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(H. OF R. THE UNITED STATES, in answer to his Speech to both withstanding the commercial derangements resulting Houses of Congress at the commencement of this from this calamity, and from external embarrasssession, containing assurances that this House will ments, is a satisfactory manifestation of the great extake into consideration the various and important tent and solidity of the public resources. Connected subjects recommended to their consideration. with this situation of our fiscal concerns, the assur, The resolution was agreed to without objec- an
obiecance that the legal provisions for obtaining revenue tion, and the committee rose and reported the
by direct taxation will fulfil the views of the Legislaresolution. The House took it up, concurred in
ture, is peculiarly acceptable.
Desirous as we are that all causes of hostility may it, and appointed a committee of five to prepare be exterminated [removed] by the amicable adjustan answer accordingly.
ment of national differences, we learn with satisfacThe committee consists of Messrs. Dana,
tion, that in pursuance of our treaties with Spain and VENABLE, HARPER, HOSMER, and BALDWIN. with Great Britain, advances have been made for
definitively settling the controversies relative to the
Southern and the North-eastern limits of the United TUESDAY, December 11.
States. With similar sentiments have we received Two other members, to wit: THOMAS Sin- your information, that the proceedings under comNICKSON and MARK THOMPSON, from New missions authorized by the same treaties, afford to a Jersey, appeared and took their seats in the respectable portion of our citizens, the prospect of a House.
final decision on their claims for maritime injuries
committed by subjects of those powers. WEDNESDAY, December 12.
It would be the theme of mutual felicitation, were
we assured of experiencing similar moderation and Several other members, to wit: from Rhode justice from another Power, [the French Republic,] Island, CHRISTOPHER G. CHAMPLIN; from Penn- between whom (which) and the United States differsylvania, THOMAS HARTLEY; and from Virginia, ences have unhappily arisen. But this is denied us CARTER B. HARRISON ; appeared, and took their by the ultimate failure of the measures which have seats in the House.
been taken by this Government towards an amicable
adjustment of those differences, and by the various Address to the President.
inadmissible pretensions on the part of that nation.
The continuing in force the decree of January last, Mr. Dana, from the committee appointed to
to which you have more particularly pointed our atdraft a respectful Address in answer to the
tention, ought, of itself, to be considered as demonPRESIDENT's Speech, made a report, which was strative of the real intentions of the French Governcommitted for to-morrow.
ment. That decree proclaims a predatory warfare against the unquestionable rights of actual com
merce; which [with] our means of defence, our inTHURSDAY, December 13.
terest and our honor, command us to repel. It PHILIP VAN CORTLANDT, from the State of
therefore now becomes the United States to be as New York, appeared, and took his seat. determined in resistance as they have been patient in
suffering, and condescending in negotiation. Address to the President.
While those who direct the affairs of France perOn motion of Mr. Dana, the House resolved sist in the enforcement of decrees so hostile to our itself into a Committee of the Whole on the essential rights, their conduct forbids us to confide in Address yesterday reported, in answer to the
any of their professions of amity. Speech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,
As therefore the conduct of France hitherto exhiband Mr. Dent having taken the chair, the Ad- |
its nothing which ought to change or relax our dress was read, as follows, omitting the words
measures of defence, the policy of extending and in
vigorating those measures, demands our sedulous printed within brackets, which were added as
attention. The sudden and remarkable advantages amendments : The words printed in italics were
which this country has experienced from a small struck out in the discussion, so that the Address
naval armament, sufficiently prove the utility of its to be presented to the PRESIDENT contains the
establishment. As it respects the guarding of our words printed within brackets, and does not coast, the protection of our trade, and the facility of contain those printed in italics.
