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offered to pay the whole freight, if they would go back; but finding bis generality did not avail, he threatened to throw the patron over board; the doctor interfered, and endeavoured to moderate the patsions of the hero, but seemed inclinable to return; the Maxo had been lo fick, that it was immaterial to him whether he lived or died; the militars flept in the bottom of the boat; the man at the helm often appealed to me, afsuring me, there was no danger, as he knew the channel, and had otten passed it; and he was determined, at all events, to puriue his voyage : just as we came abreast the rock, which had a mot unpleasant aipect, from the waves dashing against it, the wind cealed, and laid us at the mercy of the swell, which rolled in directly upon it: the whole company was in a consternation! The women cried and prayed alternately; the priest shut his eyes, but till kept bis lips going; the boatmen threshed the fides of the bark with ropes, calling upon St. Anthony to send them wind; who not heeding their requests, the reverend father proposed that every body in the boat should go to prayers: I immediately complied with the humour of the times, left they thould have taken me for a heretick, and thrown me overboard; but our petitions did not avail, we were tofled and rumbled about to the horror of us all; at length, an arch boy, taking advantage of our distress, came round with his greasy cap, and collected money for las animas; that is, for the souls in purgatory ; every one beltowed liberally, except the cadet and priest; the former, pretending still to be in a passion, dismissed the supplicant with a box on the ear; and the latter, keeping his eyes shut, also closed his ears to the vociferous boy, who repeatedly dinned them though to little purpose, with las animas, Senor Padre! Immediately after the colleétion, we got a little breeze, that carried us past our danger, which was supposed to have been granted in consequence of our offerings and supplications. We once more went to prayers, returning thanks for our delivery; when the whole company assumed a different countenance : the priest, who was the most alarmed, was fe. verely rallied; but he bore the ineers that were thrown out against him with all imaginable Jang froid, recruiting his fpirits, at the same time, with some wine and cold hain, and then went quietly to sleep: thus, without any more dangers or fears, we pursued our voyage, till ten o'clock at night, when we arrived at Ferrol.”
In his return to Gibraltar, through Portugal, Mr. Dalryinpie ftaid some time at Lisbon; of whole Court he speaks concisely, as follows.
“ Here the court is little elegant; the king and royal family live in a barrack, where there is not much taste or magnificence; and as few of the first rank are wealthy, there cannot be any private buildings of great consideration. I was told, that the duke de Cadaval has an estate of about 80,000 crujades a year, equal to about grool, sterling; and one or two more of the nobility have from titty or fixty thousand crujades; when the relt dwindle into inconsiderable fortunes. The Marquis of Pombal, the minister, has accumulated much wealth from a sery finall beginning; but, except by himself, it is not known to what it amounts."
A whimsical notion of the Spaniards and Portugueze is thus noticed in regard to the effect of moon-light; which is nevertheless true, probably, with respect to the night air, notwithstanding the dews are not, in many parts of those countries, so hurtful as in some others.
“ I must take notice to you of a prejudice both in this country and Spain, which is somewhat singular: having had the fineit moon-light evenings imaginable, I have constantly noticed the women hold their fans, in such a manner, as to prevent the moon from shining upon their faces, as they conceive it will spoil their con plexions. A't Madrid the same prejudice not only prevailed amongst the women, but extended even to the men: I was walking one evening with the great O'Reilly in his garden ; having my hat under my arm, he desired I might be covered, as the moon in that climare, he said, was more dangerous than the fun. Such feminine ideas, I think, are only worthy of the sex ; I did not imagiire they could influence a great monarch's favourite."
On the Portugueze ftage, a popular subject in every country, Mr. Dalryinple inakes, of course, his remarks.
