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The state of your affection ; for your passions
Have to the full appeach'd.

Hel. Then, I confess,
Here on my knee, before high heav'ns and you,
That before you, and next unto high heav'n,
I love your son :
My friends were poor, but honest; so's my love ;
Be not offended; for it hurts not him,
That he is lov'd of me; I follow himn not
By any token of presumptuous suit ;
Nor would I have him, 'till I do deserve him
Yet never know, how that desert shall be.
I know, I love in vain : strive against hope ;
Yet, in this caprious and intenible sieve,
I still pour in the waters of my love,
And lack not to lose still; thus, Indian-like,
Religious in mine error, I adore
The fun that looks upon his worshipper,
But knows of him no more. My dearest Madam,
Let not your hate encounter with my love,
For loving where you do, but if yourself,
Whose aged honour cites a virtuous youth,
Did ever in so true a fame of liking
Wish chastly, and love dearly, that your Dian
Was both herself and love ; ( then, give pity
To her, whose state is such, that cannot chufe
But lend, and give, where she is sure to lose ;
That seeks not to find that, which search implies;
But, riddle-like, lives sweetly where she dies.

Count. Had you not lately an intent, speak truly, To go to Paris ?

Hel. Madam, I had.
Count. Wherefore ? tell true.

8 Captious and intenible fieve.] for rotten, which yet is a word The word captious I never found more likely to have been mistain this sense; yet I cannot tell ken by the copyers than used by what to substitute, unless carious the authour.


Hel. I will tell truth; by Grace itself, I swear. You know, my father left me some prescriptions Of rare and prov'd effects ; such as his reading And manifelt experience had collected For general fov’reignty; and that he willd me, In heedfull’st reservation to bestow them, As notes, whose faculties inclusive were, More than they were in note : amongst the rest, There is a remedy, approv’d, set down, To cure the desperate languishings, whereof The King is render'd lost. Count. This was your motive for Paris, was it,

speak? Hel. My lord your son made me to think of this; Else Paris, and the medicine, and the King, Had from the conversation of my thoughts, Haply, been absent then.

Count. But think you, Helen, If you should tender your supposed aid, He would receive it? he and his physicians Are of a mind; he, that they cannot help him : They, that they cannot help. How shall they credit A poor unlearned virgin, when the schools, Embowell’d of their doctrine, have left off The danger to itself?

Hel. There's something hints More than my father's skilī, (which was the great'st Of his Profession,) that his good receipt Shall for my legacy be sanctified

9 Notes, whose fa ulties in which it refers, which makes the

clufive.] Receipts in which fentence vicious, and thews that greater virtues were inclosed than we thould read, appeared to observation.

There's something HINTS i There's something is't More than my father's skill,More than my father's fill

that his good receipt -that his good receipt, &c.] i.e. I have a secret premonition Here is an inference, [that] with- or presage.

WARBURTON. out anything preceding, to


By th' luckiest stars in heav'n; and, would your ho


But give me leave to try success, I'd venture
The well-loft life of mine on his Grace's Cure,
By such a day and hour.
Count. Dost thou believ't?
Hel. Ay, Madam, knowingly.
Count. Why, Helen, thou shalt have my leave and

love :
Means and attendants; and my loving greetings
To those of mine in Court. I'll stay at home,

God's blessing into thy attempt : Begone, to morrow; and be sure of this, What I can help thee to, thou shalt not miss.


And pray



The Court of France.

Enter the King, with divers young Lords taking leave for the Florentine war. Bertram and Parolles.

Flourish Cornets.


Do not throw from you. You, my Lords, farewel ;


2 In all the latter copies these The gift deth stretch itself as lines stood thus :

'tis receiv'd.] The third Farewel, young Lords; these line in that state was unintelligiwarlike frin iples

ble. Sir Thomas Hanmer reads Do not throw from you. You, thus : my Lords, farewel;

Farewel young Lord, these war. Share the advice betwixt you ;

like principles if lotb again,


Share the advice betwixt you ; if both gain all,
Phe gift doth stretch itself as, 'țis receivd,
And is enough for both.

i Lord. 'Tis our hope, Sir,
After well-enter'd soldiers, to return
And find your Grace in health.

