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such an instance. He says of the feed- great heaping up and mixing of not ing the five thousand, “But in this very original or tasteful figures. Dr. miracle that was not a restorative or Cumming might perhaps excuse his redemptive act, but clearly a creative lectures on the ground that they were act of power.” According to Dr. Cum- printed from a reporter's notes taken ming, therefore, were he consistent with as they were delivered. But we submit himself, this was no "true, heavenly this is not enough. The world was not miracle."

so anxious for another of his volumes as

to prevent him from revising it before We assure our readers that it has he committed it to the press. And no been with much reluctance that we man, and especially no man occupying have been compelled to write as we such a position as Dr. Cumming, has a have done. We took up the book with right to thrust his crudities upon the a somewhat firm hope that though we public; and emphatically so, in relation differ from Dr. Cumming on some to religion and religious evidences, and at points, yet that in treating of the a time like the present, when every false miracles of Christ, his great power of plea is eagerly seized upon by the opporepresenting and re-animating absent nents and the corrupters of Christianity. and bygone events, and his ability to To us it appears that such a work as that draw out interesting lessons from every before us is calculated to shake rather day life, would have produced a book than to confirm the faith of the intelwhich we should peruse with pleasure. ligent young men who may come within To say that there is not much instruction the sphere of its influence. This remark and much valuable practical remark to does not refer only to the main idea on be met with in the volume, would be as which we have been commenting; but to far from the truth as to say that the many other subordinate matters treated volume, on the whole, commends itself of (as on page 337,) to which we have to us. There is too much unsupported not time now to refer. Dr. Cumming assertion; too much assertion supported announces a companion volume on the by mere shadowy arguments ; too Parables, in which we hope he will take frequent an intrusion of altogether the opportunity to correct the erroneous extraneous matter; and to our minds, impressions which his present work is what is of far less importance, a too calculated to leave.



Biblical Antiquities, with some Collateral Sub- | particular those relating to the geography and

jects, illustrating the Language, Geography, natural history of Palestine. The account of and Early History of Palestine. By the modern Judaism also, which the author fears Rev. F. A. Cox, D.D., LL.D. With Maps may be regarded as somewhat irrelevant, is in and numerous Engravings. London: Griffin

our view so excellent and bears so closely on and Co. Crown 8vo. Pp. 502.

the general subject as fully to warrant its This volume constitutes one of the valuable insertion. Nearly two hundred well executed series now being issued in the form of the wood-cuts add very greatly to the utility of the Second Edition of the “Enclycopedia Metro- book; which for its condensed comprehensive. politana.” It furnishes us with the results of ness is the best, as it certainly is the most the most recent investigations in this most readable, book on the subject in our language. important field of biblical inquiry. Many Chronological tables and an index enhance the portions of the volume are very valuable; in worth of the volume.

" 6

The New Biblical Atlas, and Scripture the hope that a second edition may speedily be

Gazetteer; with descriptive Notices of the called for, when they may be rectified. An Tabernacle and the Temple. London: Re- index at the end is, bowever, quite sufficient to ligious Tract Society. Imp. 8vo. Pp. 96. obviate any practical inconvenience from there

sources ; and the typographical department of Twelve large and well executed maps are the work is executed with such clearness and comprised in this Atlas. The atlas is based on the “ Bible Atlas” of Heinrich Keipert, of work a pleasure. Young ministers will find

general excellence, as to make reference 10 the Berlin, who executed the maps for Dr. Robin- the volume useful not only in elucidating a son's - Biblical Researches;" the works of

particular passage of scripture, but in suggesting Berghaus, Ritter, Schubert, &c., having also

trains of thoughts that may very profitably be been consulted. A peculiarity of the work

pursued, consists in a valuable map of the physical geography of Palestine and the adjacent countries, constructed expressly for this Atlas

The Story of Nineveh. By the Author of by Petermann. An accurate and interesting

The Faithful Promiser," " Night Watches," description of each map accompanies it; plans

Morning Watches,&c. Edinburgh : Paton of the tabernacle and temple, and a copious

and Ritchie. Square 18mo., pp. 65, boards. scripture gazetteer also adding to the utility of the work, It is a pity, however, that such

