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Gill, bis illustrations of the phrase

compared with the Arabic and AraTasle of Death, 498.

maean, 493.

Hebrew Grammar Gnostics, origio of the name, 277. illustrated by Syriac, 492. And

Opinion of Arnold respecting them, by Arabic, ib. 278. Of Mosheim and Brucker, Grammars, the best Syriac, notices 279. The name shewn to be first of, 531. used in the Second Century, 281. Grerk Version of the 0. T.; see SepTestimony of Clemens Alexandri- tungint. nus, as to the time when the Gnos- Gregory Barhebraeus ; see Abulpharatic heresy prevailed, 282. Of He- gius. gesippus, 284. Of Firmilian, 286, Grotius, his method of exposition, 287. Of Tertullian, 291–293.

467. Date of the Gnostic philosophy Habakkuk ; see Minor Prophets. proved not to be so early as the Haggai; see Minor Prophets. time of the Apostles, from the si- Hammond, Dr., undue eagerness of, lence of the writers of the First to find traces of the Gnostics in the Century, 293. Difficulty of ascer- N. T., 318. taining the real opinions of the Hanlein, character of his IntroducGnostics, and reasons for this, 302, tion to the N. T., 13. 303. Their tenets supposed by Hardain; see Mabog. some to have been derived from Hassencamp, points out an error of J. the Jews, 304, 305. By others, D. Michaelis, 523. Writes a book from the Greeks, 305, 306. Rigid against bis Introduction to the N. in their lives, 372. Cause of the T., ib. Proposes a Collection of occasional resemblance between Testimonies from the Syriac Fatheir language, and that of the sa- thers, ib. Favourable notice of cred writers, 385–387. Their sys- him by Michaelis, ib. tem too absurd, and too refined, to Hebraisms, improper application of have been a subject of discussion the word, 497. Treatise on, cited, with the Apostles, 388–391. That 501. mode of interpretation which finds Hebrew Language, the Scriptures of them in the sacred writings, too the 0. T. the only repository of it, laboured and artificial to be true, 151. Importance of Syriac for 391. Their doctrines derived from its illustration, 486–490. Exama threefold source, 394396. Ap- ples of this, 190—492. 513 s. 526. parently contradictory statements Influence of the Aramaean on the of the ancient ecclesiastical writers Hebrew, 495. on this subject, reconciled, 396. Hebrero Grammar, illustrated by Sy. The origin of the Gnostic heresy riac, 492—495. The Nun Parato be traced to Egypt, 397. The gogic of the Preterit, 493. Vowels number of the Gnostics not great, and diacritical marks, 495. Con398. Their various sects

sonants, ib. Illustration from the profitable than injurious to Chris- records of Palmyra, 493. tianity, 399.

Hegesippus, testimony of, as to the Gradation, of future rewards, 255. date of the Gnostic heresy, 284, 268.

When he lived, ib. Testimony of Grammar, importance of its know- Eusebius to his character, 285.

ledge, 163. Tbat of the Hebreir.


Heresies, what St. Paul means by partment of learning, 7. When the thein, 288 s.

name Introduction was first used, Hermas, cites the Eldad and Medad, ib. First important steps in treat31.

ing this subject, 8. Other nations Hierapolis; see Mabog.

far behind the Germans, in their Hieruzoicon, of Bochart, 129 150 ss. prosecution of it, and why, 14.

Its publication, 134. Editions of, Isaiah the epithets applied to him by 157.

Philo, 56. His writings found in History. Ecclesiastical and Civil, the the Canon of Philo, Josephus, Meli

great light shed on it by Syriac li- to, Origen, Jerome, and the Talterature, 517-522.

mud, 19. 76. 84. 87. 91. 94. Is Hoffmann, A. T., his eminence as a quoted in the N. T., 100 s. His

Syriac scholar. 531. The excel- style, 21 s. Estant in Greek, at a lence of his Syriac Grammar, ib. more recent date than the books of His brief history of Syriac Lite- M ses, 48, Character of the Seprature mentioned, 530.

