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SIXTH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION.
BEGUN AT THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, DECEMBER 2 1799.
LIST OF MEMBERS.
Davenport, William Edmond, C. Goodrich, Bazar Goodrich, New Hampshire.-John Langdon, S. Livermore.
Roger Griswold. Vermont.-Nathaniel Chipman, Elijah Paine.
Nero York.-Theodore Balley, John Bird, William Cooper, Massachusetts. Samuel Dexter, Benjamin Goodhue. Lucas Elmendorph, Henry Glenn, E. Livingston, Jonas Platt, Rhode Island.-Theodore Foster, Ray Greene.
John Smith, John Thompson, Philip Van Cortlandt. Connecticut.-James Hillhouse, Uriah Tracy.
Nero Jersey.-John Condit, Franklin Davenport, James H. New York.-John Laurance, J. Watson.
Imlay, Aaron Kitchell, James Linn. New Jersey.Jonathan Dayton, James Schureman. Pennsyloania.-Robert Brown, Albert Gallatin, Andrew Pennsylvania.-William Bingham, James Ross.
Gregg, John A. Hanna, Thomas Hartley, Joseph Heister, Delaware.--Henry Lattimer, William H. Willes.
John W. Kittera, Michael Leib, Peter Muhlenberg, John Maryland.—John E. Howard, James Lloyd.
Smilie, Richard Thomas, Robert Waln, Henry Woods. Virginia.-Stevens T. Mason, Wilson C. Nicholas.
Delaroare.-- James A. Bayard. North Carolina.-Timothy Bloodworth, Jesse Franklin. Maryland.-George Baer, Gabriel Christie, William Craik, South Carolina. Charles Pinckney, Jacob Read. John Dennis, George Dent, Joseph H. Nicholson, Samuel Georgia.-A. Baldwin, James Gunn.
Smith, John C. Thomas. Tennessee.-Joseph Anderson, William Cocke.
Virginia.- Samuel J. Cabell, Matthew Clay, John Daw. Kentucky.John Brown, Humphrey Marshall.
son, John Eggleston, Thomas Evans, Samuel Goode, Edwin Gray, David Holmes, John Geo. Jackson, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Anthony New, John Nicholas, Robert Page, Josiah
Parker, Levin Powell, John Randolph, Abram Trigg, John REPRESENTATIVES.
Trigg. Nero Hampshiro.-Abiel Foster, Jonathan Freeman,
North Carolina.-Willis Alston, Joseph Dixon, William William Gordon, James Sheafe.
B. Grove, Archibald Henderson, William H. Hill, Nathaniel Vermont.--Matthew Lyon, Lowis R. Morris.
Macon, Richard D. Spaight, Richard Stanford, David Stone, Massachusetts.-Balley Bartlett, Phanuel Bishop. Silas Robert Williams. Lee, Levi Lincoln, Samuel Lyman, Harrison G. Otis, John South Carolina.-R. G. Harper, Benj. Huger, Abraham Read, T, Sedgwick, Samuel Bewall, George Thatcher, Joseph Nott, Thomas Pinckney, John Rutledge, Thomas Sumter. B. Varnum, P. Wadsworth, Lemuel Williams.
Georgia.--James Jones, Benjamin Taliaferro. Rhode Island.-John Brown, C. G. Champlin.
Tennessee - William C. C. Claiborne. Connecticut.-Jonathan Brace, Samuel W. Dann John Kentucky.-Thomas T. Davis, John Fowler.
PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE.
Monday, December 2, 1799.
JOHN LAURANCE and JAMES Watson, from The first session of the sixth Congress, con
New York. formably to the constitution, commenced this WILLIAM BINGHAM, from Pennsylvania. day, and the Senate assembled, in their Cham
HUMPHREY MARSHALL, from Kentucky. ber, at the city of Philadelphia.
JACOB READ, from South Carolina.
JAMES GUNN, from Georgia.
