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First Father, call’d by thee I come thy guide My sudden apprehension : but in these
To the garden of bliss, thy seat prepar'd. I found not what methenght I wanted still;
So saying, by the hand he took me rais'd, And to the heav'nly vision thus presun'd.
And over fields and waters, as in air

O by what name, for thou above all ibese,
Simooth sliding without step, last led me up Above mankind, ur ought than maukind
A woody mountain; whose high top was plain, higher,
A circuit wide, inclos'd, with goodliest trecs Surpassest far my naming, how may I
Planted, with walks, aud bow'rs, that what I Adore thee, Author of this universe,

(tree | And all this good to man? for whose well being Of earth before scarce pleasant seem'd. Each So amply, and with hands so liberal Loaden with fairest fruit, that hung to th’eye | Thou hast provided all tbiugs : but with me Tempting, stirr'd in me sudden appetite I see not wbo partakes. Jo solitude To pluck and eat: whereat I wak'd, and found What bappiness, who can enjoy alone, Before mine eyes all real, as the dream Or all enjoying, what contentment find? Had lively shadow'd: Here had new begin Thus I presnmptuous; and the vision bright, My wand'ring, had not he who was my guide As with a smile more brighten'd, thus reply'd. Up hither, from among the trees appear'd, Wbat call'st thou solitude? Is not the earth Presence divine. Rejoicing, but with awe, With varions living creatures, and the air In adoration at his feet I fell

Replenish'u, and all these at thy command Submiss : he reard me, and whom thou To come and play before thee? Know'st bou sought'st I am,


(know, Said mildly, Author of all tbou seest

Their language and their ways? They also Above, or round about thee, or beneath. And reason not contemptibly; with these This Paradise I give thee, count it thiue Find pastime, and bear rule; thy realm is To till and keep, and of the fruit to eat:

Jarge. Of every tree that in the garden grows So spake the aniversal Lord, and seem'd Eat freely with glad beart; fear here no dearth; So ord'ring. I with leave of speech implor'd, But of the tree whose operation hrivgs And humble deprecation thus reply'd. Knowledge of good and ill, which I have set Let not my words offend thee, heav'nly The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith,

Power, Amid the garden by the tree of life,

My Maker, be propitious while I sprak. Remember that I warn thee, sbun to taste, Hast thou uot baile me here thy substitute, And shun the bitter consequence : for kuow,

And these inferior far beneath me set ? The day thou eat'st thereof, my sole curripand Among apequals what society Transgress'd, inevitably thou shalt die, Can sort, what harmony and true delight? From tbat Jay nortal, and this bappy state Which must be mutual, in proportion due Shalt lose, expellid fronı hence into a world Giv'n and receiv'd; but in disparity Of woe and sorrow. Steruly he pronounc'd The one intense, ibe other still remiss The rigid interdiction, which resounds

Cannot snit well with either, but soon prove Yet dreadful in mine ear, though iu my choice Tedious alike: of fellowship I speak Nut to incur; but soon bis clear aspect Such as I seek, fit to participate , Returo'd, and gracious purpone thus renewd. All rational delight, wberein the brute Not only these fair bounds, but all the earth Cannot be human consort; they rejoice To thee and to tlay race I give; as lords Each with their kind, lion with lioness; Possess it, and all things that therein live, So fitly them iu pairs thou hast combin'd; Or live in sea, or air, beast, fish, and fowl. Much less call bird with beast, or fish wiib Ju sign whereof eacb bird and beast behold

fuw! After their kinds; I bring them to receive So well couverse, nor with tbe ox the ape; From thee their pames, and pay thee feälty Worse then can mau with beast, and least of With low subjection; understaud the same


(pleas'd. of fish within their wat’ry residence,

Whereto th' Almiglity answer'd not disNot hither summon'd, since they cannot change A nice and subtle happiness I see Their element to draw the thinner air.

Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice As tbus he spake, each bird and beast behold Of thy associates, Adam, and wilt taste Approaching two and two, these coworiug low No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary. With blandishment, each bird stoop'd on his What think'st thou then of me, and this my wing.

state? I nam d them, as they pass d, and understood Seem I to thee sufficiently possess'd Tbeir nature, with such knowledge God indued , of happiness, or not? Who am alone

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From all elernity, for none I know

By Nature as ju aid, and closid mine eyer. Sucord to me or like, equal much less.

