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DE BOW'S REVIEW

AND

Industrial Resources, Statistics, etc.

DEVOTED TO

CONVERCE, AGRICULTURE, VANUFACTURES, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, POLITICAL,

ECONOMY, GENERAL LITERATURE, ETC.

"Commerce is king."

EDITED BY
J. D. B. DE BOW,

PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL ECONOMY, ETC., IN THE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA,

SUPERINTENDANT U. . CENSUS.

Vol. XIV.-NEW SERIES, Vol. I.

NEW ORLEANS

AND

WASHINGTON CITY.

1853.

9 Mar. 1898. Trof Frances Bowen & Manot fuide

ARTICLES IN VOL. XIV. Dini cha uxor pain, *60/72 Metune yogach. JANUARY—July, 1853.

e pu book selator

UARY

.....,., 258

ART. journal. amilton, ini..

....... 312

85 An: LIForeign

Art. 1.--Tehuantepec and its Title, ......... 1, ART. XXXVI. — British Philanthropy and
By William R. Burwell of Virginia.

American Slavery,....,
ART. 11. --Wisconsin,....

.... 24 ART. XXXVII.-Cotton and the Cotton Trade, By J. Hamilton, late Editor Milwaukie

1853, ................ ...........

ART. XXXVIII.-Commercial Progress,... 290 ART. III.- Free Banking,....

ART. XXXIX.-Internal Improvements,.. 295 By L. McKnight, Esq.

ART. XL.-Manufacturing Progress,.... 299 ART. IV.--Southern Agricultural Exhaustion ART. XLI - Editorial Miscellany,...........

300 and its Remedy,..

34 ART. XLII.--Progress of Ohio, Historical and By Ed. Ruffin, of Virginia.

Statistical............ .... ...... 30. ART. V.-Early Life in the Southwest,....

ART. XLIII.-Florida-its Position, Resources By J. H. Brown, Esq.

and Destiny, ... ART. VI.--The Springs of Virginia,...

T. XLIV.-Early Life in the Southwest,.... 336 ART. VII.- The National Defences as connect.

By J. H. Brown, of indianola, Texas. ed with a System of Internal Im

ART. XLV.-China, in 1653, ................. 339 provements. ....................

By Dr. Ely of New Orleans.
By Major Chase, U. S. A.

ART. XLVI.-The Baltimore Southern Com-
ART. VIII.-Cuba and the United States,......

mercial Convention,............ 373 By W.J. Sykes, of Tenn.

ART. XLVII - The Fiscal History of Texas,.. 380 ART. IX. - Industrial Resources, Statistics, ART. XLVIII.- Progress of the Republic-Cen&c., of States and Cities,...

sus of 1850.....

109,........ ART. X.-Agricultural Progress,...

ART. XLIX.--Commercial Growth and ProsART. XI. - Commercial Progress-Home and

pects of St. Louis, .........

J ......... ..... 391 Foreign,

ART. L. - Commercial Progress-Home and ART. XII-Internal Improvemnents,..

Foreign,..................

399 ART. XIII - Gallery of Industry and Enter ART. L.-Internal improvements, prise.......

ART. LII.--Department of Industry and EnterART. XIV. - Editorial, Literary, Miscellane

prise,.....

.. 414 ous, &c.,........

T. LIII.- Some Editorial Notes............. 415
Art. XV.--The Island of Cuba, Past and ART. LIV.-Independence of Cuba, ........... 417
Present,.........................

By W. J. Sykes, of Tenn. .
By Dr. A. W. Ely.

ART. LV.-Inland Commerce of the Mississippi
ART. XVI.--Ship Canal across the Peninsula

Valley and the St. Lawrence Basin 423 of Florida, ...................... 122 ART. LVI.-Historical and Statistical Collec. By R. Fairbanks.

tions of Louisiana,............... 431 ART. XVII. - Southern Enterprise - Line of

By W, B. Price, of La.
Steamships from Norfolk to Europe 125 Art. LVII.-Direct Trade of the South,...... 437
By B. T. Archer.

