English Pronunciation in the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Spence's Grand Repository of the English Language

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Oxford University Press, 2002 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 239 pages
Thomas Spence (1750-1814) was a native of Newcastle upon Tyne who is best known for his political writings, and more particularly for his radical 'Plan' for social reform involving common ownership of the land. One hitherto neglected aspect of Spence's Plan was his proposal to extend thebenefits of reading and of 'correct' pronunciation to the lower classes by means of a phonetic script of his own devising, first set out and used in Spence's Grand Repository of the English Language (1775).The Grand Repository was one of many English pronouncing dictionaries produced in the late eighteenth-century to satisfy the growing demands for a clear guide to 'correct' pronunciation. It differs from its contemporaries firstly in that it was intended primarily for the lower classes, and secondlyin that it is the only eighteenth-century pronouncing dictionary of English to use a truly 'phonetic' script in the sense of one sound being represented by one symbol.In this fascinating and unique account, Beal pays particular attention to the actual pronunciations advocated by Spence and his contemporaries with a view to reconstructing what was felt to be 'correct' pronunciation in eighteenth-century Britain. With broad appeal to linguists and historians alike,this study highlights the importance of pronouncing dictionaries as a resource for the historical phonologist, and provides a valuable addition to the limited body of knowledge on eighteenth-century pronunciation.
 

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Contents

The Cinderella of English
13
The Value
36
Spences Grand Repository of the English Language
69
Evidence from
96
Conclusion
181
3iii Words with ae after w in the Grand Repository compared
204
la Words beginning with per in the Grand Repository and three
217
Words with initial wh in traditional orthography in the Grand
224
Index
237
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Joan Beal is Director of the National Centre for English Cultural Tradition (NATCECT) at the University of Sheffield. Previously she was a lecturer in the department of English Language and Literature, University of Newcastle, where she taught the History of English, Dialectology, and EnglishWorld-Wide.

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