JOSEPH ANDERSON, appointed a Senator by JOHN LANGDON, from New Hampshire. | the State of Tennessee, for the remainder of the BENJAMIN GOODHUE, from Massachusetts. term for which their late Senator, ANDREW JACKTHEODORE FOSTER, from Rhode Island, SON, was appointed; ABRAHAM BALDWIN, ap
JAMES HILLHOUSE and URIAH TRADY, from pointed a Senator by the State of Georgia; Connecticut.
| JOHN BROWN, appointed a Senator by the State
[DECEMBER 199. of Kentucky; SAMUEL DEXTER, appointed a / and JAMES Ross, from the State of PennsylvaSenator by the State of Massachusetts; SAMUEL nia, severally attended. LIVERMORE, appointed a Senator by the State A message from the House of Representatives of New Hampshire; and WILLIAM HILL WELLS, informed the Senate that a quorum of the Honse appointed a Senator by the State of Delaware; is assembled, and have appointed a joint comseverally produced their credentials, and took mittee on their part, together with such comtheir seats in the Senate.
mittee as the Senate may appoint on theirs, to The VICE PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, proceeded to the election of a President pro tem and notify him that a quorum of the two pore, as the constitution provides, and SAMUEL Houses is assembled, and ready to receive any LIVERMORE was chosen.
communications that he may be pleased to Ordered, That Mr. READ administer the oath make to them. required by law to the President of the Senate Mr. Read reported from the joint committee pro tempore.
appointed for the purpose, that they bad waited The PRESIDENT administered the oath, as the on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and law prescribes, to Messrs. ANDERSON, BALDWIN, bad notified him that a quorum of the two Brown, DEXTER, and WELLS.
| Houses of Congress are assembled; and that the Ordered, That the Secretary wait upon the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, acquainted PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and acquaint the committee, that he would meet the two him that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, Houses, this day, at 12 o'clock, in the Chamber and that, in the absence of the VICE PRESIDENT, I of the House of Representatives. they have elected SAMUEL LIVERMORE, Presi- A message from the House of Representatives dent of the Senate pro tempore.
informed the Senate that the House are now Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the ready to meet the Senate, in the Chamber of House of Representatives that a quorum of the that House, to receive such communications as Senate is assembled and ready to proceed to the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES shall be business, and that, in the absence of the VICE pleased to make to them. PRESIDENT, they have elected SAMUEL LIVER- Whereupon the Senate repaired to the ChamMORE, President of the Senate pro tempore. | ber of the House of Representatives, for the
Resolved, That each Senator be supplied, dur- purpose above expressed, ing the present session, with three such news- | The Senate then returned to their own Champapers, printed in any of the States, as he may ber, and a copy of the Speech of the PRESIDENT choose, provided, that the same be furnished at OF THE UNITED STATES, this day addressed to the rate usual for the annual charge of such pa- both Houses of Congress, was read : pers. A message from the House of Representatives
| Gentlemen of the Senate, and
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : informed the Senate that a quorun of the House
It is with peculiar satisfaction that I meet the sixth is assembled, and have elected THEODORE Seng
Congress of the United States of America. Coming WICK their Speaker.
from all parts of the Union, at this critical and interOrdered, That Messrs. Read and BINGHAM, esting period, the members must be fully possessed of be a committee on the part of the Senate, to the sentiments and wishes of our constituents. gether with such committee as the House of The flattering prospects of abundance, from the laRepresentatives may appoint on their part, to bors of the people, by land and by sea; the prosperity wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, of our extended commerce, notwithstanding interrupand notify him that a quorum of the two Houses tions occasioned by the belligerent state of a great is assembled, and ready to receive any commu
part of the world ; the return of health, industry, and nications that he may be pleased to make to trade, to those cities which have lately been afflicted them.
with disease ; and the various and inestimable advanThe PRESIDENT communicated a letter signed
tages, civil and religious, which, secured under our John Trumbull, presenting to the Senate of the
| happy frame of Government, are continued to us
unimpaired, demand, of the whole American people, United States impressions of two prints of the
sincere thanks to a benevolent Deity, for the merciful American Revolution, which he had lately caused
dispersations of his providence. to be published ; and the letter was read.
