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(SENATE. ing under the flag of the United States, and with
SATURDAY, November 25. forged papers. It seldom happens that the Consuls Mr. STOCKTON, from the committee, reported can detect this deception, because they have no au
the draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT OF thority to demand an inspection of the registers and
| THE UNITED STATES, in answer to his Speech to sea letters.
both Houses of Congress, at the opening of the Gentlemer of the House of Representatives :
session; which was read. It is my duty to recommend to your serious con- On motion, that a number of copies be printsideration those objects which, by the constitution, ed, under an injunction that no more should be are placed particularly within your sphere—the na struck off than may be necessary for the use of tional debt and taxes.
the Senate, it passed in the negative. Since the decay of the feudal system, by which Ordered, That the Secretary furnish such the public defence was provided for, chiefly at the Senators as request it, with copies of this reexpense of individuals, a system of loans has been in- lo
port. troduced. And as no nation can raise, within the year, by taxes, sufficient sums for its defence, and military operations in time of war, the sums loaned
MONDAY, Ni vember 27. and debts contracted have necessarily become the HENRY TAZEWELL, from the State of Virginia, subjects of what have been called funding systems.
been called funding systems. I attended. The consequences arising from the continued accumu
The Senate resumed the consideration of the lation of public debts in other countries, ought to
report of the committee, of the draft of an admonish us to be careful to prevent their growth in
Address in answer to the Speeoi of the PREBIour own. The national defence must be provided for as well as the support of Government; but both
DENT OF THE UNITED STATES, to both Houses of should be accomplished, as much as possible, by im
Congress, at the opening of the session; which, mediate taxes, and as little as possible by loans. being read in paragraphs, and amended, was The estimates' for the services for the ensuing year adopted, as follows: will, by my direction, be laid before you.
To the President of the United States : Gentlemen of the Senate, and
Sir: The communications you thought proper to Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : make in your Speech to both Houses of Congress on We are met together at a inost interesting period; the opening of their present session, afford additional the situations of the principal powers of Europe are
proofs of the attention, integrity, and firmness, which singular and portentous : connected with some by
have always marked your official character. treaties and with all by commerce, no important event We cannot but approve of the measures you had there can be indifferent to us; such circumstances taken to asce
us: such circumstances taken to ascertain the state and decline of the concall with peculiar importunity, not less for a dispo- | tagious sickness which has so lately afficted the city sition to unite in all those measures on which the of Philadelphia, and the pleasing circumstance that honor, safety, and prosperity of our country depend. / Congress is now assembled at that place, without than for all the exertions of wisdom and firmness.
hazard to the health of its members, evinces the proIn all such measures you may rely on my zealous | priety of your having postponed a determination to and hearty concurrence.
convene the National Legislature at another place. JOHN ADAMS.
We shall take into consideration the law of 1794, on UNITED STATES, November 23, 1797.
this subject, and will readily concur in any amend
ment which may be deemed expedient. Ordered, That Messrs. STOCKTON, LAURANCE,
It would have given us much pleasure to have re
ceived your congratulations on the re-establishment and LIVERMORE, be a committee to report the
of peace in Europe, and the restoration of security to draft of an Address to the PRESIDENT OF THE
the persons and property of our citizens from injustice UNITED STATES, in answer to his Speech, this
and violence at sea. But, though these events, so wy, to both Houses of Congress, and that the desirable to our country and the world, have not taSpeech be printed for the use of the Senate.
ken place, yet we have abundant cause of gratitude
to the Great Disposer of human events for interior Friday, November 24.
tranquillity and personal security, for propitious sca
song, prosperous agriculture, productive fisheries, and A message from the House of Representatives general improvement; and, above all, for a rational informed the Senate, that the House have agreed spirit of civil and religious liberty, and a calm, but to so much of the resolution of the Senate, of steady determination to support our sovereignty the 22d instant, relative to the appointment of against all open and secret attacks. Chaplains, as is contained in the words follow- We learn, with satisfaction, that our Envoys Extraing, to wit:
ordinary to the French Republic had safely arrived " Resolved, That two Chaplains be appointed
| in Europe, and were proceeding to the scene of nego
tiation; and, whatever may be the result of the misto Congress for the present session, one by each
sion, we are perfectly satisfied that nothing on your House, who shall interchange weekly."
