Failure of Charisma: The Cultural Revolution in Wuhan
Mao's failure to control the Cultural Revolution he unleashed is vividly exemplified by the case of Wuhan, a city plagued by factional violence, paralyzed by workers' strikes, and once officially condemned as a nest of 'counter-revolutionary' rebellion. Many studies of this period recount the pivotal 'Wuhan Incident' of 1967, when a bitter factional power struggle spun beyond to provide an in-depth analysis of Beijing's control. But this is the first book to provide an in-depth analysis of micro-politics in Wuhan from 1966 to 1976, and the first to examine the far-reaching theoretical implications of mass behaviour there. Wang Shaoguang fills a critical gap in the academic literature with his original empirical contribution, which is based on never-before-published archival data, personal interviews with more than 85 former political activists (including well-known factional leaders) and correspondence from his years as a Red Guard in Wuhan. This study demonstrates that Mao's charisma failed because his believers behaved rationally, and pursued, wherever possible (and in his name), their own gains and interests.
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13 September Corps activists alliance Anti-Rightist Campaign April army attack August authorities backward elements Beijing Beijing's big-character poster campaign capitalists central leaders Chen Zaidao Chinese chuanlian CJRB class designation coalition collective action Congress Counter-revolutionary Criticize Lin Biao criticized CRSG Cultural Revolution Dadao elites factory Fangeming February forces former conservatives former rebels Guanyu Hankou HPPC HPRC Hubei interviewees 26 Jiang Qing July June labelled leadership Lin Biao Liu Shaoqi Mao Zedong Thought Mao's March mass organizations middle school Million Heroes monsters and ghosts movement Office participants Party Committee Party member political power holders power seizure provincial and municipal rational Rebel Headquarters rebel leaders rebel organizations Red Guards revolutionary committees Ribao rightists Second Headquarters senior high September 1967 social Strong Faction teams tion units Wang Hongwen Wang Renzhong WMPC WMRC Workers Wuchang Wuhan Incident WWDJ Xinhuagong Xinhuda yuan Zhou Zhou Enlai Zhu Hongxia