Mise eyes he clos'il, but open left the cell How bave I then with whom to hold converse Of fancy my internal sight, by which Save with the creatures I bave made, and thuse Abstract as in a trauce met bought I say, To me inferior, infinite descents

Though sleeping, where I lay, and saw the Beneath what other creatures are tu thee?

shape He ceas'd, I lowly answer'd. To attain Still glorious before whom awake I stood : The heighth and depth of thy eternal ways Who stooping open'd my left side, and took All human thoughts come short, Supreme of Froup thence a rib), with cordial spirits war:), things;

And life blood streaming fresh ; wide was the Thou in thyself are perfect, and in tbee

wound, Is no deficicnce found : nut so is man,

But suddenly with fresh 6!ld op and heald: But in degree the cause of his desire

The rib he form’d and fashion'd witb his hauds; By conversition with his like to help,

Under his forming hands a creature grew Or solace his defects. No need that thou Manlike, but different sex, so lovely fair, Shouldst propagate, already infinite,

That what seem'd fair in all the world, seem'd Aud through all numbers absolute, though oue ;

Meay, or in her summ'd up, in her contoin'd But man by number is to manifost

And in her looks, wbich from that time ipfus de His single imperfection, and beget

Sweetuess into any beart, unfelt before Like of bis like, his image multiply'd,

And into all things from her air inspirid la unity defective, which requires

The spirit of love and 2inorons delight. Collateral love, and dearest amity.

She disappear'd, and left me daik; I wal'a Thou iu thy secresy though alone,

To find her, or for ever tudore
Best with thyself accompanied, seek'st not Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure:
Social coinmunication, yet so pleas'd,

!l'hen out of hope, behold hier, not far ofi, Canst raise thy creature to what height thou Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn'd wilt

With what all Lartb or Heaven could bestow Of union or communion, deified ;

To make her amiable: on she caue, I by conversing cannot these erect

Led by her bear’uly Maker, thoughi unseen, From prone, nor in their ways complacence Aud gunded by his voice, por uuinform's find.

Of nuptial sanctity and marriage roles: Thus I imbolden'd spake, and freedom us'd Grace was in all her steps, Heav'un bu her eye, Permissive, and acceptance found, which gaiu'd lu every gesture dignity and live. This answer from the gracious voice divine. I overjoyd could not furbear aloud.

Thus far to try thee, Adarn, I was pleas'd, This turn bath made amends; thou bast And find thee buowing not of beasts alone,

fulfiind Which thou bad rightly nain'd, but of thyself, Thy words, Creator bountcous and benign, Expressing well the spirit within thee free, Giver of all things fair, but fuiresi alaus Diy image, pot imparted to the brute,

Of all thy gifts, hor enviest. I pox see Whosc fellowship therefore unmeet for thee Bone of my bone, tlesh of my fleshi, msvif Good reason was thou freely sboul'dst dislike Before ine; Wonial is her name', of Sian And be so minded still; I, e'er tbou spak’si, Extracted; for this cause lie shall forego knew it not good for man to be alone,

Father and mother, and to his wife adhere; And uo such company as then thou saw'st And they shall be one flesh, one kcarl, 0!!ngoni. Intended thee, fur trial only brought,

Slie heard me thus, aud ihough dirility To see how thou could'st judge of fit and meet:

brought, Wbat next I bring shall please thee, be assurd,

Yet innocence and virgin modesty, Thy likeness, thy fit belp, thy other self, Her virtue and the couscience of lier worth, Tby wish exactly to thy beart's desire.

