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To which the President made the following reply:
Mr. Vice President,
and Gentlemen of the Senate:
It would be an affectation in me to dissemble the pleasure I feel on receiving this kind Address.
My long experience of the wisdom, fortitude, and patriotism of the Senate of the United States, enhances in my estimation the value of those obliging expressions of your approbation of my conduct, which are a generous reward for the past, and an affecting encouragement to constancy and perseverance in future.
Oar sentiments appear to be so entirely in unison, that I cannot bnt believe them to be the rational reKit of the understandings and the natural feelings of the hearta of Americans in general, on contemplating the present state of the nation.
While such principles and affections prevail, they will form an indissoluble bond of union, and a sure pledge that our country has no essential injury to apprehend from any portentous appearances abroad. In a bumble reliance on Divine Providence, we may rest assured, that, while we reiterate with sincerity oar endeavors to accommodate all our differences with France, the independence of our country cannot be diminished, its dignity degraded, or its glory tarcished, by any nation or combination of nations, whether friends or enemies.
The Senate returned to their own Chamber, tad adjourned.
Friday, May 26. Humphrey Marshall, from the State of Kentacky, attended.
Monday, May 29. James Ross, from the State of Pennsylvania, attended.
Saturday, June 24. The following confidential Message was received from the President Of Tub United States:
Gentlemen of the Senate, and
of the Howie of Representatives: sin Dey of Algiers has manifested a predilection ibr American built vessels, and, in consequence, has Paired that two vessels might be constructed and equipped, as cruisers, according to the choice and taste of Captain O'Brien. The cost of two such vesKk, built with live oak and cedar, and coppered, with goes and all other equipments complete, is estimated a forty-five thousand dollars. The expense of navipt'mg them to Algiers may, perhaps, be compensated by the freight of the stores with which they may be laded on account of our stipulations by treaty with B* Dey.
A compliance with the Dey"s request appears to me tobeof serious importance. He will repay the whole ctpeue of building and equipping the two vessels;
and as he has advanced the price of our peace with Tripoli, and become pledged for that of Tunis, the United States seem to be under peculiar obligations to provide this accommodation; and I trust that Congress will authorize the advance of money necessary for that purpose.
United States, June 23, 1797.
Ordered, That it lie for consideration.
Saturday, July 1, James Gunn, from the State of Georgia, attended.
Wednesday, July 5. The Vice President obtained leave of absence for the remainder of the session.
Thursday, July 6. The Vice President being absent, the Senate proceeded to the choice of a President pro tempore, as the constitution provides, and the Hon. William Bradford was duly elected.
Friday, July 7. A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have passed a resolution, that the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, be authorized to close the present session, by adjourning their respective Houses on Monday, the 10th day of this month; in which they desire the concurrence of the Senate.
Monday, July 10. Ordered, That Mr. Tract and Mr. Read be a joint committee on the part of the Senate, with such as the House of Representatives may appointon their part, to wait on the President Of The United States, and notify him that, unless he may have any further communications to make to the two Houses of Congress, they are ready to adjourn.
A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have appointed a joint committee on their part to wait on the President Of The United States, and notify him that, unless he may have any further communications to make to the two Houses of Congress, they are ready to adjourn.
Mr. Tracy reported from the joint committee, that they had waited on the President Of The United States, agreeably to order, who replied, that he had no further communication to make to Congress, except a respectful and affectionate farewell.
The President then adjourned the Senate without day.
In pursuance of the authority given by the constitution, the President Op The United States, on the 25th day of March last, caused to be issued the Proclamation which follows:
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
A PROCLAMATION. ■Whereas the Constitution of the United States of America provides that the President may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses of Congress; and whereas an extraordinary occasion exists fur convening Congress, and divers weighty matters claim their consideration, I have therefore thought it necessary to convene, and I do by these presents convene the Congress of the United States of America, at the City of Philadelphia, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, on Monday the fifteenth day of May next, hereby requiring the Senators and Representatives in the Congress of the United States of America, and every of them, that, laying aside all other matters and cares, they then and there meet and assemble in Congress, in order to consult and determine on such measures as in their wisdom shall be deemed meet for the safety and welfare of the said United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States o? America to be affixed to these presents, and signed the same with my hand. Done at the City of Philadel[l. 8.] phia the twenty-fifth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the twenty-firs*.
