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1. OF R.]
(APRII, 1800. and appointments of suitable commanders were than Freeman, Henry Glenn, Chauncey Goodrich, necessary.
Elizur Goodrich, Roger Griswold, Robert Goodle Mr. CHAMPLIN also spoke in favor of the bill, Harper, Benjamin Huger, James H. Imlay, Henry and in favor of its commitment for an earlier day. Lee, Silas Lee, Samuel Lyman, Lewis R. Morris Mr. CLAIBORNE could not think the gentle
not think the cente Robert Page, Josiah Parker, Thomas Pinckney, Jo
#nas Platt, Leven Powell, John Read, John Rutledge, man (Mr. PARKER) sincere in his professions that a
iljun., Samuel Sewall, James Sheafe, William Shep tie army was not necessary, when he perceived
Yard, George Thatcher, John Chew Thomas, Richari that every motion to reduce the army, which
o Thomas, Robert Waln, Lemuel Williams, and Henry by other gentlemen was thought absolutely wo necessary, had ás uniformly been opposed by
1 The bill was then made the order for tothat gentleman. Mr. O. said he did not look forward to a period when the navy as well as the army would be unnecessary. This appoint
Friday, April 25. ment might take place at any time when there
Congress Library. should be necessity of it; and, therefore, as it
Mr. DENNIS said that by the act passed the was not pretended the 74's could be built before the next session, it would then be time enough
present session, further to provide for the reto think of voting these officers.
moyal and accommodation of the Government
of the United States, a sum not exceeding The SPEAKER said that it was unknown in the Parliamentary proceedings of any country
$5,000 was appropriated for the purpose of that the merits of a bill were discussed on a
procuring a Library. In order to carry that
provision into execution, he would move the motion for postponement; he must therefore !
following resolution: say that any discussion on the bill was out of no order, and that gentlemen must confine them- “Resolved, That -- be a committee, jointly with selves merely on the question of the day this su
the day this such committee as may be appointed on the part of
the Senate, for the purpose of making ont à eatsbill should be made the order for.
logue of books, and adopting the best mode of proMr. HARPER stated some of the inconveni-logy
curing a Library, at the city of Washington ; and ences that must attend gentlemen who brought
for adopting a system of rules and regulations relain, or would wish to support a bill being pre- tive sented, recommending its provision by a motion
This motion was agreed to, and Messrs. Wals, to postpone; he conceived the bill a valuable one, and wished for an opportunity of endeavor
Evans, and POWELL, appointed. ing to convince the House of that fact, but he was precluded by the decision of the Chair, he
SATURDAY, April 26. must therefore beg leave to appeal from the decision.
Slave Trade. The question was put, “Is the decision of the The House resolved itself into a committee Chair right?" and carried-yeas 65.
on the bill from the Senate, in addition to the Mr. SMITi said he should vote for this bill act, entitled “An act prohibiting the carrying being the order for December next, but if the on the slave trade from the United States to 74's were then ordered to proceed, he should any foreign place or country." vote for this bill, if then proposed.
Mr. J. Brown said, when the motion was The yeas and nays were taken on the ques- first laid on the table, he thought it improper tion, “Shall this bill be postponed till the first to prevent the citizens of the United States enMonday in December next?" and decided in joying the benefits of a trade enjoyed by all the the negative-yeas 44, nays 45, as follows: European nations. He really was in hopes that
YEAs.-Willis Alston. Theodorus Bailey, Phanuel the good sense of the select committee would Bishop, Robert Brown, Samuel J. Cabell, Matthew
have permitted them to have seen the policy of Clay, William C. C. Claiborne, John Condit, Thomas realizing the act in question. Many members T. Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Eggleston, Lucas of the House, he observed, knew how the former Elmendorph, John Fowler, Albert Gallatin, Andrew act was passed ; they knew that Congress was Gregg, William Barry Grove, John A. Hanna, Joseph drilled into it by certain persons who would Heister, David Holmes, George Jackson, James not take no for an answer. It was well known Jones, Michael Leib, Matthew Lyon, James Linn, that the Abolition Society, otherwise the SoNathaniel Macon, Peter Muhlenberg, Anthony New, ciety of Friends, as they were called, were very John Nicholas, Joseph H. Nicholson, Abraham Nott, troublesome until they got that act passed. It John Randolph, John Smilie, John Smith, Samuel was also well known that those people did not Smith, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Richard Stanford, David Stone, Thomas Sumter, Benjamin Taliaferro,
an do much to support the Government, but that John Thompson, Abram Trigg, John Trigg, Joseph
: they did as much as they could to stop the meaB. Varnum, and Robert Williams.
sures of the Government, and particularly our Nays.—George Baer, Bailey Bartlett, James, A.
defensive system, on which our national secuBayard, Jonathan Brace, John Brown, Christopher rity depended. G. Champlin, William Cooper, Samuel W. Dana, | Mr. NICHOLAS asked whether it was in order John Davenport, Franklin Davenport, John Dennis, to abuse any class of citizens in this manner, George Dent, Joseph Dickson, William Edmond, and particularly since no motion was before the Thomas Evans, Abiel Foster, Dwight Foster, Jona-T committee?
