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Over $25 was sent to the relief of a former Selawik teacher whose cabin was burned. Wireless.-Last summer I sent out for some receiving instruments and in the fall constructed a receiving station. The native men set up two 58-foot aerial poles, and I had the set in working order in November. The Government station at Noorvik, in charge of Delbert Replogle, has been of great assistance to me, sending slowly in order that I might learn the code. Noorvik is 40 miles from Selawik ; Nulato, 150 miles; and Nome, 225 miles. All these stations have been heard. Through one message alone the natives saved over $500 by hearing of an increase in the price of furs. I would recommend a small sending and receiving station for Selawik in connection with electric lights. Unless one has been in the Alaska service he can hardly appreciate what a wireless means to an isolated village in the Arctic; one important message may be worth the whole monetary value of a set. Over 60 messages have been received from the station at Noorvik in the past seven months. Six official messages have been received. Reindeer-The fawning season was hindered by very cold weather and many fawns died. However, I expect the record of last year to about approximate the one for this year. The reindeer boys watched the herds faithfully Culing the fawning season. In the fall a large caribou joined Herd No. 1 and this spring the boys report several half-breed fawns. This is a good thing, us the strength of the deer is increased and the effect of inbreeding overconje. Three years ago another caribou ran with the herd, and several fawns were born which are now some of the best deer. I made the trip to Noatak fair again this year with the Selawik delegates. Noatak is too far for the boys to drive deer and race them, so their efforts were confined to exhibits. Selawik got first and third prizes for the best birch racing sleds and many prizes for harness and leather work. Reindeer sausage was also exhibited for the first time. This affords a good method of putting up reindeer meat so that it will keep indefinitely. nounced it excellent. The reindeer men are anxious to move the herds as soon as the new reserva

tion is established, as the herding grounds there are better and the fawning grounds more sheltered.

The judges pro


By ARTHUR NAGozRUK, Teacher.

This was the first time that no white teachers and missionaries were sent to this place for 27 years, and all the work was carried on by the native teachers during the year.

School.—The school term began October 22, 1917, with an enrollment of 57, which gradually increased to 73 during the month. The term ended May 31, 1918. Days school were held, 141; total enrollment, 90; average attendance, 70.

School work.-The school was opened when our people came back from dif. ferent places. Since there was no assistant at the time, I divided the classes into two divisions; the advanced classes in the morning session and primary classes in the afternoon. All the children wanted to come to school at both sessions, especially the larger children; so I talked about this to the larger boys in school, that if they would only help me a little in the primary classes, they could come in both sessions. Several boys promised that they would help me until the assistant is appointed. On November mail we heard that Antoine Ereheruk was appointed as my assistant, but he was absent from the village for three months. In the meantime Charlie Kiomea and another boy had helped me. Charlie Kiomea was appointed as assistant teacher later and did good work. In general, school work, reading, writing, arithuletic, history, spelling, drawing, composition, and language were taught. All the pupils in advanced classes were taught arithmetic work individually. Each pupil works and gets as much as possible, without waiting for others. This individual work has proved to be much help for each pupil. The arithmetics were taken home on Friday afternoon and brought back to school on Monday. All the Sulaller children in primary classes did finely in all the work. Attendance.—The school was well attended all through the term, and there was very little tardiness. Seven pupils in the advanced and 10 in the primary classes came to school every school day during the school term. This had never happened during my continuous work for 9 years in this school. The smaller children came regularly, unless storiny weather prevented them. Often their parents, brothers, and sisters in school brought them on stormy days. School Republic.—The School Republic was started as usual at the opening of the school. The care of the School room and halls were in the hands of the officers, who were elected by the pupils. One officer writes the names of the sweepers on the blackboard every day, and other officers see that the coal hods are filled and kindling ready for the next morning. Every pupil takes care of his desk and sees that it is clean and that his books are in proper condition, as a citizen in a city keeps his home in good condition, and everything that belongs to him. The School Republic has proved to be a great help to the teachers in every way, as well as to the pupils. Domestic science.—This branch of school work was under the supervision of Mrs. Nagozruk, who for two years did the same work at Shishmaref, although she was not appointed for this work. She was very much interested in this school, as well as I, in order to help our people in every way we can. The following were made during the term : Twelve aprons, 15 dozen plain handkerchiefs, 16 pairs knitted and crocheted wristlets, 9 pairs knitted and crocheted gloves, 18 pairs knitted and crocheted mittens, 3 crocheted hoods, 1 crocheted cap, 6 pairs crocheted bootees, 2 pairs knitted child's stockings, 16 baby's dresses, 4 women's dresses, 1 boy's shirt, and 20 crash towels. Some of the above work was sent to the Igloo and Noatak fairs and got prizes. Also 390 doughnuts and 1,660 biscuits were baked during the term, and the cooking was carried on all along the winter. More work would have been done in sewing and cooking if Mrs. Nagozruk had not been sick for some time. This branch of work was carried on daily in May and the first part of June to make up for the time lost in the winter. The sewing class consists of 15 girls, from 9 to 16 years old, and they are doing a fine work. At Thanksgiving Day we had a joyous dinner. Some of our young men contributed flour, sugar, tea, and deer meat for the Thanksgiving dinner. The cooking class was busy for two days, and baked biscuits and doughnuts. Before Christmas the sewing class made handkerchiefs for every child in the village. An entertainment was given by the school at Christmas. The parents take a great pride in the ability of their children to speak in public, although some may not understand a word spoken. Even children 5 years old had verses to say which they learned in school, and that greatly encouraged their parents to send them to school.

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One is a nurse in training at Juneau; the other is a student in the Seattle High School.








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