By the President:
Secretary of State.
Monday, May 15,1797. This being the day appointed by the Proclamation of the President Of The United States, of the 25th of March last, for the meeting of
Congress, the following members of the House of Representatives appeared, produoed.'their credentials, and took their seats, to wit:
From New Hampshire.—A una Foster and Jonathan Freeman.
From Massachusetts.—Theophilus Bbadbuby, D Wight Foster, Nathandjl Freeman, Jr., SamUel Lyman, Harrison Gray Otis, John Read, Samuel Sewall, William Shepard, Geoege Thatcher, Joseph Bradley Vaentm, and Peleo Wadsworth.
From Rhode Island.—Christopher G. ChampLin and Elisha R. Potter.
From Connecticut.—Joshua Coit, Samuel W. Dana, James Davenport, Chaunoey Goodrich, Roger G His Wold, and Nathaniel Smith.
From Vermont.—Matthew Lyon.
From New York.—David Brooks, James Coohhan, Lucas Elmendorph, Henry Glenn, Jonathan N. Havens, Hrzekiah L. Bossier, Edward Livingston, John E. Van Allen, Philip Van Cohtlandt, and John 'williams.
From New Jersey.—Jonathan Dayton, James H. Imlay, and Mark Thompson.
From Pennsylvania.—David Bard, John Chapman, George Ege, Albert Gallatin, John Andre Hanna, Thomas Hartley, John Wilkes Kittera, Blair M'clenaohan, Samuel Sitgreaves, John Swanwiok, and Richard Thomas.
From Maryland.—George Baeb, Jr., William Craik, John Dennis, George Dent, William Hlndman, William Matthews, and Richard Spriog, Jr.
From Virginia.—Samuel Jordan Cabell, Thomas Claiborne, Matthew Clay, John Clopton, John Dawson, Thomas Evans, WilLiam B. Giles, Carter B. Harrison, David Holmes, Walter Jones, James Machib, Daniel Morgan, Anthony New, John Nicholas, Abram Trigg, and Abraham Venable.
From North Carolina. — Thomas Blount, Nathan Bryan, James Gillespie, William
Basei Geove, Matthew Locke, Nathaniel
Frm South Carolina. — Robert Goodloe Habper, Jons Rotledqb, Jr., and William Surra, (of Charleston District.)
Frm Georgia.—Abraham Baldwin and John
Aid a qnornm, consisting of a majority of tie whole number, being present,
The House proceeded, by ballot, to the choice ofa Speaker: and, upon examining the ballots, i majority of the votes of the whole House was famd in favor of Jonathan Dayton, one of the Representatives for the State of New Jersey: thereupon,
Mr. Datton was conducted to the chair, from whence he made his acknowledgments to tie House, as follows:
"Accept, gentlemen, my acknowledgments for the Tot flattering mark of approbation and confidence aiiKted in this second call to the chair, by a vote ■ tiis House.
"Permit me, most earnestly, to request of yon a aaatoance of that assistance and support, which »ere, upon sil occasions, during the two preceding ttisoos, very liberally afforded to me; and, without vhkk, all my exertions to maintain the order, and expedite the business of the House, must be, in a great degree, unsuccessful."
Tuesday, May 16. Several other members, to wit: from New Jersey, James Scttcbeman and Thomas Sinnicksos; from Virginia, John Trigg; and from Sooth Carolina, Thomas Somptkr, appeared, produced their credentials, were qualified, and took their seats in the lionse.
It being near twelve o'clock, the Speaker observed that it had been usual on similar occasions to the present, to send a message to the Senate, to inform them that the House is now ready to attend them in receiving the communication of the President, agreeably to his appointment: such a message was agreed to, and >at accordingly.
