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Praise brings comfort to the soul, as standing in the sunshine brings warmth to the body, or as the sight of a dear friend rejoices the heart, without any great reason. ing or arguing in the case. Come then, my dear friends, and make the experiment. Obey that voice which proceedeth out of the throne, saying, “ Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.” Let no voice be amissing on this solemu occasion, but let us all be as one, praising and thanking the : Lord, while we commemorate his goodness and ever.
lasting mercy; and then may we hope that he will grace our communion table with his presence, proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound, and fill all the guests with the fatness of his house. Amen.
Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your
doings that were not good, and shall loath yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations.
THE Jews were at this time captives in Babylon, and so dispersed through that vast empire, that they said of themselves, in the language of despair, “Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost; we are cut off for our parts."?" Even the Prophet himself looked on their case as so irrecoverable by human means, that, when God gave him
a visionary representation of their state, by a valley coy. ered with dry bones, and put the question to him, " Son of man, can these bones live?” his answer was, “O Lord God, thou knowest.” With thee indeed all things are possible: Omnipotence may do this great thing; but whether it shall be done, or by what means it may come to pass, thou, O Lord God, and thou only knowest.
Thus abject and hopeless was the condition of the Jews, when God published his gracious design to take them from among the heathen, and to bring them back into their own land, (ver. 28.) “ Ye shall dwell," saith he, “in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. I will also save you from all your uncleannesses: and I will call for the corn, and will increase it, and lay no famine apon you. And I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the increase of the field, that ye shall receive no more reproach of famine among the heathen.” And then, even at this season of returning peace and plenty, at this season, which so often misleads and intoxicates the mind of man, “ Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall loath yourselves in your own sight, for your iniquities and for your, abominations."
The account which we have of these penitents furnisbeth us with some very important instructions with regard to the nature of true repentance, wbich I propose, in the first place, to illustrate; and then to recommend their example to your imitation. And the
1st Instruction which we obtain from this passage is, That true repentance is the gift of God, and the peculiar effect of his Holy Spirit. The course of Providence is indeed admirably adapted to reclaim the sinner from the error of his ways. Bitterness is written as with a sun.
beam on the line of folly; and certain degrees of misery never fail to accompany our deviations from the path of duty. Yet so dead are men naturally in trespasses and sins, that nothing less than a divine power can render the best means of reformation effectual. Without this, judgments will harden rather than humble or reclaim the transgressor. We read of Ahas, king of Judah, that in the time of his distress, be did trespass yet more against the Lord. And we are told, in the book of Revelation, that the vials of wrath, which the angels shall pour out upon the men who have the mark of the beast, instead of leading them to repent and give glory to God, shall only cause them to blaspheme the name of God, who hath power over these plagues, and to curse the God of heaven, because of their pains and their sores. The calamities with which the Jews were visited in their capti. vity to the king of Babylon, were in like manner unproductive of any genuine repentance in that stiff-necked people. They had not only polluted their own land, but had also profaned the name of God among the heathen whither they went, and continued to do so, until He whom they had offended had pity on them for his own name's sake, and gave them a new heart and a new spi. rit, having taken away the stony heart out of their flesh, and given them a heart of flesh.-A
2d Instruction which we derive from this passage is, That the grief and self-loathing of true penitents, do not flow so much from their feeling that sin is hurtful to themselves, as from the consideration of its own base nature and especially of the ingratitude which it carries in it towards a kind and merciful God: For when were the Jews to remember their own evil ways? When were they to loath themselves in their own sight for their ini. quities and their abominations? Was it when they felt
the rod, and lay under the feet of their cruel oppressors? No; it was when they should be delivered out of their hands, brought back to their own country, and enriched with the multiplied fruits of their trees, and the increase of their fields. Then were their sins to rise up in their remembrance, filling them with grief and shame, for bar. ing offended a Being of such transcendant goodness, and unmerited condescension.
Times of calamity do indeed often produce a temporary humiliation and repentance, which for a time re. semble the real feelings of penitence; but self-love alone is at the bottom of the appearance. The man is wearied of the inconvenience, but not weaned from the love of sin. But true penitence hath its source in a nobler principle, and is rather the child of love than of fear. It is the melting of the soul at the fire of divine love; it is the relenting of the prodigal son, when his injured father runs forth to meet him; it is the tear of gratitude, which bursts from the condemned criminal, when, a pardon from his offended sovereign is put into bis hands. It appears, in the
3d place, from this passage, That the soul's conversion to God is the great introductory blessing which renders all other blessings valuable. This is evident from the order in which God arrangeth his promises to his captive people. He first engageth himself to take away the provoking cause of his anger, and then to put away his indignation, to receive them graciously, and to love them freely. The disease began within, and the cure must begin there likewise. Their captivity by men was the fruit of their voluntary captivity to sin, and therefore deliverance from sin must precede their deliverance from the hands of men. This Gou undertakes to perform by the powerful agency of his Holy Spirit.
“A new heart," saith he“ will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh; and I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judg. ments and do them,” verses 26, 27. After which he gives the promise of temporal deliverance in the verses immediately preceding my text. And to shew that this was no accidental arrangement, he declares with great solemnity, at the 33d verse, that in this very order he had meditated to dispense bis mercy. “ Thus saith the Lord God, in the day that I shall have cleansed you from all your iniquities, I will also cause you to dwell in the cities, and the wastes shall be builded."
These are the instructions which we may derive from this passage with regard to the nature of true repentance; and it is only to be added, although not expressly contained in the text, that as this great and valuable blessing cometh down from the Father of lights, who is the author of every good and perfect gift, it is therefore to be sought by our humble supplications and prayers : 6 For thus saith the Lord God," at the 37th verse of this chapter, “I will yet for this be inquired of by the house of Israel, to do it for them.” God indeed is often found of those who seek him not. His powerful grace sometimes arrests the sinner in bis mad career, while he is equally unmindful of God and of himself. But let none despise the use of means, because He who is al. mighty at times acts without them. It is our part to place ourselves in the way of his mercy, and to wait patiently at the pool until the angel trouble the waters, and communicate to them a healing virtge. It is our part to seek the Lord while he may be found, and to call npon him while he is near, having the certain assurance that he