Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][graphic][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small]

LXX. NARED (nudus), expresses the total absence of leaves or the arms in plants.

LXXI. LEAFLESS, APHYLLOUS (aphyllus), means destitute of leaves only. Vide Nudus, which takes a wider range. LXXII. LEAF-BEARING, LEAFY

LXXVI. KNOTTY, KNOTTED (no(foliatus), bearing leaves.

dosus), forming solid knots from space to

space, more or less swollen, and difficult LXXIII. UNARMED (inermis), relates to break, as in the grasses. solely to the want of thorns and prickles.

[graphic]

LXXVII. ARTICULATE (articulatus),

LXXIX. BRANCHED (ranosus), hava when ii presents from space to space deter ing several lateral branches without exminate places, where it may be easily pressing order, as in Brompton stock, broken, or divides naturally of itself, as in Cheiranthus incanus. the yellow spined Indian fig, Cactus tuna

[graphic][merged small][merged small]
[merged small][graphic][ocr errors][merged small]
[graphic]

LXXXIV. PANICULATE, PANICLED (paniculatus), the branches loose, and vanjously subdivieled, as in the panicled tobacco, Nicotiana paniculata.

LXXXV. SPREADING (patens), when LXXXII. PROLIFEROUS (prolifer), || branches form an acute angle with the stem. when the shoots proceed only at the top from a common centre, as the fir, Pinus.

[graphic]
[graphic]

[To be Continued.]

THE SECRET TRIBUNAL

OF THE

SOAP-DOILER OF MESSINA.

A SOAP-ROILER of Messina, a poor but through his body. He then returned home honest man, possessed an inuate instinct of with the utmost composure, without ever tašorder and justice. Fortune, to be sure, had ing the smallest article from the person of his pot placed him exactly in a suitable sphere, victim, and was as well pleased with himself neither was he in a suitable place ; for Sicily, as if he had shot a mad dog. had not at that time the most exemplary ad Already had Messina numbered upwards of ministration of justice to boast of, and the fifty murders, and almost all of them comgreatest crimes remained unpunished. This mitted on persons of distinction. Vain were state of things extorled many a sigh from the all the endeavours of the Viceroy to detect. honest soap-boiler. He beheld banditti going almost despairing of success, be at length buldly about their guilty occupations; he be. offered tu o thousand piastres to any one who held innocent females seduced by opulent and would give the desired information, and at the titled debauchtes, and then consigned to in. same time swore at the altar to pardon even digence and in famy; he bebeld the courtly the murderer, if he would voluntarily present lounger enriched by the toil of the industrious himself before him. The honest soap-boiler husbandman, and many more things of the repaired to the palace, and demanded a private same kind, wbich, indeed are not new under audience. It was granted. the sun.

“I am the man,” said be with a firm and His feelings at this spectacle were, however, confident tone, “who have dispatched some "of a kind perfectly aovel. Not content, like fifty villains because you did not punish them. other well-bred people, with sighing over them, | Here are the proceedings ou their trials. You shrugging his shoulders, or perhaps reason will find that each of thein was formally tried, ing on the subject; he set himself seriously defended, and not executed till convicted. to consider how these enormities might be You, Sir, by the laxity of your goverument checked. The courts of justice were, it is have occasioned the commission of so many true, instituted for that purpose, but they crimes. More than once I was on the point .were lax in the performance of their duties. of chastising you yourself; but you are the Sicily had no secret tribunals, nor any Sultan representative of the King, and that consi. to go about in disguise, in order to discover deration restrained me. My life is now in and to punish guilt.

your hands; dispose of it as you please.” In this dilemma, be resolved to place bimself We have not been able to find what becanie upon the judgment-seat, to detect concealed of this ardent lover of justice; he was probably crimes, to chastise the hardened culprit, to consigned to a madhouse. But was that it rescue suffering virtue from the paws of its proper place for him? or does it not rather tormentor; but in profoand silence, without reduund to his honour that it was i---since it parade, and without observing the usual for- certainly proves the rarity of an innate sense malities. In a word, he established a secret of justice ainong mankind. They can do no tribunal, differing from those celebrated other tban declare those insane who possess courts instituted in Germany during the it in a higher degree than themselves. Had ali middle ages only in this circumstance, tbat he been endowed with an equal susceptibility for was at once judge, accuser, advocate, and exe. it, no crimes would be committed, and there cutioner. As soon as he had obtained in- | woald be no occasion for such men as the formation of a crime, he immediately mounted soap-boiler of Messina. If the man was con. the tribunal, with the utmost gravity, repeated fined, it was tantamount to this acknowledg. the charge aloud, and defended the accused. ment, --" You are more just than we." With the coolest impartiality he then weighed The secret tribunals of Gernany have very the arguments for and against him; and finally often been spoken of with horror; but their pronounced sentence. If the accused was institution originated entirely in the same condemned to die, he calmly wrapped himself, commendable antipathy of many, which in the in his cloak, under which he concealed a pistol | above instance was manifested by only one in. with a wide barrel, and lying io wait in the dividual. In times when the right of the dark for the culprit, he sent half a dozen balls stronger was the prevailing system, when

