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MONDAY, November 13, 1797.
TUESDAY, November 14. This being the day appointed by law for the Several other members, to wit: from Mas. meeting of Congress, the House of Representa- sachusetts, HARRISON G. OTIS; from Rhode tives assembled in their Chamber, and the fol- Island, CHRISTOPHER G. CHAMPLIN ; from Conlowing members answered to their names, to necticut, SAMUEL W. DanA and OAAUNCEY wit:
GOODRICH; from Vermont, MATTHEW LYON; From New Hampshire.-ABIEL FOSTER. from Pennsylvania, BLAIR MOCLENACHAN and
From Massachusetts. — STEPHEN BULLOCK, RICHARD THOMAS; from Delaware, JAMES A. SAMUEL LYMAN, John READ, WILLIAM SHEPARD, BAYARD; from Virginia, RICHARD BRENT; from GEORGE THATCHER, JOSEPI B. VARNUM, and North Carolina, ROBERT WILLIAMB; from South PELEG WADSWORTH.
Carolina, WILLIAM SMITH ; and from Georgia, From Connecticut.-JOHN ALLEN, JOSHUA ABRAHAM BALDWIN, appeared, and took their Cort, ROGER GRISWOLD, and NATHANIEL SMITH. seats in the House.
From Nero York. — LUCAS ELMENDORPH, But a quorum of the whole number not HENRY GLENN, JONATHAN N. HAVENS, HEZEKIAH being present, the House adjourned until toL. HOSMEP, JOHN E. VAN ALLEN, and JOHN morrow morning, eleven o'clock. WILLIAMS. From New Jersey. - JONATHAN DAYTON,
WEDNESDAY, November 15. (Speaker,) and Thomas SINNICKSON.
From "Pennsylvania.-JOAN CHAPMAN, AL- Several other members, to wit: from New BERT GALLATIN, THOMAS HARTLEY, and JOHN Jersey, James H. IMLAY; from Pennsylvania, SWANWICK.
WILLIAM FINDLAY ; and from Maryland, WILFrom Maryland.-GEORGE BAER, junior, LIAM HINDMAN, appeared, and took their seats WILLIAM CRAIK, GEORGE DENT, and RICHARD in the House. SPBIGG, janior.
And a quorum, consisting of a majority of From Virginia.-JOHN Dawson, D. HOLMES, the whole number, being present, the oath to JAMES MACHIR, DANIEL MORGAN, and ANTHONY support the Constitution of the United States New.
was administered, by Mr. SPEAKER, to the folNorth Carolina.-MATTHEW LOOKE, NATHAN- lowing new members, to wit: IEL Macon, and RICHARD STANFORD.
ISAAO PARKER, Thomas TILLINGHAST, and South Carolina.-ROBERT GOODLOE HARPER, WILLIAM EDMOND, who took their seats in the and John RUTLEDGE, junior.
House on Monday last. Several new members, to wit: Isaac PARKER, A message was then sent to the Senate, to from Massachusetts ; THOMAS TILLINGHAST, re- inform them that a quorum of the House is turned to serve as a member of this House, for assernbled, and were ready to proceed to busithe State of Rhode Island, in the room of Elisha ness. R. Potter, who has resigned his seat; and WILLIAM EDMOND, returned to serve in this
THURSDAY, November 16. House, as a member for Connecticut, in the room of James Davenport, deceased, appeared, Several other members, to wit: from Verproduced their credentials, and took their seats mont, LEWIS R. MORRIS; from New York, in the House.
JAMES COCHRAN, and EDWARD LIVINGSTON; Bat & quorum of the whole number not being from Virginia, MATTHEW CLAY, Thomas Evans, present, the House adjourned until to-morrow WALTER JONES, ABRAM TRIGG, and JOHN TRIGG; morning, eleven o'clock. .
| and from North Carolina, WILLIAM BARRY
H. OF R.]
(NOVEMBER, 1797. GROVE, appeared, and took their seats in the Having concluded his Speech, and delivered House.
copies of it to the PRESIDENT pro tem. of the And then the House adjourned until to-mor- Senate, and to the SPEAKER of the House of row morning, eleven o'clock.
Representatives, the PRESIDENT retired, the
SPEAKER resumed the chair, and the House FRIDAY, November 17.
being come to order, he, as usual, read the
Speech from the chair. This being done, on Two other members, to wit: from New Jer-motion, it was referred to a Committee of the sey, MARK THOMSON; and from Pennsylvania, whole House, and made the order for to-morJohn A. HANNA, appeared, and took their seats row. It was ordered also to be printed. in the House.
