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jured by the earl of Anglesey's book and letter, partiality may give to his writings, in these and to prevent the credit his great place, sup- and future times.
ORMOND. posed knowledge (especially in the affairs of
(A true Copy.) JOHN NICHOLAS. Ireland) and his pretended candour and im
At the Court at Hampton-Court, June 17, 1682. of this age and posterity. Your grace deairing to know to what particular parts of my By the King's most excellent Majesty, and the History I would have information, I shall at Lords of his Majesty's most honourable present only mention these. The intrigues of Privy-Council. * the cessation and commissions for them, and the two peaces of 1646 and 1648, forced upon duke of Ormond, lord lieutenant of Ireland,
The annexed representation of his grace the the king by the rebellious Irish. The grounds &c. being
this day presented and ready to bie Parsons from being one of the lords justices, majesty in council. His majesty taking the and then dismissing him ; sir Adam Lofius, contents thereof into his royal consideration as vice-treasurer ; sir John "Temple, master of a matter of very great importance, was pleased the Rolls; sir Robert Meredith, chancellor of the exchequer, &c. from the council table.
contented in our impending miseries can preThe mystery of Glamorgan's peace and his tend to have done.”* And concludes in these punishment
, the several ungrateful expulsions words, “Though your majesty is in your own · of your grace, by the confederate Roman Ca- person above the reach of law, and sovereign tholics. The passages concerning the parlia
of all your people, yet the law is your master : ment's present of a jewel to your grace. The and instructer how to govern ; and your subbatles, reliefs, sieges, and chief encounters, in jects assure themselves, you will never atyour grace's time. The proceedings between tempt the enervating that law by which you your grace and the Roman Catholic assembly
are king, and which you have not only by of the clergy of 1666, with the commission for frequent declarations, but by a solemn oath their sitting. The Plot for surprizing the upon your throne, been obliged in a most glo- . castle of Dublin, in which Warren and others
rious presence of your people to the maintewere concerned with the examinations and
nance of; and that therefore, you will look what offenders were executed, &c. and any upon any that shall propose or advise to the thing else your grace judgeth of import, to
contrary, as unfit persons to be near you ; and have conveyed to posterity. Other parts of
on those who shall persuade you it is lawful, the History shall be proposed to your grace in
as sordid flatterers, and the worst and most my progress, and before I put my last hand to dangerous enemies you and your kingdoms is, with a resolution, that though I may have bave. What I set before your majesty, I been sometimes mistaken in judgment, yet as I never did promote the report of a maiter of counsellor ; perhaps not like a wise man, with fact, which I knew' to be false, so I never
regard to myself, as they stand; but I have would. Which I am induced the rather to discharged my duty, and shall account it a mention because your grace saith, you had reward, if your majesty vouchsafe to read, rather help to prevent than to detect errors.”
what I durst not but write, and which I be« ANGLESEY.”
seech God to give a blessing to.” appears that so early as the
It seems probable that this Memorial gave disagreements had subsisted between these two great offence to the king, and that the duke of Dublemen when in Ireland. In this
Ormond was prevailed upon to exhibit this hird Anglesey had drawn up and presented to charge against lord Anglesey, in order to furinorial, intitled, "The Account of Arthur Earz removal from office, which measure it had of Anglesey, Lord Privy-Seal to your most Biographia Britannica, art. Annesley, Arthur.
been previously resolved to take. See the excellent Majesty, of the true State of your See too, Carte's Life of the duke of Ormond. Majesty's Government and Kingdoms, April See likewise in Mr. Hargrave's learned Pre27, 1682.'-In one part of which he says: " The fatal cause of all our mischiefs present,' tion of the Lords' House of Parliament,” some
face to lord Hale's Treatise on the “ Jurisdicantedated, may raise a fire
, which may burn particulars respecting lord Anglesey's deep and consume to the very foundations, is the conversancy in the Records and Law of Parunhappy perversion of the duke of York, (the next heir to the crown)'in one point of reli- * It appears by the entries, of the presents, gion; which naturally raises jealousy of the in the council books (to which I have had almies of our religion and liberties, and under- mers,) that the duke of Örmond attended as a
cess, through the obliging civility of Mr. Chal-' mines and emasculates the courage and con- privy counsellor
, at all the boards which were fancy, even of those and their
posterity, who held
on this business, and that the lord privy seal have been as faithful to, and suffered as much attended those which were held on the 13th and tor, the crown, as any' the most pleased, or 27th days of July.
to declare that he would hear the matter thereof | happy Restoration, or carried it on with more in council
. And did order that a copy of the success in great dangers and difficulties, tban said representation be delivered to the earl of his lordship. In conclusion the duke was orAnglesey, lord privy-seal, and that his lordship dered to charge the Lord Privy Seal by pardo attend his majesty in council on Friday next, ticulars in writing, that he might know what s at three of the clock in the afternoon at White- answer, generals not being sufficient, and so hall, when his majesty hath appointed to take that business was left at that time. that business into further consideration.