Hoping to induce sabhath-scholars to study valuable maps should be sent out into this

the fulfilled prophecies respecting Nineveh and

listen to the solemn reflections they convey, rough world protected only by a paper cover.,

the author has given a brief view of facts The Synoptical Dictionary of Scripture Paral- brought before the public by Mr. Layard, trylels and References : being an Index of the ing to make long volumes short, and hard Terts of Scripture, classified according to

sentences simple.” Successive chapters treat of their Sense under an Alphabeticul List of the

the Founder of Nineveh-its Greatness—its Various Subjects contained in the Bible :

Repentance in the days of Jonah-its condition each Article being concluded with an illustra

under Sennacherib-the Prophecies relating to tive Series of Appropriate Historical Ec- it-the Discovery of its Ruins-and the comamples : forming thus a Methodical Summary parative degree of Criminality which will be of the Principles, the Doctrines, the Precepts

, imputed to its inhabitants in the day of judgand the Facts of Scripture: and

It is a little work of good tendency, comprising

and the most complete Collection of Parallels and

respectably executed. References. London: Hamilton, Adams, The Tried Christian ; a Book of Consolation and Co. 8vo. Pp. 302.

for the Afflicted. By the Rev. WILLIAM The elaborate title-page sufficiently explains LEASK, author of The Footsteps of the the nature of the work, and it only remains for Messiah.London : Snow, 12mo , pp. 158. us to say that the author has in general wellexecuted the task he assigned himself, and that

The purpose of the author in the composiin our opinion, the volume is calculated to be of tion of this volume has been, to present a good service to the biblical student. The manual which should exhibit the teachings of book differs from the ordinary common-place scripture on the subject of afflictions, and be of books of the scriptures in that they are generally service both to ministers and private Christians. founded on some theological arrangement, He has furnished to the reader a book, clear, whilst this is based on a simple alphabetical impressive, and eminently consolatory in its classification; and in that they put before us

exhibition of those scripture truths which have the language of the texts quoted, whereas this special reference to affliction and trial; and presents us with its purport in a few words. It which, if it have not the pretensions of sore tbus furnishes at one view, in a sort of tabular others, will not, we feel assured, be the least form, the meaning of the various passages of useful of his works. scripture relating to any given subject; having thus a very great advantage over the ordinary Philip Doddridge: his Rise and Labours, A lists of parallel texts. In the execution of thie Centenary Memorial, By John STOUGATON, work the author has shown great impartiality, Author of " Spiritual Heroes," &c. London: and so far as we have followed him, and this Jackson and Walford. Fcp. 8vo.. pp. 257. somewhat minutely, great general correctness. We should have been pleased had there been in

This volume was read in a somewhat consome cases a somewhat more logical classifica- densed form by Mr. Stoughton before the tion of the various subjects, -genera and Congregational Union at its session at Northspecies being frequently made co-ordinate; for ampton last autumn. The aim of the author instance, God, and Titles of God, Christ and was to present an outline of the character and Human Nature of Christ, Holy Ghost and Gift

the times of Doddridge; and all who know the of the Holy Ghost, &c. His choice of some

writer's previous productions will be prepared to terms also is not happy;-Heaven, not appears expect such a volume as we have before us-a ing, but instead, Felicity Eternal. To some little graphic and life-like sketch, sure to interest extent, too, there is manifest what almost and well calculated to instruct. invariably characterizes works of this class,-a too close attention to words rather than things; State Education: What is its Principle? A thus we do not find Christ called Brother, In- Lecture delivered at the Request of a Comtercessor, Example, or Friend. These, however,

mittee of Friends of voluntary Education in are small blemishes, and we mention them in Manchester, and now published under their

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Auspices. By D. M. Evans. Manchester : | The Journal of Sacred Literature. New
Ireland and Co. 8vo., pp. 15.