MONDAY, November 27.
A new member, to wit: BAILEY BARTLETT, Several other members, to wit: from New for Massachusetts, in the place of Theophilus
returned to serve in this House as a member Hampshire, JONATHAN FREEMAN and WILLIAM
Bradbury, who has resigned his seat, appeared, GORDON; from New Jersey, JAMES SCHUREMAN;
produced his credentials, and took his seat in the from Maryland, WILLIAM MATTHEWS; and from | House : the oath to support the Constitution of Virginia, ABRAHAM VENABLE, appeared, and the United States being first administered to took their seats in the House.
him by Mr. SPEAKER, according to law.
Several other members, to wit: from Mas: TUESDAY, November 21.
sachusetts, SAMUEL SEWALL; from New York,
David BROOKS ; from Maryland, JOHN DENNIS ; Several other members, to wit: from Mas- from Virginia.' JOHN NICHOLAS and JOSIAT sachusetts, DWIGHT FOSTER; from New York, PARKER: and 'from North Carolina, THOMAS Philip VAN CORTLANDT ; and from Virginia, Brom CARTER B. HARRISON, appeared, and took their House.
ld, BLOUNT, appeared and took their seats in the seats in the House.
Address to the President.
Mr. Otis, from the committee appointed to Two other members, to wit: from Penn
draft an Address in answer to the Speech of sylvania, DAVID BARD, and SAMUEL SITGREAVES,
the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, reported appeared and took their seats.
the following, which was twice read, and referred to a Committee of the Whole for to-morrow:
Sir: While our sympathy is excited by the recent THURSDAY, November 23.
sufferings of the citizens of Philadelphia, we particiTwo new members, to wit: WILLIAM C. o. Ipate in the satisfaction which you are pleased to ex. CLAIBORNE, from the State of Tennessee; and
press, that the duration of the late calamity was so THOMAS PINCKNEY, returned to serve as a mem
limited, as to render unnecessary the expense and in
convenience that would have been incident to the conber of this House for the State of South Caro
vention of Congress in another place : and we shall lina, in the room of William Smith, appointed
readily attend to every useful amendment of the law Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to which contemplates the event of contagious sickness the Court of Lisbon, appeared, produced their at the seat of Government. credentials, and took their seats in the House; In lamenting the increase of the injuries offered to the oath to support the Constitution of the the persons and property of our citizens at sea, we United States being first administered to them gratefully acknowledge the continuance of interior by Mr. SPEAKER, according to law.
tranquillity, and the attendant blessings of which you Two other members, to wit: from Virginia, remind us, as alleviations of these fatal effects of inTHOMAS CLAIBORNE and JOHN OLOPTON, ap- 1 justice and violence. peared, and took their seats in the Jouse. Whatever may be the result of the mission to the
French Republic, your early and uniform attachment President's Speech.
to the interest of our country; your important serThe hour of twelve being near at hand, the vices in the struggle for its independence, and your SPEAKER announced it, and a message was sent unceasing exertions for its welfare, afford no room to to the Senate to inform them that they were
doubt of the sincerity of your efforts to conduct the met, and ready to receive the coinmunications of negotiation to a successful conclusion, on such terms the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, agreeably
as may be compatible with the saiety, honor, and to his appointment.
interest of the United States. We have also a firm
reliance upon the energy and unanimity of the peoThe members of the Senate attended accord
ple of these States, in the assertion of their rights, ingly, and about a quarter after twelve the
ne and on their determination to exert, upon all proper PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES (after visiting
Visiting occasions, their ample resources in providing for the the Senate Chamber) entered the House, ac-national defence companied by his Secretary and the Heads of The importance of commerce, and its beneficial inDepartments, and being seated, rose and de- fluence upon agriculture, arts, and manufactures, have livered the following Address. (See Senate been verified in the growth and prosperity of our proceedings, ante.)
country. It is essentially connected with the other
(H. OF R. great interests of the community. They must flourish | Mr. PINCKNEY said, he had to propose a small and decline together; and while the extension of our alteration to this clause: he wished to make the navigation and trade naturally excites the jealousy, latter part of it a little less harsh. Instead of and tempts the avarice of other nations, we are saying, "we shall insist upon the same justice firmly persuaded, that the numerous and deserving from others" &c., he thought it would have the class of citizens engaged in these pursuits, and depen
same effect, and the terms would be less objecdent on them for their subsistence, has a strong and
tionable, if the passage ran thus: “Nothing indisputable claim to our support and protection The delay of the Spanish officers to fulfil the treaty
shall be wanting on our part to obtain the same existing with His Catholic Majesty is a source of deep
justice from others," &c. The expression used, regret. We learn, however, with satisfaction, that he said, might be perfectly justifiable, but, if we you still indulge hopes of removing the objections could obtain what we wished without the possiwhich have been made to its execution, and that you bility of giving offence, he thought that mode have continued in readiness to receive the posts. Dis ought to be preferred. It was on this acposed to perform, with fidelity, our national engage count that he wished the phraseology to be ments, we shall insist upon the same justice from changed. others which we exercise towards them.