But, while the se numerous blessings are recollected, Ordered, That it lie on the table.
it is a painful duty to advert to the ungrateful retarn The Senate adjourned to 11 o'clock to-mor which has been made for them, by some of the people row morning.
in certain counties of Pennsylvania, where, seduced by the arts and misrepresentations of designing men,
they have openly resisted the law directing the valTUESDAY, December 3.
uation of houses and lands. Such defiance was given WILLIAM COCKE, appointed a Senator by the
| to the civil authority as rendered hopeless all further State of Tennessee, and JAMES SOHUREMAN, ap
attempts, by judicial process, to enforce the execution pointed a Senator by the State of New Jersey, | tary force to be employed, consisting of some comps
of the law; and it became necessary to direct a miliin the room of John Rutherfurd, resigned, seve- nies of regular troops, volunteers, and militia, by whose rally produced their credentials, were qualified, zeal and activity, in co-operation with the judicial and took their seats in the Senate.
power, order and submission were restored, and many HENRY LATIMER, from the State of Delaware, of the offenders arrested. Of these, some have been
(SENATE. convicted of misdemeanors, and others, charged with permanent seat, it is proper for me to inform you that various crimes, remain to be tried.
the Commissioners appointed to provide suitable buildTo give due effect to the civil administration of ings for the accommodation of Congress and of the Government, and to ensure a just execution of the President, and for the public offices of the Governlaws, a revision and amendment of the judiciary sys- ment, have made a report of the state of the buildings tem is indispensably necessary. In this extensive designed for those purposes in the city of Washington; country it cannot but happen that numerous questions from which they conclude that the removal of the seat respecting the interpretation of the laws, and the of Government to that place, at the time required, rights and duties of officers and citizens, must arise. will be practicable, and the accommodations satisfacOn the one hand, the laws should be executed : on tory. Their report will be laid before you. the other, individuals should be guarded from oppres- At a period like the present, when momentous sion. Neither of these objects is sufficiently assured changes are occurring, and every hour is preparing under the present organization of the Judicial Depart- new and great events in the political world, when & ment. I therefore earnestly recommend the subject spirit of war is prevalent in almost every nation with to your serious consideration.
whose affairs the interests of the United States have Persevering in the pacific and humane policy which any conuection, unsafe and precarious would be our had been invariably professed and sincerely pursued situation were we to neglect the means of maintaining by the Executive authority of the United States, when our just rights. The result of the mission to France indications were made on the part of the French Re is uncertain; but, however it may terminate, a steady public, of a disposition to accommodate the existing perseverance in a system of national defence, comdifferences between the two countries, I felt it to be mensurate with our resources and the situation of our my duty to prepare for meeting their advances, by a country, is an obvious dictate of wisdom ; for, remotely nomination of ministers upon certain conditions, which as we are placed from the belligerent nations, and the honor of our country dictated, and which its desirous as we are, by doing justice to all, to avoid moderation had given a right to prescribe. The as- offence to any, nothing short of the power of repelling surances which were required of the French Govern aggressions will secure to our country a rational prosment, previous to the departure of our Envoys, have pect of escaping the calamities of war, or national been given through their Minister of Foreiga Rela degradation. As to myself, it is my anxious desire tions, and I have directed them to proceed on their so to execute the trust reposed in me, as to render mission to Paris. * They have full power to conclude the people of the United States prosperous and happy. a treaty, subject to the constitutional advice and con- I rely, with entire confidence, on your co-operation sent of the Senate. The characters of these gentlemen in objects equally your care; and that our mutual are sure pledges to their country that nothing incom- labors will serve to increase and confirm union among patible with its honor or interest, nothing inconsistent our fellow-citizens, and an unshaken attachment to with our obligations of good faith or friendship to any our Government. other nation, will be stipulated.