part has been omitted, which could, in any way, conThe House have proceeded, by ballot, to the duce to a successful conclusion of the negotiation, appointment of a Chaplain on their part; and, upon terms compatible with the safety, honor, and inupon examining the ballots, a majority of the terest, of the United States; and we are fully colvotes of the whole House was found in favor of vinced that, in the mean time, a manifestation of that the Rev. ASHBEL GREEN."
unanimity and energy of which the people of the United States have given such memorable proofs, and a
[NOVEMBER, 1797. proper exertion of those resources of national defence, the Executive part of our Government has been comwhich we possess, will essentially contribute to the mitted to your hands, for, in your integrity, talents, preservation of peace and the attainment of justice. and firmness, we place the most entire confidence. We think, sir, with you, that the commerce of the
JACOB READ, United States is essential to the growth, comfort, and
President of the Senate pro tempore prosperity of our country; and that the faith of society is pledged for the preservation of the rights of Ordered, That the committee who prepared commercial and seafaring, no less than of other citi- the Address wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITzens. And even if our negotiation with France should ED STATES and desire him to acquaint the Senate torminate favorably, and the war in Europe cease, at what time and place it will be most convenient yet the state of society, which unhappily prevails in for him that it should be presented. so great a portion of the world, and the experience of On notion, Ordered, That Messrs. TRAOY, past times, under better circumstances, unite in BINGHAM, and GREENE, be a committee, to in. warning us that a commerce so extensive, and which
quire what business remained unfinished at the holds out so many temptations to lawless plunderers,
close of the last session of Congress, which, in can never be safe without protection; and we hold
their opinion, is proper for the Senate to take ourselves obliged, by every tie of duty which binds us to our constituents, to promote and concur in such to consideration the present session, and, measures of marine defence, as may convince our
our what laws will expire before the next session of merchants and seamen that their rights are not sacri- | Congress, and report thereon to the Senate. ficed, nor their injuries forgotten. We regret, that, notwithstanding the clear and ex
TUESDAY, November 28. plicit terms of the treaty between the United States and His Catholic Majesty, the Spanish garrisons are Mr. STOCKTON reported, from the committee, not yet withdrawn from our territory, nor the run- that they had waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE ning of the boundary line commenced. The United UNITED STATES, and that he would receive the States have been faithful in the performance of their Address of the Senate this day at 12 o'clock, at obligations to Spain, and had reason to expect a com- his own house. pliance equally prompt on the part of that power. The Senate accordingly waited on the PRESIWe still, however, indulge the hope that the convinc-DENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and the PRESIDENT ing answers, which have been given to the objections
pro tempore, in their name, presented the Adstated by the Spanish officers, to the immediate exe
| dress agreed to yesterday. cution of the treaty, will have their proper effect;
To which the PRESIDENT made the following and that this treaty, so mutually beneficial to the contracting parties, will be finally observed with
Reply : good faith. We therefore entirely approve of your Gentlemen of the Senate : determination to continue in readiness to receive the
I thank you for this Address. posts, and to run the line of partition between our When, after the most laborious investigation, and territory and that of the King of Spain.
serious reflection, without partial considerations, or Atteinpts to alienate the affections of the Indians ;
personal motives, measures have been adopted or reto form them into a confederacy, and to excite them
commended, I can receive no higher testimony of to actual hostility against the United States, whether
| their rectitude, than the approbation of an assembly, made by foreign agents, or by others, are so injurious
so independent, patriotic, and enlightened, as the Seto our citizens at large, and so inhuman with respect
nate of the United States. to our citizens inhabiting the adjacent territory, as to
Nothing has afforded me more entire satisfaction, deserve the most exemplary punishment; and we
than the coincidence of your judgment with mine, in will cheerfully afford our aid in framing a law, which
the opinion of the essential importance of our commay prescribe a punishment adequate to the commis
merce, and the absolute necessity of a maritime desion of crimes so heinous.
fence. What is it, that has drawn to Europe the suThe several objects you have pointed out to the
perfluous riches of the three other quarters of the attention of the Legislature, whether they regard our
globe, but a marine ? What is it that has drained internal or external relations, shall receive from us
the wealth of Europe itself into the coffers of two or that consideration which they merit; and we will
three of its principal commercial powers, but a mareadily concur in all such measures as may be neces
rine ? sary, either to enable us to fulfil our engagements at
The world has furnished no example of a flourishing home, or to cause ourselves to be respected abroad.
