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Inquiry into Historical

by the Rev.H. Phillpotts,
Facts relative to Psal-

D.D.

129
mody, by Jonathan Gray 4:49 Letter from an Irish Digni-
Introduction to the Cri-

tary to an English Clergy-
tical Study and Know-

man, on the Subject of
ledge of the Holy Scrip-

Tithes in Ireland...... 205
tures, by Thomas Hart- Letter to Henry Brougham,

well Horne, M.A..... 69 Esq. upon his Durham
Jreland, Sketch of the past Speech, and the three

and present State of.... 205 Articles in the Edin-
Ireland, Letter to his Grace burgh Review, upon the
the Lord Primate of, on

Subject of the Clergy. 286
the Manner in which Letters to the Earl of Liver-
Christianity was taught pool on the State of the

18
by our Saviour and his Colonies, by a Member
Apostles, by George Mil-

of Parliament

491
ler, D.D.....

... 326

Letter to Mr. S. C. Blyth,
Jarvis, T. M. Esq. Accre-

occasioned by the recent
dited Ghost Stories, col.

Publication of the Nar-
lected by

588 rative of his Conversion
Jennings, James, Lecture

to the Romish Faith, by
on the History and Utility

a Catholic Christian 491
of Literary Institutions. 422 Life and Adventures of
Journey to two of the

John Nicol, Mariner 412
Oases of Upper Egypt, Loves of the Angels, Poem,
by Sir Archibald Edmon-

by Thomas Moore .636
stone, Bart. ..

254 Lowry, Mr. and Miss, Con-
Julian the Apostate ; a Dra-. versations on Mineralogy 66

matic Poem, by Sir Au-
brey de Vere Hunt, Bart. 348

M.

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2

L.

Large Towns, Christian and

Civic Economy of, by

Thomas Chalmers, D.D. 602
Lecture on the History and

Utility of Literary Insti-
tutions, by James Jen-
nings.....

422
Lee, Harriet, Ruitzner; or,

the German Tale ..... 242
Letter to Francis Jeffrey,

Esq. reputed Editor of
the Edinburgh Review, on
an article entitled “ Dur-
Ham-Clerical Abuses,"

Magee, William, Arch-

bishop of Dublin, his
Primary Charge

79
Margaret Lyndsay, the
Trials of

... 593
Marriage and Divorce,

Practice of theEcclesias-
tical Courts relative to,

by T. Poynter ... 655
Martin, Sir H, W. Bart.

Counter Appeal in An-
swer to the

Appeal” of
W. Wilberforce, Esq... 561
Miller, George, D.D. Letter

to his Grace the Lord
Primate of Ireland, on

.... 655

Narrative of an Ascent to

the Summit of Mont
Blanc, August 18, 1822,

by F. Clissold, Esq..... 321
Nicol, John, a Mariner,

Life and Adventures of. 412

North America, Memoirs

of a Captivity among the

Indians of, by J. D.

Hunter...

621

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and Philological Disqui-

sitions; enquiring whether

the Hellenistic Style is

not LatinGreek? whether

the many new Words in

the Elzevir Greek Tes-

tament are not formed

from the Latin ? &c. &c.

1, 113, 337

Relics of Literature, by

Stephen Collett, M.A.: 439

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Tithes, Letter from an Irish

Beneficed Clergyman

concerning .......... 205 Todd, Rev. H.J. Observa

tions upon the Metrical
Version of the Psalms,
made by Sternhold, Hop-
kins, and others

449 Transactions of the Lite

rary Society of Bombay,
Vol. II.

505

S.

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Second Series of Curiosi.

ties of Literature, by J.
D’Israeli.....

141 Sermons on the Nature,

Offices, and Character of
Jesus Christ, by the Rev.

T. Bowdler, A.M. .... 194 Short Address to the Lord

Primate of all Ireland, recommending a Commutation of Tithes, by the Rev. Sir H. B. Dud. ley, Bart

205 Sir Andrew Wylie, of that Ilk, by the Author of « Annals of the Parish," &c.

177 Sketch of the State of Ire

land, past and present. . . 205 Stewards of the Sons of the

Clergy, a Sermon preach-
ed at the Anniversary
Meeting of, 1822, by
Archdeacon Blomfield,
D.D....