JOHN ADAMS. It appearing probable, from the information I re UNITED STATES, December 3, 1799. ceived, that our commercial intercourse with some ports in the island of St. Domingo might safely be Ordered, That Messrs. Ross, Read, and TRACY, renewed, I took such steps as seemed to me expedient be a committee to report the draft of an Address to ascertain that point. The result being satisfactory, to the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, in anI then, in conformity with the act of Congress on the swer to his Speech this day to both Houses. subject, directed the restraints and prohibitions of
Ordered, That the Speech of the PRESIDENT that intercourse to be discontinued, on terms which were made known by proclamation. Since the renewal
OF THE UNITED STATES, this day communicated of this intercourse, our citizens, trading to those ports,
to both Houses of Congress, be printed for the with their property, have been duly respected, and
have been duly respected and use of the Senate. privateering from those ports has ceased.
Resolved, That two Chaplains of different deThe act of Congress relative to the seat of the nominations, be appointed to Congress for the Government of the United States, requiring that, on present session, one by each House, who shall the first Monday of December next, it should be trans interchange weekly. ferred from Philadelphia to the district chosen for its | The Senate proceeded to the appointment of
a Chaplain to Congress on their part, and the
Right Reverend Bishop WHITE was unanimously * These assurances were given by the same Directory, |
elected. and through the same Minister of Foreign Affairs, (Talleyrand) wbo had refused to receive Messrs. Pinckney and Marshall; and, on receiving these assurances, another ex
THURSDAY, December 5. traordinary mission of three eminent citizens was ap
JONATHAN DAYTON, appointed a Senator by pointed to proceed to Paris. They were: Oliver Ellsworth,
: the State of Now Jersey, and Ray GREENE, apChief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; William Richardson Davie, late Governor of the State of Point
te of pointed a Senator by the State of Rhode Island, North Carolina; and William Vans Murray, U. 8. Minister severally produced their credentials, were qualiResident at the Hague. Before they arrived at Paris, the fied, and took their seats in the Senate. Revolution of the 18th Brumaire had occurred--the Directorial Government overturned, the Consulate established,
MONDAY, December 9. and Buonaparte at the hoad of affairs. He retained Talley. rand in the Foreign Ministry, and that astute and supple
ople Elijah PAINE, from the State of Vermont, character conformed as readily to the policy of the First attended. Consol, (peace with the United States,) as he had complied The Senate proceeded to consider the report with the contrary policy of the Directory.
of the committee of the draft of an Address in VOL. II.-26
[DECEMBER, 1799. answer to the Speech of the PRESIDENT OF THE STATES, and that he would receive the Address UNITED STATES to both Houses of Congress, at of the Senate to-morrow, at 12 o'clock, at his the opening of the session; which, being read own house. in paragraphs, was adopted, as follows:
Whereupon, Resoloed, That the Senate will, to
morrow, at 12 o'clock, wait on the PRESIDENT To the President of the United States :
OF THE UNITED STATES accordingly.
TUESDAY, December 10. ent session.
Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the While we devoutly join you in offering our thanks
IKS Senate waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED to Almighty God, for the return of health to our cities, and for the general prosperity of the country,
States, and the President of the Senate, in their we cannot refrain from lamenting that the arts and
name, presented the Address then agreed to.