That would be woo'd, and not uusvughoi be He ended, or I heard no more, for now

won, My earthly by his leav'nly overpower'/ Not obvivus, not obtrusive, but retird, Which it had long stood under, strain'd to th' Tbe more desirable, or to say all, heighth

Nature herself, though pure of siuful thought, In that celestial colloquy sublime,

Wrought in her so, that seeing me, sbe turn'd; As with an object that excels the sense

I follow'd lier, she what was honor knew, Dazzled and spent, sunk down, and sought and with olisequious majesiy approv'd repair

My pleaded reason. To the vuptial bower Of Sleep, which instantly fell on me, call'd I led her blushing like the Moru: all Hear'n,

And happy constellations on that hour Thy cherishing, thy honoring, and thy love, Shed their selectest inluence; the Earth Not thy subjection : weigh with her thyself; Gave sigu of gratulation, and each hill; Then value : vft-times nothing profits more Joyous the birds ; fresh gales and gentle airs Thao self esteem, grounded on just and right Whisper'd it to the woods, alu froin their wings Well manag’d; of that skill the more thou Flung rose, fung odors from the spicy srub,

knuw'st, Disporting till the amorous bird of night The more she will acknowledge thee her head, Suug sponsal, and bid baste the evening 'star And to realities yield all her shows : On bis hill top, to light the bridal lamp. Made so adora for thy delight the more, Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought So awful, that with horreur thou may’st love My story to the sum of earthly bliss Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least Which I enjoy, and must confess to find

wise. lo-all things else delight indeed, but sich Bat if the sense of touch whereby mankind As us'u or not, works in the mind no change, is propagated seem such dear delight Nor vehement desire, these delicacies

Beyond all other, think the same vouchsafd 1 mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and To cattle and each beast; which would not be flowers,

To them made common and divulg'd, if ought Walks, and the melody of birds; but here Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue Far otherwise, transported I behold,

The soul of man, or passion in him move. Transported toach; bere passion first I felt, What higher in her society thou find'st Commutivo strange, in all enjoyment else Attractive, luman, rational, love still; Superior and unmur'd, here only weak in loving thou dost well, in passion not, Against the charm of Beauty's powerful glance. Wherein true love consists nut; Love retines Oy Nature fail'd in me, and left some port The thoughts, and heart iplarges, hath his seat Not proof enough such object to sustain, Io reason, and is judicious, is the scale Or from my side subducting, took perbaps By which to heav'nly love thou may’st ascend, More than enough; at least on her bestowa Not sunk in carnal pleasure, for which cause Too much of ornament, in outward show Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. Elaborate, of in ward less exact.

To whom thus balf abash'd Adaın reply'd: For well I understand in the prime end Neither her outside fom’d so fair, nor ought of Nature ber th’inferior, in the mind In procreation common to all kinds Avd inward faculties which most excel, (Though higher of the genial bed by far, In outward also her resembling less

And with mysterious reverence I deem) His image who niade both, and less expressing So much deliglits me, as those graceful acts, The character of that dominion given Those thousaud decencies that daily flow O'er other créatures; yet when I a.proacb From all her words and actions inix'd with love Her loveliness, 90 absolute she secins

And sweet compliance, which declare unfeigud Aud in herself complete, so well to know Union of mind, or in us both one soul; Her own, that what she wills to dy or say Harmony to behold in wedded pair Seems wisst, virzilonisest, discreetess, best; No e grateful than harmonious sound to th* All higher k:owleslye in her presence falls

ear. Degraded, Wisdom in discourse with her Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose Loses discountenanc'il, anillike Polly shows; What inward thence I feel, not therefore foild, Authority and Reason on her wait,

What mect with various objects, from the sense As oue intended first, not after made

Variously representing; yet still free Occasionally; and to consiinimate all, Approve the best, and follow what I approve. Greatiess of mind, and Nobleness their seat To love thou blan'st'me not, for love thon Build in her loveliest, and create an awe


[guide; About lier, as a guard angelic plac'l.

Lead'st np to Heav'n, is both the way and To whom the angel with contracted brow. Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask; Accuse nut Nature, she bath done her part; Love not the heav'uly spirits, aud bow their Du thou but thine, and be not diffident

love Of Wisdom, she deserts thee not, if thou Express they, by looks only, or do they mix Dismiss not lier, when most thou need'st hier Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch? nigh,

To whom the angel with a smile that glow'd By attributing overmuch to things

Celestial rosy red, Love's proper hue, Less excellent, as thou thyself perceiv'st. Answerd. Let it suffice thee that thou knowiska For what admir’st thou,w battransportsthee so, Us happy, and withont love vo happiness. An outside? fair'so doubt, and worthy well Whatever prưe tkoa in the body enjoy'st

