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“ I am aware it may be said, that morals may be left to the ministers of the different denominations of religion; and that this science may be taught more appropriately in the pulpit, than in the lecture-room of an Institution. I should think so too, could I be persuaded that our improvement in morals had kept pace with the increase in our population, and with the increase of places of public worship. But we all know that such is not the case. One of the causes of the want of effect in the discourses from the pulpit is, I can have no doubt, in the fashion, much too prevalent, of inculcating speculative opinions, rather than an impressive enforcement of moral doctrine and practice. For the persons pro. fessedly set apart to instruct us, I entertain a sincere respect ; their labours, both in and out of the establishment, are various and great; but the science of morals is generally kept too much in the back ground. Surely the science of our duties, in the everyday conduct of life, is a science that may be made comprehensible, useful, and practicable. I most strongly, therefore, recommend every season at this, and indeed at every Literary Institution, a course, or courses of lectures, on morals, and their application to the daily conduct of life. The choice of the lecturer, and the style and matter of the lectures, will demand great and peculiar

The existence of a Deity will, of course, be insisted on ; and the sublime morality of the New Testament be specifically enforced; but the introduction of mere speculative opinion, or of controversial divinity, (of all controversy the most unprofitable, and the most to be deprecated,) must be most carefully avoided. Thus

inay that science, which contributes so much to our moral and social well-being, (without which, indeed, we can neither be moral nor properly social,) become useful to all--of every creed, and of every clime. Nor should the lecturer confine himself simply to a dry detail of duties, as the terms morul lectures, might seem to imply; by no means. The imagination may be brought to our aid here with peculiar propriety, and with much effect, whether in

apposite illustration of a truth, or in impressive similes; aided, in their delivery, by a chastened eloquence, which charms, while it instructs.

" Indeed I know no place where a person of adroitness, talent and eloquence, (I say eloquence,) may make moral lectures more powerful, efficient, and attractive, than in the lecture-room of a Literary Institution. Here men of every persuasion may attend as auditors; and here those truths only may be inculcated, which im. meditely concern us all ; and in the practical application of which, all are interested. The Jew, the Gentile, the Turk, and Christian, may, and will, listen to that benevolent moralist, who shall teach us how to respect and esteem one another ; how best to bear our parts here; how best to contribute to individual and collective happiness ; and how to become wiser and better men. To that benevolent moralist who shall teach us, and teach us truly, that opi.

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nions arc the effect of impressions made upon our minds by the circle of the society in which we move ; and that to be angry with, or feel dislike towards, another, for difference of opinion, is just as unwise as it is to complain of our difference in stature, in complexion, or in features. And that, therefore, in the inculcation of moral duties, and in moral practice, difference of opinion must not be suffered to destroy (as it unfortunately sometimes does,) that peace and liappiness, which it is the duty not less than the interest of every one to endeavour to promote." P. 82.

And in a long note on this passage, which we have not room to extract, he refers to his former definition of Bigotry, and denounces the term Toleration, as implying that “ the opinions of the tolerators are indisputably true," and the opinions of the tolerated false. A position which this learned person's philosophy compels him to impugn.

To make the whole more complete, Mr. Jennings had intended to conclude with an extract from Lallah Rookh, descriptive of Mr. Thomas Moore's Millennium. " It is delightful,” he says, “ to look forward in imagination at least to that time,

" When the glad slave shall lay down
His broken chain-the tyrant lord bis crown-
The priest his book-the conqueror his wreath
When from the lips of Truth one mighty breath
Shall, like a whirlwind, scatter in its breeze
The whole dark pile of human MOCKE RIES.
Then shall the REIGN of MIND commence on earth,
And starting quick, as from a second birth,
Man, in the sunshine of the world's new spring,

Shall walk transparent, like some holy thing." P. 121. Now we say not a word respecting the ignorance, the ab. surdity, the bad taste, or the flippancy, of Mr. James Jennings. We pass over the delicate allusion to his own qualifications for the office of Librarian to the New Surrey Institution, (p. 113); and we merely ask of those who support this establishment, whether they really intend to turn it into an infidel lecture-room. Our opulent merchants and citizens contribute their guinea, as a matter of course, to some two or three score of Institutions. The less refined of among their number are not unwilling to hear that their sons and daughters sit under the learned man, and talk of progressive beingand mineralogy. But are they aware that such an ignoramus as Mr. James Jennings is permitted to dole out the scepticism, infidelity, and nonsense, which are “ the result of his deliberate convictions-of years of patient thought"--and is unanimously thanked by the managers for his excellent Lecture?

ART. IX. The Entail: or the Lairds of Grippy. By the

Author of Annals of the Parish, Sir Andrew Wylie, &c. In Three Volumes. 12mo. 11. Is. Cadell. 1823.

HAVING already broken through the regular order of succession, in which Mr. Galt's novels ought perhaps to have been noticed, we shall confine our attention in the present article to his last and best work : for such we think the Entail will be generally considered, whether as regards the management of the plot, the vividness with which the principal characters are delineated, the richness of its humour, or the high tragic interest of the main events. The outline of the story, comprising as it does the transactions of three separate generations, is as follows. Claud Walkinshaw, the hero, first appears as the orphan and destitute grandson of the Laird of Kittlestonheugh, (an estate in the neighbourhood of Glasgow,) who has lost both his whole fortune and his only son, the father of Claud, in the ill-fated Darien speculation; and surviving but a short time, leaves his young relative entirely dependant on the industry of Maudge Dobbie the family nurse, and the only servant who had followed his ruined fortunes. By the hard exertions of this worthy and affectionate creature, the young Claud is maintained and educated, and though he subsequently repays her care with neglect and ingratitude, bis youthful mind religiously retains the memory of her injunctions to recover the lost estate of his forefathers. Having been furnished by the bounty of some kind friends, with a pack and goods, he perseveres steadily, for above thirty years of industry and frugality, in the prosecution of this plan; and at the period when be is introduced more particularly to our' notice, is established as a thriving cloth merchant in Glasgow, and has just effected the purchase of the farm of Grippy, part of his ancient patrimony.