To which the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED calumnies of factious, designing men, have excited open rebellion a second time in Pennsylvania ; and STATES made the following reply: thereby compelled the employment of military force
Gentlemen of the Senate : to aid the civil authority in the execution of the I thank you for this Address. I wish you all possible laws. We rejoice that your vigilance, energy, and
success and satisfaction in your deliberations on the well-timed exertions, have crushed so daring an op means which have a tendency to promote and extend position, and prevented the spreading of such treason
our national interests and happiness; and I assure able combinations. The promptitude and zeal dis- you that, in all your measures directed to those great played by the troops called to suppress this insurrec-objects, you may, at all times, rely with the highest tion, deserve our highest commendation and praise,
confidence on my cordial co-operation. and afford a pleasing proof of the spirit and alacrity
The praise of the Senate, so judiciously conferred with which our fellow-citizens are ready to maintain
on the promptitude and zeal of the troops, called to the authority of our excellent Government.
suppress the insurrection, as it falls from so high azKnowing, as we do, that the United States are sin- thority, must make a deep impression, both as a terre cerely anxious for a fair and liberal execution of the to the disobedient, and an encouragement of such as Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, entered do well. into with Great Britain, we learn, with regret, that
JOHN ADAMS. the progress of adjustment has been interrupted, by a
UNITED STATES, December 10, 1799. difference of opinion among the commissioners. We hope, however, that the justice, the moderation, and
The Senate returned to their own Chamber, the obvious interests of both parties, will lead to sat
and proceeded to the consideration of Executive isfactory explanations, and that the business will then i
business. go forward to an amicable close of all differences and demands between the two countries. We are fully persuaded that the Legislature of the United States
WEDNESDAY, December 11. will cheerfully enable you to realize your assurances
NATHANIEL CHIPMAN, from the State of Verof performing, on our part, all engagements under our treaties, with punctuality, and the most scrupu
mont, attended. lous good faith.
When we reflect upon the uncertainty of the result of the late mission to France, and upon the uncommon
THURSDAY, December 12. nature, extent, and aspect, of the war now raging in JAMES LLOYD, from the State of Maryland, Europe-which affects materially our relations with attended the powers at war, and which has changed the condition of their colonies in our neighborhood-We are of opinion, with you, that it would be neither wise nor
TUESDAY, December 17. safe to relax our measures of defence, or to lessen any
Mr. Tracy, from the committee to whom was of our preparations to repel aggression.
referred the letter signed John Trumbull, of Our inquiries and attention shall be carefully di 20th September, 1798, reported a resolution,
ed to the various other important subjects which which was adopted, as follows: you have recommended to our consideration; and
Resolved, That the Senate of the United States acfrom our experience of your past administration, wo
cept the prints presented by John Trumbull, Esq., anticipate, with the highest confidence, your stren
and that their President be requested to inform him, uous co-operation in all measures which have a ten
that while they respect the delicacy which dictated dency to promote and extend our national interests
the manner of offering this elegant present, they conand happiness.
| sider their country honored by the genius of one of SAMUEL LIVERMORE,
her sons, by whom these prints are happily designed, President of the Senate, pro tempore.
to perpetuate two memorable scenes in her progress
to independence, and to preserve in lively recollection Ordered, That the committee who prepared
the names and virtues of heroes who fell in her dethe Address, wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE
fence. UNITED STATES, and desire him to acquaint the Senate at what time and place it will be most convenient for him that it should be presented.
THURSDAY, December 19. Mr. Ross reported, from the committee, that The following Message was received from the they had waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
(SENATE. Gentlemen of the Senate, and
| loss their country sustains in the death of General Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
GEORGE WASHINGTON, The letter herewith transmitted will inform you. This event, so distressing to all our fellow-citizens, that it has pleased Divine Providence to remove from must be peculiarly heavy to you, who have long been this life our excellent fellow-citizen GEORGE WASH- associated with him in deeds of patriotism. Permit INGTON, by the purity of his character, and a long us, sir, to mingle our tears with yours; on this occaseries of services to his country, rendered illustrious sion it is manly to weep. To lose such a man, at through the world. It remains for an affectionate such a crisis, is no common calamity to the world. and grateful people, in whose hearts he can never Our Country mourns her Father. The Almighty die, to pay suitable honors to his memory.