(And pure tlou wert created) ve enjoy Tbeocal or wue in thee is plıcd; beware, in eminence, and obstacle s'n noue

I in thy persevering shall we juice, Of membrane, joint, or limh, exclusive isars; And all the Blest: siani Ast; to stand ur fall Easier than air with air, if spirits embrae,

Free in thine oun arbitreriehl it lies, Total they mix, union of pure with pure Perfect within, no vutwasa aid require; Desiring; nor restrain'd conseyance need And all temptation to transgress repel. As flesh to mix with flesh, or seul with soul. So saying, he arose; whom Adana thas But I can now no more; the parting sun Follow'd with benedictions: Since to part, Deyoud the Earth's greeu cape and verdant Go heav'oly guest, ethereal inessenger, isles

Sent from whose sov'reigo goocoess I adore. Hesperian sets, my signal to depart.

Gentle to me and affable hath been Be strong, live bappy, and love, but first of all Thy condescension, and shall be bonor'd cver Him whom to love is to obey, aud keep With grateful memory: thou tu waukiod His great command; take heed lest passion Be good and friendly still, and oit return. sway

So parted they, tiie angel up to Heav'u Thy judgment to do ought, which else free will From the thick shade, and Adam to his bower. Would not admit; thine and of all thy sons



THE ARGUMENT. Satan having compassed the Earth, with meditated guile returns as a mist by night into Paradise, enters into the serpent sleeping. Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their labours, whici Eve proposes to divide in several places, each labouring apart : Ariam consents sot, alledgiug the danger, lest that enemy, of whom they were forwarned, should attempt her, found aloue : Eve, loath to be thought not circumspect or firm enough, urge's her going apart, the rather desirous to make trial of her strength; Adaun at length yields : The Serpeut finds her alone; his subtie approach, gist yazing, theo speaking, with much flattery extolling Eve above all other creatures. Eve, wondering to hear the Serpent speak, asks how he attained to human speech and understanding not till now, the Serpent answers, that hy tasting of a certain tree in the garden he attained both to speech and reason, till then roid of both: Eve requires him to bring her to that tree, and tipis it to be the Tree of knowledge forbidden : The Serpent bow growu bolder, with many wiles and arguments induces ber at length to eat; she pleased with the taste, deliterates a while whether to impart tureof to Adam or not, at last brings him of the fruit, relates what bad persuaded ber to eat thereof : Adam at first amazed, but pesceiving her lesi, resolves through vehemence of love to perish with fer; and extrouating the trespass, eats also of the fruit: The eflects thereof in then both; they seek to cover their wakedness; they fall to variance and accusation of one aricchier.

N. more of talk where God or angel guest

Of my celestial Patroness, who deigns With inan, as with his friend, familiar usa

Her niglatly visitation unimploru, To sit indulgent, and with him partake

And dictatis to me sloml'ring, or inspires Rural repast, permitting him the while Easy my unpremeditated rese: Venial discourse uoblam'd; I now must change Since first this subject for heroic song Those notes to tragic; fuul distrust, and

Pleas'd ne long chusing, and begining late; breach

Not sedulous by salure to indite Disloyal on the part of man), revolt,

(Vars, hitherto the only argument And disobedience: on the part of Heav'n Heroic diem d, chief mastry to disscct Now alienated, distance and distate,

With long and ledious bavoc fubled knights Anger and just rebuke, and judgment givin,

Lo battles feign'u; the belter fortitude That brought into this world a world of wve,

Of Patience and heroic Martyrdom Sin and her shadow Death, and Misery

Cmsung; or to decide races and games, Death's harbinger: sad task, yet argument

Or tilting furniture, inblazou'd shields, Not less but more heroic than the wratb Inpresses quaint, caparisons and steeds; Of stern Achilles on his foe pusu'd

Bases and sinsel trappings, gorgeous knights Thrice fugitive about Troy wall: or rage

At juust and tournament, then marshald of Turnus for Lavinia disespous'd,

feast Or Neptune's ire or Juno's, that so long

Seri'd up in hall with sewers, and sencsballs; Perplex'd the Greek and Cytherea's son ;

The skill of artifice or office mean, If answerable still I can obtain

Not that wlijcb justly gives heroic vawe

To person or to poem. Me of these

Active within beyond the sense of brute. Nor skill'd nur stadious, higher argument Tbus he resulv'd, but tirst from inward grief Remains, snillicient of itself to raise