His re

tuagint Version of, 430 s. I:s pemark on the Paragogic Nun of the cularities, 404–410. Use of it by Preterit in Syriac, 494. And on the N. T. writers, 410 s Charac" the matres lectionis, 493.

ter of the translation of Isaiah by Hoheisel, notice of his work on Isai- Symmachus, 411 s. By Aquila, ib. ah, 478.

By Theodotion, ib. Antiquity of Hosea ; see Minor Prophets.

the Chaldee Version of, defended, Houbigant, his character as a biblical 412-415. Its unity, 415—417 critic, 472.

Its character, 417–426. CharacHuet, bis disputes with Buchart, on a ter of the Syriac Version of, 426– passage of Origen, 136. Fond- 429. 431. Whether the author of ness for mythological illustrations this version was a Jew or a Chris. of Scripture, 165. Letter to Bo- tian, 429–431. 507. Character of chart, on the abuse of etymology, Jerome's Latin Version of Isaiah, 165. Journey to Sweden, 124 ss. 431 s. Age of the Arabic Version Origeniana, 128. Effect of Bo- of Saadias, 432. Its character, 433 chart's Sacred Geography on him, -437, Remains of the Old Latin 120.

Version of Isaiah, 438. Its characHug, J. L., character of his Intro- ter, 438 s. Arabic Version of, 439. duction to the N. T., 13.

Age of, 439 s. Peculiarities of, Hymenaeus, not among heretics, and

440 ss.

Its external character, 442 Case of, considered, --445. Observations of the Fathers 349.

on Isaiah, before Origen's time, Inspiration, the manner in which chiefly doctrinal, 446.

Character Philo expresses bimself, in regard of the work of Eusebius, 'rFourúpedeto it, 53. See Canonical.

τα εις Ησαΐαν, 447-449. The Interprelation, rules of, exemplified, Commentary of Cyril of Alexan166.

dria, 449. The Commentaries of Introduction, to the Bible, meaning Theodoret, 449 s. Those of Proof, 3. How this species of learning

copius of Gaza, 450.

The Comis divided, ib. Proposed fourfold mentary of Jerome, 450 ss. That division. 4 s. Nature of a practical of Ephrem Syrus on the Syriac Introduction, 6. Origin of this de- Version of Isaiah, 454 s. Remarks

why, 289.

non, 89.

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of Jarchi on Is. vi. 1–6. and vii. Placed among the Prophets, by the 1--9., 457-459. Of Aben Ezra on Taimud, 94. Together with the the same, 459 s. Character and Lamentations constitutes one book, specimens of David Kimchi's Com- Yirmeyah. 88. The apocryphal mentary on Isaiah, 460–462. Of work ascribed to him, 31. The Isaac Abarbanel's, 162–464.


Epistle which bears bis name ne. Luther's, 465 s. of Zuingle's ver was a part of the Jewish Caand Calvin's, 466 s. Of Varenius, 469. Of Vitringa's, 470. When Jerome, arranges the Scriptures under the dialects were first used in the three heads, Law, Prophets and interpretation of Isaiah, 471. Cha- Hagiographa, 90 s. Enumerates racter of Bishop Lowth's work on the books of Scripture, ib. The Isaiah, 472 s. K ppe's edicion of Apocrypha, according to him, 93. it, 473. Paulus Clavis, 473. J. Character of bis Commentary on D. Micharlis' and Moldenhauer's Isaiah 450-453. translations, 475. of the works of Jesus Sirach, translates the Sentences Cube, Käyelius, Seiler. Holster of his grandfather, from Hebrew and Hensler, 476. Angusti's trans- into Greek, 43. His periphrasis, to lation, ib. Eichhorn's theory, in designate the 0. T., ib. regard to the writings of Isaiah, Jeus. after the Babylonian captivity, 476 s. otice of D-reser's transla- divided into Egyptian and Palestion, 477. Of the Latin Versions tine, 39. Notwithstanding their of Döderlein and Dathe, ib. Greve's jealousy, their religious fellowship Work, 477. The works of Hobei- was remarkable, 41. They had sel, Schelling, Arnoidi, schleusner, the same Canon, 41 ss. Their saand Mössler, 478. Schröder's Mo. cred books in ancient times were nograpbie on Is. 11. 16 ss. 479. twenty-two, 70. But afterward Martini on Chap uil. ib. Cha. twenty-fou: , 93. When they agreed racter of Schnurrer and Aurivillius, on the number of their sacred as interpreters of l-aiah, 479.