Soon after, the members of *.be Senate entered, and took the seats assigned them; and a little after twelve, the Ppesident Of The UnitEd States entered, and took the chair of the Speaker, (which he vacated on the entrance of the Senate, the President and Clerk of the Senate being placed on the right hand of the chair, •ad the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Clerk on the left.) After sitting
• moment he rose and delivered the following Speech. [See Senate proceedings, ante.]
Having concluded his Speech, after presenting
• copy of it to the President of the Senate, and •sother to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President retired, as did also the members of the Senate; and the Speaker having resumed his chair, he read the Speech: af
ter which, on motion, it was ordered to he committed to a Committee of the Whole to-morrow.
Wednesday, May 17.
The President's Speech.
Mr. Craik then moved a resolution, which, he obsencd, was merely a matter of form, as there had been one to the same effect, on every similar occasion. It was, " that it is the opinion of this committee, that a respectful Address should be presented to the President in answer to his Speech to both Houses of Congress, containing assurances, that this House will take into consideration the various and important matters recommended to their consideration." The committee agreed to the resolution. They rose, and it immediately passed the House in the common form.
On motion, it was Ordered, That a committee be appointed to prepare an Answer to the Speech.
Mr. Venable, Mr. Kittera, Mr. Freeman, Mr. Rutledge, and Mr. Griswold, were nominated to report the Answer.
Friday, May 19.
Documents Referred to in the President's
The Speaker informed the House that he had received a communication from the Department of State, containing sundry documents referred to by the President in his Speech to both Houses, numbered from 1 to 18. He proceeded to read No. 1, viz:
1. A letter from General Pinckney to the Secretary of State, dated Paris, December 20, 1796, giving an ticcount of his arrival at Bordeaux; of his journey from thence to Paris, in which, from the badness of the roads, he broke three wheels of his carriage; of the ill treatment he received from M. Delacroix, &c. He remarks, that it is not surprising that the French Republic have refused to receive him, since they have dismissed no less than thirteen foreign Ministers; and since they have been led to believe by a late emigrant, that the United States was of no greater consequence to them than the Republics of Genoa or Geneva. He also mentions, that it seemed to be the opinion in France, that much depended on the election of the President, as one of the candidates was considered the friend of England, the other as de
H. OF R.]
(May, 1797. voted to France. The people of France, he ob- | American citizens who fit out privateers to serves, have been greatly deceived, with re-cruise against the trade of this country. spect to the United States, by misrepresentation, 6. Extract of a letter from Major General being led to believe that the people and Gov- Mountflorence to General Pinckney, dated Paris, ernment have different views; but, adds he, February 14, mentioning the capture of a vesany attempt to divide the people from the Gov- sel from Boston, and another from Baltimore, ernment, ought to be to the people of the United by an American citizen on board a privateer: States, the signal for rallying. Gen. Pinckney adding, that American citizens of this class are several times mentions Mr. Monroe in this let- continually wishing for more rigorons laws ter with great respect; and says that before his against American commerce. arrival the Directory had been very cool to- 7. Extract of a letter from the same to the wards him, but, since that time, they had re- same, dated Paris, February 21, giving an acnewed their civilities to him.
count of two more American vessels being 2. Is a report of Major General Mountflorence brought into L'Orient by the same man, and of to General Pinckney, dated December 18, 1796, another vessel taken by a French privateer. on the subject of American vessels brought 8. Extract of a letter from General Pinckney prizes into the ports of France.