ART. LVIII.- Valley of the Amazon,.......... 449
ART. XVIII Progress of the United States-

. By Lieut. Maury, Washington, D. C. Census of 1850,...

ART. LIX.-Progress-The Past and the Present 461 ART. XIX.-Shull the Valleys of the Amazon ART. LX-Commercial Progress of Baltimore 470 and the Mississippi reciprocate

ART. LXI.-Resources, &c. of Philadelphia 476 trade?......

By Job R. Tyson, LL.D., of Phil.
ART. XX. - Railroad Administration at the ART. LXII. --The Republic of Venezuela,.... 480
South .....

ART. LXIII.-Michigan-Historical and Statis-
ART. XXI.- Free Banking,....

tical,............................ 485
By Logan McKnight.
ART. XXII.--Affairs of the Republic, 1852.... ART. LXIV.-Commercial Progress-Home and
ART. XXIII.-Internal Improvements,,.......

Foreign,. ...
ART. XXIV.-Agricultural Improvement and ART. LXV. -Agricultural Items and Statistics.
Progress,.......

& c .............................. 304 ART. XXV.-Commercial Progress, Home and

Art. LXVI.-Miscellaneous Statistics of Wealth Foreign,.......

and Progress, &c.

...... 512 ART. XXVI.- Department of Industry and En ART. LXVIl.-Editorial Miscellany-Notes, &c. 519 terprise, .....

ART. LXVIII. -- Reciprocal Treaties of Com-
P C ........................
ART. XXVII.-Editorial Miscellanies,........

merce, ............
ART. XXVIII.--Extension of the Sugar Region

Ant. LXIX-New-York in 1852--'53, ........ 53 of the United States,......

ART. LXX.--Valley of the Amazon, ........... 550 By Dr. Cartwright, of New Orleans.

ART. LXXI.-Connection of the Atlantic with ART. XXIX.--Salubrity of Cities Restored b

the Gulf-Interests of Alabama, . . 567 the introduction of Pure Air,..... 208 ART. LXXII.--Valley of the Ohio-Its ConBy Tallasse, of Georgia.

quest and Settlement by Americans, 572 ART. XXX.--City of Louisville, Kentucky,.. ART. LXXIII.-American Steam Marine,..... 576 By J. W. Grayson, of Miss.

ART. LXXIV.- Resources, &c., of Philadelphia 587 ART. XXXI.-Progress of the Repub lic--The ART. LXXV. --Slavery and Slave Statistics of Census of 1850,....

.... 219

the South,....... Art. XXXII.-- Decisions of the Supreme Court ART. LXXVI. - Oregon and the Territory of of Louisiana, ...

Washington, on the Pacific, ...... 599 ART. XXXIII.-- Wisconsin, and the growth of ART. LXXVII.-Home and Foreign Commerce 605 the Northwest,....

ART. LXXVIII. - Our Agriculture, Statistics, By J. H. Lathrop, of Wisconsin.

&c........... ART. XXXIV.--The La Plata and the Parana

ART. LXXIX.-- Manufactures and Mines, ..... 618 Paraguay, ...

.. 238 | ART. LXXX.-Internal Improvements,.. .623 By E. A Hopkins, U.S. Consul.

ART. LXXXI.-Editorial, Literary, Miscellane-
ART. XXXV.--Commercial Growth of Boston, 231 ! Ous, &c. ............................... 23

.... 136

ART. L'YIC: J. Fox, of Michi- ........Statis. sc.

... 494

..

...

"...

..

..

..

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.

.

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INDEX TO VOL. XIV.

JANUARY-JULY, 1853.

........ 473

. 426

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of......

139

Agricultural Exbaustion - Remedy for Baltimore-Value of Foreign Insports and

Southern ........................... 34 Exports at.....
Agricultural Improvement-Progress of,... 175
Agricolture- via Hudson, value of........

Cuba- United States and
Agriculture-Items and Statistics of..... 507

Cotton-Crop, consumption of............ 71 Amazon—Valley of the...... Amazon-Valley of the..................

Convention-Macon Agricultural........... Amazon-Climate. Productions, Rivers and

Coal-Consumption by Sea Steamers of .... Canals of..........................