Now follows the Lord Privy Seal's Answer
to the duke of Ormond's Representation of The earl of Anglesey, lord privy-seal, being Complaint against him. by the said Order of bis majesty in council
, of June 17th, appointed to be at council at To the King's most Excellent Majesty. White-hall, June 23rd, being not able to stand The Earl of Anglesey, Keeper of your Daby reason of the gout, yet got out of his bed, and was carried tbitler; where when the
jesty's Privy Seal, (misled by an ill Preking came, he spake to his majesty (as I am
cedent admitted) most bumbly represents : well informed) to this effect.
That having this 18th day of June, receivei “ Sir; I am in the first place to beg your ma- in bed, (where he had continued for above a jesty's, pardon for my obedience to your month last past, very much afflicted with the order for appearing here this day, being in no gout, and deprived of the use of hands and condition of health to have left my bed, and legs, and by reason of pains and sicknesses altogether unfit for the presence of the king. getting little rest, which he bath reason to be
“ And indeed I expected that the duke of lieve was well known to the duke of Ormond ;) Ormond would rather have complained and your majesty's order in council of the 17th, printed against the earl of Castiebaven bis with a copy of the Representation of the said Nemoirs ; which aspersed and scandalized duke annexed, and command to attend your your royal father's government, and represent-majesty in council on Friday next, at three ed the Protestants of Ireland as rebels, and the o'clock in the afternoon at Whitehall, which he confederate Irish papists as loyal subjects, than resolves by God's blessing to do if he sball be against me, who had vindicated his majesty's in a capacity of health and strength to be cargovernment, and his Protestant faithful sub- ried thither, without peril of his life ; which be jects so effectually in my Letter to the said earl, doth not believe that the duke bimself thinks, that his lordship in an Epistle to the Reader after a year and a balf concerning himself in which he after added to his Niemoirs, confessed this controversy, is to be adventured to gratis * And that all the water in the sea would no: proceeding.
a lasty proposal, upon his changing his way of wash that rebellion off that nation,
In the mean time, That your majesty may not "This is the first quarrel I ever had with be under the least prepossession by what the any man, and your majesty sees how it is duke bath represented with heat, and sharpness brought upon me, and cannot but believe it very against the said earl, he doth humbly offer to unwelcome to me from one who hath so many consideration, that though the duke appear be years professed friendship to me. But that fore your majesty, as a representer, the said which troubles me in it is, that it is pretended earl cannot
but look upon him as a petitiouer, to be upon account of my failing in duty to his the title by which all subjects that complain
, late majesty and yourself, whereas if I can
address to your majesty, and for want
of which pretend to inerit any thing, it is for exemplary he hath observed many suitors rejected with and considerable faithfulness and service to
And therefore your majesty is desired to be much discourse, I have reduced the vindica: all that hath passed between the duke and the “Sir
, That I may not trouble you with informed in the first place by a deduction, or tion of my innocence to writing, which I present earl in this affair, which is as followeth : for my answer to the duke of Ormond's accusation, and to which I shall add no more but my de
The Book complained of was written about sire , That though the duke of Ormond
hath Castlehaven's sending his printed Memiors, do thought fit to attack me thus causelessly, all the the ear) then at Blethington, in Oxfordshire, be who shall serve your majesty best, and cost the English, and Protestants to be injury you least." In the next place all the papers written and fessedly justified, though the most execrable
dealt with therein, and the Irish foul cause prothe Lord Privy Seal, were read as they lay in could not digest the same, but upon a bare old order, and both the lords discoursed and ban- memory without help of writio gs or notes, im. died the matter fully, which the king heard mediately put pen to paper, and the 8th of July with great patience : The duke of Ormond wrote a letter to the said earl of Castlehaven, notwithstanding doing right to the Lord Privy, which he believes his lordship hath yet to shew, Seal, as to acknowledge that none had been though when it appeared afterwards in print, more active and instrumental in his majesty's about October 1980, one was sent to his lord
himself and the Irish confederates the rebels :
