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Ofsecondary hands, by task transferr'd Both of thy crime and punishment: bence. From Father to his Sou? Strange point and

forth

No more be troubled how to quit the yoke Doctrine which we would know whence learn'd: Of God's Messiah : those indulgent laws who saw

Will not be now vouchsafd; other decrees When this creation was? Remember'st thou Against thee are gone forth without recal; Thy making, wbile the Maker are thee being? Tbat golden sceptre, which thou didst reject, We know no time when we were not as now; Is now an iron rod to bruise and break Know done before us, self-hegot, self-raisid Thy disobedience. Well thou didst advise, By our own quick'ning pow's, when fatal Yet not for thy advice or threats I Riy coul'se

These wicked tenis devoted, iest the wrath Had circled his full orb, the birth inature Impendent, raging into sudden fame Of this our dative Heav'ı), ethereal sons. Distinguish not: for soon expect to feel Our puissance is our own; our own right | His thunder on thy head, devouring fire. hand

Then who created thee lamenting learn, Shall teach us highest deeds, by proof to try When who can uncreate thee thou shalt knov. Who is our equal: then thou shalt behold Spake the Seraph Abdiel faithful found Whether by supplication we intend

Among the faithless, fuithful only he; Allress, and to begirt th' almighty throne Among innumerable false, uninovod, Beseeching or besieging. This report,

Unshaken, unseduc'd, unterrify'd These tidings carry to th’anointed King: His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal; And As, ere evil intercopt ihy flight.

Nor number, nor example with himn vrought He said, and as the sound of waters deep To swerve from truth, or change his constant Boarse murmur echo'd to his words applause

mind Through the infinite bost; por less for that Though single. From amidst them forth he The Gaming seraph fearless, though alone

passid, Incompass'd round with fues, thus answer'd Long way through hostile scorn, which he sus bold.

taina O alienate from God, o Spirit accursid, Superior, nor of violence fcar'd ought; Forsaken of all good; I see thiy fall

And with retorted scorn his back he turu'd Determin'd, and thy hapless crew involv’d On those proud tow's to swift destruction Jo tbis perfidious fraud, contagion spread

doom'd.

END OF THE YIITN BOOK,

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK VI.

THE ARGUMENT. Raphael continues to relate how Michael and Gabriel were sent forth to battle against Satan and his Angels. The first fight described : Satan and his powers retire noder night: he calls a council, invents devilish cogmer, which is the second day's fight put Michael and bis Angels to some disorder; but they at length pulling up mountains overwhelmed both the force and nachines of Satan : yet the tumult not so ending, God vu the third day sends Messiah his sou, for whom he had reserved the glory of that victory. He in the power of bis Father coming to the place, and causing all his legions to stand still on either side, with his chariot and thunder driving into the midst of his enemies, pursues them unable to resint towards the wall of heaven ; whirlı openiog, they leap down with horror and confusica into the place of punishmeut prepared for them in the deep. Messiah returns with triumph to his Father.

hul night the dreadless angel unpursued Remains thee, aided by this host of friends, Through heav'n's wide champain hield his way; Back on thy foes more glorious to return till Morn,

Thay scorn'd thou didst depart, and to subdue Wak'd by the circling hours, with rosy hand By force, who reason for their law refuse, Unbarr'd the gates of light. There is a cave Right reason for their law, and for their king Within the mount of God, fast by his throne, Messiah, who by right of merit reigns. Where light and darkness in perpetual round Go Michael of celestial armies prince, Lodge and dislodge by turns, which makes And thou in military prowess Next through heav'n

Gabriel, lead forth to battle these my sons Grateful vicissitude, like day and night; Invincible, lead forth my armed Saints Light issues forth, and at the other door By thousan.is and by millions rang'd for fight, Obsequious darkness enters, till her hour Equal in number to that Godless crew To veil the heav'n, though darkuess there Rebellious; them with fire and hostile arms might well

(Morn Fearless assault, and to the brow of lieaven Seem twilight here: and now went forth the , Pursuing drive them out from God and bliss Such as in highest heav'n, array'd in gold Into their place of punishment, the gulf Empyreal; from before her vanish'd Night, Of Tartarous, which ready opens wide Shot through with orieut beams; when all the His fiery Chaos to receive their fall. plain

