Biological Oceanography: An Introduction
This popular undergraduate textbook offers students a firm grounding in the fundamentals of biological oceanography. As well as a clear and accessible text, learning is enhanced with numerous illustrations including a colour section, thorough chapter summaries, and questions with answers and comments at the back of the book.
The comprehensive coverage of this book encompasses the properties of seawater which affect life in the ocean, classification of marine environments and organisms, phytoplankton and zooplankton, marine food webs, larger marine animals (marine mammals, seabirds and fish), life on the seafloor, and the way in which humans affect marine ecosystems.
The second edition has been thoroughly updated, including much data available for the first time in a book at this level. There is also a new chapter on human impacts - from harvesting vast amounts of fish, pollution, and deliberately or accidentally transferring marine organisms to new environments.
This book complements the Open University Oceanography Series, also published by Butterworth-Heinemann, and is a set text for the Open University third level course, S330.
A leading undergraduate text
New chapter on human impacts - a highly topical subject
Expanded colour plate section
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CHAPTER 9 HUMAN IMPACTS ON MARINE BIOTA
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abundant adult algae amount Antarctic areas Atlantic bacteria benthic benthic animals benthos biological biomass carbon carnivorous cell changes chlorophyll clams Cnidaria coastal Colour Plate communities copepods coral reefs crustaceans ctenophores deep deep-sea density depth detritus diatoms dinoflagellates distribution diversity dominant ecological ecosystems eggs energy environment epipelagic equation estuaries euphausiids euphotic zone feed Figure fish fisheries food chain freshwater growth rates gyres habitats herbivores increase intertidal invertebrates K-selected kelp large numbers larvae layers light intensity living mammals mangrove marine species meroplanktonic molluscs mussels nekton nitrate nitrogen numbers nutrient concentrations ocean oceanography organic material Pacific particles pelagic photosynthesis Phylum phytoplankton plankton plants pollutants polychaetes populations predators prey primary production protozoans QUESTION radiation regions relatively respiration result salinity sand sea surface seafloor seagrasses seawater Section sediments snails squid substrate surface waters temperature terrestrial tonnes trophic levels types upwelling vertical migration water column whales worms zooplankton