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SURENHUSIUS, in his own 100 sive BIBAOE KATAAAACHE,

in quo secundum veterum theologorum Hebraeorum formulas allegandi, et modos interpretandi conciliantur loca ex V. in N. T. allegata. Amstelaedami, 1713, small 4to.

pp. 712.

MICHAELIS, in his Introduction to the New Testament, Vol. 1.

P. 1, Ch. v. Sect. 1-V. Owen, on the Modes of Quotation used by the Evangelical

writers. Sulegel, in a Treatise printed in the Thesaurus Novus

Theolog. Philolog. P. 11. T. 11. Scott, in his contributions on the subject, found in the

Christian Observer; see the Vols. for 1810 and 1811. Some excellent observations may be found also, in a Lec

ture by Professor Woods, Andover, pp. 32., on “ The Objection to the Inspiration of the Evangelists and Apostles from their manner of quoting texts from the Old Testament."

ESSAY

ON THE

LIFE AND WRITINGS

OF

SAMUEL BOCHART.

BY WILLIAM R. WHITTINGHAM, A. M.

CHAPLAIN AND SUPERINTENDENT OF THE NEW-YORK

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL PUBLIC SCHOOL.

ESSAY,

&c., &c.

Success in giving a tolerably accurate outline of the events of a scholar's life, and some idea of the contents and character of the works on which his fame is built, is all that will be aimed at in the following Essay. The extraordinary reputation of Bochart would, it is true, justify a much more extensive work. His life, although not eventful, contains much that would afford theme for copious remark; and a thorough criticism of his voluminous and most learned works would fill a volume. The imperfect sketch which follows will not do justice to the subject, but it may, at least, furnish a few facts respecting a man who, once the wonder of his age, is now almost forgotten, and excite some attention to books which are at this day more praised than read.

Few men have acquired a higher reputation for abstract learning than Bocharr. At an early period of his life his fame was extended beyond the limits of his country; and on the publication of his principal works, it almost instantaneously obtained the most exalted rank. The most distinguished scholars, in an age which of all before or since excelled in varied erudition, vied with each other in admiring and extolling the eminence of Bochart in the very acquirements for which they themselves were most celebrated. (a) From them the crowd of second

(a) SARRAU, a counsellor at Paris, an accomplished scholar and patron of learned men, says in a letter 10 SAUMASF, as early as March 15, 1645: “Cadomensis BOCHARTUS eruditissimum commentarium in Genes. cap. x. perfecit-in quo--omnigena doctrina--suaviter te afficiel.” – J. L. Fabricy (in Oral. Inaug. de Animarum Immortalitate, in 1660,) says of him “praecipuum aevi nostri dictus sit miraculum, cujus si quis nomen ignoret, aut stupendum cumque summa modestia con. junctum eruditionem non suspiciat, illum penitus aurrer esse oporte at "

rate writers, who depend on their Coryphaei for their judgments and opinions, took the tone; and since that time it would have been literary heresy to consider Bochart as other than a scholar of the first rank. The honourable appellation of the learned”-eruditus-is almost invariably prefixed to his name, and would you give an example of nearly unbounded reading (b) and equal diligence in its application, cite Bochart, and the aptness of the illustration will be immediately allowed. (c)

Considering the exalted station which our author has maintained among the learned,his intimate connexion with a great number of the most celebrated literary characters of his age and country, and his extensive correspondence with eminent individuals, it is rather surprising that no independent biographical account of him should have been given to the world. Within the last half century, many less prominent and less interesting characters have been made the subjects

p. 43,

The opinions of G. J. Vossius, Isaac Vossius, TANAQUIL FABER, LEWIS CAPPEL, Paul COLOMIES, and Meric CASAUBON, to the same effect, are cited by Spizelius, Inf. Lit. p. 917, 919, 925.

(6) In his excellent remarks on the antiquities of the Phoenicians, Bochart appears to bave made no use of a Spanish work on the antiquities of Spain and Africa, by BERNARD ALDRETE, published in 1614; and as this is an opus classicum, B.'s inattention to it must have arisen from ignorance of it. The remark is made by LE CLERC, Bibl. Choisie, V. 369. and 393, and after him by FABRICIUS, Bibliographia Antiquaria

That two of the sharpest critics and greatest readers in the learned world should have so carefully noted a single oversight in BoCHART, and should have been able to discover only one, is a strong proof of the great extent of his reading. Such criticisms are greatly creditable to his learning. They show that its boundaries were those of human infirmity: 'tantum non omnia scivit.'

(c) SPIZELIUS, in that elaborately learned and cccentric work, the Infelix Literatus,' has a chapter entitled 'Soleitia Jugis, sive Literatorum, ingenio pariter ac laboriosa se dulitate aevo nostro maxime illustrium Quadriga nobilissima.' The illustrious four are Isaac CasacRon, Ger. Jo. Vossius, John SELDEN, and Bochart. He speaks of them as “fulgentissima orbis eruditi sidera;" and talks of " quantis (indefatigabili sua studiositate) thesauris universam rempublicam literariam psornarint, locupletarintque." Inf. Lit. Common suy. p. 587.

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