So spake the sov'reign voice, and clouds began Cover'd with thick embattl'd squadrons bright, To darken all the hill, and smoke to roll Chariots and faming arms, and fiery steeds In dusky wreathes, reluctant flames, the sign Reflecting blaze on blaze, first met his view : Of wrath awak'd; nor with less dread the loud War he perceiv'd, war in prociuct, and found Ethereal trumpet from on bigh 'gan blow : Already knowo what he for news had thought At which command the powers militant, To have reported : gladly then he mix'd That stood for Heav'n, in mighty quadrate Among those frieudly pow's, who him receiv'd

join'd With joy and acclamations loud, that one, Of union irresistible mov'd on That of so many myriads fall’n, yet one In silence their bright legions, to the sound Returo'd not lost: on to the sacred hill Of instrumental harmony, that breath'd They led him high applauded, and present Heroic ardour to advent'rous deeds Before the seat supreme; from whence a voice Under their God-like leaders, in the cause From midst a golden cloud thus mild was Of God and his Messiah. Ou they niove heard :

[fought, Judissolubly firm: nor obvious hill, Servant of God, well done, well bast thou Nor strail’ning vale, nor wood, nor stream The better fight, who single hast maintain'd

divides

[gronnd Against revolted multitudes the cause

Their perfect rauks ; for high above the Of truth, in word mightier than they in arms; | Their march was, and the passive air upborne And for the testimony of truth hast borne Their vimble tread; as when the total kind Universal reproach, far worse to bear

of birds, in orderly array on wing, Than violence; for this was all thy care Came summond over Eden to receive To stand approv'd in sight of God, though 'Their names of thee; so over many a tract worlds

Of heav'n they marcb'd, and many a province Judgid thee perverse: the easier conquest now

wide Ne. I'II.-N.S. Continued from the Poetical part of No. VI. H

ance

Now

Tenfold the length of this terrene: at last

Proud art thou net? thy hope was to bave Far in th’horizon to the north appear'd

reach'd From skirt to skirt a fiery region stretch'd

The height of thy aspiring unopposid, In battailous aspéct, and nearer view

The throne of God unguarded, and his side Bristled with upright beams innumerable

Abandon'd at the terror of thy power Of rigid spears, and helmets tbrony'd, and Or potent tongue: fool, not to tbink how vain shields

Against th' Omnipotent to rise in arms; Various, with boastful argument portray'd,

Who out of smallest things could without The banded pow'rs of Satan hasting ou

end With furious expedition; for they ween'd

Have rais'd incessant armies to defeat
That self-same day by fight, or by surprize, Thy folly; or with solitary hand
To win the mount of God, and on his throne Reaching beyond all limit, at one blow
To set the envier of his state, the proud

Unaided could have finish'd thee, and whelm'd Aspirer, but their thoughts prov'd fond and Thy legions under darkuess : but thou seest vain

(seem'd | All are not of thy train; there be who faitla In the mid way: thongh strange to us it | Prefer, and piety to God, though then At first, that angel should with angel war,

To thee not visible when I alone
And in fierce hosting meet, who wont to meet Seem'd in thy world erroneous to dissent
So oft in festivals of joy and love

From all: my sect thou seest; now learn toa Unanimous, as sons of one great Sire

late

(sands err. Hymning th' eternal Father : but the shout How few sometimes may know, wben thoue Of battle now began, and rushing souod

Whom the grand foe with scornful eye ask. Of unset ended soon each milder thought.

(bour High in the midst exalted as a God

Thus apswer'd. Ill for thee, but in wishid Th’Apostate in his sąn-bright chariot sat, Of my revenge, first sought for thou return'st Idol of majesty divine, inclos'd

From fight, seditious angel, to receive With flaming cherubim and golden shields; Thy merited reward, thy first assay Then lighted from his gorgeous throne, for of this right band provok'd, since first that

tongue 'Twixt host and host but narrow space was

Inspir'd with contradiction durst oppose left,

A third part of the Gods, in synod met A dreadful iuterval, and front to front

Their deities to assert, who while they feel Preseuted stood in terrible array

Vigour divine within them, can allow of hideous leugth: before the cloudy van,

Omnipotence to none. But well thou com'st On the rough edge of battle ere it join'd, Before thy fellows, ambitions to win Satan with vast and haughty strides advanc'd From me some plume, that thy success may Came tow'ring, arm’d in adamant and gold:

show Abdiel that sight indur'd not, where he stood Destruction to the rest : this pause between Among the mightiest, bent on bigbest deeds, (Unanswer'd lest thou boast) to let thee know; And thus his own undaunted heart explores. At first I thought that liberty and heaven O Heav'n! that such resemblance of the To heav'nly souls bad been all one; but now Highest

I see that most through sloth had rather serve, Should yet remain, where faith and reälty