safely transporting the means of territoral defence to
every part of our maritime frontier, an adequate naJOHN ADAMS, President of the United States
val force must be considered as an important object Sir: The House of Representatives unite with you of national policy. Nor do we hesitate to adopt the in deploring the effects of the desolating malady by opinion, that, whether negotiations with France are which the seat of Government and other parts of our resumed or not, vigorous preparations for war will be country have recently been visited. In calling our alike indispensable. attention to the fatality of its repeated ravages, and In this conjuncture of affairs, while with you we inviting us to consider the expediency of exercising recognize our abundant cause of gratitude to the our constitutional powers, in aid of the health laws Supreme Disposer of events for the ordinary blessof the respective States, your recommendation is | ings of Providence, we regard, as of high national sanctioned by the dictates of humanity and liberal importance, the manifestation, in our country, of a policy. On this interesting subject we feel the neces- magnanimous spirit of resistance to foreign dominasity of adopting every wise expedient for preventing tion. This spirit merits to be cherished and invigora calamity so distressing to individual sufferers, and ated by every branch of Government, as the estima. 80 prejudicial to our national commerce.
| ble pledge of national prosperity and glory. That our finances are in a prosperous state, not-| Disdaining a reliance on foreign protection, want
H. OF R.]
[DECEMBER, 1798 ing no foreign guarantee of our liberties, resolving
FRIDAY, December 14. to maintain our national independence against every
Several other members, to wit: JAMES COCHattempt to despoil us of this inestimable treasure,
asure, RAN, from New York; WILLIAM MATTHEWE, we confide, under Providence, in the patriotism
from Maryland; Josiah PARKER, from Virginia; and energies of the people of these United States for defeating the hostile enterprises of any foreign power.
and THOMAS PINCKNEY, from South Carolina, To adopt with prudent foresight such systematical appeared, and took their seats in the House. measures as may be expedient for calling forth those
Answer of the President. energies wherever the national exigencies may require, whether on the ocean, or on our own territory
The hour having arrived at which the Prest—and to reconcile with the proper security of reve- DEXT had appointed to receive the Address of nue, the convenience of the mercantile enterprise, on this House in answer to his Speech to both which so great a proportion of the public resources Houses, the SPEAKER announced it, and the depends-are objects of moment, which shall be duly House withdrew for the purpose of presenting regarded in the course of onr deliberations.
the Address. Fully as we accord with you in the opinion, that In about a quarter of an hour, the members the United States ought not to submit to the humili returned; when the SPEAKER, having taken bis ation of sending another Minister to France, without
chair, proceeded to read the answer to their previous assurances sufficiently determinate that he Ad will be duly accredited, we have heard, with cordial
| Address, a copy of which had been put into his acquiescence, (approbation, the declaration of your
hand by the PRESIDENT. It was as follows: purpose, steadily to observe those maxims of humane To the House of Representatives of the United States : and pacific policy by which the United States have GENTLEMEN : My sincere acknowledgments are hitherto been governed. While it is left with France due to the House of Representatives of the United to take the requisite steps for accommodation, it is States, for this excellent Address, so consonant to the worthy the Chief Magistrate of a free people, to make character of Representatives of a great and free peoknown to the world, that justice on the part of ple. The judgment and feelings of a nation, I beFrance will annihilate every obstacle to the restora- lieve, were never more truly expressed by their Reption of a friendly intercourse, and that the Executive resentatives than those of our constituents, by your authority of this country will respect the sacred decided declaration, that with our means of defence, rights of embassy. At the same time, the wisdom our interest and honor command us to repel a predaand decision, which have characterized your past tory warfare against the unquestionable rights of a Administration, assure us that no illusory professions neutral commerce. That it becomes the United will seduce you into any abandonment of the rights States to be as determined in resistance as they have which belong to the United States as [a] free and been patient in suffering and condescending in negoindependent (nation.]
tiation. That, while those who direct the affairs of The clerk having read the Address, it was
France persist in the enforcement of decrees so hostile again read by the Chairman by paragraphs.
to our essential rights, their conduct forbids us to
confide in any of their professions of amity; that an [After a few slight amendments the answer was
adequate naval force must be considered as an imagreed to.]
portant object of national policy; and that, whether Mr. THATCHER wished, as no objection was negotiations with Franc
negotiations with France are resumed or not, vigormade to the Address, that it might be entered
ous preparations for war will be alike indispensable.