ship taking notice thereof, and asking him what knows not, till the duke gives more clear and be had done with the said letter, who then con particular occasion. fessed he had lept it to a friend, but he would Whosoever shall take notice of what the duke recover it again. The letter being thus printed, asserts of his and the earl's free converse and the duke of Ormond hậd soon sight of it, for in friendship for above 20 years, and (which the his letter to the earl of Anglesey of November earl adds, and the duke cannot forget) the real the 12th, 1681, he takes notice that he had avd adventurous friendship which the earl hath seen it a year before, and writes his pleasure of engaged in with and for the duke, he cannot it so satirically, that the said earl returned his but wonder as others do, that they are so easily answer of the 7th of October following, which cancelled and turned into rancour and il the said duke takes notice of in his said repre- ' returns, without demonstrating a change in sentation, though he never before acknowledged the earl, which may satisfy inquiring men the the receipt thereof, nor was pleased to make duke bath a cause. any reply to it, though it gave him sufficient oc- For else it seems wonderful and past belief casion : thus, when the said earl expected a to intelligent men, that the earl, who professeth reply, things stood till the same Complaint made that he bears malice to no person living, nor to your majesty, which he bunbly submits ever bad quarrel with any man, that counts it whether it be fit to be received or proceeded his great misfortune in his old age, wben he upon in council, after so open a litigation thereof was preparing to go to his grave ir peace and in print, wherein the said duke had appealed to in perfect charity with all men, he should be the people, and accused the earl with as much attacked by one who hath professed friendship acrimony as it was possible for the duke's sharp to him above these twenty years, and as he pen to do, it being as the said earl conceives, finds by letters and otherwise was intimately below the dignity of your majesty and the a friend to his father : as it is miraculous to the board, after the duke bas proceeded so far in a same degree, that the earl in his circumstances private quarrel of his own making, without should willingly be drawn into controversy success, (and that those the duke hadap- with so great and fortunate a man, and so anci, pealed to seemed generally satisfied that the ent a friend as the duke of Ormond. earl had fully vindicated himself from the as- But since it hath been the duke's pleasure persions laid upon him by the duke's said letter) or humour so violently, and so many ways to for your majesty to be addressed to so late, and assault the earl, he must not take it ill that he in a cause so concluded ; wherein the earl had cannot bear wounds patiently, and without just justified himself in the method the duke him- | resentment. self led him, and is ready to proceed further so The duke complains further, that in the to do, if the duke shall please to reply in main- course of above 20 years free and friendly ac-, tenance of his printed charge.
quaintance and correspondence with him, the However the earl not knowing what course earl never thought fit to give him any intima: in this affair will be pursued, or directed, saith tion of bis intent to write a History of the wars that he doth not disown the Book mentioned in of Ireland, and other transactions there. the duke's representation, so far as he hath ac- The said earl cannot recollect with certainty knowledged the same in a letter written by him whether he did or no, but he very well remen to the said duke.
bereth that many years ago he acquainted sir But denies that in the same book or letter, George Lane then the duke's secretary, and there are divers, or any passages and expres- now viscount of Lanesborrow (and who told şions which are not only untrue, but reflecting him he had the custody of all the duke's papers in a high degree upon his late majesty's go- and writings of public affairs) with his intended Fernment, and particularly in relation to the re- History of Ireland, who promised him the as bellion and war in Ireland, and to the several sistance of them, but he could never yet obtain Cessations and peaces made by his, and your any from him: nor from the duke himself, majesty's authority and command, which the since he made a free offer and promise of them said earl hath formerly intimated in writing to by his letter of the 12th of November, threatthe said duke in answer to a letter of his in- ening to appeal from the earl as a partially en, sinuating the same thing, and urging for par- gaged, and unfaithful historian if he accepted ticulars which the said earl could never yet them not, he being as he wrote, more desirous obtain.
