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LITERATURE

ENGLISH AND AMERICAN

WITH

SEVERAL HUNDRED EXTRACTS TO BE MEMORIZED

BY

J. WILLIS WESTLAKE, A. M.,

LATE PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE STATE NORMAL
SCHOOL, MILLERSVILLE, PA., AND AUTHOR OF HOW

TO WRITE LETTERS,” ETC.

“Literature is the immortality of speech."

PHILADELPHIA ·
CHRISTOPHER SOWER COMPANY,

No. 614 ARCH STREET.

MARYAKO COLLEGE LIBRARY

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OMADUATE SCHOO' U> FOUCATION

PUN 6 1931

COPYRIGHT
By J. WILLIS WESTLAKE,

1876.

Stereotyped by
THE INQUIRER P. & P. Co.,

Lancaster, Pa.

Press of SHERMAN & Co.,

Philadelphia.

PREFACE.

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NE of the demands of the present day is “thin

text-books ;” and the demand is a reasonable one. Most subjects are too extensive to be mastered in all their details in the time that can be devoted to them in a preparatory course of study. What is required is a thorough knowledge of a few fundamental facts and principles in each branch, as a basis for future attainments. Hence the demand for small books, in which these facts and principles are given in clear and definite statements, unencumbered by unessential details. The present work is intended to conform to this requirement. It aims to give just such and so much literary information as is indispensable to the learner; to show the growth of our literature through its various eras; to present a concise view of the lives and characters of its great representative authors; and to bring forth from the thought-treasures of our language a variety of literary gems for the enrichment of the mind of the student. The plan of the work is entirely new. Most works on literature are suited to impart knowledge only; this is calculated to impart both knowledge and culture—knowledge by its historic facts, culture by its philosophical development and its illustrative

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