us preparations for war on the journals as unanimously agreed to: but. I. The generous disdain you so coolly and deliberate on the question being put, a few noes being ;
I ly express, of a reliance on foreign protection, wantheard, the SPEAKER declared it not carried.
ing no foreign guaranty of our liberties, resolving to
maintain our national independence against every The usual resolution was then passed, that attempt to despoil us of this inestimable treasure, the SPEAKER, attended by the House, do present will meet the full approbation of every sound under the Address, and that a committee be appointed standing, and exulting applauses from the heart of to wait upon the PRESIDENT, to know when and every faithful American. where he will be pleased to receive the same. I thank you, gentlemen, for your candid approba
Messrs. DANA, VENABLE, and HARPER, were tion of my sentiments on the subject of negotiation, appointed a committee for this purpose. They waited upon the PRESIDENT accordingly, and Mr. Dana reported that the PRESIDENT would
mit him to the police as a mere foreigner in Paris--the subreceive the Address to-morrow, at his own
sequent refusal to receive both himself and Judge Marsball, house, at twelve o'clock.*
sending them out of the country, and endeavoring to divide the embassy-intriguing to extort a bribe, and to obtain a
loan in violation of our neutrality-and not only proclaiming * The general consent with which this answer was voted but acting on the assumption that we were a divided people, was honorable to the House, and advantageous to tho char- | (French and British,) and that a devotion to one or the other acter of the country. Besides depredations on our com- er of these powers, and not a sentiment of American na merce, there was, at that time, a course of studied in- ality, was the sole rule of our policy. The unanimity of dignities to the United States from the French Govern- answer to the President's Speech was a proper reply to ment, then having the form of a Directory, of which Barras this outrage and insult. And the re-echoed declaratio was President, and Talleyrand Foreign Secretary. These | protection “ to the sacred rights of embassy," was not only indignities were marked and systematic; of which the just in itself, and called for by the occasion, but was que speech of Barras to Mr. Monroe when he had his take-leave the personal characters, the dignity and decorum of the audience-the refusal to receive his successor, General repulsed Ministers, (Messrs. Pinckney and Marshall,) as Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and insolent threat to come as to their official station and the nation they represente
y to all
[H. OF R. and for the declaration of your opinion, that the pol- i " Resolved, That the United States will make comicy of extending and invigorating our measures of pensation to the State of Georgia, for the loss and defence, and the adoption with prudent foresight of damage sustained by that State, in consequence of such systematical measures as may be expedient for the cession of the county of Talessee, made to the calling forth the energies of our country, wherever Creek nation, by the Treaty of New York, unless it the national exigencies may require, whether on the shall be deemed expedient to extinguish the Indian ocean or on our own territory, will demand your title to the said land." most sedulous attention.
At the same time, I take the liberty to assure you, Mr. BALDWIN said, he should not call for the it shall be my vigilant endeavor, that no illusory reading of the remonstrance, as it had already professions shall seduce me into an abandonment of been twice read, and had also been published in the rights which belong to the United States, as a the newspapers. The committee in their report free and independent nation.
have stated such parts of it as they thought ne
JOHN ADAMS. cessary to lead the House to a decision. It is UNITED STATES, December 14, 1798.
seen at once to relate to two objects: what
they consider as a dismemberment of the State, MONDAY, December 31.
by giving back to the Indians a district of counSeveral other members, viz: from Connect-try, called Talessee county, and the injurious icut, JOHN ALLEN; and from Virginia, SAMUEL operation of the act for regulating trade and inJ. CABELL and Thomas CLAIBORNE, appeared, tercourse with the Indians. He was himself at and took their seats in the House.