people dared to do whatever they were able to is he has only to throw bis sword into the opdo, the persous composing these secret tri- | posite scale. bunals were certainly benefactors of society, We may boldly affirm, that at no period was thuugli their degeneracy at a later period ren- | the right of the stronger more preponderating dered them its scourges. Before them trem tban at the present.

O thou honest soapbled the mighty culprit, who is now afraid of boiler of Messina, wbat abundant occupation nobody, fur wben justice weighis his crimes, wouldst thou now find in Europe !

SELECT EXTRACTS

FROM TUE

ESSAYS OF M. D'ARGENSON.
PRIME MINISTER TO LOUIS XV. WHO DIED IN 1721.

“Tue imagination, which gives us some audiences pleased with having been attentively agreeable moments, exposes us, when once we heard.” are undeceived, to others which are painful. “ The desire of excelling cannot be too much There is no person who does not wish to pre concealed : on the contrary, wbat ought to serve his life, bis health, and his property, boll be most remarked, or supposed in you, is the the imagination represents to us our life as a desire of inaking others appear to advantage. thing which ought to be very long, our bealth || Affection, or at least the appearance of it; established and unchangeable, and our fortune admiration, real or pretended ; fattery, deliinexhaustible ; when the two latter of these cately mawaged, never fail to succeed." illusions cease before the former we are much “ Philip IV. having lost his kingdom of to be pitied.”

Portugal, Catalupa, and some other provinces, « Le Duc de Vendome (Louis XIV.), in took it into his bead to take the suruame of 1711, after having triumphed over the enemies Great. The Duke of Medina said, Our of Pbilip V. grew tired at Madrid of Spanish | master is like a hole, which grows the bigger greatness, he retired to Vinaros, a village in the more matter it loses." Cataluna, surrounded by a small circle of fat. “ The day M.R- was married to Mad. terers and debauchees, and ibere gave himself B-, who was very ugly, but a great wit,up to tbat kind of voluptuousuess which was Madam,' said he to her, ‘you are not pretty,' so agreeable to him. He glutted himself with and they say I am a fool; let us mutually fish, which be was extravagantly fond of; overlook our defects and we shall make the whether it were good or bad, well or ill dress | happiest man and wife in the world." She ed, it was the same thing to him; be dradk | agreed to the proposition, and they lived afthick-bodied and heady wine; and at length fectionately together. He was tall, handsome, brought on an illness, which probably might and well made; their offspring became rich, have been cured by diet and exercise ; bis dis- and now figures at court among those of tlie order was treated in a contrary manner, and first rank." he had soou no bopes left of being restored. “ Women, especially if they be fortunate Then the most houest of liis courtiers aban enough to amuse themselves with reading, doned him; otbers took his furniture and cannot read too much; by a little method, equipage; and it is said that a few moments and a proper choice of books, they will find before he expired, seeing some of his under infinite remedies against lassitude, and abuilvalets trying to take away bis bed-clothes, he || daut sources of instruction." asked them as a favour to permit him to draw “ Exíerior decency is generally admired, bis last breatb in his bed.”

and princes and men of distinction ought to “ M. de M was a man of but middling do nothing to disgust the public; but, right abilities, yet he had good sense and a just or wrong, it is but tvo true that in the end this judgment: he possessed a secondary merit, public assumes the authority of cevsuring, which we distinguish by the name of bon écou- . without delicacy, every fault. Woe to them teur (good hearer); he never spoke but in his, who are the first objects of gross scaodal; they turn, nor without giving himself time to think become the victims to its rage; the public of what he ought to say; then whatever he judges and punishes them for it; or, at least, said was to the point. Men went from his hoots, hisses, and despises them."

« PreviousContinue »