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Ground in Richmond appropriated for public buildings.

Capitol, for the general assembly.

" Halls of Jus-
r; ce for the
c3 lifts .

IIouse for executive boards.

Governor’s house.

injuries of the publick enemy, which dangers may be avoided and equal justice dome to all the citizens of this commonwealth by removing the seat of government to the town of Richmond, in the county of Henrico, which is more safe and central than any other town situated on navigable water: Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, That six whole.squares of ground surrounded each of them by four streets, and containing all the ground within such streets, situate in the said town of Richmond, and on an open

and airy part thereof, shall be appropriated to the use

and purpose of publick buildings: On one of the said squares shall be erected, one house for the , use of the general assembly, to be called the capitol, which said capitol shall contain two apartments for the use of the senate and their clerk, two others for the use of the house of delegates and their clerk, and others for the purposes of conferences, committees and a lobby, of such forms and dimensions as shall be adopted to their respective purposes: On one other of the said squares shall be erected, another building to be called the halls of justice, which shall contain two apartments for the use of the court of appeals and its clerk, two others for the use of the high court of chancery and its clerk, two others for the use of the general court and its clerk, two others for the use of the court of admiralty

and, its clerk, and others for the uses of grand and

petty juries, of such forms and dimensions as shall be adopted to their respective purposes; and on the same square last mentioned shall be built a publick jail: One other of the said squares shall be reserved for the purpose of building thereon hereafter, a house for the several executive boards and offices to be held in: Two others with the intervening street, shall be reserved for the use of the governour of this commonwealth for the time being, and the remaining square shall be appropriated to the use of the publick market. The said houses shall be built in a handsome manner with walls of brick or stone, and porticoes where the same may be convenient or ornamental, and with pillars and pave

Directors of ments of stone. There shall be appointed by joint public build- ballot of both houses of assembly, five persons to be

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called the directors of the publick buildings, who, or any three of them shall have power to make choice of such squares of ground, situate as before directed, as

shall be most proper and convenient for the said publick purposes, to agree on plans for the said buildings, to employ proper workmen to erect the same, to su

perintend them, to procure necessary materials by

themselves or by the board of trade, and to draw on the treasurer of this commonwealth, from time to time, for such sums of money as shall be wanting; the plans and estimates of which shall be submitted to the two houses of assembly whensoever called for by their joint vote, and shall be subjected to their controul. And

Land, how

that reasonable satisfaction may be paid and allowed acquired, & for all such lots of ground as by virtue of this act may paid for.

be taken and appropriated to the uses aforesaid, the clerk of the county of Henrico, is hereby empowered and required on requisition from the said directors, to issue a writ in nature of a writ of ad quod damnum, to be directed to the sheriff of the said county, commanding him to summon and empannel twelve able discreet freeholders of the vicinage no ways concerned in interest in the said lots of land, nor related to the owners or proprietors thereof, to meet on the said fots on a certain day to be named in the said writ, not

under five nor more than ten days from the date there

of, of which notice shall be given by the sheriff to the proprietors and tenants of the said lots of land if they be to be found within the county, and if not, them to their agents therein if any they have, which freeholders, taking nothing on pain of being discharged from the inquest and immediately imprisoned by the sheriff, either of meat or drink from any person whatever from the time they came to the said place until their inquest sealed shall be charged by the said sheriff impartially,

and to the best of their skill and judgment to value the

said lots of ground in so many several and distinct parcels as shall be owned and held by several and distinct owners and tenants, and according to their respective interest and estates therein; and if the said valuation cannot be completed in one day, then the said sheriff shall adjourn the said jurors from day to day until the same be completed; and after such valuation made, the said sheriff shall forthwith return the same under the hands and seals of the said jurors to the clerk’s office of the said county, and the right and property of the said owners and tenants in the said lots of land, shall be immediately divested and be transferred to this com

monwealth in the full and absolute dominion, any want of consent or disability to consent in the said owners and tenants notwithstanding. The cost of the said in

quest and the several sums at which the rights of the

Richmond to be enlarged.

i)irectors to make returns to clerks of. fice of Henfico.

