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Ch A p. on the other band, declined his Majesty's gracious *—y—'offer, who proposed that themselves should nominate commissioners to take care of all preparations for the service of Ireland. Though pleased with the rojal condescension in this instance, they renewed their addresses; and the king, who, mortified and distracted by contending factions, had once entertained thoughts of relinquishing the English crown, and retiring to Holland, formed at length the more fortunate resolution of committing to his queen the reins of the English government, and of leading in person his forces in Ireland. various Restored gradually to health by wholesome food

operations ^

1690. and warm quarters, the troops of ochomberg were inspirited by the news of their sovereign's intention, and by the successes of the Enniskilleners. These fierce irregulars, having seized and fortified Belturbet, early in the February of 1690, proceeded thence, in the number of a thousand, under the command of the victorious Wolsey, to surprize the town of Cavan; but were unexpectedly intercepted by four thousand Jacobites, led by the duke of Berwick, detached from the main army at Ardee. The northerns, undaunted by this vast superiority, made a furious onset, drove the enemy from the field, and burst into the town. But here their irregularity might have caused their destruction; for, while they were occupied in plundering, the enemy rallied at the fort, and were proceeding to fall upon them in their disorder; when, forced from their


bboty by an effort of their commander, who found Chap himself obliged for that purpose to set the town in XXXII,f flames, the champions of Enniskillen were again collected, and completed their victory with considerable slaughter. In the mean time, with provisions and other necessaries, arrived reinforcements to the opposite armies; to Schomberg seven thousand Danes under the prince of Wirtemberg; to James five thousand French under the count Lausun. In exchange for these, five thousand Irish were sent to France; and James, who seems now to have relinquished the idea of depending solely on his own subjects for the recovery of his dominions, had little reason to rejoice in the exchange, as these auxiliars contemned his authority, and their commander paid little attention to his interest, permitting his troops to live at free quarter.

While the main armies were preparing to face each other in the field, some secondary operations were performed, of which two in particular were adverse to the Jacobites. The only frigate remaining to James of the mighty fleet which had formerly obeyed his orders, was, with all the vessels under . her convoy, laden with merchandize for France, which had been procured by the obtrusion of base coin, captured in the bay of Dublin by Sir Cloudesly Shovel, who had sailed for this purpose from Belfast. The unfortunate monarch had the mortification of being a spectator on this occasion; for, imagining the cannonade, heard from sea, to be caused by some of his subjects of England returning to their

Vol. II. K allegiance,

c H A P. allegiance, he had ridden hastily to the shore at the (head of his guards. The fortress of Charlemount, which had been considered by Schomberg, in his progress toward the south, in the foregoing year, as too strong to be attempted, was in the following spring attacked by Caillemote, a gallant French officer in the service of William, who, taking post on the river Blackwater, streightened the garrison, which was afterwards invested with a closer siege. A vigorous defence was made by Sir Taig O'Regan, the governor, a good officer, though of rude manners, who returned no other answer to the summons than these words, "the old knave Schomberg shall not have this castle." Five hundred men, bringing a small supply of ammunition and provisions to the garrison, gained an entrance to the fortress with little opposition; but were, in their attempts to return, repeatedly driven back. Enraged at their want of success, and dreading a failure of provisions from so many mouths, the governor swore that they must either force their way through the enemy, or remain exposed outside of the castle; and they were obliged to make their lodging on the counterscarp and dry ditch within the palisadoes. Famine at length compelled a surrendry. O'Regan parleyed; and, by shewing to the English envoy a number of casks, apparently full of provisions, yet containing none, except a thin layer deceptiously placed at top, he imposed a belief of his being able to sustain a much longer siege, and was thereby permitted to march from the place with all the honours of war.

The The army of Schomberg received fresh reinforcements of English and Dutch troops, of Brandenburghers from Germany., and was at last rejoiced by the arrival of king William himself, who landed at Carrickfergus on the fourteenth of June in the year 169Q. CHAP XXXIII

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Progress of king WilliamProceedings of king James Reconnoilcring at the BoyneWilliam "wounded Battle of the BoyneFlight of JamesState of DublinProceedings of William-—Foreign transactionsProceedings of the catholicsProgress of WilliamReduction of the south eastern towns Repidse of Douglas at AthloneDescription of LimerickAttack of LimerickArtillery destroyed by Sarsfield— Storming of LimerickRepulseReturn of William from IrelandHis character.

Chap. Having received by Walker an address from ^—^—' the northern clergy, and published a proclamation William, to suppress lawless violence, king William advanced without delay from Belfast, by Lisburne, to Hillsborough. Here a yearly pension of twelve hundred pounds, which was afterwards inserted in the civil list, and made payable from the exchequer, was granted, by his warrant, out of the customs of Belfast, to the dissenting clergy of Ulster, of whom not a few had exerted a zeal and courage against the Jacobites, and all had suffered by the calamity of


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