to prevent than rectify errors and mistakes. The said earl is no further charged with ma- The earl having this noble encouragement from liciously calumniating and aspersing the said so great a person, (and who was to make so duke, and insinuating several particulars to great a part of it) to proceed in his History, by that purpose, but the passages in the said books his letter of the 7th of October, acknowledged of that import are still reserved, and not thought and accepted the duke's favour, expecting the fit by the said duke, to be expressed so as the performance thereof, but never heard since earl may know what, or how to answer, from the duke till by his representation to your
And the said earl is not ignorant that mali-majesty, wherein he seems to forget or retract cious calumny or scandal against so great a all that had passed, though the earl had given person as the duke of Ormond, is severely pu- him all the assurance a man of honour could
do, that he would be exactly faithful and im What to say, more herein the said earl partial in the History, and now shews that he
nishable by law,
is unwilling any History should be written by | Protestant interest, countries and garrisons, the earl, whose candor and impartiality he will from being swallowed up by Owen Oneill's yet allow to be but pretended, and threfore pro barbarous army, or falling into the bloody Irish poseth that your majesty will prevent the credit aands. He also held correspondence with and which they, his great place, and supposed offered assistance to the then marquis of 0. knowledge (especially in the affair of Ireland) mond, to preserve the English and save the may give to his writings in these and future city of Dublin, and other English garrisotas times, never considering that himself hath and quarters from the treacherous Irish, who greater places. Yet the earl doth not appre- broke all faith with the marquis. hend their giving credit to any thing the duke He likewise sent to the marquis the late hath or shall write against the truth, which the king's majesty's positive prohibition in writing earl is resolved to tie himself strictly and au- against making any peace, or having at ati thentically to if he be suffered to go on, and further dealing with the Irish, and used his not discouraged in his design with which he most earnest persuasions herein, foreseeing it intended to close bis labours in this life, for the would be destructive to the English, and mis good of England, and the safety of that poor chievous to the late king; and still offered kingdom of Ireland, harrassed by rebellions and assistance to the marquis to encourage bim in massacres, and which must expect and undergo vigorous opposing the Irish, and to enable him more (still preparing) unless prevented by wise to disappoint their treachery, and the consecouncils here, upon the warnings that a true quence of their faith-breaking. account of former times and failings may give The said earlafter the peace notwithstanding
made with the Irish confederate rebels, and And since the earl hath been versed above their shameful and treacherous breach of it, 40 years in public affairs, without blemish or with design and endeavour to surprize the mar. dishonour, and intends by your majesty's per- quis and all the English garrisons in Leinster
, mission, to dedicate his History to yourself
, and after they had so handled their business as which sure he would not be so weak as to offer to get the commissioners of parliament, (which if any thing were to be in it of the nature were arrived at Dublin by the marquisses inthe duke presageth, the earl therefore hopes the vitation, to receive the city of Dublin, and all duke may at least trust your majesty's wisdom other garrisons and strengths under his comwith the publishing of what you shall have the mand, and secure them against the Irish, for perusal of it you judge it worth your reading which end they had brought forces, shipping, before it go to the press, being intended both provisions, and ammunition of all sorts with for the honour of the late king and of your ma- them) to be rejected and sent away by the jesty, and not to gratify any private humour marquis. or party, or to disguise or cover the errors or He upon a second invitation of the marquis miscarriages of any subject whatsoever. to the parliament, (upon the Irish rebels con
As to the duke's reflection, that the earl chose tinued' breaches and treacheries) went again rather to seek for information from the earl of for Ireland, after he had used all his inCastiehaven than from him, the contrary doth terest to persuade them to send again, though appear ever since the earl had any hopes given they were very unwilling, and it was much him of the duke's assistance, with such authen- opposed by reason of the former unexpected tic instruments and writings as may contribute disappointment. to the History, which the earl cannot but yet And was the chief employed in commission expect, and he never desired other informations from the parliament with an army of borse from the said earl of Castlehaven, than in the and foot, furnished with all things necessary military actions wherein the duke employed to deliver the marquis and English from the him as a general, and never thought of making Irish treacheries and designs, and to recere other use of them than as they concurred the city of Dublin and other garrisons, into with, cleared and confirmed the true account the parliament's custody, who were trusted
, the earl was possessed of in those affairs and able to preserve the same for the crown, before.
if we could agree upon articles for that pur, As to the duke's insinuating (where he men- pose, which by the blessing of God the earl țions the war of Ireland and other transactions did to the marquis and the late lord chancellor there, wherein they had both a great part) that Eustace, (whom the marquis chiefly trusted they were of opposite parties, since he accounts therein) to their great satisfaction, as well as it serviceable to his design of aggravating to his own and the English and protestants ; and the utmost against the earl, the occasion is wil after he and the rest of the commissioners hail lingly embraced to give your majesty a brief received the city of Dublin and other garrisons and true information of the part the earl had and conveyed the marquis with the bonorur due both in Ireland and England, in the late un- to his quality, to the sea-side to take shipping happy time.
for England, as the articles gave leave; and The earl was (under the authority his late had spent some time to lay the foundations majesty had entrusted both houses of parlia- which after happily succeeded, for the total ment with, for ordering and governing the af- reduction of the Irish, and breaking their fairs in Ireland, after the horrid rebellion begun) cursed confederacy and power for treachery, instrumental there to preserve the British and and final subduing them to the crown of Eng.
