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CHAPTER XXII

RESTRICTIONS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE

TARIFFS-THE INFANT-INDUSTRIES ARGUMENT-THE HOME-

MARKET ARGUMENT—THE WAR ARGUMENT—THE TARIFF

AND WAGES.–THE ANTI-DUMPING ARGUMENT-A PROTEC-

TIVE TARIFF INVITES RETALIATORY TARIFFS-THE PROTEC-

TIVE TARIFF AND MONOPOLIES-WHO PAYS THE TARIFF 2–

PROTECTION SELDOM INCREASES THE TOTAL INDUSTRIES

OF A COUNTRY-CONCLUSION.—SUMMARY

CHAPTER XXIII

MONOPOLIES

DEFINITION OF MONOPOLY-MONOPOLY PRICES.–CLASSIFI-
CATION OF MONOPOLIES-PERSONAL MONOPOLIES-PRI-
VATE LEGAL MONOPOLIES-PATENTS-COPYRIGHTS-PUB-
LIC LEGAL MONOPOLIES.–NATURAL MONOPOLIES-NATURAL
MONOPOLIES OF LOCATION−NATURAL MONOPOLIES BY
NATURE OF THE BUSINESS—THE WATER MONOPOLY-GAS
AND ELECTRIC SERVICE—THE TELEPHONE BUSINESS—
STREET RAILROADS–PUBLIC VERSUS PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
OF NATURAL MONOPOLIES.–PUBLIC CONTROL OF NATURAL
MONOPOLIES.–LIMITS TO REGULATION OF PRICES-RAIL-
ROAD MONOPOLIES-THE TRANSPORTATION ACT OF 1920–
GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF RAILROADS—TRUSTS, OR CAPI-

237.

CHAPTER XXX

SOME PROPOSED RADICAL ECONOMIC CHANGES

THE SINGLE TAX-ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE SINGLE TAX—

ANARCHISM-COMMUNISM – SOCIALISM – ARGUMENTS FOR

SOCIALISM EXAMINED–SUMMARY .

CHAPTER XXXI

PUBLIC FINANCE

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FINANCE COMPARED–THE BUDGET-

GROWTH IN PUBLIC EXPENSES-PUBLIC REVENUE–ADAM

SMITH's CANONS OF TAXATION.—DIRECT AND INDIRECT

TAXATION–TAXES ON IMPORTS-EXCISE TAXES-INCOME

TAXES-INHERITANCE TAXES-TAXES ON REAL ESTATE–

TAXES ON PERSONAL PROPERTY-A PROGRAM OF TAXA-

TION.—EXEMPTIONS FROM TAXATION.—TAXES ON SALES—

PUBLIC DEBTS-THE LIBERTY AND VICTORY LOANS-SUM-

MARY - - - - - -

CHAPTER XXXII

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC BETTERMENT

RECENT SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROGRESS—METHODS OF

ECONOMIC PROGRESS—INCREASED PRODUCTION SHOULD

BENEF11 ALL . . . . . . .

APPENDICES

APPENDIX I–INDUSTRIAL REPRESENTATION PLAN OF THE

FACTORY OF THE GOODYEAR TIRE AND RUBBER COM-

PANY, AKRON, OHIO . . . . . . .

APPENDIX II—AMERICANIZATION.—WHAT IS IT?

INDEX

3I3

3.25

35I

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