[H. OF R. The CHAIRMAN said he conceived the gentle- , would be increased. Surely the gentleman man to be in order, since he supposed he was would not wish them brought into the United about to make a motion affecting the principle States when he talked of their condition being of the bill,
l improved; this was a fact, to be sure, but would Mr. Brown resumed. He was only speaking, it be policy so to do? agreeably to his information, how this bill But another and an important point was came originally into existence. He was cer- touched upon—that he would wish the law tain that this nation having an act against the to be made to meet another object, if it was deslave trade, did not prevent the exportation of termined to prohibit the trade in this country. a slave from Africa. He believed we might as As a Southern man, Mr. N. said, he would obwell, therefore, enjoy that trade, as to leave it serve that he was placed in a most unfortunato wholly to others. It was the law of that coun- situation, indeed, in being obliged, in common try to export those whom they held in slavery with other people of those States, to keep men
—who were as much slaves there as those who in a state of slavery: but he had the consolawere slaves in this country—and with as much tion to inform the House, that he believed the right. The very idea of making a law against people of the Southern States were wiping off this trade, which all other nations enjoyed, and the stain entailed upon them by their predeceswhich was allowed to be very profitable, was sors, in endeavoring to ameliorate the situation ill policy. He would further say that it was of that race of people as much as possible. This wrong, when considered in a moral point of appeared to be an increasing disposition. He view, since, by the operation of the trade, the hoped the gentleman would have an opportunivery people themselves much bettered their ty to produce all his arguments on this subject, condition. It ought to be a matter of national in his endeavors either to get the law repealed policy, since it would bring in a good revenue or to strengthen it, agreeably to his wish, in to our Treasury. It was not pleasing to him, order that he might be satisfied that he would Mr. B. said, to pay an interest of 8 per cent. for not find an advocate in the House. our loan: rather than borrow money, he would! Mr. D. FOSTER spoke against the committee wish to be paying off some of our old standing rising. debt, which could be done by increasing our Several sections of the bill were then gone commerce, or rendering it free. He wished it to through with, when the committee rose, and be free as the wind that blew—from one end of obtained leave to sit again. the world to the other. As he observed before, he believed not one more slave would be ex
Monday, April 28. ported from Africa, while our merchants and
The Slave Trade. our revenue would enjoy the benefit.
Mr. RUTLEDGE moved that the Committee of Mr. B. said, our distilleries and manufactories the Whole, to whom were referred the bill for were all lying idle for want of an extended preventing the carrying on the slave trade, &c., commerce. He had been well informed that on be discharged from further consideration therethose coasts New England rum was much pre- of. He conceived it to be one of the most deferred to the best Jamaica spirits, and would fetch fective bills that ever was before Congress, bea better price. Why should it not be sent there, cause the object intended was in nowise proand a profitable return be made? Why should vided for, or utterly impracticable. a heavy fine and imprisonment be made the pen- Mr. BAYARD was of the same opinion. He alty for carrying on a trade so advantageous ? had taken some pains to examine the bill, but
But, he observed, if it was thought advisable was obliged to conclude it extremely imperfect. that the old act should continue, he would wish The objects of the former bill, and which was it could be made to meet the purpose altogether, intended to be improved, were, to prevent the and prevent the system of slavery entirely, so citizens of the United States having any right that equal advantages might be given to all in vessels so employed; and also to prevent the the inhabitants of the Union; without this, it citizens of the United States being employed would, as it ever had been, remain a great dis- on board any such vessels. He trusted that a advantage. He therefore moved that the com- great majority of the members of the House mittee rise, in order to postpone the bill. He would be in favor of those principles, and effecbelieved the House would be better prepared to tually promote them. It would indeed be exmeet it in a few days,
| tremely dishonorable in a country like this, to Mr. NICHOLAS seconded the motion, not but affirm sach a trade, so contrary to all those that he was prepared to decide on it, but that principles held dear in the United States, and there might be opportunity given to express an which ought to be promoted. His desire was, opinion. He really could not understand the that a bill should be constructed upon the true gentleman, when he said that our people being principles of the intent of Congress : so far he employed in that trade would not add nor di-thought they might go, but no farther. To be minish the number exported. This was cer- sure, as the gentleman from Rhode Island (Mr. tainly a wrong calculation. These people were J. Brown) observed, the Government could enslaved for their masters, or to supply some derive revenue from the encouragement of this foreign market. Certainly if the number of trade, but he thought a more dishonorable item purchasers were increased, the number of slaves of revenue could not be established.