New York at the time when the treaty, called
the Treaty of New York, was made; he knew Remonstrance of Georgia.
well it was with great concern and reluctance RECLAMATION FOR SACRIFICED TERRITORY-COM that the Federal Government consented to an
PARATIVE EXPENDITURE IN DEFENDING NORTH act which had so much the appearance of disERN AND SOUTHERN FRONTIERS FROM INDIAN membering a State, as giving back Talesses DEPREDATIONS.
county to the Indians; but that frontier was so The House then resolved itself into a Com extensive, the savages who border upon it were mittee of the Whole, on the report of a select so much more numerous and hostile than any committee on the representation and remon- others in the United States, that they were instrance of the State of Georgia; which was read duced to consent for a time to the relinquishas follows:
ment of that district to them, as the counter“Report of the committee to whom was referred the
part of all the other conditions which they obrepresentation and remonstrance of the Legislature
tained in that treaty. He was sure it was at of tho State of Georgia:
that time their expectation and design to have “ That a certain tract of country, within the limits
before now peaceably repurchased it of the Inof Georgia, bounded by a line beginning at the fork dians. The act was not founded on any defect of Oconee and Ocmulgee Rivers, and thence running in the right of the State to that county; but & in a south-west direction, until it intersects the most
short time before, three Commissioners, viz: southern part of St. Mary's River, thence down the Gen. Lincoln, Judge Griffin, a former member river to the old line, was ceded by the Creek nation of Congress, and Mr. Humphreys, who is now of Indians, to the said State, by a treaty held be- our Minister at Madrid, were sent to examine tween the Commissioners of said State, and the Creek into the state of that frontier, and to form treaIndians at Galphinton, on the 12th of November, ties with the neighboring tribes; they were un1785, which tract of country was, by the Legislature wearied in the execution of their trust, visited of said State, formed into a county, by the name of the frontier in person, collected the Indian Talessee county; and the cession thereof was after
chiefs to meet them there, to learn what inward confirmed, at a treaty held between the same parties, at Shoulderbone, on the 3d day of Novem
formation they could give; they afterwards reber, 1786.
turned to the seat of Government of Georgia, “Your committee further report, that, by the treaty
and examined the treaties, laws, and journals, made at New York, between the United States and
and examined individuals on oath, so as to obthe Creek Indians, bearing date on the 7th day of tain all the information that it was possible to August, 1790, a boundary line was established be- procure, on the spot. On their return they tween the said nation of Indians and the United made a special and very full report, a copy of States, whereby the above described tract of country, which is on the files of the House, and, without damed Talessee county, was declared to bo within doubt, is to be regarded on those subjects as a the Indian territory.
document paramount to every thing else, at the “ The committee have not been able to discover time it was made. This document leaves no upon what principles the relinquishment of the terri
doubt of the fairness of the transaction in the tory of the State of Georgia was acceded to on the
treaties of 1785 and 1786, in which this Talespart of the United States; it is therefore to be presumed that it was done upon principles of general
see county was purchased and contained, as policy, with the intention of establishing a perma
stated by the committee. The giving it back, nent peace between the United States and the said
by the subsequent Treaty of New York, rested nation. They are, therefore, of opinion that com
only on the importance and urgency of the pensation ought to be made to the State of Georgia case, as the only possible means of obtaining for the loss of this territory, and recommend to the peace. House to adopt the following resolution :
On the other point contained in the remon
H. OF R]
[DECEMBER, 1798. strance, viz: the injurious operation of the law | lands, and this was the cause of their suffering. respecting trade and intercourse with the Indian It appears now, in the result, that they havo tribes, he did not think it necessary now to always discharged all their Federal obligations, make many observations, the report of the com- and much more, and instead of getting away · mittee was, that it should be revised and the lands from the Indians, the Indians have amended; as that law expires by its own limi- got away their lands, and they cannot get them tation with this session, it is a subject that must back. be taken up, and at that time he should submit He believed there could not be much doubt to the consideration of the House the varions left but that the principles contained in the rematters which seemed to impress themselves so port of the committee were just and proper. strongly upon the minds of his constituents. These had been to him for many years very
Mr. B, said, the report of the committee was sore objects; the position in which he considerpeculiarly grateful to him, and he hoped the ed them immovably fixed gave him great pleasconfirmation of it by Congress would be so to ure. His constituents had not sent him here to his constituents, because the individuals who play the champion. He thought it could not composed the committee were so long and so be denied that there was some ground for them well known in the United States, that their re- to triumph over those who had so long vilified port will be likely to have a great effect in and abused them. He begged leave still farfinally settling the minds of people on those old ther to urge the measures recommended by the subjects of reproach and discord, especially as committee, from the consideration of the small it is in direct conformity with the copious re- expenditures which have been made on that port of the three Commissioners who examined frontier, in proportion to the others. into the same subject on the spot, as he had be- ! The accounts of the military expenditures on fore mentioned. This appeared to him to bo a the northern frontiers, were now more than ten matter of great importance.