Ministring Spirits, train'd up in feast and Remain not: wherefore should not strength

song ; and might

Such hast Ibou arm'd the minstrelsy of Heaven, There fail where virtue fails, or weakest prove | Servility with freedom to contend, Where boldest, though to sight unconquerable? | As both their deeds compar'd this day shall His puissance, trusting in th' Almighty's aid,

prove. I meau to try, whose reason I bave try'd

To whom in brief thus Abdiel stern reply'd, Unsound and false; nor is it ought but just, A postate, still thoy err'st, nor end wilt find Tbat he who in debate of truth bath won, Of erring, from the path of truth remote: Should win in arms, in both disputes alike Unjustly thou deprav'st it with the name Victor; though brutish that contest and foul, Of servitude to serve whom God ordains, When reason hath to deal with force, yel so Or Nature; God and Nature bid the same, Most reason is that reason overcome.

When he who rules is worthiest, and excels Su ponderiog, and from his armed peers Them whom be governs. This is servitude, Forth stepping opposite, half way be met To serve th' unwise, or bim who hath rebellid His daring foe, at this prevention more Against his worthier, as thine own serve thee locens'd, and thys securely bim defy'd, Thyself not free, but to thyself inthralld;

Yet lewdly dar’st our minist'ring upbraid. When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway,
Reign thou in Hell thy kingdom; let me serve Of battle, open when, and when to close
In Heav'n God ever blest, and his divine The ridges of grim war: no thought of flight,
Behests obey, worthiest to be obey’d;

None of retreat, no unbecoming deed
Yet chaios in Hell, not realms expect : mean That argued fear; each on himself rely'd,
while

[Aight, As only in his arm the moment lay From me return'd, as erst thou saidst, from Of victory : deeds of eternal faine This greeting on thy impious crest receive. Were done, but infinite; for wide was spread

So saying, a noble stroke he lifted bigh, That war and various, sometimes on firm Which hung not, but so swift with tempest fell ground On the proud crest of Satan, that no sight, A standing fight, then soaring on main wing Nor motion of swift thought, less could his Tormented all the air; all air seem'd then shield

Conflicting fire: long time in even scale Such ruin intercept: ten paces huge

The battle hung; till Satan, who that day He back recoil'd; the tenth on bended knee Prodigious power had shown, and met in arms His massy spear upstay'd; as if on earth No equal, ranging through the dire attack Wiods ander ground, or waters forcing way Of fighting seraphim confus'd, at length Sidelong had push'd a mountain from bis seat Saw where the sword of Michael smote, and Half sunk with all his pines. Amazement

felld

[sway seiz'd

Squadrons at once; with huge two-handed The rebel thrones, but greater rage to see Brandish'd aloft the horrid edge came down Thus foil'd their mightiest : 'ours joy fill'd and Wide wasting; such destruction to withstand shout,

He hasted, and oppos'd the rocky orb Presage of victory, and fierce desire

Of tenfold adamant, bis ample shield, Of battle: whereat Michael bid sound

A vast circumference: at his approach Th’ Arch-angel trumpet; through the vast of The great Arch-angel from bis warlike toil Heaven

Surceas'd, and glad, as boping here to end It sounded, and the faithful armies rang Intestine war in Heav'n, tb’ Arch-foe subdu'd Hosanna to the Higb'st: nor stood at gaze Or captive dragg’d in chains, with hostile The adverse legions, nor less hideous join'd

frown The horrid shock: now storming fury rose, And visage all inflam'd first thus began: And clamour such as heard in Heav'n till now Author of evil, unknown till thy revolt, Was never ; arms on armour clasbing bray'd Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thog Horrible discord, and the madding wbeels

seest Of brazen chariots rag'd; dire was the noise These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, Of conflict; over head the dismal hiss

Though heaviest by just measure on thyself Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew,

And thy adherents: how hast thou disturb'd And flying vaulted either host with fire. Heav'n's blessed peace, and into Naturs So under fiery cope together rush'd

brought Both battles main, with ruinous assault Misery, uncreated till the crime And in extinguishable rage; all Hear'n Of thy rebellion ? how hast thou instill'd Resounded, and had Earth been then, all Thy malice into thousands, once upright Earth

(when || And faithful, now prov'd false? but think not Had to her centre shook. What wonder?

here Millions of fire-encount'ring angels fought To trouble holy rest; Heav'n casts thee out On either side, the least of whom could wield From all her confines. Heav'n, the seat of These elements, and arm him with the force

bliss, Of all their regions : how much more of power Brooks not the works of violence and war. Army against army numberless to raise Hence then, and evil go with thee along, Dreadful combustion warring and disturb, Thy offspring, to the place of evil, Hell, Though not destroy, their bappy native seat; Thou and thy wicked crew; there mingle Had not th'eternal King omnipotent

broils, From his strong bold of Heav'n high over Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom, rul'd