Chicago-Railroads aiming in the direction Amazon and Mississippi Basins compared..

Charleston-Table of Mortality in........ Amazon-Valley of ihe Mississippi, and of the.....

.. 136

Cuba-Past and Present- The Island of... 93 Amazon-Fertility of the Upper,.........

Cuba-Geography and Natural History of.. 95

.. 137 Amazon-Navigation of the...............

Cuba--Physical Aspects, Geological Forma

tions of............................. Adnexation Policy of Cuban,........... Alabama-Remarks in relation to manufac

Cuba-Animal and Vegetable kingdom of.. 99 taring advantages of,................

Cuba-Gold, Silver and Copper Mines of... 101 Alabama-Direct trade and exchange com

Cuba—Population of principal towns, and of the Island of..........

103 pany of ............................ Abolition Tactics-An account of,.........

Cuba-Division of Classes in.....

104 Abolitiouism-Probable repudiation by Eng.

Cuba–Treatment of Slaves, Classes of Noland of ............................. 289

bility in.......

105

Cuba-Manufactures of, Railroads of...... 106 Arequin-Defecating Cape Juice, method of 203 Atmosphere-Purity of the upper,........

Cuba--Currency of, and Education in..... 107 Assen-Number in U. S. of,..............

Cuba-Exports of Sugar, Mulasses, Brandy,

Coffee and Wax from.............--- 109 Arkansas-Internal Improvement Policy of Atlantic States-Tonnage of the..........

Cuba--The Coffee Plantations of.......... 111 Cuba-Tobacco and other agricultural productions of.....

... 112 Banking-Free......................... | Cuba-Importations from United States to. 113 Banking-Free...: ......... 151 Cuba-Tariff of.........

.. 114 Banking-Proofs of inefficiency of Free.... Cuba-Port Charges, Crown Revenues of.. 115 Banks.. Liabilities, Resources, Securities of Cuba-Total Income and Taxation of...... 115 New York..

153 Cuba-Revenues of the Church, state of Bean-Col. Ellis P.-Sketch of Life of....

Religion in.......................... Book Notices..............:

| Cuba-The Fortresses of....... Book Notices................ .....

Cuba-Civil, Judicial, Military and Ecclesi. Ban:rost, Geo.--Letter fr

91 astical government of................ Brandy-Exports from Cuba of...... 109 Cuba-Independence

dence of.....

417 Belgiam-Census Statistics 1845 of.... 129 | Cuba-Arguments considered in favor of Brazil-Treaty between Peru and..... 239 Annexation of...........

421 Brazil-Policy of........

459 Copper Ore--Exports from Cuba of....... 101 Batter-Export of.....

226 Copper-Mining Companies of.......... 493 Boston-Commercial growth of.... ....... 251 Coffee-Exports from Cuba of............ 110 Boston-Coastwise and Foreign Trade

Coffee-Iinports into Boston of............ 252 of............................ 252

....... 252 to 258 Coffee-Exports from Havana of.......... 502 Boots and Shoes-Cleared at Boston Cus Colored Persons--Expectation of Life for., 132 tom House, of...

........ 257

Census-Cost of Sixth and Estimate of British Philanthropy, American Slavery and 258 Seventh..... British Workmen-Misery and degradation Census-Returns of the.................

...... 219 of...................

269 | Charleston-Mr. Gourdin's statement of adBale Rope, &c.-Receipts at St. Louis of.. 392

vantages of railroad of E. Tenn. and... 167 Bacon- Value of, received at N 0........ Charleston—The Exports of.............. 405 Baltimore-Southern Commercial Conven Charleston-Commerce of.... tion of.....

Cotton--Cultivation in Trinidad of....... 178 Baltimore-Commercial Progress of....... Cotton-Imports into Bostou of........ 253 Baltimore-Receipts of Coal at........... Cotton Crops- Importance to England of Baltimore--Receipts of Cotton, Coffee and

American ......... Hides at.....................