Mr. RUTLEDGE said, as a member of the comOur abhorrence cannot be too strongly expressed of | mittee who reported the Address, he did not the intrigues of foreign agents to alienate the affec- feel tenacious as to the wording of it. At first, tions of the Indian nations, and to rouse them to acts ha thacht of hostility against the United States. No means in
S he thought with his colleague, who proposed
the amendment, that the word insist was rather our power should be omitted of providing for the suppression of such cruel practices, and for the adequate
harsh; but, upon a little reflection, his objecpunishment of their atrocious authors.
tions to the phrase were removed. Indeed, he Upon the other interesting subjects noticed in your thought the proposed amendment would make Address, we shall bestow the requisite attention. To the passage stronger than it was in the original. preserve inviolate the public faith, by providing for They might insist, he said, in argument; lookthe due execution of our treaties; to indemnify those ing upon the treaty as a good one, they might who may have just claims to retribution upon the insist upon its execution; but if it were not to United States for expenses incurred in defending the be effected without going to war, they might property and relieving the necessities of our unfor- afterwards relinquish it. The amendment he tunate fellow-citizens ; to guard against evasions of thonght more forcible. It said " nothing shall the laws intended to secure advantages to the navi
be wanting to obtain," &c.; which would be to gation of our own vessels ; and especially, to prevent,
say, we look upon the treaty as a good one, and by all possible means, an unnecessary accumulation of the public debt, are duties which we shall endeavor
nothing shall be wanting on our part to obtain to keep in view, and discharge with assiduity.
| its fulfilment. The words might even be consiWe regard, with great anxiety, the singular and
dered to say, that we are determined to have portentous situation of the principal powers of Eu
the treaty carried into effect, thongh war should rope. It was to be devoutly wished that the United | be the price of the determination. States, remote from this seat of war and discord; Mr. DAYTON (the Speaker) approved of the unambitious of conquest ; respecting the rights of amendment of the gentleman from South Caroother nations; and desirous, merely, to avail them lina, but not from the reasons which that genselves of their natural resources, might be permitted tleman had urged in support of it, but for those to behold the scenes which desolate that quarter of which his colleague had produced against it; not the globe with only those sympathetic emotions which
because it was more smooth, but because it conare natural to the lovers of peace and friends of the
tained more of decision and firmness. He human race. But we are led by events to associate
thought, in this respect, this country had been with these feelings a sense of the dangers which menace our security and peace. We rely upon
trifled with, and any opinion expressed by them your assurances of a zealous and hearty concurrence
| upon this subject ought to be done with a firmin such measures as may be necessary to avert these
ness of tone. dangers; and nothing on our part shall be wanting
| The question on Mr. PINCKNEY's amendment to repel them, which the honor, safety, a xi prosperi- was put and carried, there being sixty-two memty of our country may require.
bers in the affirmative.
The remainder of the Address was then gone TUESDAY, November 28.
through, without further observation, SAMUEL SMITH, from Maryland, appeared and
Mr. OTIs, from the committee appointed to took his seat.
wait upon the PRESIDENT, to know when and
where it would be convenient for him to receive Address to the President.
the Address in answer to his Speech, reported Mr. Coit moved for the order of the day on that they had attended to that service, and that the reported Answer to the PRESIDENT's Speech, it would be convenient for him to receive it at
The motion being agreed to, the House ac- his house to-morrow at twelve o'clock. cordingly resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole upon that subject, and the Address having been read through by the Chairman, it
WEDNESDAY, November 29. was again read by paragraphs. The first four Were read, without any objection being offered
Address to the President. to them. The fifth being gone through, | Mr. Lyon said, when the motion was propos
H. OF R.]
(NOVEMBER, 1797. ed yesterday on the subject of waiting upon the gentleman from Pennsylvania, he would withPRESIDENT, he should have opposed it, only that draw his motion. he did not wish to deprive some gentlemen of The SPEAKER announced the arrival of the the gratification of attending the ceremony; hour which the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES and now he hoped those gentlemen would con- had appointed to receive the Address of the sent to gratify him by agreeing to a similar re House in answer to his Speech ; and the SPEAKsolution to that of last session, excusing him ER, attended by the members, accordingly from an attendance upon the occasion.