“ The feelings of the mariner returning home, when he again beholds the rising hills of his native land, and the joys and fears of the father's bosom, when, after a long absence, he approaches the abode of his children, are tame and calm, compared to the deep and greedy satisfaction with which the persevering pedlar received the earth and stone that gave him infeftment of that cold and sterile portion of his forefather's estate. In the same moment he formed a resolution worthy of the sentiment he then felt,

-a senti'ment which, in a less sordid breast, might have almost partaken of the pride of virtue. He resolved to marry, and beget children, and entail the property, that none of his descendants might ever have it in their power to commit the imprudence which had brought his grandfather to a morsel, and thrown himself on the world. And the same night, after maturely considering the prospects of all the heiresses within the probable scope of his ambition, he resolved that his affections should be directed towards Miss Girzy Hypel, the only daughter of Malachi Hypel, the Laird of Plealands." Vol. I. p. 256.


After an exquisitely comic courtship of the matter-of-fact kind, Claud marries this mature damsel, and in process of time a son is born, on whom he settles the farm of Grippy, in the hope of ultimately augmenting it by his wife's paternal inheritance of Plealands. The old Laird, however, whose family pride equals that of Walkinshaw, refuses to bestow his estate on any other than a Hypel, and in consequence entails Plealands op Walter and George, the second and third sons of Claud, with the proviso of taking his own

After his death, which happens early in the first volume, it is discovered that his will, though valid as a testamentary conveyance, does not bind the heir of Plealands to the condition of changing his name, in consequence of some technical informality, and from this discovery arises the first temptation to the injustice which Claud ultimately commits against his eldest son. An opportunity offering in the course of time, of exchanging Plealands for the still unredeemed remainder of the Kittlestonheugh property, Claud, as trustee for his son Walter, gladly embraces it; and this desirable point being effected, the thought still haraşses him, that the ancient inheritance of the Walkinshaws cannot be united in one person, except by the exclusion of his eldest and favourite son Charles, and the preference of Walter, who is only one degree removed from an idiot. To set the latter aside by a statute of lunacy would be merely to transfer Plealands to George the third son, next named in the Entail made by old Hypel, and could not consolidate the property in Charles ; and the father, therefore, remains, under a difficulty, the nature of which we have been forced to explain somewhat at length. After the young men, however, grow up, a circumstance takes place, which cuts the Gordian knot. Charles, who had been engaged to a Miss Fatherlans, with the consent of his father, honourably perseveres in his attachment after the unexpected ruin of her family, and thereby incurs the displeasure of the selfish and money making Claud. Their clandestine marriage, which soon takes place, renders


justifiable in the eyes of the latter, the harsh step which his family pride has for a long time coveted to take, and accordingly he secretly settles Grippy upon his younger sons in succession, with the vague salvo of reinunerating Charles, (with whom he makes it a merit not to quarrel,) out of his business, or personal property. Having thus “sacrificed his first born to the Moloch of ancestral pride,” and united the kittlestonheugh property in a Walkinshaw, he marries Walter to Miss Betty Bodle, the buxom daughter of the Laird of Kilmarkeekle, whom he had in vain urged Charles to address; and about the same time his daughter Margaret becomes the third wife of Mr. Milrookit, tlie Laird of Dirdumwhamle, á gentleman with a most uncouth name and a .“ sma' family” of fifteen children. Soon after these events, Mrs. Walter Walkinshaw, from wbom Claud had hoped for a son somewhat wiser than his father, dies in childbed, leaving her husband with a sickly daughter, and this circumstance adds to the remorse and disgust which have already begun to devour the old man.

“ Deep and secret as Claud kept his feelings from the eyes of the world, this was a misfortune which he was ill prepared to with stand. For although in the first shock he betrayed no emotion, it was soon evident that it had shattered some of the firmest intents and purposes of his mind. That he regretted the premature death of a beautiful young woman in such interesting circumstances, was natural to him as a man; but he felt the event more as a personal disappointment, and though it was accompanied with something so like retribution, that he inwardly trembled as if he had been chas. tised by some visible arm of Providence. For he could not disguise to himself that a female heir waà contingency he had not contemplated; that, by the catastrophe which had happened to the mother, the excambio of the Plealands for the Divethill would be rendered of no avail; and that, unless Walter married again, and had a son, the re-united Kittlestonheugh property must again be disjoined, as the Divethill would necessarily become the inheritance of the daughter." Vol. I. p. 300.

An advantageous opportunity soon after offering of marrying and establishing George in the world, Claud sacrifices the last stake reserved for poor Charles, by advancing nearly the whole of his personal property, to set up his younger son as a merchant; and just at this crisis, Charles, who has been tempted from his supposed expectation, to exceed the scanty income earned by him as his father's working partner, discovers all at once that the latter has deprived him of his birthright, and himself of the power of remedying the injus

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