Series. Edited by John Kitto, D.D., F.S.A.
Manchester, so illustrious a few years since

No. II. January, 1852. London: Black

ader. 8vo. for its advocacy of free trade in corn, is now nearly equally notorious for the energy with

Kitto's Journal this quarter contains a paper which it is maintaining the doctrine of com- on the relative authority of the Hebrew and pulsory education. It is, therefore, with the Greek scriptures of the Old Testament, in greater pleasure that we see that our friend which is an elaborate argument in favour of the Mr. Evans, of Grosvenor Street Chapel, has authenticity of the History of Aristeas, responded to the call of the advocates of volun- narrating the translation of the LXX., by tary education by delivering and publishing a order of Ptolemy by seventy-two Jews in lecture on the principle involved in state tuition. seventy-two days; the historic value of which To this topic he contines himself, after having has been almost universally rejected by bibli. briefly pointed out the sources of the prevalent

cal critics for the past hundred years: and desire for government education. He seeks in which also is a minute analysis of the Old only to convince those whose love of consistency Testament passages quoted in the New. It is strong enough to cause them to shrink from contains also articles on the ministry of angels, & principle, the legitimate consequences of on the inscriptions on the rocks of Sinai, on whích they would deprecate most cordially; and the ancient oriental palaces, on the character. forcibly, and, to our minds, unanswerably, he istics of miracles, on the Rephaim, and on the bas demonstrated that in an appeal to govern

last vision of Ezekiel. There is likewise an ment to educate the people such a principle is article in favour of the divine authority of necessarily involved. The following sentences

Solomon's song; and an interesting paper in embody clearly the line of argument which is which is propounded, in explanation of the ably elaborated in the rest of the lecture. account of the fall, the theory that the serpent

Education, however defined, however limited, was a very early name for Satan, derived from is a part of individual and social training, else the terms of the curse, and that the generally it is nothing at all. It is a step in the process received opinion that a literal serpent was the of development, a contribution to the manufac- instrument of temptation is without any ture of the citizen. Here, therefore, we have warrant from scripture. We need do no more the principle that the subject is made by law. than repeat our often expressed hope that this Laws are enacted, not for man as he is, which Journal, so valuable to thoughtful Christian alone is the sphere of the politician, but in men, will receive the support that it deserves. order to make him what he ought to be, which is Bible Gleanings. By Matilda BASSETT: the principle of universal despotism.”' “ The

Published for the Benefit of the Woolwich great lesson which we have to learn is to have less faith in human law, more in the divine.

Rugged Schools London: Partridge and We would imprint on the memory and con

Oakey. 12mo., pp. 151. Cloth, gilt. science of all, that in a free country laws are

Much tbat is good in sentiment and pleasing made for the government and not for the train. in diction will be found in this volume, which ing of men. Adhere to this principle, and no

is dedicated by permission to the Earl of future social question will disturb your serenity Shaftesbury by one who calls herself". A Ragged

School Teacher." as to its province; violate it in one instance,

Had the lady allowed berand terra firma is no longer beneath your feet." self more time for revision, many of her stanzas We earnestly hope that this lecture may be

would bave been materially improved; but this thoughtfully and extensively perused.

is a process which both poets and poetesses are too apt to neglect. In page 92, we have given

a specimen, extracted from the longest piece, Classical Selections from British Prose Writers; which is founded on the early history of Moses.

chiefly illustrative of the Principles of Intellectual, Civil, and Religious Liberty; of

RECENT PUBLICATIONS Peace, Philanthropy, and Social Advancement. London: Cockshaw. Fcp. 8vo. Pp.

approved. 374,

[li should be understood that insertion in this list is not a Into this small volume are crowded a vast mere announcement: it expresses approbation of the works number of the noblest passages to be found in enumerated.-not of course extending to every particular, but the range of English literature. They all

an approbation of their general character and tendency.) breathe the spirit of liberty and truth: Milton,

The Congregational Year Book for 1851, with an

Almanack for 1852 Macaulay, Hail, Foster, Chalmers, Brougliam, of the Congregational Union of England and Wales,

Containing the Proceeding and Canning, being laid under tribute to furnish

and its Confederated Societies for that year, a book of classical extracts, affording examples together with Supplementary Information respect. of surpassing excellence of style, undebased by ing the Associations, Ministers, New Chapels, association with a feeble and sickly morality. Schools, and Publications of the Congregational For the higher forms in our schools, this book Body throughout the United Kingdom. London:

