned the great character whose name it bears, be for ever held in veneration! Here, and throughout our country, may simple manners, pure morals, and true religion flourish for ever!

It is with you, gentlemen, to consider whether the local powers over the District of Columbia, vested by the constitution in the Congress of the United States, ■hall be immediately exercised. If, in your opinion, this important trust ought now to be executed, you cannot fail, while performing it, to take into view the future probable situation of the Territory for the happiness of which you are about to provide. You will consider it as the Capital of a great nation, advancing, with unexampled rapidity, in arts, in commerce, in wealth, and in population; and possessing, within itself, those energies and resources which, if not thrown away, or lamentably misdirected, will secure to it a long course of prosperity and self-government.

In compliance with a law of the last session of Congress, the officers and soldiers of the temporary army have been discharged. It affords real pleasure to recollect the honorable testimony they gave of the patriotic motives which brought them into the service of their country, by the readiness and regularity with which they returned to the station of private citizens.

It is, in every point of view, of such primary importance to carry the laws into prompt and faithful execution, and to render that port of the administration of justice which the constitution and laws devolve on the federal courts, as convenient to the people as may consist with their present circumstances, that I cannot omit once more to recommend to your serious consideration the .judiciary system of the United States. No subject is more interesting than this to the public happiness, and to none can those improvements which may have

[november, 1800.

been suggested by experience be more beneficial! v applied.

A Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the King of Prussia has been concluded and ratified. The ratifications have been exchanged, and I have directed the treaty to be promulgated by proclamation.

The difficulties which suspended the execution of the sixth article of our Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, with Great Britain, have sot yet been removed. The negotiation on this subject is still pending. As it must be for the interest and honor of both nations to adjust this difference with good faith, I indulge confidently the expectation that the sincere endeavors of the Government of the United States to bring it to an amicable termination will not be disappointed.

The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary from the United States to France were received by the First Consul with the respect due to their character; and three persons with equal powers were appointed to treat with them.* Although, at the date of the last official intelligence, the negotiation had not terminated, yet it is to be hoped that our efforts to effect an accommodation will at length meet with a success proportioned to the sincerity with which they have been so often repeated.

While onr best endeavors for the preservation of harmony with all nations will continue to be used, the experience of the world, our own experience, admonish us of the insecurity of trusting too confidently to their success. We cannot, without committing a dangerous imprudence, abandon those measures of self-protection which are adapted to our situation, and to which, notwithstanding our pacific policy, the violence and injustice of others may again compel us to resort. While our vast extent of sea-coast, the commercial and agricultural habits of our people, the great capital they will continue to trust on the ocean, suggest the system of defence which will he most beneficial to ourselves, our distance from Europe, and our resources for maritime strength, will enable us to employ it with effect. Seasonable and systematic arrangements, so far as our resources will justify, for a navy, adapted to defensive war, and which may, in case of necessity, be quickly brought into use, seem to be as much recommended by a

* Citizen Talloyrand, retained nnder the Consulate ae Mia* ister of Exterior Relations, was the organ of onr Mi&lste-V communications with the First Consul, and his language ami deportment on their arrival present a fine contrast to what they were In the time of the Directory, and of the X, V. Z. subaltern intriguers. Thus, arriving in Paris on the 41 of March, they notify the Citizen Minister of that fact on the 8d, and the same day receive this answer: "The information which yon have jnst communicated of your arrival at Puis, has given me real satisfaction. If you will take the troabte to call upon me at half-past twelve to-morrow, I will be exceedingly glad to have the honor of receiving yon." They called as requested, and were treated with all courtesy; arrd, having expressed a desire to be presented to the First Consul, they received the next day the evidence that he had attended to their request and accomplished It, and girini the hour they were to be "so obliging*1 as to attend in tho Hall of the Ambassadors, in the Palace of the Tuileries. Ana In notifying them that a commission was appointed to treat with them, he expressed himself with amiable politeness, "to remove a misunderstanding which comports as little with the interests as with the sentiments of the two Governments.n


November, 1800.]



wise and true economy as by a just regard for our future tranquillity, for the safety of our shores, and for t.he protection of our property committed to the ocean.