waited upon the PRESIDENT, at his house, and Mr. MACON observed, that whether the reso- | presented to him the Address : to which the lution was agreed to or not, the gentleman | PRESIDENT made the following reply: might doubtless remain behind if he chose, as he had no idea that the House could compel Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : members to go about parading the streets of
I receive this Address from the House of ReprePhiladelphia. The gentleman might have con
sentatives of the United States with peculiar interest. scientious scruples, and if the ceremony were
Your approbation of the meeting of Congress in
this city, and of those other measures of the Execumeant to be respectful to the PRESIDENT, mem
tive authority of Government communicated in my bers should attend it freely, or not at all. He
Address to both Houses, at the opening of the ses should wish, therefore, that gentlemen disin
sion, afford me great satisfaction, as the strongest clined to do the service, would not join it. desire of my heart is to give satisfaction to the people
Mr. Otis hoped the motion would not prevail. and their representatives by a faithful discharge of He presumed no gentleman there was particu- my duty. larly anxious for the society of the gentleman The confidence you express in the sincerity of my from Vermont on this occasion. No doubt he endeavors, and the unanimity of the people, does me would grace the procession, but it would be much honor, and gives me great joy. sufficiently long without him, and if he chose
I rejoice in that harmony which appears in the sento remain behind, he need be under no appre
timents of all the branches of the Government, on the hensions of being called to account for his con
importance of our commerce and our obligations to duct. It was not becoming the dignity of the
defend it, as well as in all other subjects recommendHouse to pass the resolution in question. It
ed to your consideration, and sincerely congratulate
you and our fellow-citizens at large on this appearappeared to him that the gentleman was in full
ance, so auspicious to the honor, interest, and happihealth and spirits, and every way fit for busi
ness of the nation. ness; and as the House had resolved the thing
JOHN ADAMS. should be done, he had no idea of admitting the protest of an individual upon their journals
UNITED STATES, November 29, 1797. against the measure.
The SPEAKER and members then returned to Mr. GALLATIN said he should be in favor of
the House, and order being obtained, the SPEARthe previous question, but not for the reasons
ER, as usual, read the Answer of the PRESIDENT assigned by the mover of it, but for those offer
from the chair. ed by the gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr. Macon,) viz: because he did not believe there existed any power in that House to compel any
THURSDAY, November 30. member to wait upon the PRESIDENT with the THOMPSON J. SKINNER, from Massachusetts, Address; therefore it would be improper to appeared, and took his seat. grant an indulgence to a member from doing what there was no obligation upon him to do.
Memorial of Quakers. He did not recollect the words of the resolution Mr. GALLATIN presented the following demowhich had been agreed to. [The SPEAKER rial of certain citizens, called Quakers, in the repeated them. They were, “ that the SPEAKER, name of the annual meeting of that body, lately attended by the House of Representatives, shall held in Philadelphia. wait upon the PRESIDENT, &c."] This, Mr. G. said, must be understood in a qualified' sense, as to the Senate and House of Representatives of the the House of Representatives had no existence
United States in Congress assembled : out of those walls. When the SPEAKER present. The memorial and address of the people called ed the Address, the House was not present; Quakers, from their yearly meeting held in Philadelthey could not debate nor do any act as a House. phia, by, adjournments from the 25th of the 9th The Address was, therefore, strictly speaking,
month, to the 29th of the same, inclusive, 17:17, represented by the SPEAKER, followed by the mem
spectfully showeth : bers of the House of Representatives—as he did
That, being convened, at this our annual solemnity, not conceive the House had any power without
for the promotion of the cause of truth and righteous
ness, we have been favored to experience religious the walls of the house. They could, indeed,
weight to attend our minds, and an anxious de sire to appoint committees to do business out of doors,
do business out of doors, follow after those things which make for peace; but could not call out the members as a body.
among other investigations the oppressed state of our Upon this ground he was, therefore, in favor of brethren of the African race has been brought into the previous question.
