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1804. his continental allies by his system of foreign

policy: and by that of his home system he had
upbraided, disappointed and revetted Ireland in
irretrievable degradation through the union. The
Irish Catholics, whom he had most insidiously fed
with prospects of emancipation, anticipated in his
return to place, the efficient power of carrying that
object, for which he professed to have abandoned
his official situation. They now, practically re-
sorted to *the benefit of having so many characters
of eminence pledged not to embark in the service
of Government, ercept on the terms of Catholic
privileges being obtained, Frequent Catholic meet-
ings were holden in Dublin, in which the general
sense of the body for petitioning Parliament for
their total emancipation, was unanimously resolved.
Mr. Pitt dreaded nothing so much, as to have the
sincerity of his pledges brought under discussion.
As Lord Fingall from his rank in life and more from
the amiable qualities of his mind, was known to pos-
sess the confidence of many of his Catholic country-
men, Sir Evan Nepean was directed through his
Lordship to attempt every means to hold back the
petition. He was invited to dinner, frequently
closeted at the Castle, and more sedulously courted,
than on any former occasion. However his Lordship
may have been personally disposed to hold back,
few or none of the body could be induced to
postpone their petition. . . . ;.:,,
: * Vide Mr. Pitt's and Lord Cornwallis’ Pledges to Dr. Troy :
and Lord Fingall, Vol. I. Elas

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Some time after his majesty's return from Wey- 1804. mouth, the conciliatory meeting with the Prince Ministers of Wales, which had been intended before the the coolness Royal departure from London, took place. The Earl ki of Moira and Mr. Fox eminently interested and Prince. exerted themselves in bringing it to the desired conclusion. Several circumstances bespoke in his Majesty's servants at that time a systematic disposition not to admit his Royal Highness to that unre. served confidence and communication between the Sovereign and the Heir apparent, which the unchecked workings of parental tenderness and filial duty and affection would have naturally produced, and which it was the study of every loyal subject and friend to the family to promote. One of the most unequivocal symptoms of that unamiable and mischievous propensity in the. Ministers, was an attempt to set up the harsh claim of a legal right in the crown to deprive his Royal Highness of the care and education of his only child the Princess Charlotte of Wales. Although the attempt ultimately failed, yet the advice to set up the claim was attended with much unpleasant discussion and negociation, and could only have been bottomed in revolting suspicion, mistrust and disregard for her Royal parent.

Mr. Pitt was not insensible of the rising expec- Means of tations of the Irish Catholics, that their emanci- the Catho

: damping pation was to be the sure effect of his return to lies especpower. In proportion to the failure of the Minister's continental plans, did the Catholic body of Ireland feel their own weight in the Imperial scale :

tations,

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1807. nor could they divine, that men should again find

their way to the cabinet, ávd be entrusteil with the reius of Government, without efficient power to carry a measure, which they had publicly proclaimed to be of indispensable necessity, and vital importance to the safety of Ireland, and consequently of the British empire. The aggrandizement of Napoleon had been the unvarying result of Mr. Pitt's most prominent exertions to crush Him. Ile was quietly and solemnly crowned Emperor of the French at Paris by Pope Pius the Vilth: a circumstance, which Mr. Pitt with his usual craft attempted to convert into an engine of obloquy to the Catholic body, and an opportune and plausible objection to their petition, which in spite of his secret manæuvres, througlı Sir Evan Nepean, le now foresaw would be brought forward. The Government papers industriously published, and severely commented upon a memorial said to have been written by Dr. M Nevin at Paris addressed to the Irish officers of the several continental Powers, particularly to those in the Austrian service, encouraging them to join in the then in: tended attempts to liberate Ireland from the bondage and thraldom of England: and promising to give them timely notice of the sailing of the expeditions : holding out ample rewards to those, who should attend to the call, and threats to the families of those, who should neglect it. They asserted, that several of these members, with lists of the officers, to whom they were addressed, were in the hands of Government. With the like view of indisposing the public to the Irish question, which then was in the mouth of every politician, 1804. they likewise published the papal allocution, 'addressed by his Holiness to a secret consistory at Rome, on the 29th of October 1804, immediately before his departure for Paris to perform the ceremony of the Imperial coronation. It referred to the gratitude due to Napoleon for having re-established the Catholic religion in France by the concordat; since which he had put forth all his authority to cause 'it to be freely professed and publicly exercised, throughout that renowned nation, and had again recently shewn his mind most anxious for the prosperity of that religion. It also contained confident assurances that a personal interview with the Emperor would be for the good of the Catholic Church, which is the only ark of salvation. Upon the publication of this Papal allocution, and the ceremony of the coronation at Paris, all the writers of periodical and other publications in the pay or service of government * vied with each other in

* Amongst these stood conspicuous an anonymous zealot of no meån calibre, as a' scholar and writer. He obviously suppressed his name from the public, because lie hazarded assertions, which he knežu to be false and groundless. He brought before the public, for the purposes of the party and his particular patron, the old riba!dry of Dr. Duigenan, and the biyotted tales of Sir Richard Musgrave, compressed into a more portable size, and adapted to more refined palates by a spirited and nervous diction, and bottomel, as the title purported, on an event, which it was then the fashionable policy of the court to execrate and

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* The pamphlet was intituled, “A letter to Dr. Troy, titular " Archbishop of Dublin, on the coronation of Bonaparte by. v Pope Pius the Seventh. A deed without a nume : Shakespeare

1804

their zealous efforts to represent the imminent dan-
ger to the state, which this close connection be-,
• by Melancthon.At the close of his letter, he says he so
subscribes himself, “ to assume the name of the mildest of the re-
" formers, who laboured most strenuously to soothe the animosi.
“ ties between the Protestants and Catholics, and compose their
“ differences.” More appropriately would the writer of that
letter have assumed the name, by which he subscribed it from the
litéral meaning of the Greek words, of which it is composed,
(usas black and xbar dirt) from the sable tint of falsehood and
misrepresentation, which pervades the whole. When Melanc-
thon quoted (p. 57.) Dr. Troy's pastoral letter, that the church is
infallible in her doctrinal decisions and canons on points of faith
and morals, and therefore that the Catholics are obliged to adhere
implicitly to such decrees and canons of the church'assembled in
general council and confirmed by the Pope as rules of faith, he
full well kuew both from his early education and maturer expe.
rience, that such ever had been the Roman Catholic doctrine: he
equally knew the tenor of the oath, which the clergy and laity of
the Catholic body of his countrymen had generally taken: he
must therefore have made assertions, which he knew to be false and
groundless, when he said, “ These general councils inculcate as a
" religious duty the deposition and murder of heretical sovereigns,
“ the nullity of oaths of allegiance to such, and the extirpation
~ of heretics.” And when he denounced to Dr. Troy, whom
he addressed as the depository of the Papal power, the accre-
“ dited agent exercising the Papal authority in the face of the
". laws of the United kingdom,” that " never, never shall that
o unhappy country know peace, while you and your brethren
“ preach to the great body of Catholics the doctrine of the Pope's
“ unlimited supremacy and of implicit obedience to the see of
• Rome, as you now preach it." Well indeed is he entitled to
the meed of conciliation “ as the mildest of reformers, who lao
“ boured most strenuously to soothe the animosities between the
“ protestants and catholics,” (p. 86.) who on the eve of a legis-
lative decision upon the vital question of emancipating the ca-
tholic population of Ireland, did not hesitate to declare, (p. 44.)
That " it is to the deadly 'mixture of popery drugged and em.,
• poisoned with such satanic perseverance, and so incessantly
«i infused into the consciences and the hearts, and the very life

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