The present Nary of the United States, called suddenly into existence by a great national exigency, has raised us in our own esteem; and, by the protection afforded to our commerce, has effected, to the extent of our expectations, the objects for which it -wus created.

In connection with a navy ought to be contemplated the fortification of some of our principal seaports and harbors. A variety of considerations, which will readily suggest themselves, urge an attention to this measure of precaution. To give security to our principal ports, considerable sums have already been expended, but the works remain incomplete. It is for Congress to determine whether additional appropriations shall be made, in order to render competent to the intended purposes the fortifications which have been commenced.

The manufacture of arms within the United States still invites the attention of the national Legislature. At a considerable expense to the public this manufacture has been brought to such a state of maturity as, with continued encouragement, will supersede the necessity of future importations from foreign

Gentlemen of the Home of Representative!:

I shall direct the estimates of the appropriations necessary for the ensuing year, together with an account of the public revenue and expenditure, to a late period, to be laid before you. I observe, with much satisfaction, the product of the revenue during the present year has been more considerable than during any former equal period. This result affords conclusive evidence of the great resources of this country, and of the wisdom and efficiency of the measures which have been adopted by Congress for the protection of commerce and preservation of public credit

Gentlemen of the Senate, and

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives:

As one of the grand community of nations, our attention is irresistibly drawn to the important scenes which surround us. If they have exhibited an uncommon portion of calamity, it is the province of humanity to deplore, and of wisdom to avoid, the causes which may have produced it. If, turning our eyes homeward, we find reason to rejoice at the prospect which presents itself; if we perceive the interior of our country prosperous, free, and happy; if all enjoy iu safety, under the protection of laws emanating only from the general will, the fruits of their own labor, we ought to fortify and cling to those institutions which have been the source of such real felicity; and resist, with unabating perseverance, the progress of those dangerous innovations which may dimmish their influence.

To your patriotism, gentlemen, has been confided the honorable duty of guarding the public interests; and, while the past is to your country a sure pledge that it will be faithfully discharged, permit me to assure you that your labors to promote the general happiness will receive from me the most zealous co-operation.

JOHN ADAMS. United States, Nov. 22, 1800.

The President Of The United States having retired, the two Houses separated.

Ordered, That Messrs. Tract, Morris, and Baldwin, be a committee to report the draft of an Address to the President Of Tite United States, in answer to his Speech this day to both Houses.

It was further ordered that the Speech be printed for the use of the Senate.

Monday, November 24

Jonathan Dayton, from the State of New Jersey, attended.

Mr. Tracy, from the committee appointed to draft s.n Address in answer to the Speech of the President Of The United States to both Houses of Congress, at the opening of the session, made a report, which was read, and ordered to lie for consideration.

Tuesday, November 25.

Wilson Caby Nicholas, from the State of Virginia, attended.

The Senate took into consideration the report of the committee of the draft of an Address in answer to the Speech of the President Of The United States to both nouses of Congress, at the opening of the session; which, being read in paragraphs, and amended, was adopted, as follows:

To the President of the United States:

Sib: Impressed with the important truth that the hearts of rulers and people are in the hand of the Almighty, the Senate of the United States most cordially join in your invocations for appropriate blessings npon the Government and people of this Union.

We meet you, sir, and the other branch of the national Legislature in the city which is honored by the name of our late hero and sage, the illustrious Washington, with sensations and emotions which exceed our power of description.

While we congratulate ourselves on the convention of the Legislature at the permanent seat of Government, and ardently hope that permanence and stability may be communicated as well to the Government itself as to its seat, our minds are irresistibly led to deplore the death of him who bore so honorable and efficient a part in the establishment of both. Great indeed would have been our gratification if his sum of earthly happiness had been completed by seeing the Government thus peaceably convened at this place; but we derive consolation from a belief that the moment in which we were destined to experience the loss we deplore, was fixed by that Being whose counsels cannot err; and from a hope that, since in this seat of Government, which bears his name, his earthly remains will be deposited, the members of Congress, and all who inhabit the city, with these memorials before them, will retain his virtues in lively recollection, and make his patriotism, morals, and piety, models for imitation. And permit us to add, sir, that it is not among the leant of our consolations that you, who have been his companion and friend from the dawning of our national existence, and trained in the same school of exertion to effect our independence, are still preserved

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