land, with the forfeiture of all their estates, for I lying upon him to publish any Answer to the the satisfaction of adventurers and soldiers, lord privy seal's book which (without deference and the vast increase of the revenue of the or respect to him).would be necessary in vin
dication of truth, and the said earl no ways apThe earl returned for England as he had prehending the dint of such an answer ; humleave to do, before he went, where by his in- bly beseecheth your majesty that the duke terest in parliament he secured to the marquis may be at liberty and encouraged in his worthy the 15,0001. &c. agreed by the articles for the design for vindication of truth by his answer surrender of Dublin, &c. to be paid him, though without regard to the earl, who is ready and much endeavour was used by the lady vis- willing to be trampled upon for the truth's sake, countess Moore and others, upon legal pre- and dreads much more what the duke may tences to deprive him of it; so that he lost not with vain hopes whisper or insinuate to your one penny of it, and then the said marquis majesty, than any thing he can or shall think thought and held the said earl bis real friend, fit to publish for that end. and a punctual performer of public faith. The earl, though he acknowledgeth your
majesty's favour in the office he enjoys, it beIn England the Earl's part was as followeth :
ing a testimony of your gracious acceptance To preserve the church in its legal establish- of his long, faithful and unblemished service; ment to the last, to defend the king and the yet for the duke (who bath partaken more Jaws, against usurpation and arbitrary govern- deeply of your royal bounty and favour than ment, to adventure his estate and life to save his any other subject (to say no more) to go out from execrable murder, and never to sit still till of his way after he had deciphered the earl he and his friends, his late majesty's and your sufficiently by his title of honour and name of faithful subjects, bad compassed your majesty's office, to mention bis great place seems to be happy restoration, with the apparent and im. rather in undervaluing than with intention to minent hazard of their lives, whereof the said allow your majesty's poor officer what his preduke had vast benefits without danger. decessors, though some of them were of in
Now if the duke will give the earl infor- ferior quality to his, bave enjoyed without mation of his part, as an opposite party in the envy or scorn, from the greatest subjects. zaid transactions, he promiseth they shall not And I can truly say, that I have not paid my want their due place and regard in history, debts incurred in your majesty's service, nor when all done by both shall be truly and ex- preferred my many children, nor grown rich actly recorded.
by my service and great place, though my The earl doth not know what the duke ancestors and I have received titles of honour means by saying, that at least while the Lord and marks of favour from your majesty and Privy-Seal and he have the honour to be of predecessors, for divers generations. your majesty's privy-council, and in the sta- As to the duke's proposal, that your majesty tions they are, it will not be fit for him to pub- will be pleased to appoint a committee of your lish such an Answer to the Lord Privy-Seal's privy council, to look over the Lord Privy Seal's Book and Letter, as might otherwise be neces- Book, and to call the said earl, and duke of Orsary in vindication of truth: unless he would mond, before them, and to report to your mamsingate it fit for the earl to be displaced to jesty how reparation may be made to all that make room for that long threatened Answer, are injured by the earl's mistakes and errors that so he might have the more home and fuller in his said Book and Letter. stroke at the earl before your majesty, when The earl saith, the duke seems to conceive he hath endeavoured but cannot hurt him be that your majesty and council have more leisure
than the earl dares presume, and the earl hopes And it appears that it is but a new fancy and the duke may content himself by your majes. consideration taken up by the duke, for when ty's favour to govern one kingdom under you, he was pleased not only to write but print his without involving this in his concerns, or offer virulent Letter of the 12th of November, against ing to impose his dictates upon your majesty the earl, it had not it seems affected his thoughts and council of England, who have wisdom to as of any import, and this also shews, that it is appoint committees, or take other course for too late and dishonourable an appeal to be business (properly before them) without the made to your majesty, after the duke hath direction of the parties concerned, which most done it without success in print to the people, men in modesty forbear to give. and would never in probability have been at- And though the duke seems in great haste tempted, but that he thinks he hath arrived in to have mistakes and errors fixed upon the a more happy conjuncture, or hath entertained earl, he on the contrary (and though time will some groundless hopes of favour by the earl's shew that all that are will appear to be on the depression, which he will never in the least ap- duke's part)
, presumes not to give your majesty prehend from a just master that he hath faith- trouble herein, or to pursue the duke for what
is common to mankind. And therefore the earl conceiving that the And he conceives it an employment below duke hath already in print charged him with your majesty and council, to be set upon an all he hath to say, and more than he can make essay to find matter to justify what the duke good; and there being an obligation of honour hath injuriously published against the earl,
fore your people.
fully served so long.