Cotton Trade-Cotton and the............ 280 Baltimore--Receipts of Guano at......... | Cotton-Crop of U. S. American Exports, Baltimore-Receipts of Lumber. Flour,

value and price of..... Whiskey, Molasses, Sugar, at......... 91%

Cotton-English Imports from East Indies, Baltimore-Vessels arriving at.....

Egypt, Brazil, &c., of..............

155

117

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Bricom House

.......... 164

126

277

.....

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........ 226

299

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605

.... 519

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Cotton-Supply of 1851 and estimate for Colonies-Great Britain and her........

139
1852 and 1853 of.................... 285 Cigars-Exports from Havana of........

502
Cotton-Stocks of....

285 Cayenne-Lecture on French.......... 505
Cotton-Deliveries to the Trade at Liver Crime-Slavery as punishment for........

512
pool of.........

California-Population and Resources of...
Cotton-Deliveries to the Trade at Havre of 285
Cotton-- Americain consumption and con Davis, Jefferson-Notice of Address of.... 90

sumption out of England, &c., of...... 283 Dairy-Exports of the U. S. of the products
Cotton-World's consumption of.......... 286 of the....
Cotion-Estimated crop of 1853 of........ 287 Dye Woods-Imports into Boston of...... 253
Cotton-Henry's estimated world's supply

Dry Goods-Domestic trade of Boston in.. 253
for 1853.........................

288 Disasters--List on Western waters of steam
Cotton Bagging-Substitute for...........

and other boats..

294
Cotton-Value received at New Orleans of Direct Trade-Advantage to South of.....
Cotton-Extraordinary crop of.........

Diamonds-Yield from Brazil of.......... 459
Cotton-Consumption for 1852 of...

Detroit-Imports and Exports of.......... 494
Cotton Gin-Early History of............
Cotton Trade-Statistics of............... 609 Ericsson, Capt.-Description of Caloric En.
Cotton-Interesting Reminiscences of..... 613 gine of.......
Cotton-New Description of..............

616 England-Pauperism in Wales and....... 135
Commerce-British-British and American Editorial Notices-Fair of S.C. Institute &c. 86
compared.................

.... 291-2 ! Editorial Miscellanies - Notices of Fairs,
Commercial Progress---Home and Foreign. 181 Books, Addresses, &c................ 189
Coinmercial Progress-Home and Foreign. 399 Editorial Miscellany-- World's Fair, &c... 300
Commercial Progress-Home and Foreign. 494 Editorial Miscellany-Notices of Books... 415
Commerce-Reciprocal Treaties of........ 525

.... 525 Editorial Miscellany-Letter from Rome,
Commerce-Home and Foreign.........

Gayarre's Historical Labors, Notices of
Cincinnati--Commerce of.

183

Books, &c.........................
Canada-Revenue and Expenditurs of.... 185 Editorial Miscellany

.... 628
Canada-Proposed.Reciprocity Treaty with,
and propriety of extending to other

Florida-Late Census of................. 67
Colonial Possessions........

528 | Florida--Average value of cultivated lands of 67
Canada-Currency of.........

612 Florida-Area of......
Chili-Exports and Imports of..........

185 Florida—Ship Canal across the Peninsula of 122
Ciries-Salubrity of .....................

208 Florida--Topographical Survey, 1827-8, of 123
Churches—Number of....

2:21 Florida--Advantages of direct route across 125
Churches-Value of the Property of....... 221 Florida--the Position, Resources, and Des.
Cows-Number in U. S. of...

226 1 tiny of................ ............ 312
Cattle-Number in U. S. of Milch Cows, Florida - Military Defences, Land Titles,
Working Oxen and other...-........

226 Removal of Indians of............... 313
Cheese-Exports of.........

226 Florida-Banks and Commercial Restric-
Coal-Imports into Boston of......... 253 tions of........

-... 315
Coal-Receipts at Baltimore of...

471 | Florida-Improveinent of Harburs and Riv.
Corn Meal-Receipts and Exports at Boston

ers of.......
of..................................