to the Secretary of State, dated Amsterdam, 3. Extract of a letter from Gen. Pinckney to March 8, mentioning the capture of several the Secretary of State, dated Paris, January 6, American vessels; he also speaks of the dis1797, in which he mentions the distressed sit- agreeableness of his situation; and was of opiuation of American citizens, arriving in the nion that the new third of the French Councils ports of France, who were immediately thrown would determine whether this country and into prison, and could not be released, until an France were to remain at peace or go to war. order was got from the American Minister, I Though the former was desirable, he wished countersigned by the French Minister of For the measures of our Government to be firm. eign Affairs; and no Minister being acknow 9. Speech of Barras, President of the French ledged there at present, no relief could be af- Directory, on Mr. Monroe's recall. forded. He, however, applied to M. Delacroix 10. The decree of the Executive Directory of on their behalf, by means of the secretary, Ma- March 2, relative to the seizure of American jor Rutledge, and got them attended to through vessels. the Minister of General Police. General Pinck-! 11. Extract of a letter from John Quincy ney gives a further account of conversations Adams, Esq., Minister Resident of the United which passed between his secretary and M. De- States, near the Batavian Republic, to the Seclacroix, on the subject of his quitting Paris, in retary of State, dated at the Hague, Novemwhich he told him he must do so, or be liable ber 4, 1796, giving an account of the disposition to the operation of the police laws; but refused of the people of that country towards this, to commit his orders to writing. He mentions which he states to be friendly, and this he atBarras's answer to Monroe's address as a cu- tributes to its being their interest to be so. rious production; but says it was not particu- This country, he remarks, is the only quarter larly calculated as an answer to what was said from which they receive regular payments. He by Mr. Monroe, as he had it prepared, and was adds, however, that they have no will in oppounacquainted with what would be said by Mr. sition to the French Government. Monroe.
12. Extract of a letter from the Committee 4. Extract of a letter from Gen. Pinckney to of Foreign Relations of the Batavian Republic, the Secretary of State, dated Amsterdam, Feb-to the above Minister, dated September 27, ruary 18, informing him, that, having had offi- 1796, making it appear very desirable that the cial notice to quit the French Republic, he had United States should join them in their comgone to Amsterdam.
mon cause against Great Britain, reminding him 5. Extract of a letter from General Pinckney of the many services which they had rendered to the Secretary of State, dated Amsterdam, to this country. March 5, in which be observes, that before he 13. Extract of a letter from John Quincy left Paris, it was rumored that the Dutch were Adams in answer to the above, wherein he says determined to treat American vessels in the he shall not omit to forward their letter to this same manner as the French had done. He now country. believes that the French wished them to do so, 14. Extract of a letter from John Quincy as he had lately received intelligence that the Adams to the Secretary of State, dated Hague, Dutch had objected to do this, alleging that it | February 17, 1797, representing the French Rewould be a great injury to them, as they should public as paying as little attention to other nedthen lose their trade with this country, and if tral powers as to the United States. He alludes so, they would be deprived of furnishing that to their conduct towards Hamburg, Bremen, support to the French which they then gave Copenhagen, &c. them. France acquiesced because she saw it 16. Extract of a letter from Rufus King, Esq., was her interest; and having 25,000 troops into the Secretary of State, dated London, March Batavia, it was generally known that they could 12, 1797, to the same effect. do what they pleased with that country. The 16. A letter from the Minister of Spain, resiGeneral adds, with detestation, that there are l dent in Philadelphia, to the Secretary of State,
[H. OF R. dated May 6, 1797, complaining of the injurious Congress, on Tuesday, the 16th May, 1797, report operation of the British Treaty against Spain, the following: in three respects, viz: as it destroys the doc- To the President of the United States : trine of free ships making free goods; as it Sir: The interesting detail of those events which makes certain articles contraband of war, which have rendered the convention of Congress at this in former treaties were not considered so; and time indispensable, (communicated in your Speech to as it gives to Great Britain a right to navigate both Houses,) has excited in us the strongest en.o. the Mississippi, which that Minister insists be- tions. Whilst we regret the occasion, we cannot longed not to us to give, as it belonged wholly omit to testify our approbation of the measure, and to Spain before it gave the right to the United to pledge ourselves that no considerations of private States, by the late treaty, to navigate that ri-inconvenience shall prevent, on our part, a faithful ver. He concludes his letter with saving, that discharge of the duties to which we are called. the King of Spain is desirous of harmony be
| We have constantly hoped that the nations of Eutween the two countries, and relies upon the
rope, whilst desolated by foreign wars, or convulsed
by intestine divisions, would have left the United equity of his complaints for satisfaction.