[such Or some more sudden vengeance, wing'd from And limited their might; though number'd God, As each divided legion might have seemd Precipitate thee with augmented pain. A numerous host, in strength each armed band So spake the prince of Angels; to whom thue A legion, led in fight yet leader seem'd The Adversary. Nor think thou with wind Each warrion single as in chief, ex pert Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds

H

Thou canst vot. Hast thou turn'd the least | Sanguine, such as celestial Spirits way bleed, of these

And all bis armour stain'dere while so bright.. Fo Dight, or if to fall, but that they rise Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run Unvanquish d, easier to transact with me By Angels many and throng, who interpos'd That thou shouldst hope, imperious, and with Defence, while others bure bim on thier shields tbreats

Back to his chariot, where it stood retir'd To chase me hence? err not that so shall end From off the files of war; there they bim laid The strife which thou call'st evil, but we stile Guashing for anguish and despite and shame, The strife of glory; which we mean to win, To find himself not matchless, and his pride Or turn this Heav'u itself into the Hell Humbled by such rebuke, so far beneath Thou fablest, here bowever to dwell free, His coufidence to equal God in power. If not to reign: mean while thy utmost force, | Yet soon be heal'd; for Spirits that live And join him nam’d Almighty to thy aid,

throughout 1 Qy not, but have sought thee far and vigh. Vital in every part, not as frail mau They ended parley, and both address'd for In entrails, heart or liead, liver or reios, fight

Canoot but by annihilating die; Unspeakable; for who, though with the tongue Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound Of Angels, can relate, or to what things Receive, no more than can the fluid air: Likea ou earth conspicuous, that may lift

All heart they live, all head, all eye, all ear, Himan imagination to such height

All intellect, all sense: and as they please, Of Godlike pow'r? for likest Guds they seemd, They limb themselves, and colour, shape or Stood they or mov'd, iu stature, motion,

size arms,

Assume, as likes them best, condense or rare. Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven. Mean while in other parts like deeds deserr'd Now wav'd their fiery swords, and in the air Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought, Made horrid circles; two broad suns their | And with fierce ensigns pierc'd the deep array shields

Of Moloch furious king; who him defy'd, Blaz'd opposite, while expectation stood And at his chariot wheels to drag bim bound In horror; from each hand with speed retird, Threaten'd, not from the Holy One of Heaven Where erst was thickest fight, th' angelic Refrain'd his tongue blasphemous; but anon throng,

Down cloven to the waist with shatter'd arme And left large field, unsafe within the wind And uncouth pain filed bellowing. On each Of such commotion; such as, to set forth

wing Great things by small, if nature's concord Uriel and Raphael his vaunting foe, broke,

Though huge, and in a rock of diamond armid, Among the constellations war were sprung, Vanquish'd Adramelech, and Asmaida, Two planets rushing from aspect maligu Two potent thrones, that to be less than Gods Of fiercest opposition in mid-sky

Disdain'd, but meaner thoughts learu'd in Should combat, and their jarring spheres con

their flight, found.

Mangled with ghastly wounds throngh plate Together both with vext to almighty arm

and mail. Uplifted imminent, one stroke they aim'd Nor stood uomindful Abdiel to annoy That might determine, and not need repeat, The atheist crew, but with redoubled blow As not of pow'r at once; nor odds appear'd Ariel and Arioch, and the violence In might or swift prevention : but the sword Of Ramiel scorch'd and blasted overthrew. Of Michael from the armoury of God

I might relate of thousands, and their name Was giv'a bim temper'd so, that neither keen Eteruize here on earth; but those elect Nor solid might resist that edge: it met Angels, contented with their fame in Heaven, The sword of Satan with steep force to smite Seek not the praise of men : the other sort, Descending, and in half cut sheer; nor stay'd, In miglit though wond'rous and in acts of But with swift wheel reverse, deep entring war, shar'd

Nor of renown less eager, yet by doom All his right side: then Satan first knew pain,

Cancell'd from Heav'n and sacred memory, And writh'd him to and fro convolv'd; so sore Nameless iu dark oblivion let them dwell. The griding sword with discoutinuous wound For strength from truth divided and from just Pass'd through him: but th'ethereal substance Illaudable, nought merits but dispraise clos'd,

And ignominy, yet to glory aspires Not long divisible; and from the gash

Vain glorious, and through infamy seeks fame : A stream of necta'rous humour issuing flow'd Therefore eternal silence be tbeir doom.

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