view, and particularly the circumstances of one hunMr. Lyon said, understanding the matter in dred and thirty-four in North Carolina, and many the light in which it had been placed by the others whose cases bave not so fully come :0 our
[H. OF R. knowledge, who were set free by members of our re- first, second, or third time, that the House had ligious society, and again reduced into cruel bondage, been troubled with similar applications, which under the authority of existing or retrospective laws ; had a tendency to stir up a class of persons to husbands and wives, and children, separated, one inflict calamities which would be of greater confrom another; which, we apprehend to be an abomi- sequence than any evils which were at present nable tragedy, and with other acts, of a similar na- | suffered: and this, and every other Legislature. ture, practised in other States, has a tendency to
to ought to set their faces against remonstrances bring down the judgments of a righteous God upon
complaining of what it was utterly impossible our land. This city and neighborhood, and some other parts,
to alter. have been visited with an awful calamity, which
Mr. THATCHER hoped the petition would have ought to excite an inquiry in the cause and endeavors a second reading, and be committed. It apto do away those things which occasion the heavy peared to him that this would be the regular clouds that hang over us. It is easy with the Al-way of getting rid of the difficulty which was mighty to bring down the loftiness of men by diversi- apprehended. The gentleman who had just fied judgments, and to make them fear the rod and sat down said, that this was not the first second, Him that hath appointed it.
or third time, that the House had been troubled We wish to revive in your view the solemn engage- with similar petitions. This, he said, was nament of Congress, made in the year one thousand tural. If any number of persons considered seven hundred and seventy-four, as follows:
themselves aggrieved, it was not likely they “ And, therefore, we do for ourselves, and the in- I should leave off petitioning, until the House habitants of the several colonies, whom we represent,
should act upon their petition. He thought firmly agree and associate, under the sacred ties of virtue, honor, and love of our country, as follows:
this was what they ought to do. If the Quakers " Article 2. We will neither import nor purchase
thought themselves aggrieved, it was their duty any slaves imported after the first day of December
to present their petition, not only three, five, next, after which time we will wholly discontinue the or seven times, but seventy times, until it was slave trade, and will neither be concerned in it our attended to. selves, nor will we hire our vessels, nor sell our com Mr. RUTLEDGE should not be opposed to the modities or manufactures to those who are concerned second reading and reference of this memorial, in it.
if he thought the strong. censure they deserved " Article 3. And will discountenance and discourage would be the report of a committee. This cenevery species of extravagance and dissipation, espe- sure, he thought, this body of men ought to cially horse-racing, and all kinds of gaming, cock
have; a set of men who attempt to seduce the fighting, exhibitions of shows, plays, and other ex
servants of gentlemen travelling to the seat of pensive diversions and entertainments."
Government, who were incessantly importuning This was a solemn league and covenant, made
Congress to interfere in a business with which with the Almighty in an hour of distress, and He is DOW calling upon you to perform and fulfil it; but
the constitution had said they had no concern. bow has this solemn covenant been contravened by
If he was sure this conduct would be reprobatthe wrongs and cruelties practised upon the poor Af
A ed, he would cheerfully vote for a reference of rican race, the increase of dissipation and luxury, and the present petition; but not believing this the countenance and encouragement given to play- / would be the case, he should be for its laying houses, and other vain amusements! And how on the table, or under the table, that they might grossly is the Almighty affronted on the day of the not only have done with the business for to-day, celebration of Independence! What rioting and but finally. At a time when some nations were drunkenness, chambering and wantonness! to the witnesses of the most barbarous and horrid great grief of sober inhabitants, and the disgrace of scenes, these petitioners are endeavoring to inont national character.
cite a class of persons to the commission of simiNational evils produce national judgments; we i lar enormities. He thought the matter of therefore fervently pray the Governor of the Universe
greatest importance, and that the reference may enlighten your understandings and influence
ought by no means to be made. your minds, so as to engage you to use every exertion in your power, to have these things redressed,
Mr. SWANWIOK was sorry to see so much heat With sincere desires for your happiness here and
produced by the introduction of this petition. hereafter, and that, when you come to close this life,
lifeHe himself could see no reason why the petition you may individually be able to appeal as a ruler did should not be dealt with
should not be dealt with in the ordinary way. formerly : “ Remember now, O Lord, I beseech thee, If the petitioners asked for any thing which it how I have walked before thee, in truth and with a was not in the power of the House to grant, it perfect heart, and have done that which is good in would be of course refused; but this was no thy sight.”
reason why their petition should not be treated We remain your friends and fellow-citizens. with ordinary respect. In this memorial, he Signed in and on behalf of the said meeting, by said, sundry things were complained of; notJONATHAN EVANS,
only slavery, but several other grievances. For Clerk to the meeting this year. instance, play-houses were complained of,
whether justly or not, he was not about to deThe memorial having been read by the Clerk, cide. With respect to the grievance mentioned Mr. GALLATIN Moved that it be read a second in North Carolina, something perhaps might be
done to remedy it, without affecting the propMr. HARPER hoped not. This was not the lerty which gentlemen seemed so much alarmed