Published for the Congregational Union of England will prove a great acquisition ; for the railroad

and Wales. Price 18, pp 292. traveller it is admirably suited; and for that large class who if they read at all must do so at The Eclectic Review. January, 1852. Contents: intervals snatched from their occupations, it 1. Early Independency. 11. Homeopathy. III. supplies at the same time excellent food for Memoir of Bishop Stanley. IV. Walpole's Assayrii;

or the Assassins. thought and stimulus to action. The volume

V. Francis's History of the belongs to the series of the Library for the Railwar: VI. Life and Writings of Dr. Chalmers.

VII. Prentice's

VIII. A Times.

Page of French History. London: Ward and Ce.




ruptions by sickness and bereavement, and GENERAL VIEW OF THE MISSIONS."

under some disadvantages, sustain the re

sponsibilities of the Arracan mission. They In the January number of the Magazine have been, or, we trust, will soon be, rejoined published by the American Baptist Mis- by Mr. Ingalls and family. sionary Union, we find an article under this title, which will interest many of our readers. The KAREN Missions, while they continue

to share in the rich blessings which have disIn surveying the state of our missions at tinguished them, have specially to record the the commencement of a new year, as com complete translation of the scriptures into pared with their aspects a twelvemonth since, one dialect, with the prospect that Sgaus and we have special occasion to note the benig: Pwos will both be alike favoured in this renant agency of divine Providence to strengthen spect, at no distant day. But while this our hopes and summon us to fresh and en- "sword of the Spirit” is made ready, there larged exertion. A grateful remembrance are few to wield it. The theological seminary is due of His favour, which is the prime at Maulmain, vacated by the resignation of source and only effectual means of success.

Mr. Binney, remains under the temporary

direction of the members of the mission, who In Burman, the same sovereign Providence give to it all the attention their onerous duties that assigned us that field at the first, still admit. Mr. and Mrs. Vinton returned alone directs our prayers and labours toward its to their labours; another missionary pair cultivation. Rangoon and Ava, that had were about to follow them, when a mys. been closed against us for thirteen years, are terious providence disappointed our hopes. once more opened for the proclamation of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas have joined the the truth. The government, lately so hostile, Tevoy mission. Should Burmah Proper has met our missionaries with marked kind- continue open, the Karen churches in that ness. Through what motives this has come kingdom, hitherto intolerably oppressed, may to pass, and how long the king's countenance he strengthened and enlarged; and the truth will be favourable to them, we cannot tell, which has done so much to weaken hostile But our trust is not in the caprice of earthly superstitions, may make positive and more monarchs. We gratefully accept the present rapid conquests. The recent formation of a auspicious indications as a call to press for Home Missionary Society by the native conward, leaving the issue to God alone. Even verts, to promulgate the gospel among their a brief interval of toleration may suffice to unevangelized countrymen, is in this condo a work that shall bear inestimable fruit nexion a most promising feature. In the hereafter, and the power that restrains the Karen missions generally, we see abundant wrath of man for a moment is able to give proofs of God's power to “save by many or perpetual peace.

by few," and at the same time the evident

want of the many to fulfil the task his proThe other Burman missions, in Tennas- vidence sets before us. serim and Arracan, though with broken and enfeebled ranks, maintain their steadfastness The Siam Mission has passed through and still find an encouragement to advance. more than common vicissitudes. Early in Death has removed Mrs. Knapp on the the year a desolating calamity left it appathreshold of her work in Arracan ; and Mrs. rently powerless. But it would seem to have Stilson, a missionary long tried and highly been forsaken " for a small moment,” to be esteemed for her works' sake, has been taken gathered “ with great mercies." The nature from Maulmain. Mr. Stilson is disabled in a of its work, chiefly preparatory, laying great degree from active labour, and has foundations with toilsome constancy against leave to retire from the mission. Mrs. Jud-great discouragements, may have caused the son bas returned to this country; and Messrs. churches in some measure to lose sight of it. Howard and Haswell are still among us to

The sudden affliction that has befallen our recover such a measure of health as will jus- brethren has awakened a juster sympathy ; tify a resumption of their duties. ' Messrs. I and the termination of a hostile reign and the Wade, Stevens, and Simons, and Mr. Ranney, accession of a monarch who shows a more with their wives, have been favoured with enlightened solicitude for the welfare of his health to prosecute their work. Messrs. people, make this sympathy opportune. We Moore, Knapp, and Campbell, with inter- have reason to look for better days in Siam..