H. OF R.]
[MAY, 1800. The committee was discharged.
| it was that no more was heard of it from the Mr. BAYARD then moved that the bill should people on this subject. He had been well inbe referred to a select committee.
formed that great evasions had taken place, and Mr. RUTLEDGE hoped this would not be that this unlawful trade was becoming more agreed to; he was not disposed at this late and more in use. In the last year he believed day of the session to take up any new business that near forty vessels entered the West Indies that was not of urgency. He thought it was with this illicit species of commerce. In some perfectly unnecessary to make a new act upon parts of the United States, he had been well the subject ; he believed the former act did informed, it was become so popular, that if s every thing that was necessary or practicable to vessel was seized and sold, it was impossible to be done. What more could be wanted than get any person to bid for her, and therefore the that persons engaged in this traffic should for- owner was enabled to repurchase her at a very feit their ships and pay a fine, besides, in many low price indeed. It would be much better to instances, imprisonment of the person offending? repeal the old law, and open the trade, than to Surely that was all the occasion reqnired. The suffer the law to continne when nearly a nullity. different States which had heretofore imported But this he believed was not the disposition of those people into the United States had estab- the House; he believed the House could carry lished the policy not to import any more; but in the principle into effect, and he was sure that a addition to this willing restriction, the Federal very great majority of the American people Government thought proper to prevent the would wish them to do it. trade being carried on, by our ships, to those . The motion for recommitment was carried by countries which did suffer their importation. I a very large majority, and three members apThis was going very far indeed, but so far it was pointed. thought proper to go, to furnish a peace-offering to those philanthropists whose urgency was
Military Academy, &c. great to accomplish the general destruction of
Mr. EGGLESTON said, since he found the House the trade. However, the activity of the people so much disposed to prepare for the close of of the four New England States first engaged the session by postponing unnecessary business, them in this profitable traffic:, their produce he would move that the bill for establishing & would bring a good price on the African coast,
rice on the African coast, Military Academy, and for the better organizaand why they might not enjoy the profit of it | tion of the corps of Artillerists and Engineers as well as the English he could not conceive.
be postponed till the first Monday in December He believed it to be impossible effectually to next. prevent it. Some gentlemen, indeed, had talk
After some observations against the motion, ed of authorizing our cruisers to seize vessels of by Messrs. PARKER, CHAMPLIN, and H. LEE, and this kind, but suppose they were confiscated. in favor of it by Messrs. EGGLESTON and SHEPwhat was to be done with their cargoes? They | ARD, it was carried-yeas 64, nays 23. could not be brought into the United States. Where could they be carried? It was not con
Treaty with Great Britain. sistent with the policy of the West India Isl- | The House went into a committee on the bill ands to suffer them to land there, since it was
inne it was for the execution of the 27th article of the their practice to keep these people in bondage,
Treaty with Great Britain. and they did not want, nor could they suffer
A motion of Mr. NICHOLAS was under confree men to inundate those colonies. He knew
sideration, that no person whose case was cog. of no place where they could be landed but St. nizable in any of our courts should be delivered Domingo, and as these people would not have up. This caused a lengthy debate; it was adbeen of those who had procured the freedom of vocated by Messrs. S. SMITH, NICHOLSON, and slaves there were not of those who had spread | GALLATIN, and opposed by Messrs. BAYARD, devastation and murder throughout that island, | DANA, and DENNIS. It was negatived 45 to 42. it was probable they would spurn them from After which the committee rose, obtained leave their shores. What then was to be done with to sit again, and the House adjourned. them? Surely no gentleman would wish them to be drowned, and it would be as absurd to
TUESDAY, April 29. think of sending them back to Sierra Leone!! An engrossed bill to promote the manufacture These difficulties he thought insuperable. of sheet copper within the United States, by in
Mr. WalN hoped the bill would be committed, corporating a company for carrying on the same, and tbat the provisions of it would be made was read the third time, and passed. effectual to its object. As for the people of Pennsylvania, he believed he could say they were unanimously in favor of the trade being
THURSDAY, May 1. put an end to most completely; which was in Appropriation for holding Indian Treaties. nowise done by the law now in force, nor by The House resolved itself into a Committee the bill now proposed. He said it was well of the whole House on the report of the comknown, that great grievances did exist for want mittee to whom was referred, on the seventh of the due execution of the law, and much of March last, the petition of William Hill and greater than were generally known, and hence others, and, after some time spent therein, the
(H. OF R. committee rose and reported two resolutions | Trigg, John Trigg, Joseph B. Varnum, Peleg Wadsthereupon; which were severally twice read, / worth, Robert Waln, and Robert Williams. and agreed to by the House, as follows: 1 NAYS.-John Brown, George Dent, Joseph Dick
Resolved, That the sum of dollars ought son, Benjamin Huger, and John Rutledge, jr. to be appropriated by law to defray the ex
And the House adjourned. penses of such treaty or treaties as the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES may deem it ex
TUESDAY, May 6. pedient to hold with any nation or nations of
Additional Revenue. Indians south-west of the river Ohio.