millions of dollars. This had been begun, and From the close of the Revolution to the pres principally originated from a regular expedition ent time, these reproaches have always been at to destroy a village of fugitive Indians, who the threshold, to encounter every thing that was committed depredations on the northern fronproposed in behalf of that growing and impor- tier; a similar village on the southern frontier, tant part of the United States. The Revolution called the Chehaw, was also destined by the had raged there to such a degree, and the minds Government for a similar expedition; but the of men were so embittered against each other, measure failed in the Legislature, and that fronthat it required more than the usual time for tier was left to protect themselves. This has them to lay aside the fierceness of their hostil- been done; the fugitives in that village have ity. Though their enemies were driven from been driven off by a party of volunteers. He them, yet they were not driven beyond the re- believed the whole amount of military expencoil of their resentment. This, joined to the ditures on that frontier, till the time of entire disappointment of some pecuniary enterprises peace with the Indians, did not exceed a quarof individuals for gain, had been the cause of ter of a million, and nearly one hundred thouthose malignant torrents of reproach which have sand of that the militia had now been kept out but too long poured forth upon the greater part of for four or five years; though he hoped and of their councils, and upon the most distin- trusted they would not much longer have cause guished of their public servants.
of complaint on that head. After the observaIt was well known to him, and to some who tions which he had made, he thought no apoloheard him, that their calls for protection on a gy was necessary for some apparent harshness very extensive and very turbulent frontier, had, in the language of the remonstrance. till within these few years, always been repelled As to the course which it is proper to pursue with reproaches, that they had never been any in granting relief on the subject, he had not thing but an expense; were totally delinquent much to say. He was confident the expectain bearing the burdens of the Revolution; that tions of the State were not unreasonable; he they had been carried through entirely at the was sure they would be satisfied with any reexpense of the other States; and that they sult which could be considered as fair and honought not now to be protected any further till orable; and his confidence in the House forbade they were willing to pay requisitions. When him to suppose for a moment that it could be this reproach was wiped off by the report of brought to any other. The course recommend. the General Board of Commissioners, on the ed by the committee in their resolution now settlement of the whole account of the old co- under consideration, is either to make compenpartnership of the Confederation, and the very sation to the State for the land which has been small number there, at that time, appeared to relinquished, and for the damages which they have done the proportion of the whole number have sustained, or else to repurchase that disby the census which was the rule of the settle-trict or another district, on that frontier, of ment, and to have reimbursed the great delin- equal value. He said he had laid on the table quency of the loan officers appointed by Con- a certificate from the Surveyor General of that gress, for which they were made accountable, State, taken at that time, as to the length of the still they were told they must protect them- lines enclosing that district, and the probable selves, for they wronged the Indians out of their contents of it. If the report of the committee
[H. OF R. should be agreed to, a bill might be reported in the flag of the United States, and their officers and conformity to one or the other, or all of those men, have been treated by the civil and military principles, as might be thought proper. He authority of the British nation, in Nova Scotia, the was contented in leaving it to the judgment of the House.
civility, politeness, and friendship. I have no doubt On the call of Mr. Brooks, the representation
that this first instance of misconduct will be readily and remonstrance were read. After which,
corrected. Mr. CHAMPLIX moved that the committee
Jan. 8, 1799.