States to enjoy that peace and tranquillity to which 17. A letter from the Secretary of State to the impartial conduct of our Government has entitled the Spanish Minister, in answer to the above;
us; and it is now with extreme regret we find the in which he acknowledges that the treaty lately measures of the French Republic tending to endanconcluded between the two countries had prov ger a situation so desirable and interesting to our ed satisfactory to the United States, as it put an country. end to a dispute which had existed for many! Upon this occasion, we feel it our duty to cxpress, years respecting the navigation of the Missis in the most explicit manner, the sensations which the sippi, and also as it afforded satisfaction to our present crisis has excited, and to assure you of our mercantile citizens for the capture of our ships zealous co-operation in those measures which may and cargoes. All these, he allowed. were acts appear necessary for our security or peace. of substantial justice; but all the other stipu
tinna! Although the first and most ardent wish of our lations were wholly voluntary, and perfectly re
hearts is that peace may be maintained with the
French Republic and with all the world, yet we can ciprocal. With respect to the three articles of
never surrender those rights which belong to us as a complaint respecting the british Treaty, he jus nation; and whilst we view with satisfaction the wistified the stipulations as being just and consist- dom, dignity, and moderation, which have marked ent, and such as this country had a right to en- the measures of the Supreme Executive of our coun. ter into.
try, in its attempts to remove, by candid explanations, 18. A letter from General Pinckney to the the complaints and jealousies of France, we feel the Secretary of State, dated Paris, February 1, full force of that indignity which has been offered stating that the day after the arrival of the news our country in the rejection of its Minister. No atof Buonaparte's successes in Italy, he received a tempts to wound our rights as a sovereign State will letter from M. Delacroix, directing him to leave
im to leave escape the notice of our constituents: they will be Paris. General Pinckney concludes this letter | felt with indignation, and repelled with that decision with observing, that the French seem to speak
which shall convince the world that we are not a deof this country as if it were indebted to them
graded people; that we can never submit to the de
mands of a foreign power without examination, and for independence, and not to any exertions of
without discussion. our own. Our treaty with Great Britain is ex
Knowing, as we do, the confidence reposed by the ecrated; they wish ns to have no connection
people of the United States in their Government, we with that country; they wish to destroy the
cannot hesitate in expressing our indignation at the trade of Great Britain, and they look upon as sentiments disclosed by the President of the Execuas her best customer.
tive Directory of France, in his Speech to the MinisThe whole of these documents having been ter of the United States. Such sentiments serve to read, on motion, they were committed to the discover the imperfect knowledge which France posCommittee of the Whole on the state of the sesses of the real opinions of our constituents. “An Union, and 500 copies ordered to be printed. attempt to separate the people of the United States
from their Government, is an attempt to separate
them from themselves; and although foreigners who MONDAY, May 22.
know not the genius of our country may have conJAMES A. BAYARD, from Delaware, appeared, ceived the project, and foreign emissaries may atproduced his credentials, was qualified, and tempt the execution, yet the united efforts of our took his seat.
fellow-citizens will convince the world of its imprac
ticability. Answer to President's Speech.
Happy would it have been, if the transactions disOn motion, the House resolved itself into a
closed in your communication had never taken place,
or that they could have been concealed. Sensibly, Committee of the Whole, Mr. Dent in the
however, as we feel the wound which has been inchair, on the Answer reported to the Presi
esi- ficted, we think with you, that neither the honor dent s speech, which was read by the Clerk, as nor the interest of the United States forbid the repefollows:
tition of advances for preserving peace; and we are The committee to whom it was referred to prepare happy to learn that fresh attempts at negotiation will
an Answer to the Speech of the President of the be commenced ; nor can we too strongly express our United States, communicated to both Houses of " sincere desires that an accommodation may take