The House resolved itself into a Committee Resolved, That provision ought to be made by
of the Whole on the further report of the Comlaw, authorizing and enabling all persons who, under the laws of North Carolina, and in con
mittee of Ways and Means, on the subject of the formity to the regulations and provisions there
revenue; when the first resolution, laying an of, have entered, surveyed, located, or obtained,
additional duty of twenty per centum on wines, grants of any of the lands ceded by the said
after being amended, on motion of Mr. GrisState to the United States, in such manner as
WOLD, to read as follows, was adopted: would have vested a good title under the said
"Resolved, That it is exnedient to lay an additional State of North Carolina, if such cession had not
duty of twenty per centum on the amount of the pres
ent duty upon wines imported into the United States, been made, to enter upon, occupy, and possess,
and to vary the scale of duties in such manner as to the same, or to remove thereto their location
comport with the plan of the Secretary of the Treasfrom such lands, the titles whereto shall not be
ury." extinguished, whenever, and as soon as the Indian title or claim to a sufficient portion of the
| The second resolution was agreed to without said land shall be extinguished, under the au
debate as follows: thority of the United States; and to possess and “Resolved, That it is expedient to lay an additional enjoy the same in as full and ample manner as duty of two and a half per centum ac
duty of two and a half per centum ad valorem on such if the same had been derived from, or under, the
goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the UniUnited States.
ted States, as are now subject to a duty of ten per cenOrdered, That a bill or bills be brought in,
tum ad valorem." pursuant to the first resolution; and that Mr!! The third resolution was opposed by Messrs. PINCKNEY, Mr. CHAUNOEY GOODRICH, Mr. HEN- HARPER A
| HARPER and S. SMITH, and supported by Mr. DERSON, Mr. NICHOLAS, and Mr. THATCHER, do | GRISWOLD; after which the committee rose, prepare and bring in the same.
and obtained leave to sit again.
WEDNESDAY, May 7.
A message from the Senate informed the
House, that they have concurred in the amendThe House went into committee on the bill ments of this House, to the bill relative to the to prohibit carrying on the slavo trade to any slave trade with several amendments, to which foreign country. The committee rose and re- they desire the concurrence of the House; also, ported the bill. On the question, when it should that the Senate insist on some of their amendbe read a third time, it was carried for to-day. ments disagreed to by this House, to the bill On the question for its passing, a long and warm supplementary to an act for an amicable settledebate ensued.
ment of limits within the State of Georgia, and Several attempts were made to postpone its for establishing a government in the Mississippi passing, but to no effect. At length the ques- | Territory. tion was taken-yeas 67, nays , as follows:
Mr. HARPER said, that by the terms of enlist
kept for perhaps six months in service unnecesSilas Lee, Michael Leib, Samuel Lyman, Nathaniel
sarily. The Navy and other parts of our deMacon, Lewis R. Morris, Peter Muhlenberg, John
fensive system, were upon a different footing. Nicholas, Abraham Nott, Robert Page, Thomas
He wished the Army to be placed on a similar Pinckney, Jonas Platt, Léven Powell, John Read. one, and therefore moved the following resoluSamuel Sewall, William Shepard, John Smilie, John | Smith, David Stone, Thomas Sumter, George Thatch- “ Resolved, That it is expedient tu authorize tho er, John Chew Thomas, John Thompson, Abram | President of the United States to discharge the
H. OF R.]
[WAY, 1800. additional army thereof, as soon as the state of things General WASHINGTON, be carried into immediate exebetween the United States and the French Republic cution, and that the statue be placed in the centre will warrant the measure."
of an area to be formed in front of the Capitol. The resolution was agreed to, and referred to “Resolved, That a marble monument be erected the Committee of the whole House, to whom
| by the United States in the Capitol at the city of was committed the bill from the Senate, to sus
Washington, in honor of General WASHINGTON, to
commemorate his services, and to express the regrets pend part of the act entitled “An act to aug
of the American people for their irreparable loss. ment the Army of the United States."
