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Chap, the officer at the bridge; and such a- weariness of xxxiv. , .. . , . . - .
\M-y__ythe war prevailed, that, alter an unusually furious
fire from their batteries for several hours, the following day was closed with a parley; and an agreement was made for a truce of three days, to give time to the Irish cavalry to take advantage of the capitulation. Capituia- An exchange of prisoners was a consequence of the truce; hut the behaviour of the two parties to such as had fallen iuto their hands appeared on this occasion to have been extremely different. Those, who had been prisoners with the garrison, had been abandoned to famine, disease, and the fire of the besiegers, with wounds undressed, insomuch that the survivors, two hundred and forty, exhibited a hideous spectacle, and many of them died after exposure to'the air: but the Irish, who had been prisoners with the besiegers, had been carefully treated with humane attention. On the third day of the truce the Irish offered the terms of capitulation, on which they had agreed among themselves,. *nd under which were to be included all of their party who had not yet surrendered. As these articles, comprizing an establishment of the Roman catholic religion, were judged inadmissible by Ginckle, who in consequence prepared to renew the siege, he was requested by a second deputation t© make proposals on his part. The garrison with secret pride accepted his liberal concessions as the ground, of a treaty; but Sir Theobald Butler, an acute lawyer, who was appointed to reduce the whole into
form, exceeded his instructions so as to insert many Chap.
particulars in favour of the catholics, which had not **—v—**
been conceded. On the remonstrance of Ginckle, the honour of Sarsfield, conformable to his courage, corrected this obliquity, and reduced the articles to the original sense of the agreement. A proclamation had been prepared by the lords justices, offering terms more liberal still, but suppressed on intelligence of Ginckle's treaty, hence called jocosely the secret proclamation, as, though printed, it was never published. On the first of October these chief governors arrived in the camp at Limerick, and on the third the articles were finally adjusted and signed; the civil by the lords justices, Porter and Goningsby, the military by the general, and all afterwards ratified by their Majesties William and Mary. In a few days after the completion of the surrendry, a formidable fleet arrived from France iri the Shannon, with troops, arms, ammunition, and provisions, for the relief of Limerick, which, if the capitulation had been so long delayed, must have caused a raising of the siege and a dangerous prolongation of the war. Yet the protestants of Ireland were enraged at the concessions made to the catholics, concessions necessary for the state of William's affairs, and probably agreeable to his idea of justice; since, in the contest between the two kings, the catholics, if they had even been indifferent, must have taken a part, and that they should in such a case adhere to a prince of their own religion was altogether natural. These catholics> who had before
N 3 submitted
Chap, submitted on less favourable terms, were mortified;
v—v-—' and those who were so infatuated as to remain attached to the French interest, repented of their surrendry, on intelligence of the French fleet's arrival, which returned home, when the object of its destination was discovered to have been lost.
Articles of The- chief substance of these articles, on which Limerick, and all the other posts in possession of the Irish Jacobites, were surrendered to the new government, were that the catholics of Ireland should enjoy such privileges in the exercise of their religion as were consistent with law, or such as they bad enjoyed in the reign of Charles the second; and that their Majesties, as soon as their affairs would permit, should summon a parliament, and endeavour to procure from it such further security as might preserve them from disturbance in this particular: that all the Irish in this kingdom, in the service of James, should receive their pardon, and exemption from all such actions of debt as might arise from a6ts committed by them, in plunder or otherwise, in the course of the war; and should be reinstated in their properties, real and personal, and in all their rights, titles, and privileges, on their taking of the oath of allegiance enjoined by an act. of the English parliament in the first year of William's reign: that every lord and gentleman, included in the capitulation, should be allowed to carry arms for the defence of his house or person, or amusement in hunting: that the garrison should march away with all the honours of war; and that those, who might choose to
remove remove from Ireland, should be permitted to retire Chap.
•a i • m n n -n • XXXIV.
with their effects to any country except Great-Bn-v^-y—^ tain, in ships provided for that purpose at the expence of the English government. The civil articles amounted to thirteen, the military to twenty-nine. Fourteen thousand Irish, availing themselves of the permission to go beyond sea, bid a farewell for ever to their native country. Ginckle, whose services had been highly meritorious, and Rouvigny, another foreigner, by whom he had been powerfully seconded, were ennobled by William, the former under the titles of lord Aghrim and earl of Galway, the latter under that of lord Galway: but Mackay and Talmash, also of high merit, British officers, were invidiously observed to be neglected by their sovereign.
Authorities for Irish history—Letand—Refexlons— Legislation of the English parliament for Ireland—• A parliament—Lords justices—A paiiiament—» William Molyneux—Ruin of the Irish woollen mar nufatture^—The manufacture ofKnen notaconvpensation—Impolicy of restrictions on Irish industry—* Resumption of the forfeitures—rProceedings of the Irish parliament—Sacramental test—Penal statutes —Violence of party—Tories and whigs—Dispute about the lard mayor's election—Unconstitutional interference of the English parliament
p H A p. X1 ROM the capitulation of Limerick I reluctantly xxxv. ^ pafj. w^ j)0£^or Leian(Jj my faithful guide from
i^r'irish" tne first arriyal of tne Stronbownian English to history, that event, whose history, so impartial as to offend the shallow and violent of every party, is compiled from a great number of original historians and other documents. Through his period of Irish transactions I have chiefly followed his compilation, niore in the matter than the arrangement, comparing it with his authorities, sometimes using his words, as I took pot the least pains either to avoid or adopt his expressions.