Disposer of human events has taken from us our
JOHN ADAMS. greatest benefactor and ornament. It becomes us to UNITED STATES, December 19, 1799.
submit with reverence to Him who "maketh dark
ness his pavilion." The Message and letter were read and ordered. With patriotic pride, we review the life of our to lie for consideration.
WASHINGTON, and compare him with those of other A message from the House of Representatives
countries, who have been pre-eminent in fame. Aninformed the Senate that the House having re
cient and modern names are diminished before him. ceived intelligence of the death of their highly
Greatness and guilt have too often been allied ; but valued fellow-citizen, General GEORGE Wash
his fame is whiter than it is brilliant. The destroyers
of nations stood abashed at the majesty of his virtues. INGTON, and sharing the universal grief this
It reproved the intemperance of their ambition, and distressing event must produce, have resolved darkened the splendor of victory. The scene is closed, that a joint committee be appointed, to report and we are no longer anxious lest misfortune should measures suitable to the occasion, and expressive sully his glory; he has travelled on to the end of his of the profound sorrow with wbich Congress is journey, and carried with him an increasing weight penetrated on the loss of a citizen, first in war, of honor ; he has deposited it safely, where misforfirst in peace, and first in the hearts of his tune cannot tarnish it, where malice cannot blast it. countrymen; and, having appointed a commit-| Favored of heaven, he departed without exhibiting tee on their part, desire the concurrence of the the weakness of humanity. Magnanimous in death, Senate.
the darkness of the grave could not obscure his The Senate proceeded to consider the fore
brightness. going resolution of the House of Representa
Such was the man whom we deplore. Thanks to tives; whereupon,
God! his glory is consummated ; WASHINGTON yet Resolved, That they do concur therein, and
lives-on earth in his spotless example-his spirit is,
in heaven. that Messrs. Dayton, BINGHAM, DEXTER, Gunn,
Let his countrymen consecrate the memory of the LAURANCE, TRAOY, and READ, be the committee heroic General, the patriotic Statesman, and the viron the part of the Senate.
tuous Sage ; let them teach their children never to Resoloed, That the Senate will wait on the forget that the fruit of his labors and his example are PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, to condole their inheritance. with him on the distressing event of the death
SAMUEL LIVERMORE, of General GEORGE WASHINGTON; and that a
President of the Senate, pro tempore. committee be appointed to prepare, for that occasion, an Address to the PRESIDENT OF THE Ordered, That the committee who prepared UNITED STATES, expressive of the deep regret the Address, wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE of the Senate; and that this committee consist UNITED STATES, and desire him to acquaint the of Messrs. DEXTER, Ross, and READ.
Senate at what time and place it will be most Resolved, That the chairs in the Senate Cham-convenient for him that it should be presented. ber be covered, and the room hung with black, Mr. DEXTER reported, from the committee, and that each member, and the officers of the that they had waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE Senate, go into mourning, by the usual mode UNITED STATES, and that he had acquainted of wearing a crape round the left arm, during them that he would receive the Address of the the session.
Senate immediately, at his own house.
Whereupon, the Senate waited on the PRESI
| DENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and the PRESIDENT Monday, December 23.
of the Senate, in their name, presented the AdTIMOTHY BLOODWORTH, from the State of North dress this day agreed to. Carolina, and John E. HOWARD, from the State To which the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED of Maryland, severally attended.
States made the following reply: Mr. DEXTER, from the committee appointed for the purpose on the 18th instant, reported the Gentlemen of the Senate : draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT OF THE I receive with the most respectful and affectionate UNITED STATES, on the death of General GEORGE sentiments, in this impressive address, the obliging WASHINGTON; which being read in paragraphs, expressions of your regard for the loss our country was adopted, as follows:
has sustained in the death of her most esteemed, be
| loved, and admired citizen. To the President of the United States :
In the multitude of my thoughts and recollections The Senate of the United States respectfully take on this melancholy event, you will permit me only to leave, sir, to express to you their deep regret for the say, that I have seen him in the days of adversity