646 Substance of the Speech

of Joseph Phillimore,LL.D.

on the Marriage Act... 655 System of Mechanical Phi.

losophy, by John Robi-
son, LL.D. with Notes,

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THE

BRITISH CRITIC,

FOR JANUARY, 1823.

Art. I. Palæoromaica, or Historic:l and Philological Dis.

quisitions ; inquiring whether the Hellenistic Style is not Latin-Greek? whether the many New Words in the Elzevir Greek Testament are not formed from the Latin? And whether the Hypothesis, that the Greek Text of many Manuscripts of the New Testament is a Translation or Re-translation from the Latin, seems not to elucidate numerous Passages, to account for the different Recensions : and to explain many Phenomenu hitherto inexpli

cable to the Biblical Critics ? pp. 542. Murray. This unusually long title page sufficiently explains the objects, which the anonymous writer, (who might have styled himself Harduinus Redivivus) had in view. The work before us consists of six disquisitions. In the first he combats the received opinion, that a knowledge of Greek was very general in the time of the Apostles. In the second and third he contends that one at least of the Gospels, and several of St. Paul's Epistles, were probably composed in Latin : but that at all events the Elzevir, or received text, of the New Testament, bears marks of being a version from the Latin ; possibly a Greek re-translation from the Latin of an original Greek work made at a very early period. This notion the author proceeds to corroborate in the foarth disquisition, by a list of words, phrases, &c. tending to prove that what is called the Hellenistic style, is not Hebrew Greek, but Latin Greek. In the fifth disquisition are quoted the opinions of some of the most distinguished Editors of the New Testament: and in the sixth, this hypothesis is applied to the elucidation of the theory of different families of MSS. of the New Testament.

The author professes to offer his notion as a matter for inquiry, without dogmatizing himself. But in the course of his work be not unfrequently falls into a style somewhat

B VOL. XIX. JANUARY, 1823.

too positive and pert for a humble inquirer after trath. He has pursued his researches with much industry, and has collected testimonies from a great variety of authors, although they are not very methodically arranged. We shall not enter into a minute consideration of each disquisition, but shall briefly review the state of the question, as it concerns the original language of the New Testament.

We need hardly inform our readers that the hypothesis of a Latin original of the New Testament is not now broached for the first time. A German Jesuit of the 17th century, Melchior Inchofer maintained tbat our Saviour and his disciples spoke Latin, from a principle of obedience to the Roman laws, which prescribed the use of that language in the provinces of the empire; a notion which has also been seriously taken up and defended by an Italian scholar. Another Jesuit, of greater celebrity, the learned but fanciful Hardouin, advanced what Michaelis terms “ the extraordinary hypothesis, that what we call the Latin translation is in fact the original, and that the Greek Testament is nothing more than an insignificant translation by an unknown band." Our present author goes even farther than this ; for he argues that the present Greek text is a servile translation from a Latin original, now lost. We should not, however, use the words “Latin original" without limitation; for he acknowledges that St. Matthew wrote in Hebrew'; consequently of his Gospel we have a Greek version of a Latin version of a Hebrew original. He observes very justly, that the discovery of truth can never injure the cause of religion : but he overlooks the very obvious remark, that this bolds goud only with regard to actual truth. The propagation of a notion which this or that individual believes to be truth, when in fact it is no truth at all, may be productive of the most injurious con-' sequences. Again, although the discovery of truth can do no barm (a position which requires some limitations) yet an inquiry after truth may be so conducted as to do a great deal of harm.

It may be a question of no importance to the authenticity of the Christian Scriptures, whether they were at first composed in Greek or Latin ; and whether the copies which we possess, be originals or translations, provided that the translations can be authenticated. But an examination of this question may be so carried on, as to do much disservice to the cause of religion. This will be the case, when the writer indulges in a vein of pleasantry ill suited to the subject; when he speaks contemptuously of opinions or things, which the Christian world is disposed to regard with vene

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