His bursting passion intv plaints thus pour'd. That nanie, unless an age too late, or cold O Earth, how like to Heav'n, if not preferr'd Climate, or years damp my inteuded wing More justly, seat of worthier gods, as built Depress'd, and much they may, if all be mine, With second thoughts, reforming what was Not hers who brings it nightly to my ear.

old! The sun was sunk, aud after him thc star For wbat God after better worse would build? Of Hesperus, whose office is to bring

Terrestrial Heav'n, dauc'd round by otlier Twilight upon the Earth, short arbiter


(lampe 'Twixt day and night, and now from end to end | That shine, yel bear their bright ofbciuus Night's hemisphere bad reil'd thi horizon Light above light, for thee alone, as seems round:

Ju thee concentrating all their precious beams When Satan who late Aed before the threats Of sacred influence ! As God in Heav'n OF Gabriel out of Eden, now improv'd

Is center, yet extends to all, so thou In meditated fraud and inalice bent

Centring receiv'st from all those orbs; in thee, On inan's destruction, maugre what might hap Nut in themselves, all their kuowo virtue ap. Of heavier ou bimself, fearless return'd.

pears By night he fled, and at midnight return’d. Productive iu herb, plant, and nobler birth Froni coinpassing the Earthi, cautious of day, Of creatures apiwate with gradual life Since Uriel regent of the sun descry'll

Of growth, sense, reason, all summ'd up in man. His entrance, and forwaru'd the cherubim With what delight could I have waik'd thee That kept their watch; thence full of anguish round, driv'n,

If I could joy in ought, sweet interchange The space of sev'n continued nights he rode Of bill, and valley, rivers, woods, and plains, With Darkness, thrice the equinoctial line Now land, now sea, and shores with forest He circled, four times crossid the ear of Night

crown'd From pule to pule, traversing each colure; Rocks, deps, and caves ! but I in none of these On th' eighth returu'd, and on the coast averse Find place or refuge; and the more I see From entrauce or cherubic watch, by stealth Pleasures about me, so much more I feel Found unsuspected way. There was a place, Torment within me, as from the hateful siege Now not, tho Sin, not Time, first wrought Of contraries; all good to me becomes the change,

Bane, and in Heav'o much worse would be my Where Tigris at the foot of Paradise

state. Into a gulf shot under ground, till part But neither here seek 1, no nor in Heav'n Rose up a fountain by the Tree of Life; To dwell, unless by mastering Heav'n's Sulu which the river sunk, aud with it rose

preme; Satan involv'd in rising mist, then sought Nor hope to be myself less miserable Where to lie hid; sea he had search'd and land | By what I seek, but others to make such From Eden over Pontus, and the pool

As I, though thereby worse to me redonud: Mäeotis, up beyond the river Ob;

For whom all this was made, all this will soon Duwnward as far as antarctic; and in length Follow, as to him link'd in weal or woe, West from Orontes to the ocean barr'd

In woe theu; that Destruction wide may range: At Darien, thence to the land where flows To nje shall be the glory sole among Ganges and Indus : thus the orb he roam'd Th' infernal Pow'rs, in one day to bave marrid With narrow search, and with inspection deep, | What he Almighty styl’d, six nights and days Consider'd every creature, which of all Continued making, and who knows how long Host opportnne might serve bis wiles, and Before had been contriving, though perhaps found

Not longer than since I in one night freed The serpeut subtlest beast of all the field, From servitude inglorious well nigh half Hins after long debate, irresolute

Th' angelic name, and thinner left the throng of thougbts revolv'd, his final sentence chose Or bis adorers : he to be aveng'd Fit vessel, fittest imp of fraud, in whom And to repair his numbers thus impair'd, To enter, and his dark suggestions hide, Whether such virtue spent of old now fail'd From sharpest sight: for in the wily snake, More Angels to create if they at least Whatever sleights none would suspicious mark, Are his created, or to spite us more, As from his wil and ortive subtlety

Determin'd to advance into our room Proceeding, which in other beasts observ'd And creature form'd of earth, and him endow, Doubt might beget of diabolic power

Exalted from go base original,

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