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books, 30. Did not rank the ApoJacob of Edessa, his recension of the crypha with their sacred books,

Syriac version, 506. When intro- 35. duced, ib.

Jub, known to Philo and the writers Jahn, character of his Introduction, of the N. T., 82. Among the sa

His opinion on the time of cred writings in the time of Christ Jonathan Bep Uzziel, 413.

and the Apostles ib. Cited by Jarchi, time when he flourished, 456. Philo, 57. But not by Josephus,

character of his Commentary, 456 81. Placed after the Song of Sos. His remarks on Is. vi. 1-6. lomon, by Melito, 84. After Ezeand un. 1-9., 457 ss.

chiel by Origen, 87. After the Mi. Jeremiah, bis writings abound in nor Prophets, by Jerome, 91.

Chaldaisms, 21. The subscription Jöcher, his devia ion from the proper to his prophecies, 27. Sp. ken of orihography of a Syrian city, 526. with great respect, by Philo, 56. Joit; ser Yod. And by Josephus, 77. Found in Joel, an original poet. 22. See Minor the Canon of Melito. 84. And of Prophets. Origen, 87. And of Jerome, 91. John, the Erangelist, design of his Quoted in the N. T., and how, 64. Gospel, 353-355. Difference of

11 s



his style in the Apocalypse, from the book of Judges, 80. And of that of his other writings, 373.

Ruth, ib.

Considers Isaiah to be His Apocalypse cited by Ephrem among the sacred books, 76 s. And Syrus, 523.

to be the author of the prophecies John, the Baptist, in what respect in- ascribed to him, 76. Calls Jeremiferior to the Apostles, 183 s.

ah a propnet, 77. And Ezechiel, Jonnh; see Minor Prophets.

ib. Anu Nahum, 78. And Jonah, Jonathan Ben Usziel, his Targum, date ib. Places Ha gai among the sa

of, 412 ss. The work of one au cred writings, 78. And calls him thor, 415 ss. Its character, 417 ss. and Zechariah prophets, ib. PlacContains views similar to some in es Daniel among the regać ze séje pecethe New Testament, 425. Made

Calls the Psalms unvor ois in general from a Masoretic text, Tov Olov, and places them among 425.

the sacred books, 79. Does not Josephus, a contemporary of the mention Proverbs, nor Ecclesias

Apostles, 64. Attached himself to tes, nor the Song of Solomon, 81. the sect of the Pharisees in his Makes no mention of Job, ib. youth, 66. But left it in his ma- Makes use of the Hebrero Books, turer years, ib. A priest, and a sa- in composing his history, 73. gacious investigator of truth, 65. Treats minutely of the Jewish Speaks of two kinds of sacred sects, 295. Makes no mention of writings of his nation, 31 s. His the Gnostics, ib. A passage in his mode of designating the later writ- works corrupted, 335. ings, 31. His use of the word Ca Joshua, enters deeply into the particunon, 65. Speaks of twenty-two lars of the most ancient Geography, sacred books, 67. And gives a ge- 25. What Pbilo calls this book, neral enumeration of them, 71. 55. What Josephus says of it, 78. Speaks' of tbirteen prophets and In Philo's Canon, 55. And in that four hagiographa, 71. His view of Josephus, 78. And of Melito of the Palestine Canon, 64 ss. and Origen, and Jerome, 84. 86. And of the contents of it, 45. 90. Placed in the Canon by the Writings which he places express- Talmud, 94. Cited in the N. T., 98. ly among the sacred books, 76 ss. Jude, cites the Assumption of Moses Writings which he merely cites, and the Books of Enoch, 31 79 ss. Writings which be passes Judges, its provincialisms and barbaby in silence, 81. His celebrated risms, 21. Together with Ruth, passage contra Ap., on the credibi- one book, called Shophetim, 86. 90. lity of the Scriptures, 67. Closes Not cited in the N. T., 64. But the Canon with Artaxerxes Longi. referred to, 102 Philo's view of manus, 30.