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owners and tenants are valued, shall be paid by the treasurer to the said owners, tenants, and others entitled respectively, on warrant from the auditors. II. And whereas it may be expedient to enlarge the said town of Richmond, by laying off a number of lots to be added thereto, and it may also happen that some of the lands adjacent to the said town may be more convenient for the publick uses: Be it therefore enacted., That the said directors cause two hundred additional lots or half acres, with necessary streets to be laid off adjacent to such parts of the said town as to them shall seem most convenient, and they shall also be at liberty to appropriate the six squares aforesaid, ` or any part of them, either from among the lots now in the said town, or those to be laid off as before directed, or of the lands adjacent to the said former or latter lots, and the said six squares and two hundred lots shall thenceforth be a part of the said town. And the said directors shall return into the clerk’s office of the said county of Henrico, there to be recorded a full and distinct report under their hands and seals of the lots and squares of land added by them to the said town, or appropriated to the publick uses, together with the plan thereof. The rights of the several owners and tenants of the lots of land so to be added to the town and not appropriated to the publick uses, are nevertheless saved to them. III. But whereas from the great expence attending the just and necessary war this commonwealth is at present engaged in, the difficulties of procuring the materials for building, and the high price for labour, it will be burthensome to the inhabitants if the said publick buildings be immediately erected: Be it therefore enacted, That the directors aforesaid shall, with all convenient speed, cause to be erected or otherwise •provide some proper and temporary buildings for the sitting of the general assembly, the courts of justice, and the several boards before described. IV. And whereas the present jail of the county of Henrico, now within the said town of Richmond, if enlarged may be made sufficient for a publick jail un

til a more commodious one can be built; the said directors are hereby empowered to enlarge the same. Provided nevertheless, there shall not be drawn out of. Proviso, as the publick treasury for any or all the said purposes a to: sum exceeding twenty thousand pounds; and the di- ditures. rectors aforesaid are hereby prohibited from making any contracts for erecting any of the publick buildings described by this act to be built on any of the squares appropriated for publick use, fixing on the squares or laying off the additional lots until further provision shall be made for the same by the general assembly. .And be it farther enacted, That from and after the last when the day of April which shall be in the year of our Lord courts and one thousand seven hundred and eighty, the said court 5..." of appeals, high court of chancery, general court, and sit at ãon. court of admiralty shall hold their sessions in the apart-mond. ments prepared for them by the said directors; that the first meeting of the general assembly after the same day shall be in such house or houses as shall be provided by the said directors; that the clerks of the two houses of assembly and of the several courts before mentioned, shall previously cause to be removed thither at the publick expence, the records, papers, and other things belonging to their respective offices; and that the keeper of the publick jail shall in like manner cause all prisoners in his custody to be removed to the publick jail so to be built as before directed, which shall thenceforward be deemed and used as the publick jail spoken of by the laws whether heretofore or hereafter passed.

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+ - [From Recoe © . . & al Bills of An act constituting the Court of io. 4. XCIII. . 64, Appeals. . . .

* . * p. 102.] I. BE it enacted by the General Assembly, That a : of ape court of appeals for hearing and determining suits ;...” e * - o blished. . which ought to be instituted there, and for finally deciding those which are herein after referred to that triVoI, x, M.

bunal, shall be holden twice in every year, namely;


on the twenty ninth, or when that shall happen to be Sunday, on the thirtieth day of March and August,

and shall sit in the whole, six judicial days successive

Of what judges constituted. Precedence of judges.

Oath of jud


ly each time (unless the business depending before them be sooner dispatched) at the capitol in Williamsburg, or at such other place as shall be appointed by

the general assembly, or in their recess, by the gover

mour, with advice of the privy council, in any such

emergency as will make the adjournment of any other

court by his writ lawful. The judges of the high court of chancery, general court, and court of admiralty; shall be judges of the court of appeals, of whom the first shall take precedence, and the second be next in rank, and five of them shall be a sufficient number to constitute the court. Every judge before he exercise this office, shall in that court openly give assurance of fidelity to the commonwealth, and take this oath: “You shall swear that you will well and truly serve.

this commonwealth in the office of a judge of the court

of appeals, and that you will do equal right to all man

ner of people, great and small, high and low, rich and

poor, without respect of persons. You shall not take by yourself, or by any other, any gift, fee, or reward of gold, silver, or any other thing, directly or indirectly of any person or persons great or small, for any matter done or to be done by virtue of your office, ex

cept such fees or salary as shall be by law appointed.

You shall not maintain by yo, rself or any other, privily or openly, any plea or quarrel depending in the

courts of this commonwealth. You shall not delay


any person of right for the letters or request of any person, nor for any other cause; and if any letter or request come to you, contrary to the law, you shall nothing do for such letter or request, but you shall.

proceed to do the law; any such letter or request not

withstanding. And finally in all things belonging to, your said office, during your continuance therein, you shali faithfully, justly, and truly, according to the best of your skill and judgment, do equal and impartial

justice, without fraud, favour, or affection.” This

court shall have jurisdiction, not only in suits origi

nating there and adjourned thither for trials by virtue

of any statute, which trials shall be by juries according to the course of law, but also in such as shall be

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