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Chap, obstinacy of the EnniskilleneFs were' confirmed by *, ,,'j the treachery of Galmoy, Who, having, taken two yonth« with commissions' from Williato, proposed to exchange them for one of his own officers. The latter was returned to hhn, in confidence of his honourable performance of his part of the bargain; but the forme* were executed in a most flagrant breach of faith. The excursions of the Enniskillieners were so fierce and successful,, that the terror of their name reached eVen to the capital; and, having procured arms and ammunition by a victory at Belturbet, and supplies from Kirk, they became such an objecT, that three armies' were employed to attack them at once from three different quarters, tinder three generals of reputation and ability.
From Belturbet Macarthy, from Cohnaught Safsfield, and from the north Fitzjames, duke of Berwick, advanced against Enniskillen. From the ignorance of their danger the protestants of this quarter found their safety. Informed only of the approach of Sarsfield's army, they rushed against it with a rapidity unexpected and astonishing, surprized the camp, and routed the whole body with great slaughter. To impede the progress of Berwick, whom they found advancing on the other side, some companies were sent to seize a post; but these, carried by their ardour beyond the bounds prescribed, were surprized and slaughtered; yet, on the approach of the main body, Berwick thought proper to avoid the shock Of these impetuous troops by a retreat. Macarthy with a victorious army, which had suppressed lord Inchiquin in Munster, continued his
progress, and invested the castle of Crom, on the Chap. thirtieth of July. An officer named Berry, detach- v.., ,y »? ed to its relief, retired from a superior body of the foe, was pursued, was attacked, and was victorious; and, on the arrival of the main bodies on both sides, a general engagement took place near Newtown Butler and Hsnaskea, from each of which places this battle has taken ife name. The troops of Macarthy wer* defeated and pursued with dreadful slaughter by the EnniskUlene.r-s, commanded by Wolsey, an officer .pf Kirk. No (juar-ter in general was given except to .officers. Two thousand fell by the sword five hundred were ifcpw-Ped in the lake, and as many were made prisoners., among whom was the general, desperately wounded, and, in the anguish of grief, expressing a fear Jest his wou&ds migltf not prove mortal.
Irish parliament of James-—Repeal of the a£ts of settlement—Enormous act of attainder—Iniquitous plan of coinage—Attack on the university—Persecution of the protestants—Delay of succour from England—Progress of Schoniberg—He encamps at Dundalk—Calamitous condition of his troops—Military operations—Decampment of Schomberg— Discontents in England—Various operations—Victory of the Enniskilleners—Capture of James's twsscls in the bay of Dublin—Surrendry of Charlemount—Landing of King William.
xxxn? While the jacobite forces were so fiercely and N—v—' successfully resisted by the protestants collected at of"!TMTM Derry and Enniskillen, James and the principal catholics were busy in Dublin in the framing of laws, and a general arrangement of affairs. In the Irish parliament, convened by this monarch, on the seventh of May, were only seven or eight protestant members in the upper house, of whom three were bishops; and six in the lower, of whom two were representatives of the university. In his speech from the throne the king declared his abhorrence of invading the rights of either conscience or property; and his readiness to assent to wholesome laws in general, and to the
relieving of such persons as had been injured by the Chap. a6ts of settlement, "as far forth! as might be con-1 , -,,'j sistent with reason, justice, and the public good." He published a declaration expressive of the favour shewn by him to protestant subjects, and his protection of their civil and religious rights, assuring all persons of a free pardon, who should return to their obedience in twenty-four days after his intended appearance in England. If he really intended, as true policy would dictate, to regulate his conduct by such rules, the violence of the factions, into whose hands he had fallen, deprived him of the ability. The catholics were determined to push matters to extremity in their own favour, without a decent regard to the interest of their monarch; and the French ambassador, d'Avaux, who had accompanied him into Ireland, affected to take the lead, and to dictate, in his council. By the influence of the latter all military preferments were given to Frenchmen; and the former consoled themselves, in the midst of their indignation at this partiality, by the opportunity afforded them of ruining the pro-r testants.
Instead of provision for the relief of those vvhoR Iof had suffered by the acts of settlement and explana-^'j^^/ tion, a bill for the repeal of these a6ls was received in the lower house with a tumultuous shout of joyi Daly, the catholic judge, spoke against it with such severity, that the commons in a rage ordered him to beg pardon at the bar of their house; but were suddenly so delighted by false intelligence of the sur
C H 4 p, redttdxy pf IJerry, )tha*, ip an overflow of good v-^lj humour, they remitted his puuishnjenl Jlu the up.per house jit was opposed, ,oo principles of justice and. policy, ,by the protestant bisbop of Meath, who is said to have thus a&ed by the private advice of James. "This monarch, how greatly soever hostile to the a&g of settlement, could not be ignorant that the passiug of such abtfl roust prove highly prejudicial to his interest, as being mosthighly offensive to the English of even his own party j yet, yielding to the combined wishes of the eatholic Irish and the French ambassador, he gave his assent, rejecting every ap.plication against Jhe bill of repeal. This bjH contained a preamble, which pronounced the Irish ejear from any guilt of rebellion, who had taken arms against the .existing government iu 16£ 1, aud f cjause, hy which weqe forfeited and vested in the king £he peal estates of all persons, dwelling in the British islands, who acknowledged not the king's power, or aided, or cpwesponded with, those whp Rebelled again$t him, since the first of August of the year sixjteen hundred and eighty-eight. Enormcus Not contented with an a6i calculated to deprive Bmdw.' ofhis estate almost every protestant of Ireland capable of writing, this parliament proceeded to an #6} of attainder, which marked the extreme of intern^ perate conduct. A number of persons in tlie service of the prince of Orange, those who.hjtd rehired from the kingdom and returned not in obedience to |hg king's proclamation, and numbers of persons tesLjlsot in Britain, Jthence presumed ,to he adherents p-f