commerce, without a maritime protection; and a And, at this portentous period, when the powers of
moderate knowledge of man and his history will conEurope, with whom we are connected by treaty or commerce, are in so critical a situation, and when
vince any one, that no such prodigy ever can arise. the conduct of some of those powers towards the
A mercantile marine and a military marine must United States is so hostile and menacing, the seve
grow up together; one cannot long exist without ral branches of the Government are, in onr opinion,
JOHN ADAMS. called upon, with peculiar importunity, to unite, and, by union, not only to devise and carry those mea
UNITED STATES, November 28, 1797. sures on which the safety and prosperity of our coun- | The Senate returned to their own Chamber, try depend, but also to undeceive those nations who, and adjourned. regarding us as a weak and divided people, have pursued systems of aggression inconsistent with a state of peace between independent nations. And, sir we
WEDNESDAY, November 29. beg leave to assure you, that we derive a 'singular The PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the meconsolation from the reflection that, at such a time, I morial and address of the people called Quakers,
(SENATE. from their yearly meeting, held in Philadelphia, As we know very well, by experience, such negoin the year 1797, requesting the attention of tiations cannot be carried on without considerable exCongress to the oppressed state of the African penses, I recommend to yonr consideration thu prorace, and the general prevalence of vice and im- priety of making an appropriation, at this time, for morality; and the same was read and ordered
defraying such as may be necessary for holding and to lie on the table.
concluding a treaty.
That you may form your judgments with greater
facility, I shall direct the proper officer to lay before THURSDAY, November 30.
you an estimate of such articles and expenses as Ordered, That the memorial and address of may be thought indispensable. the people called Quakers, presented yesterday,
· JOHN ADAMS. be withdrawn.
UNITED STATES, January 17, 1798.
FRIDAY, December 1. JAMES HILLHOUSE, from the State of Connecticut, attended.
MONDAY, January 22. Josiah TATTNALL, from the State of Georgia, attended.
MONDAY, December 11.
Friday, February 2. THEODORE SEDGWICK, from the State of Mas- | JOHN Slogg HOBART. appointed a Senator by sachusetts, attended.
the State of New York, in the place of Philip
Schuyler, resigned, produced his credentials, WEDNESDAY, December 13.
and, the oath required by law being administerThomas JEFFERSON, Vice President of the ed, he took his seat in the Senate. United States and President of the Senate, attended.
MONDAY, February 5.
The following Message was received from the JOHN E. HOWARD, from the State of Mary- | PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES; which was land, attended.
read: THURSDAY, December 28.
Gentlemen of the Senate, and
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : JOHN Brown, from the State of Kentucky, at I have received a letter from his Excellency Charles tended.
Pinckney, Esq., Governor of the State of South Caro
lina, dated the 22d October, 1797, enclosing a numFriday, December 29.
ber of depositions and witnesses to several captures
and outrages committed within and near the limits STEPHENS THOMPSON Mason, from the State
of the United States, by a French privateer belongof Virginia, attended.
ing to Cape Francois, or Monte Christo, called the
Vertitude or Fortitude, and commanded by a person MONDAY, January 8., 1798.
of the name of Jordan or Jourdain, and particularly JAMES Ross, from the State of Pennsylvania,
upon an English merchant ship named the Oracabissa, attended.
which he first plundered and then burned, with the rest of her cargo, of great value, within the territory
of the United States, in the harbor of Charleston, THURSDAY, January 11.
on the 17th of October last. Copies of which letter JAMES LLOYD, appointed a Senator by the and depositions, and also of several other deposiState of Maryland, in the place of John Henry, tions relative to the same subject, received from the elected Governor of said State, produced his Collector of Charleston, are herewith communicated. credentials; and, the oath required by law being Whenever the channel of diplomatical communiadministered, he took his seat in the Senate. cation between the United States and France shall
be opened, I shall demand satisfaction for the inzult
and reparation for the injury. WEDNESDAY, January 17.
I have transmitted these papers to Congress, not The following Message was received from the so much for the purpose of communicating an account PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
of so daring a violation of the territory of the United
States, as to show the propriety and necessity of enGentlemen of the Senate, and
abling the Executive authority of Government to Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : The situation of affairs between the United States ed States and such foreigners as have a right to en
take measures for protecting the citizens of the Unitand the Cherokee Indians having evinced the expe- lioy their peace, and the protection of their 1: diency of a treaty with that nation, for the promo- l within their limits, in that as well as some other tion of justice to them, as well as of the interests | harbors which are equally exposed. and convenience of our citizens, I have nominated,
JOHN ADAMS. and, by and with the advice and consent of the Se-1. UNITED STATES, February 5, 1798. Date, appointed Commissioners to hold conferences, and conclude a treaty, as early as the season of the Ordered, That the Message and papers reyear and the convenience of the parties will admit. I ferred to lie for consideration,
(APRIL, 1798. MONDAY, February 19.
