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Ireland, after defraying the interest, sinking fund, and proportional contribution and separate charges to which the said country shall then be liable, taxes shall be taken off to the amount of such surplus, or the surplus shall be applied by the parliament to local purposes in Ireland, or to make good any deficiency which may arise in the revenues of Ireland in time of peace, or shall be invested in the funds by the commissioners of the national debt of Ireland, to accumulate at compound interest, in ease of the contribution of that country in time of war; provided that the surplus so to accumulate shall at no future period be suffered to exceed the sum of five millions: that all money to be raised after the union, by loan, in peace or war, for the service of the united kingdom, shall be considered as a joint debt, and the charges thereof shall be borne by the respective countries in the proportion of their contributions; provided that, if at any time, in raising the contributions hereby fixed for each country, the parliament shall judge it fit to raise a greater proportion of such contributions in one country within the year than in the other, or to set apart a greater proportion of sinking fund for the liquidation of the whole or any part of the loan raised on account of the one country than of that raised on account of the other country, then such part of the said loan, for the liquidation of which different provisions shall have been made for the respective countries, shall be kept distinct, and shall be borne by each separately, and only that part of the said loan be deemed joint and common, for the reduction of which the respective countries shall have made provision in the proportion of their contributions: that, if at any future day the separate debt of each country shall have been liquidated, or, if the values of their respective debts (estimated according to the amount of the interest and annuities attending the same, and of the sinking fund applicable to the reduction thereof, and to the period within which the whole capital of such debt shall appear to be redeemable by such sinking fund) shall be to each other in the same proportion with the contributions of each country respectively; or if the amount by which the value of the h; of such debts shall vary from such proportion, shall not exceed one hundredth part of the said value; and if it shall appear to the parliament of the united kingdom, that the respective circumstances of the two countries will thenceforth admit of their contributing indiscriminately, by equal taxes imposed on the same articles in each, to the future expenditure of the united kingdom, it shall be competent to the parliament to declare, that all future expence thenceforth to be incurred, together with the interest and charges of all joint debts contracted previous to such declaration, shall be so defrayed indiscriminately . equa
equal taxes imposed on the same articles in each country, and thenceforth from time to time, as circumstances may require, to impose and apply such taxes accordingly, subject ; to such particular exemptions or abatements in Ireland and in Scotland, as circumstances may appear to demand: that, from the period of such declaration, it shall no longer be necessary to regulate the contribution of the two countries towards the future expenditure of the united kingdom, according to any specific proportion, or according to . of the rules herein before prescribed; provided nevertheless, that the interest or charges which may remain on account of any part of the separate debt with which either country shall be chargeable, and which shall not be liquidated or consolidated proportionably as above, shall, until extinguished, continue to be defrayed by separate taxes in each country: that a sum, not less than the sum which has been granted by the parliament of Ireland on the average of six years immédiately preceding the 1st day of January, 1800, in premiums for the internal encouragement of agriculture or manufactures, or for maintaining institutions for pious and charitable purposes, shall be applied, for twenty years after the union, to such local purposes in Ireland, in such manner as the parliament of the united kingdom shall direct; and that, from and after the 1st day of January, 1801, all public revenue arising to the united kingdom from the territorial dependencies thereof, and applied to the general expenditure, shall be so applied in the proportions of the respective contributions of the two countries, That it be the eighth article of union, that all laws in force at the time of the union, and all the courts of civil and ecclesiastical jurisdiction within the respective kingdoms, shall remain as now by law established within the same, subject only to such alterations and regulations from time to time as circumstances may appear to the parliament of the united kingdom to require; provided that all writs of error and appeals, depending at the time of the union or hereafter to be brought, and which might now be finally decided by the house of lords of either kingdom, shall, from and after the union, be finally decided by the house of lords of the united kingdom; and provided that, from and after the union, there shall remain in Ireland an instance court of admiralty, for the determination of causes, civil and maritime only, and that the appeal from sentences of the said court shall be to his majesty's delegates in the chancery of Ireland; and that all laws at present in force in either kingdom, which may be contrary to any of the provisions enacted for carrying these articles into effect, be from and after the union repealed. And whereas, the said articles having been laid before his majesty, majesty, he has been pleased to approve the same, and to recommend it to his two houses of parliament in Great-Britain and Ireland to consider of such measures as may be necessary for giving effect to the said articles: in order, therefore, to give full effect and validity to the same, be it enacted by the king's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, that the foregoing articles, each and every one of them, according to the true import and tenor thereof, be ratified, confirmed, and approved, and be (and they are hereby declared to be) the articles of the union of Great-Britain and Ireland; and the same shall be in force and have effect for ever, from the 1st day of January, 1801 ; provided that before that period a bill shall be enacted by the parliament of Ireland, for carrying them into effect in the like manner. [In this act is incorporated a bill for “regulating the mode by which the lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons, to serve in the parliament of the united kingdom on the part of Ireland, shall be summoned and returned to the said parliament.” For the substance of this statute we refer the reader to pages 493–5. [A clause follows, importing that the great seal of Ireland may be used in that country as before the union, and that the privy-council of Ireland may be continued at the royal discretion.
ADDINGros, Henry, speech of, 168-78.
Bankes, Henry, speech of 167.
Camden, speech of John earl, 214.
Catholics, oppression of the Irish, 11 ; relief of, 16.
Charlemont, conduct of Francis earl of 297 : his speech,
Clare, John earl of, speech of 381–411.
Conolly, Thomas, speech of, 38.
Cooke, Edward, pamphlet of 23-73 satirised by Mr.
Corry, Isaac, promotion of, 23; his speeches, 46, 62–3,
—, Somerset lord, motions of 191, 498.
Edgeworth, Richard, speeches of, 53–4, 371-3.
Fitzgerald, James, dismission of, 22; his speeches, 38–40,
Glenbervie, Sylvester lord, speeches of 164, 273.