King. No, no, it cannot be; and yet my heart Will not confess, it owns the malady That doth my life besiege; farewel, young Lords ; Whether I live or die, be you the fons Of worthy Frenchmen ; ' let higher Italy



Do not throw from you ; you, my might be said properly to inherit Lord, farewel;

the fall of the monarchy. This Share the advice betwixt you; being premised, let us now conif both gain all,

sider sense. The King says, The gift doth stretch itself as 'tis higher Italy;

-giving it the receiv'd,

rank of preference to France ; And is enough for both. ] but he corrects himself and says,

The first edition, from which I except those from that precethe passage is restored, was suf- dency, who only inherit the fall ficiently clear ; yet it is plain, that of the last monarchy; as all the the latter Editors preferred a read- little petty states ; for instance, ing which they did not under- Florence to whom these volunftand.

tiers were going. As if he had let higher Italy faid, I give the place of honour (Those 'bated, that inherit but to the emperor and the pope, the Fall

but not to the free states. Of the last Monarchy ;) see, &c.]

WARBURTON. This is obscure. Italy, at the The ancient geographers have time of this scene, was under divided Italy into the higher and three very

different tenures. The the lower, the Apennine Hills beemperor, as successor of the Ro- ing a kind of natural line of parman emperors, had one part; tition; the fide next the Adriathe pope, by a pretended dona- tick was denominated the higher tion from Conftantine, another; Italy, and the other side the and the third was compos’d of lower : and the two Scas folfree states. Now by the last mo lowed the fame terms of diftince narchy is meant the Roman, the* tion, the Adriatick being called last of the four general monar the upper Sea, and the Tyrrhene chies. Upon the fall of this or Tuscan the lower. Now the monarchy, in the scramble, fe- Sennones or Senois with whom the veral cities set up for themselves, Florentines are here supposed to and became free ftates : now these be at war inhabited the higher VOL. III.



Those 'bated, that inherit but the Fall
Of the last Monarchy; see, that you come
Not to woo honour, but to wed it; when
The brave St. Questant shrinks, find what you feek,
That Fame may cry you loud : I say, farewel.

2 Lord. Health at your bidding serve your Majesty!

King. Those girls of Italy, -take heed of them ;
They fay, our French lack language to deny,
If they demand. * Beware of being captives,
Before you serve.

Both. Our hearts receive your warnings.
King. Farewel. Come hither to me. [To Bertram.

[Exit. 1 Lord. Oh, my sweet Lord, that you will stay be

hind us ! Par. 'Tis not his fault; the spark Italy, their chief town being disgrace and deprillion of those Ariminum now called Rimini upon that have now lost their ancient the Adriatick. HANMER. military fame, and inherit bat the Sir T. Hanmer reads,

fall of the loft monarchy. To Those bastards that inherit, &c. abate is used by Shakespeare in with this note.

the original fenfe of abatre, to Reflecting upon the abject and depress, to fink, to dejes, to fubdegenerate condition of the Ci- due. So in Coriolanus, ties and States which arose out 'till ignorance deliver you, of the ruins of the Roman Em As most abated captives to fort pire, the laft of the four great nation Monarchies of the World.

That won yox without blowus.

HANMER. And bated is used in a kindred Dr. Warburton's observation is fenfe in the Jew of Verice. learned, but rather too subtle ;

- in a bondman's kg Sir Tho. Hanmer's alteration is With bated breath and child merely arbitrary. The paffage

p'ring humbleness. is ccnfessedly obscure, and there The word has still the fame fore I may offer another expla- meaning in the language of the nation. I am of opinion that law. the epithet higher is to be un

Beware of being catderstood of fituation rather than tives, of dignity. The sense may then Before you serve.) The word be this, Let upper Italy, where you serve is equivocal ; the sense is, are to exercise your valour, fee Be not captives before you serve that you come to gaiz honour, to

in the war.

Be not captives bethe abatement, that is, to the fore you are foldiers.


2 Lorde

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