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lawless, rabble, without violating their allegiance, Chap. On the arrival of Lord Mountjoy, and Lundy, his ^ lieutenant colonel, with orders to reduce them, they agreed, after several conferences, to admit him on conditions. Stipulations were made that a free pardon should he granted in. fifteen days; that, in the mean time, two companies only should be quartered ia the city; that the troops, afterwards admitted, should he composed of at least one half protestants; and that all should be left at liberty ^ffeo might vtish to remove.

A spirit of resistance appeared to be diffused from Protestant Deny through: Other parts of Ulster, where associa-""°''3 'ons' tioos were formed under thedire6tionof Mount-Alexander, BJaney, Rawdon, Skeffington, and other leaders. County councils were nominated, and a general council, whieh was to meet at Hillsborough in the county of Down, for the appointment of officers, and; the general direction of affairs. In thejar publications they declared, that they had united &* sei£4efea«e, and for the preservation of their reh> gion; that they resolved to act in subordination to the government of England, and to promote the convention of. a free parliament. At present they were left to their own resources, as no assistance could be procured from England. As Ormond, the great patron of the Irish protestants, was now dead, their applications were mads through Clarendon, a man disagreeable to the prince of Orange, and therefore net admitted to his presence till after various delays, nor otherwise received than with cqldnessc. When the prince at length was obliged


c H A P. to receive a formal address from the protestants of

XXXI. ,'

■ y. '' Ireland, unable in the midst of multiplied difficulties to afford them relief, he returned a concise and phlegmatic reply: "I thank you; I will take care of you." Treachery Terrified, and admonished by his counsellors of ton and the desperate state of James, Tyrconnel, through yrconne. ^ medium of some protestants in Ireland, conveyed intimations to London of his willingness to resign. Richard Hamilton, a catholic general, who had been sent into England to oppose the prince, and had -"become his prisoner, proposed to repair to the lorddeputy and to engage him to abdicate his government; promising in case of failure to return. This general had served with reputation in France, whence he had been ordered to retire, on account of some bold addresses, in the style of love, to the princess of Conti, the king's daughter, and had been hitherto accounted a man of honour; but, on his arrival in Dublin, he assured the chief governor that affairs in England had assumed a very promising" aspecl for the restoration of James, advised him strenuously to maintain his post, and remained to assist him in his military operations. Determined on adherence to James, Tyrconnel yet declared with such warmth to the protestant lords his resolution to submit to the prince of Orange, that Mountjoy was persuaded to accompany Rice, the chief baron, oh an embassy to James in France, to represent to him the expediency of surrendering Ireland to the power then ruling in England. On his arrivalin Paris, Mountjoy was committed fo the prison of the Bastile,'


while Rice solicited succours for the Jacobites, or c"^p


partizans of James; and Tyrconnel, disavowingv^v-*-" the stipulations which he had solemnly made, forced their few remaining arms from the protestants in the districts under his power, who' were also plundered of their horses and other property, and insulted by the soldiery. A son of Sir William Temple, by whose advice the treacherous Hamilton had been sent by the prince into Ireland, was so violently grieved at the effects of his own mistake, that in a paroxysm of remorse he put an end to his existence. • •

In Munster lord Inchiquin, in Connaught lord proceeding* Kingston, endeavoured, at the head of some incon-°estan,spr°" siderable forces, to support the protestant interest in these provinces; while the northerns with greater numbers, but little arms, ammunition, or skill, besieged unsuccessfully Carrickfergus, and proclaimed king William and queen Mary in the northeastern towns. Commanded to surrender their arms, and to dissolve their associations, by a proclamation signed by Lord Granard and some other protestant members of the council, as well as by catholics, and finding themselves threatened by general Hamilton, who marched against them with a formidable force, the northern protestants abandoned Newry, and retired gradually to Dromore, where they were overtaken by the enemy, and, flying from their superior arms and numbers, were pursued with slaughter.' They gained Hillsborough; but quickly abandoning that post, and continuing their flight, they seemed totally broken, some escaping to Britain, others accepting protections from the Jacobite army.


Chap. About four thousand, however, remaining in a body,


>■■' t '> under Mount-Alexandfcr, Rawdon, and other leaders, made a stand at Colerain, on the lower Bann, to prevent the passage of that river by the enemy. To this post lord Blaney conducted his party from Armagh. By his alertness he foiled an attempt made to intercept him in his march by the garrisons of Charlemount and Mountjoy at the pass of Artrea, where having seized the bridge at the moment of their approach, he defeated them with great slaughter. The garrison of Colerain repelled an assault, but abandoned the place, on finding themselves in danger of being surrounded by the hostile troops, who passed the river in boats. The pisotestants. of the north-west had poured into Enniskillen, as their place of refuge; and now those of the north-east effected a retreat from Colerain, by various routes, to Perry.

Since the unfortunate departure of Mountjoy by

lundy. tije treacherous conduct of Tyrconnel, the government of Derxy, and the chief direction of the north-eastern associations, had devolved on Lundv, a man of warm professions of zeal for the protestants, but justly suspected of secret attachment to James, as by an inactive and apparently irresolute conduct, not attributed to real want of courage, he had injured the affairs of the associated northerns, and obliged them to abandon posts thought sufficiently tenable. To this man was William, in the midst of complicated embarrassments, obliged to send a commission to command in Deny; yet this governor declined ifi fcjck£ jmb^tJy lie naths to the new king, under Chap.

*" x" XXXI

p-reJt/ence J^iat he had already sworn on board the \^^s ship of an q§icer named Hamilton, who, together jyiM1 i^W.QonftP^W^ bad brought a supply of arms, ammunition, and money. As the oaths were refused by gome fOther .officers, military and civil, distrust pervaded .ihe peopje, and many were preparing to abandon ;a post which sce-med destined to be betrayed, yriiep Cairnes, ^he^r agent, arrived from London -Wijth assurances .tfiat .troops and supplies were |u<epare,d for the service of Ireland. J^ut when their resotution .jy-as ,fqi;iued for defence, they received the discouraging news of the landing of James with a hos^ije force in funster.

Ti^s ponce, ,pn his (flight from England, hadP'«-"dings Jthrovtm himself into rtbe anns,of the king of France, 1689.' Louis ,the fourteenth, w,ho .entertained him with ^enec(is/jty,.aRd .o^d^red assistance to be furnished in his attempt to regain his dominions. After various .obstacles, and mprtjfying delays D7 the intrigue^ of ministers, he .at length .embarked at Brest, with an twelvehundredof his native subjects and a hundred French pthcers, attended by ten ships of the line, .six frigates, and three ftreships. Louis, at j>a.rtiqg, expressed in $. friendly and sprightly tone jiis.wish tjlat,he might nevei' see Jum again. Louis is also.said tohayc made an offer of a French army, .aod James to iia,ye .replied, wjth aflected heroism, that "- be .wnujd,recover his dominions by the assistance of his own subjects, or perish in >the attempt." Landing at Jfcinsale, on the4welfth of March, afte?


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