Failure of Charisma: The Cultural Revolution in Wuhan
Oxford University Press, 1995 - Political Science - 345 pages
Mao's failure to control the Cultural Revolution he unleashed is vividly exemplified by the case of Wuhan, a city plagued by factional violence, paralyzed by workers' strikes, and once officially condemned as a nest of 'counter-revolutionary' rebellion. Many studies of this period recount the pivotal 'Wuhan Incident' of 1967, when a bitter factional power struggle spun beyond to provide an in-depth analysis of Beijing's control. But this is the first book to provide an in-depth analysis of micro-politics in Wuhan from 1966 to 1976, and the first to examine the far-reaching theoretical implications of mass behaviour there. Wang Shaoguang fills a critical gap in the academic literature with his original empirical contribution, which is based on never-before-published archival data, personal interviews with more than 85 former political activists (including well-known factional leaders) and correspondence from his years as a Red Guard in Wuhan. This study demonstrates that Mao's charisma failed because his believers behaved rationally, and pursued, wherever possible (and in his name), their own gains and interests.
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activists activities army attack August authorities backgrounds became began Beijing believed born cadres called campaign central Chen Zaidao China Chinese CJRB class designation collective action committee Congress conservatives criticized Cultural Revolution Daily December early elements establishment existing Faction factory February fighting followers forces former four hand head Headquarters held HPPC Hubei important Incident individual Institute interests Interviewees issued January July June labelled leaders leadership leading levels Male Mao's March mass meeting middle Million Heroes months movement municipal November October Office once organizations participants Party political positions Press provincial radical rank rational rebels Red Guards result revolutionary revolutionary committees Second Selected September side situation social Strong Faction teams Thought tion units University Wang Workers Wuhan yuan