. JOHN ADAMS. might rise, with a view of postponing this sub
[CIRCULAR.] ject till the next session of Congress. He to the Commanders of Armed Vessels in the service of thought the language of the remonstrance too the United States ; given at the Navy Department, violent and indecorous to claim attention from December 29, 1798. the House. This opinion was also supported by SIR : It is the positive command of the PRESIDENT, Mr. Dana. Messrs. BAYARD and N. SMITH that on no pretence whatever, you permit the public wished this motion to prevail, because they vessel of war under your command to be detained, or doubted the propriety of the report, and sup- searched, nor any of the officers or men belonging to posed there would not be time thoroughly to her to be taken from her, by the ships or vessels of investigate the business during this session. any foreign nation, so long as you are in a capacity
On the other hand. Messrs. PINOKNEY. Rut to repel such outrage on the honor of the American LEDGE, HARPER, GALLATIN, VENABLE, W. Clar-1"
flag. If force should be exerted to compel your subBORNE, J. PARKER, and MACON, were against the
mission, you are to resist that force to the utmost of postponement. The objection to the language,
your power, and when overpowered by superior force,
you are to strike your flag, and thus yield your vessel, it was said, was out of time. If made at all, it
at all, it as well as your men; but never your men without onght to have been made when the remon
en the remon- your vessel strance was presented; that some allowance You will remember, however, that your demeanor ought to be made for the language, as it ap- be respectful and friendly to the vessels and people of peared to have been drawn in a moment of pas- all nations in amity with the United States; and that sion; that if the claim was just, it ought not to you avoid as carefully the commission of, as the subbe rejected because it was made in improper mission to, insult or injury. language, especially, since the Legislature of I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, Georgia were not the only persons concerned,
BEN. STODDERT. as the inhabitants on the frontier, while this subject is undecided, are suffering severely from
Letters which accompanied the above MesIndian cruelties and depredations.
sage: The question for leave to be given to the Extract of a letter from George C. Morton, acting committee to sit again, was carried by 69 votes.
Consul of the United States at the Harana, dated
“By the delegation of Daniel Hawley, Esq., I am Impressment of Seamen.
at present acting as Consul of the United States in
this district, with which he will most probably have The following Message was received from the acquainted you. It imposes upon me the mortifying PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
task of informing you, sir, of the partial capture of Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
an American fleet under the convoy of the Baltimore In compliance with your desire, expressed in your
sloop-of-war, - Phillips, Esq., commander, by s resolution of the 2d of this month, I lay before you
British squadron, off this harbor, accompanied with an extract of a letter from George C. Morton, acting
circumstances rather grating to the feelings of AmerConsul of the United States at Havana, dated the
icans, and by no means analogous to that good har13th of November, 1798, to the Secretary of State,
mony which seems to subsist between the two Govwith a copy of a letter from him to L. Trezevant and / ernments. William Timmons, Esqs., with their answer. Although
“The answer of Messrs. Trezevant and Timmons your request extends no further than to such infor
to my annexed note of the 17th instant, requesting mation as has been received, yet it may be a satis- |
| an exact relation of the occurrence, will I presume faction to you to know that as soon as this intelli-l be deemed
40. be deemed as impartial a narration as can be given gence was communicated to me, circular orders were of
|' of the whole transaction, they having been passengers given, by my direction, to all the commanders of our on
on board one of the captured vessels, and removed to vessels of war; a copy of which is also herewith the Baltimore.
ors with the Baltimore. transmitted. I also direct this intelligence and these
“Mr. Morton adds, that Commodore Loring ordered orders to be communicated to His Britannic Majesty's
the fifty-five men out of the Baltimore “ on board of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to
his ship, previous to any proposal of exchanging the the United States, and to our Minister Plenipoteniary
natives of one nation for those of the other, and reto the Court of Great Britain, with instructions to
tained five of the hands as being British subjects, him to make the proper representation to that Gov- without giving an equal number of Americans, whom ernment upon this subject
| he acknowledged to have on board." It is but justice to say that this is the first instance of misbehavior of any of the British officers towards
Havana, November, 17, 1798. our vessels of war, that has come to my knowledge. GENTLEMEN : As acting American Consul for this According to all the representations that I have seen, city and district, and of course obliged to forward the