contended at every hazard, and which constitute the Joshua Clayton, appointed a Senator by the
basis of our national sovereignty. Legislature of the State of Delaware, in the
Under these circumstances, I cannot forbear to re
iterate the recommendations which have been forplace of John Vining, resigned, produced his credentials, which were read, and, the oath re
merly made, and to exhort you to adopt, with promp
titude, decision, and unanimity, such measures as quired by law being administered, he took his
the ample resources of the country afford, for the seat in the Senate.
protection of our seafaring and commercial citizens;
for the defence of any exposed portions of our terriMonday, March 5.
tory; for replenishing our arsenals, establishing founAffairs with France.
dries and military manufactures ; and to provide
such efficient revenue, as will be necessary to defray The following Message was received from the extraordinary expenses, and supply the deficiencies PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
which may be occasioned by depredations on our Gentlemen of the Senate, and
commerce. Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
The present state of things is so essentially differThe first despatches from our Envoys Extraordi
ent from that in which instructions were given to the nary, since their arrival at Paris, were received at
collectors to restrain vessels of the Uuited States from the Secretary of State's office at a late hour the last
sailing in an armed condition, that the principle on evening. They are all in a character which will re
which those orders were issued has ceased to exist. I quire some days to be deciphered, except the last,
therefore deem it proper to inform Congress, that I which is dated the 8th of January, 1798. The con
no longer conceive myself justifiable in continuing tents of this letter are of so much importance to be
them, unless in particular cases, where there may be immediately made known to Congress and to the
reasonable ground of suspicion that such vessels are public, especially to the mercantile part of our fel
intended to be employed contrary to law. low-citizens, that I have thought it my duty to com
In all your proceedings, it will be important to municate them to both Houses without loss of time.
manifest à zeal, a vigor, and concert, in defence of JOHN ADAMS.
the national rights, proportioned to the danger with UNITED STATES, March 5, 1798.
which they are threatened.
JOHN ADAMS. The Message and paper therein referred to UNITED STATES, March 19, 1798. were read, and ordered to lie for consideration.
The Message was read and referred to the
committee appointed on the 29th November Monday, March 19.
last, who have under consideration that part of The following Message was received from the the Speech of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
| STATES, at the commencement of the session,
which relates to the protection of commerce, to Gentlemen of the Senate, and
consider and report thereon to the Senate. Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : The despatches from the Envoys Extraordinary of the United States to the French Republic, which
TUESDAY, April 3. were mentioned in my Message to both Houses of
The following Message was received from the Congress, of the fifth instant, have been examined | PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES : and maturely considered.
While I feel a satisfaction in informing you that Gentlemen of the Senate, and . their exertions, for the adjustment of the differences Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : between the two nations, have been sincere and un- In compliance with the request of the House of remitted, it is incumbent on me to declare, that I Representatives, expressed in their resolution of the perceive no ground of expectation that the objects of second of this month, I transmit to both Houses those their mission can be accomplished, on terms compa- | instructions to, and despatches from, the Envoys Extible with the safety, the honor, or the essential in- traordinary of the United States to the French Reterests of the nation.
public, which were mentioned in my Message of the This result cannot, with justice, be attributed to nineteenth of March last, omitting only some names, any want of moderation on the part of this Govern- and a few expressions descriptive of the persons. ment, or to any indisposition to forego secondary in- I request that they may be considered in confiterests, for the preservation of peace. Knowing it to dence, until the members of Congress are fully posbe my duty, and believing it to be your wish, as well sessed of their contents and shall have had opas that of the great body of the people, to avoid, by portunity to deliberate on the consequences of their all reasonable concessions, any participation in the publication ; after which time I submit them to your contentions of Europe, the powers vested in our En- wisdom. voys were commensurate with a liberal and pacific
JOHN ADAMS. policy, and that high confidence which might justly UNITED STATES, April 3, 1798. be reposed in the abilities, patriotism, and integrity, of the characters to whom the negotiation was com- | | The galleries being cleared, the Message and mitted. After a careful review of the whole subject, documents were read. with the aid of all the information I have received, Ordered, That they lie for consideration. I can discern nothing which could have insured or contributed to success, that has been omitted on my part, and nothing further which can be attempted,
MONDAY, April 16. consistently with maxims for which our country bas / The VICE PRESIDENT communicated a letter
(SENATE. from John Sloss Hobart, resigning his seat in municate to you a letter received by him from Mr. the Senate, in consequence of his appointment Gerry, the only one of the three who has not reto be Judge of the New York district; which ceived his congé. This letter, together with another, letter was read.