“ The Portuguese ilage has made but little progress towards refine. ment. I was informied that plays in the language had not been al lowed till about seventeen years ago; the trantlation of an English comedy being one of the firit. I was at the representation of the tragedy of Beverly, a translation from the Gamelter: the performers had no great tragic powers; were cool and languid. In a little farce, the manners of the inhabitants of Brazil were ridiculed with some humour; they represented thern as a very formal and pedantic people, , and brought them in with a suite of negroes, monkeys, parrois, &c. there was a kind of low wit introduced in ir, which seemed to give greater satisfaction to the audience, than any other part: an old woman frequently breaking wind in her master's face, produced infinite apprause, even from the boxes. The fofa, a dance peculiar to this country, as the fandango is to Spain, was exhibited in the farce, between a black man and woman; it was the most indecenr thing I ever beheid, and only calculated for the fiews, yet no one leemed dilpleased; on the contrary, the women beheld it with calmne's, and the men applauded the performance. The national music resembles the Spanish, but is by no means to much improved. There is a kind of Brazil music that I heard a young Brazilian play upon the guitar, accompanying it with his voice, which, though folemn, is Soothing and agrecable. There is generally an Italian opera tere; and the king has a company of Italians, who perform at the palace : I was told that his sheatre was well conducted, but there was no representation during my relidence."
of the state of the stage at Cadiz, we are told,
“ There is a most elegant little French theatre here, fupported at a very confiderable expence by the French ; there is also an Italian Opra, at present badly mounted; and a Spanish comedy; in the toriner there are performances four or five times a week; at the latter every day. At the Sparich comedy I saw a curious play of Lazarus
and Dives, wherein the whole story was carried on in the performance ; and, concluding with the representation of Heaven and Hell, it ended with the expresion “ If they hear not Mofes and the Prophets, “ &c." Though not prone to change, a constant connection with the Italian and French performers, have caused a degree of refinement to take place pon this stage, though the alteration has not been much relished by the mosqueteros, as they are called, the critics of the pit. I saw the tranflation of a French play represented here with some degree of performance.”
We shall now take our leave of these Travels, with the writer's general observations on the Spanish Character.
“ The Castillian, Andalusian, and Gallician, are strongly marked, each as a separate people; but since the time government, one religion, and the like education prevail, a similarity of character is conspicuous; the gravity of the natives is carried to a proverb, and their deporte ment would convince a stranger that it were true: they have no idea of walking for exercise, or ever stirring abroad in the heat of the day, but when obliged to it, and then they move with a solemn gait, which becomes habitual ; till lately, and that only now at the capital, and amongit people of rank in the provinces, they had little communication with strangers, or with each other, cunfequently a rečerved behaviour took place whenever they met in company;
and their curn for gallantry, obliged them to keep a guard upon their countenances, lett they should betray their intrigues to their associates : as this has been long the seat of bigotry, the gloom of religion hangs upon their brow; and the inquisition, employing its familiars in every corner of the realm, urged them to have a curb upon their tongue, for fear they hould utter what might be interpreted to their ruin : all these causes combined, naturally produce those effects of external fcdateness we lee prevalent amongst them; but, children of the fun, though not volatile, they have as acute and lively imaginations as any people of Europe : sanguine in their difpofitions, and warm in their affections, it thwarted in their pursuits, they often become enraged to a degree of passion, with which we are in general unacquainted: they are revengeful, and stabbing till prevails; the lowest pealant will not brook a blow; and that the honour of the soldiers may not be hurt, there is an article in the ordinances for the army, that they are to be beaten only with the sword. They have the higheit notions of the dignity of their birth: the Castillian, but more the Biscayan, though poor and beggarly, holds the Andalutian in the utmost contempt, as being in immediate descent from the Mors; 'the latter is crafty and designing, but a nobler fpirit runs through the veins of the foriner. Marriages are generally made between persons of equal dis. tinction: the old nobility feldoin contract the nielves with the nerv ; and the superior rarely connects himself with his interior. They are temperate, or rather abilemnious in their living to a great degrce: borracho is the higheit term of reproach; and it is rare to see a drunken man, except it be among the carriers or mulereers : bosh men and women are fertile in retources to the attainment of their favourite pursuits; the latter, in parricular, limited in their education, contined
with bars at home, and attended by spies abroad, ftill find means to elude the vigilance of their duenas, and pervade the grates made to restrain them. It is particular, that the people throughout, are free from diffidence ; they have a manly character, and speak to their prince with the same fang froid and confidence that they would to their fellow; they never utter any thing at which they seem to be the least abalhad; each man appears to have a conscious dignity, which is not so conspicuous in other parts of the would: they treat one another with the greatest civility and respect; if even a beggar ask alms, and it be not granted, the fupplicant is refused in moft compassionate terms ; 'another time, they tell him, and God go with him, God conduct him, &c. Insult is never added to misfortune. Such are my cursory remarks upon the present prevalent character of this people. There was a time, when the ardent frame of liberty fired each Spaniard's breaft; but it has been extinguished by the malignant blasis of despotism, never to be kindled more.”