256 Florida-Water Communication of........ 317
Corn-Receipts at Boston of........ 256 Florida-Reclamation of Sugar Lands of... 318
Corn-Census returns 1850, of.......... 390 Florida-Projected Roads, Canals, and Ship
Corn-Receipts at St. Louis and prices of.. 394

Railway in.....................:
Chicago-Breadstuffs received at........ 295 Florida-Projected Central Railroad through 321
Colt, Čol.-English demand for fire arms of 301 Florida-Estimated cost of the Great Central
Clay-Monumental Association in honor of 301 Kailroad of........

............. 323
China-Principal divisions of.......... 339 Florida-Population of, Property wrecked,
China-Rivers, Lakes, and Public Works of 341 Fisheries, &c., of.......
China-Filthiness of the people of........ 343 Florida-Public Lands in....
China-Appearance of the country in,..... 344 | Florida-Condensed Census returns of....

328
China-Census of ihe nineteen provinces of 344 Florida-Statistics of Commerce and Navi-
China-Animal and Vegetable productions of 347 gation in, Imports and Exports of..... 399
China-Geology, Government and Laws of 349 Florida-Finances of.....

331
China—The Code of..

........ 350 | Florida-Swamp and Table Lands of...... 331
China-Sacredness of the Emperor's person Florida-Account of the Salt Region ol.... 332
in........
Florida--Sisal Hemp of.......

333
China--Revenues of....

354 Florida-Indian River country of......... 333
China-Rates of Taxation, Items of Expen Florida Coast_Vessels wrecked on the.... 402
diture, Salaries in...

Florida-Sea Island Cotton of......
China-Industrial occupations of.... 358 France-Commerce of.......
China-Imports and Exports of........ France-Imports and Exports of.... ... 73
China-U.Ş. trade with..................

359 France-Population from 1801 10 1851 of... 129
China-Opiurn War of...................
351 1 France-Discounts of the Bank of........

499
China-Peculiarities of religion in ...... 367 | Fair So. Carolina Institute-Notice of..... 86
China--Language, Education and Litera | Farming Implements-Value in U.S. of... 223
ture of......
369 Fish-Trade of Boston in...

254
China-Voluminous literature of......... 372 Froil-Imports at Boston of....

254
Coinage-United States for 1850, Mint,..... 404 Flour-Receipts at Boston of........... .. 255

.... 327

3:28

........ 353

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.. 509

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INDEX.

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.......

161

301

...........

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129

Flour-Exports from Boston of........... 255 Kenosha-Imports and Exports of........ 27
Flour-Receipts at St. Louis, and prices of 394 Kentucky-Early Character of.......... 213
Flour-Baltimore Inspections of.......... 472 Kentucky-Number of Hogs, 1852, in..... 218
Fisheries- Statistics of the............... 503 Kennedy, J. C. G--Letter from.......... 328
Female Teachers--Proposition in favor of.. 303 | Kentucky-Minerals of.................. 618
Forest-Value of Products of the........ 426 Key West --- Advantageous position as a

"Naval Depot of.....................
Garay, Don Jose de-Grant of right of way to ?

Kerr, Major Jas.-Biographical Sketch of.. 336
Garay Grant Particulars of- ....... 12-13–14
Great Britain-Revenue Returns of....... 77

70 Longworth--Description of Wine Cellars of 73
Great Britain--Vessels employed in the

| Lincoln, Mr.--Views in relation to Railroad
Foreign Trade of........

Grants of ........................... 79
Great Britain-Census of 1851, population of 127

Lands--As affected by Railroads, value of 80
Gallery of Industry and Enterprise-Sketch

Lynchburg, Va.-Liabilities and Resources
of Maonsell White..................

ot,......

83
Gallery of Industry and Enterprise-Alex.

La Plata--Free Navigation of

137
Mouton, of La........

Letters--Paid and Unpaid................

..... ....
Georgia--Earnings of the Central Railroad of 173

Louisiana--Slip Building in...

181
Georgia-The State Fair of..............

Louisiana - James Robb's Letter on Rail-
Georgia - Southern Central Agricultural

roads of....

623

Louisiana-The best in the world, the sugar
Society of...............

of ........
Georgia - Agricultural Prospects of ........