from the Minister of Foreign Relations to him, of the Ordered, That the VICE PRESIDENT be request
third of April, and his answer of the fourth, will show ed to notify the Executive of the State of New
the situation in which he remains; his intentions and York that John Slogs HOBART hath accepted
prospects. the appointment of Judge of the New York
I presume that, before this time, he has received
fresh instructions, (a copy of which accompanies this district, and that his seat in the Senate is of
message,) to consent to no loans, and therefore the course vacated.
negotiation may be considered at an end.
I will never send another Minister to France withTUESDAY, April 17.
out assurances that he will be received, respected, The bill authorizing the PRESIDENT OF THE | and honored, as the representative of a great, free, UNITED STATES to raise a provisional army was
powerful, and independent nation.
JOHN ADAMS. read the second time.
UNITED STATES, June 21, 1798.
The Message and documents were read.
Resolved, That five hundred copies thereof The Senate resumed the consideration of the
be printed for the use of the Senate. report of the committee authorizing Thomas Pinckney, late Envoy Extraordinary to the King of Spain, and Minister Plenipotentiary to
Monday, June 25. the King of Great Britain, to receive the cus The bill to declare the treaties between the tomary presents to foreign Ministers at those United States and the Republic of France void courts.
and of no effect, was read the third time; and On the question to agree to the first resolu- the final passage of the bill was determined in tion reported, to wit:
the affirmative-yeas 14, nays 5, as follows: “Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Repre Yeas.-Messrs. Bingham, Chipman, Foster, Goodsentatives of the United States of America in Congress hue, Hillhouse, Howard, Laurance, Livermore, Lloyd, assembled, That Congress doth consent that Thomas North, Paine, Read Sedgwick, and Tracy. Pinckney, Esq., who, as Envoy Extraordinary of the
| Nays.-Messrs. Brown, Langdon, Martin, Mason, United States, negotiated the Treaty of Friendship,
and Tazewell. Limits, and Navigation between the United States and the King of Spain, may receive from the said
Resolved, That this bill pass: that it be enKing such present as it is customary for His Catholic
grossed; and that the title thereof be, “An Majesty to make to such persons as negotiate treaties
act to declare the treaties between the United with him :*
States and the Republic of France void and of It passed in the affirmative-yeas 17, nays 5,
no effect." as follows: YEAs.-Messrs. Anderson, Bingham, Bloodworth,
WEDNESDAY, June 27. Clayton, Foster, Goodhue, Greene, Hillhouse, How- The VICE PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate ard, Latimer, Laurance, Livermore, Martin, Read, proceeded to the choice of a President pro temSodgwick, Stockton, and Tracy.
pore, as the constitution provides, and THEODORE Nars. -Messrs. Brown, Langdon, Marshall, Mason,
SEDGWICK was duly elected. and Tazewell.
The bill to define more particularly the crime And the other resolution reported was agreed of treason, and to define and punish the crime to, in the words following:
of sedition, was read the second time. And be it further resolved, That Congress doth con- On motion that this bill be committed, it sent that the said Thomas Pinckney, Esq., lately passed in the affirmative-yeas 15, nays 6, as Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States to follows: the King of Great Britain, may receive from the said 1 YEAS.—Messrs. Bingham, Chipman, Foster, GoodKing such present as it is customary for His Britannic | hue, Hillhouse, Howard, Latimer, Laurance, Lloyd, Majesty to make to Ministers Plenipotentiary on North, Paine, Read, Sedgwick, Stockton, and Tracy. taking leave of him.
Nayg.-Messrs. Anderson, Brown, Langdon, Liver
more, Martin, and Mason. THURSDAY, June 21.
Ordered, That this bill be referred to Messrs. Affairs with France.
LLOYD, Tracy, STOCKTON, CHIPMAN, and Read,
to consider and report thereon to the Senate. The following Message was received from the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES :
FRIDAY, June 29.
The bill to authorize the PRESIDENT to prevent While I congratulate you on the arrival of General and regulate the landing of French passengers, Marshall, one of our late Envoys Extraordinary to and other persons who may arrive within the the French Republic, at a place of safety, where he United States from foreign places, was read the is justly held in honor, I think it my duty to com- | third time.