And why, 68 ss. On it, 57. Josephus', 80. Quoted by the books of Moses, 76. Says the Philo according to the Septuagint, book of Joshua was reposit-d in 57. The Arabic Version of Job in the temple, 78. On the books of the Polyglots is made from the Kings, 79. Made use of Ezra, 80. Syriac, 509. His book in the Ca. And Nebemiab, ib. Designates the non of bilo, 59 And of Josecontents of Esther, ib. Considers phus, 83. And of Melito, 84. Of it to be the latest book, of all those Origen, 86. And of Jerome, 90. in the 0. T., 80. 69. His view of And of the Talmud, 94.

Kimchi, time when he flourished, part derived from valuable MSS.,

460. Character and specimens of ib. his Commentary on Isaiah, 460– Lamentntions of Jeremiah, appended 462.

to the Prophecies of Isaiah, 59, Kingdom, heavenly, had long been 87. Not so in the Taimud, 94.

expected by Christ's hearers, 171. Not cited by Philo, 58. Merely The sources of this expectation mentioned by Josephus as a book pointed out by Josephus and Ta- composed by Jeremiah, 79. But citus, 172. The Messiah's king- is to be considered a part of his dom sometimes called the King- Canon, 83. And was in that of dom of the Father, and why, 173,

Origen, 87.

And the Talmud, 94. 206. Why sometimes called the Not cited in the N. T., 102. Kingdom, 174. Erroneous opi- Lardner, controversy of, with Minions prevalent, in Christ's time, chaelis, respecting a certain pasrespecting it, 174. Its commence- sage in Irenaeus, 281. Unfavourment, 180, 185 In what sense it able notice of him by J. D. Miwas present during John the Bap- chaelis, 523. tist's time, and Christ's residence Latin Language, pronunciation of, on the earth, 180, 181. In what 113 s. 495. passages that more comprehensive Le Clerc, notice of his Commentary, sense of the Kingdom of heaven 472. obtains, by which it includes the Lee, Prof., his opinion of the imporwhole of Christ's history, 183. tance of the Oriental Languages, Perpetuity of Christ's Kingdom, 533. 186—196. Its extent, 197–199. Levilicus ; see Moses. Greatness and power of its admi- Lericons, the best Syriac, 532. nistration, 200—206. Into what Lizards, species of, mentioned by periods the Kingdom of Christ, Moses, 153 s. is divided, 206. To what the term Locusts ; 160 s. Kingdom of heaven may pecu- Loudon, Synod of the Reformed liarly be applied, 208.

Church of France at, 129 s. Kings, the first and second books, Lowh, Bishop, character of his work

together called Samuel, 87. The on Isaiah, 472 s. Koppe's edition third and fourth called Vammelech of it, 473. David, ib. The first book called Lucian, silence of, in regard to the the third, by Philo and the Sep- Gnostics, 294. tuagint, 57. How regarded by Luther, his translation of Ephesians, Pbilo, 58 s. In the Canon of Jo- II. 2., 382. When his translation sephus, Melito, Origen, Jerome, of Isaiah appeared, 465. Characand the Talmud, 83. 84. 87. 90. ter of his Commentary on Isaiah,

94. Cited in the N. T., 98. 99. 465 s. His excellencies as a transKirsch, G. W., notice of his Syriac lator, 512.

Chrestomathy, 533. It is derived Mabog, a Syrian city, the error of chiefly from the Chronicle of Gre- Cellarius in regard to it, 524. Supgory Abulpharagius, ib.

posed to be mentioned by Pliny, Knoes, Gustavus, notice of his Syriac b. Harduin's opinion on the

Chrestomathy, 520. It is in great name. 525. Its changes, ib. The

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