To this prophecy, as friends to liberty, we shall only add the ejaculation of a certain good chriftian Bishop ; who, upon his death-bed, on his physician's telling him he would, in a few hours, be in heaven; cried" God forbid !"
Yorick's Skull; or College Ofcitations. With fome Remarks on the
Writings of Sterne, and a Specimen of the Shandean Style. By
Pope's DUNCIÀD. As yawning, however, is catching, the goddess has said enough, in all conscience, to set all her votaries gaping. And yet, unless the nerves are in unison, they will not be to liable to be affected; so that our Lounger's oscitations may have little or no effect, except on his brother loiterers.--Yorick's Skull! Fronti nulla fides! While we admire this quaint frontispiece, we cannot help reflecting on the fabulift's fox, in the shop of the statuary. O lepidum caput! faid he, looking at a handsome buft, “what a pity fo pretty a head should want brains !"-We may say the same of this Yorick's Skull. Alas! poor Yorick! this is thy very skull indeed! for thou haft been some time dead; thy brains have been food for worms, and inere maggots have taken up their place.
* See Review for June, page 475.
Poemus. A New Edition, with Additions. By Tbomas Warton.
Becket. Of the old edition of these Poems we recolle&t nothing, except the printing of two or three of them among the Oxford Verses, on the decease of the late, and accession of the present, King: at least, of twenty-five pieces, which this miscellany contains, it appears that eighteen were never printed before *. On Mr. Warton's poetical abilities it were fuperfluous to make any general encomium; as they are too well known to need the commendation, and too justly acknowledged to want the suffrage, of a Monthly Reviewer.-It would be inconsistent with our office, nevertheless, to dismiss his poems, without exa&ting at least one Ode, as our usual tax on eminence.
Τ Η Ε S U I C I DE.
O’erhang the craggy road,
Within a solitary grave,
Lour'd the grim morn, in murky dies
And dimm’d the struggling day;
Yon rush-grown moor with fable waves,
I mark'd his defultory pace,
With many a mutter'd found;
The reeking blade, the hand embru’d:
The titles of which are as follow, the pieces marked with an alerisk being original. MISCELLANEOUS Pieces.-Elegy on the Death of the bate Frederick Prince of Wales-* Inscription in a Hermitage at AnsleyHall in Warwickshire-* Monody written near Stratford upon Avon-On the Death of King George the Second-On the Marriage of the King-On the Birth of the Prince of Wales.-Odes—* ”. To Sleep-*11. The Hamlet-* III. Written at Vale-Royal Abbey-* IV. The First of April *V. To Mr. Upton, on his New Edition of the Faerie Queene- VI. The Suicide-*VII. Ta a Friend, on leaving a favourite Village in HampShire-VIII, The Complaint of Cherwell-* IX. The Crusade-X. The Grave of King Arthur.-SONNETS-1. Written at Wynslade in Hampfire-II. On Bathing-* III. Written in a Blank Leaf of Dugdale's Monafticon—* IV. Wijtten at Stonehenge- *V. Written after seeing Wilton-House-* VI. To Mr. Gray-* Vil.-* VIII. On King Arthur's Round Table at Winchester-* IX. To the River Lodon. Vol. VI.