..... 207
Georgia-Southern Central Association of

Louisiana-Decisions of the Supreme Court

01.......
Grasses-Cultivation of.....

........... 228
Gold-Movements in Great Britain of new

Louisiana--Historical and Statistical Collec-

tions of............................. 431
Galena-Lead Mines of.........

Louisiana-Sugar culture of.............. 507

Louisville, Ky.--Compared with N. Orleans 83
Hargous-Peter A., of New York, convey.

Louisville, Ky.- The City of.............
ance to.......................... Louisville, Ky-Population of.......... 212
Hoyt, Hon. Olis-Extract of Speech of....

Louisville, Ky:-Enactment of Virginia in
Hot Springs-Analysis of....

reference to.........

213
Houses-Number in 1850 in U.S. of.......

Louisville, Ky.- Comparison of-mortality
Houses-Number in 1851 in Great Britain

of.........

........
and Ireland of.......

Lonisville, Ky.-Canal of Portland and.... 215
Houses-Number in 1846 in Belgium of...

Louisville, Ky-Churches of.............. 217
Houses-Number in 1850 in Prussia of.....

Louisville, Ky.-Business of.............. 217
Health-Preservation of....

Louisville, Ky.--Quantity of Tobacco re.
Hides Imports into Boston of............

ceived at...

........... 217
Hayti-Commissioner Walsh to Dan. Web.

Louisville, Ky.-Report of public health of 218
ster in relation to.......

Land-Value in U.S. of improved and un-
Henry, Geo. G.-Cotton Circular of.......

286
improved.........

222
Hem-Specimens of Sisal............... 333

Land-Average cash value per acre in U.
Hemp-Receipts at St. Louis and relative

8. of.....

222
prices of..........

Live Stock-Value in U.S. of........ 227
Hemp Valaes received at New Orleans of 426

Leather--Receipts at Boston of...........
Havana-Commerce of...-...............

Lakes-Losses on the........
Hones-Exports from Havana os......... 502

Lake Trade-Duties received from.......

294

Lake-Duties collected at the chief towns
Internal Improvements-System of National

of the.....
Defences as connected with .......... 54 Lakes—Table of Length, Breadih, Depth
Internal Improvements-Railroads........ 166 and Elevation of the................. 486
Internal Improvements--Texas, Arkaneas, Lakes-Distances from tide-water of the.. 486

Mississippi Railroads.. .......... 295 | Lakes-Commerce of the................. 494
Internal Improvements-Tehuantepec. New Lead--Receipts at St. Louis and prices of.. 393

Orleans and Western, Memphis and Lead-Production of the "Upper Mines" of 403
Holly Springs, S, C., Macon and Wes: Lard-Value of, received at New Orleans. 426

ern, &c., &c.......... .......... 407 Lumber- Monthly receipts at St. Louis for
Industry and Enterprise-Departments of.. 186 1852, of ............................ 397
Iron-Total receipts at Boston of......... 157 London-Prices of commodities in........ 499
Iron--Rise in Railroad....

298
Iron-Importations of bar and average cost Mexico-Congress of..declare the Garay
of ..........

... 495

treaty void.....
Ireland-Census from 1821 to 1851 of...... 127 Mexico, Gulf of-Connection of the Atlantic
Ireland-Depopulation of......

with...............,

.......
Interior--Value of Property sent from Sea. Milwaukee-Population of.........
board to the .........

.. 427 Milwaukee-Imports and Exports of...... 26
Ipecacuanha-The region of, and value of.. 457 Manitonwoc-Imports and Exports of...
Ice-Exports from Boston of............. 258 Mineral Waters---Classification of.......

Memphis-Railroad Meeting at........... 79
James River Capal-Xotice of............ 87 Memphis--Southern Commercial Conven-
Japan-Purpose of the Expedition to...... 159

tion Meeting at.........

.......... 304
Jamajca-Degeneration of.............. 263 Memphis-Purposes of the Convention at.. 524

11

...... 392

293

Defences assements m

as. Arkansu

........ 262 !

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