“ Resolved, that the President of the United Additional Revenue.
States be requested to give such directions as may
| appear to him proper, to carry the preceding resołaThe House again resolved itself into a Com- ions into effect; and that for the present, the sum of mittee of the Whole on the further report of the $100,000 be appropriatod for these purposes." Committee of Ways and Means on the subject. The resolutions were referred to a Committee of revenue; and the tax on drawbacks being of the whole House, and immediately taken into under consideration, Mr. GRISWOLD and Mr.
consideration; when HARPER again spoke for and against the motion. Mr. HARPER moved to amend the first resoMr. NICHOLAS, Mr. HUGER, and Mr. RANDOLPH, Ilution, by inserting that a mausoleum be erected also spoke against the motion; after which the for
for General WASHINGTON, in the city of Washquestion was taken and negatived, only 23 votes
ington, instead of the statue proposed, which being in favor of it.
was carried; the other resolutions were negaThe third resolution, to lay an additional duty
tived, of course. of one half per cent. per pound on brown sugar
The committee then rose, and the resolution, and coffee imported into the United States was
| as amended by Mr. HARPER, was agreed to by opposed by Mr. GRISWOLD, who doubted much the
ch the the House, and a bill ordered to be brought in propriety of laying an additional duty on coffee,
coutee, I pursuant thereto. and therefore moved to strike out that article. The motion was opposed by Mr. HARPER, and
Friday, May 9. advocated by Mr. SEWALL, who was of opinion that this article was frequently smuggled, and
The Treasury Department. was apprehensive it would be more so, if an ad-! The House went into a committee on the act ditional duty were laid, and therefore would supplementary to tho act entitled "An act to injure the revenue.
| establish the Treasury Department." The motion was carried-yeas 38, nays 21. | The committee rose and reported the bill
The question on the resolution as amended, which provided that the Secretary of the Treaswas, after some debate, put and carried-yeasury should lay before Congress, at the com45, nays 28.
mencement of every session, a report on the The fourth resolution reported, to retain two subject of finance together with such plans for and a half per centum on all drawbacks allowed improving the revenue as may occur to him. for goods re-exported from the United States, Mr. GALLATIN and Mr. NICHOLAS Opposed the in addition to the sums heretofore directed to be passing of the bill, on constitutional principles. retained by law, and also on the whole of the They observed, that as all money bills were to additional duty on goods imported in foreign originate in the House of Representatives, the ships or vessels, was agreed to without debate. Senate had no right to propose any bill by which The committee then rose, and, upon the ques. | that provision was changed; nor could the Seco tion, Will the House concur with the committee retary of the Treasury, upon the same ground, in their agreement to the resolution laying an propose any thing that should originate any additional duty on sugar ? the yeas and nays money bill. Heretofore, it had been usual, when were called for, and taken-54 to 28.
information was wanting by the House, to call The other resolutions, as amended, were also for it from that department, and the same could agreed to, and the Committee of Ways and Means be done again. directed to bring in a bill or bills conformable! It was contended by Mr. GRISWOLD and Mr. thereto.
HARPER, that it was not a power to report a bill,
but merely the state of our finances, which, for THURSDAY, May 8.
want of due notice, had heretofore been delayed,
so as to throw all the most important business Memory of Washington.
upon the close of the session, whereas, by a Mr. H. LEE, from the select committee ap- leisurely and mature examination, the Secretary pointed to consider what measures it would be of the Treasury would be enabled to make a proper for Congress to adopt for paying suitable timely and complete report. respect to the memory of the man first in peace, The bill passed to its third reading-43 to 39. first in war, and first in the hearts of his countrymen—the deceased General WASHINGTON
Memory of Washington. made a report, recommending the adoption of Mr. Evans, from the committee appointed for the following resolutions :
that purpose, reported a bill for erecting a mag“Resolved, That the resolution of Congress passed soleum for GEORGE WASHINGTOx, in the city of in the year 1783, respecting an equestrian statue of Washington.