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The historical prominence of the mission, as In Northern FRANCE, Mr. Willard and the second in the order of time, and its local his assistants have found abundant scope for consequence, give it strong claims. The fact all their activity. A small church has again that from its origin until now it has been been gathered in Paris. In the south-eastern singularly guarded by a watchful Providence department Dr. Devan holds on his way from the force of some retarding influences against numerous obstacles. In both departthat have unhappily affected other missions ments the success attained and the prospects there, suggests the belief that there is a opened on every band are such as to justify special work for it to do. Mr. Chandler is enlarged exertions. now in this country, to make arrangements for repairing the loss by fire. Messrs. Jones The German Mission still continues preand Smith, Mrs. Jones and Miss Morse, re- eminent in the amplitude of its returns for main at Bangkok. By the arrival of Mr. the labour bestowed. In the last three years and Mrs. Ashmore the Chinese departmenthas the number of professed believers united in received a needed and effective reinforcement. fellowship in the baptist churches has nearly

doubled. Messrs. Oncken, Schauffler, and The Ningpo Mission, in China, has been Kobner, at Hamburg, and Mr. Lehmann at more than commonly tried by sickness, and Berlin, with pastors and assistants numbering Mr. and Mrs. Lord have been compelled to between thirty and forty, have found the retire for a season from their work. Mr. work expanding beyond their power to exeGoddard is making good progress with the cute it. But a persecuting spirit has again translation of the Bible and preaches re- manifested itself. “ The rulers of the dark. gularly. Dr. Macgowan, though much in ness of this world” are none the less enemies terrupted by the feeble health of his wife, of the truth than heretofore. continues his medical and evangelical labours. The Hong Kong Mission has been more In the GREEK Mission, Mr. Arnold has favoured, both temporally and spiritually. been transferred to Athens. Mr. Buel reIts operations have gone forward without ma'ns at the Piræus. No signal change in interruption, and have been rewarded by a the aspect of their work cheers our brethren, cheering measure of spiritual fruitfulness. but they have grace to continue stedfast, not

casting away their confidence " which shall The Assam Mission has been placed, by have its reward." the return of one and the accession of two missionary families, in a more efficient state Among the Indian Tribes our missions than at any former time. It is by no means present no new feature. The Cherokee equal to the task of cultivating so great and mission continues to enjoy the evidence of promising a field, but the force now engaged God's presence and favour, in calling many is a pledge to Christendom that American to repentance. The Shawanoe mission has baptists are in earnest for the evangelization of been reinforced by the appointment of Miss Assam. Let us seek to redeem it shortly. The Gookin to assist in the Delaware school. missionaries now engaged are Messrs. Brown, Messrs. Bingham and Cameron among the Whiting, and Cutter, at Sibsagor; Messrs. Ojibwas, and Mr. Slater among the Ottawas Bronson, Stoddart, and Däuble, at Nowgong; in Michigan, pursue their laborious and someand Messrs. Danforth and Ward, at Gowahatti. times discouraging tasks.

The Teloogoo Mission, contrary to the There have been years, perhaps, in which earnest desire of the Board and of the Execu- more thrilling messages have reached us tive Committee, has passed through another from one and another mission ; but seldom, year without reinforcement, but not without if ever, has a voice come with such emphasis, evidence that the word of the Lord, there and echoed from so many points, saying, Go, proclaimed, is " quick and powerful.” Mr. work To-Day in my vineyard. Day has been able to continue in his work without material interruption. Mr. Jewett, by the sickness of Mrs. J., has been withidrawn for a season, but by this time, we trust,

Some ladies at Camberwell who support a is again engaged, with his wonted zeal, in South African Working Society have received preaching the word.

from the wife of a missionary in that unhappy

region a letter from which the following is an Though still destitute of missionary super

extract:intendence, our little church among the “Of the state of our country I regret not Bassas, in Africa, has proved its vitality as a being able to report more favourably. The vine of the Lord's planting, by its stedfast prospect appears to get more gloomy every ness in the gospel. Converts, too, have been week. Bloodshed and plunder are going on added to their number. By such an appeal to a fearful extent, the enemy appears to be as these facts present, can none be moved to successful in almost every movement; there go for their help?

are two very strong bodies of Kaffirs in the


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