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tion of commissioners from the states of New Hamp-
ment of artillery.
Mr. Everard having declined resuming the office of auditor, to which the general assembly had elected him, the executive have appointed Bolling Stark, esq. in his room, to serve till the meeting of assembly.
Not doubting but that the general assembly would wish to be informed of the measures taken by the executive, on the invasion which happened at the rising of the last session of assembly, as well as on the one lately made on our southern frontier, I shall take the liberty of giving them a succinct state of them.
Having received information on Sunday the last day of December, of the appearance of twenty-seven sail of vessels in our bay, which whether friendly or hostile was not then known, we got the favor of general Nelson to repair immediately to the lower country, with
instructions to call into the field such a force from the
adjacent counties as might make present opposition to the enemy, if it proved to be an enemy, according to an arrangement which had been settled in the preceding summer; waiting for more certain and precise ininformation before we should call on the more distant part of the country, and in the same instant stationed expresses from hence to Hampton. I took the liberty of communicating this intelligence to the general assembly on their meeting the next morning. No fur
ther information arrived till the 2d of January, when
We were assured that the fleet announced was hostile. We immediately advised with major general Baron Steuben, the commanding officer in the state, on the force he would wish to have collected, and in the course of the day prepared letters calling together one fourth of the militia from the counties whose turn it was to come into service, or whom vicinity rendered it expedient to call on, viz. Brunswick, Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, Amelia, Powhatan, Cumberland, Prince Edward, Charlotte, Halifax, Bedford, Buckingham, Henrico, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Sussex, Southampton, Goochland, Fluvanna, Albemarle, Amherst, Rockbridge, Augusta, Rockingham and Shanandoah, amounting to 4650 men, and directing them not to wait to be embodied in their counties, but to come in detached parties as they could be collected. I at the same time required the counties of Henrico, Hanover, Goochland, Chesterfield, Powhatan, Cumberland, Dinwiddie and Amelia, to send the half of their militia, intending to discharge what should be over their equal proportion as soon as those from the more distant counties should arrive, and in the morning of the 4th, finding the enemy were coming up James river, I called for every man able to bear arms from the counties of Henrico, Goochland, Powhatan, Chesterfield and Dinwiddie. Nevertheless so rapid were the movements of the efiemy, and so favorable to them the circumstances of wind and tide, that they were able to penetrate to this place and Westham on the 5th to destroy what public
Communication from T. Jefferson, esoire.
stores we had not been able to get away, to burn the
public buildings at Westham and some occupied by . the public at this place, and to retire to their shipping
before such a force had assembled as was sufficient to
approach them. I have the pleasure however to in-
field, Powhatan and Cumberland. Colonel Lynch,
who happened to be here when the intelligence was received, was instructed to carry on immediately the mi}itia of Bedford. We at the same instant received notice that the militia of Prince Edward and MecklenVurg were already embodied, and we knew the counties of Halifax and Charlotte to be so immediately untier the approach of the enemy, as that they must be embodied under the invasion law before our orders could reach them; the counties below these on the south side of James river we thought it expedient to leave as a barrier against the army within Portsmouth. Thevery rapid approach of the enemy obliged us in this instance to disregard that regular rotation of duty which we wish to observe in our calls on the several counties, and to summon those into the field which had
militia on duty at the very time; however, the several onio: services of these as well as of the other counties shall “... be kept in view, and made as equal as possible in the esquire.” course of general service. - Voyo I have the honor to be, with the highest esteem and respect, sir, Your most obedient, & Most humble servant,
Letter from General Washington. HEAD QUARTERs, NEw WINDsor, 27th MARCH 1781.
ON my return from Newport, I found your Letter from
favor of the 16th of February, with its inclosures, at gen, WashHead Quarters. I exceedingly regret that I could not * have the pleasure of seeing you, not only from personal motives, but because I could have entered upon the subject of your mission in a much more full and free manner, than is proper to be committed to paper.
I very early saw the difficulties and dangers to which the southern states would be exposed for want of resources of clothing, arms and ammunition, and recommended magazines to be established as ample as their circumstances would admit. It is true they are not so full of men as the northern states, but they ought, for that reason, to have been more assiduous in raising a permanent force, to have been always ready, because they cannot draw a herd of men together as suddenly as their exigencies may require. That policy has, unhappily, not been pursued either here or there, and we are now suffering from a remnant of a British army, what they could not, in the beginning, accomplish with their force at the highest. *
As your requisitions go to men, arms, ammunition, and cloathing, I shall give you a short detail of our
Letter, from situation and prospects as to the first, and of our sup
plies and expectations as to the three last. -