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quet, to prevent the earl's application, which it privately given for further securing of bim; could not but do; and so could not but have that the Castle guards were doubled, and note weight, and prevail with his majesty, (to suffered to go out without showing their faces, whom the earl's petition, as coming too late, and that some ladies had been already put was indeed never presented) then, and not till to do it, and therefore dissuading him toatthen, the earl began to have new thoughts. tempt any escape, because it was impossible :
7thly. The earl's trial having been upon the earl said No, then it is full time. And sa Monday and Tuesday, the 12th and 13th of he made haste, and within half an hour after, December; upon the 14th, the council's letter by God's blessing, got safe out, questioned was dispatched ; and upon the 15th, the earl pretty warmly by the first centry, but not at intreated, by a friend, for liberty to speak to all by the main-guard ; and then, after the his royal highness; whose answer, was, that great gate was opened, and the lower guard it was not ordinary to speak to criminals, drawn out double, to make a lane for bis coexcept with rogues on some Plot, where dis- pany, one of the guard wbo opened the gate, coveries might be expected: yet his highness took him by the arm, and viewed him ; but it sald, he would advise upon it. But, upon pleased Göd be was not discerned. When he Friday the 16th, he did refuse it. Yet the was out, he was not fully resolved whether earl did renew his suit, and urged, That he had to go. Home he had judged safest; but be sent a petition to his majesty, which was the thought it might breed mistakes and trouble first he had sent upon that occasion, and that, that he designed not : so he resolved to go for before the return should come, he was desirous England, and to take the road, that by post to have his highness's answer, that he might be might be his majesty's first informer of his owe some part of the favour he expected, to escape. But being disappointed of horses that his highness.
he expected, he found that the notice of his But on Monday morning, the 19th, the escape was got before him ; and soon after a earl was told, he was not like to have any ac- he came the length of Newcastle, heard that cess; and in the afternoon, be heard that the his majesty bad given way to pronounce ses: return of the council's express was looked for, tence against him, according as he had appreon Thursday the 22nd, being the council day. hended from the circumstances and other And further that the justice court (which ac- grounds I have told you; which made buna cording to its custom had sat the same Mon- judge, it would be an undiscreet presumption, day, and, in course, should have adjourned till in that state, to offer himself to bis majesty, Monday the 26th of December, or, because while he knew none durst address him, and so of Christmas, to the first Monday of January) he rather chused to shift in the wide world, till was, for the earl's sake, adjourned till Friday his majesty might be at some greater freedom the 23rd, to the end, that immediately upon both to understand his case, and apply suitable the king's return, they might pronounce sen- remedies. His majesty's clear and excellent tence. He was moreover informed, that his understanding, and gracious and benign disroyal highness was heard say, That if the ex- position, do fully assure him, that his majesty press returned not timously, he would take doth not in his thoughts, charge him with the upon bimself what was to be done. Which least disloyalty, and that he hath no com. being general, and dark, was the more to be placence in his ruin. But if his majesty do, suspected. All this, the earl told, made him at present, lie under the pressure of some u the same Monday late, cast in his thoughts lucky influences, not so easy to bis royal indiwhether it were not fit for him to attempt an nations, the earl, it seems, thinks it reasonable Escape ; but his doubtings were so many he to wait patiently for a better opportunity. I could resolve nothing, that night, except to put may indeed appear strange, that innocence and off till Wednesday. Yet on Tuesday morn- honour oppressed in his person, almost beyond ing he began to think, if he did at all design to a parallel, should not, ere now, have colescape; he bad best do it that same evening. strained him to some public vindication; 65However he was, even then, not fully resolved, pecially when to the horrid sentence given -Bor had he as yet spoke one word of it to any against him, his adversaries have further premortal. But about 10 o'clock this Tuesday, vailed to cause his majesty dispose, not only his highness's absolute refusal to suffer the of his heritable offices and jurisdictions (the earl to see him, until his majesty's return pretended eye-sore); but also upon his wbole eame, was confirmed : and about noon the estate and fortune, with as little consideration carl heard that some troops, and a regiment
of of the earl's personal interest,
as if he had fallera foot were come to town, and that the next for the blackest treason, and most atrocio day he was to be bronght down from the castle Perduellion. But, besides that some things to the common jail (from which criminals are are of themselves so absurdly wicked, that all ordinarily carried to execution) and then he re- palliating pretences do only render them the solved to make his escape that very night, and more hateful,
and the very simple hearing yet did not conclude it thoroughly till five doth strike with an horror, not to be beigti
. o'clock in the evening : at which time he gave tened by any representation : nest that the directions about it, not thinking to essay it, till earl, being so astonishingly overtaken for mear ten: but at seven, one coming up from words, 'as fairly and honestly uttered as be the city, and telling him that new orders were could possibly devise, doth, with reason, apo
prehend that there is nothing he can say in which, I thought, could be justly, in such a this matter, though with the serenest mind, case, omitted, without betraying the cause. and in the greatest truth and sobriety, that Yet if you now, or any other bereafter, shall may not be construed to flow from a design to judge, that I do sometime exceed, let it not be lay blame where hitherto he hath been tender imputed to him ; for as he did indeed charge to give any ground of offence. I say (besides me to guard against any more warm or vehethese things) he is withal (I know) most firmly ment expression, than the merit and exigence persoaded, that, if ever he shall have the hap- of the subject do indispensibly require ; so I piness to be once heard by his majesty, and in am assured that he silently and patiently waits his presence allowed to explain a few parii- on the Lord, committing his way to him, and culars, in duty here omitted, his majesty's jus- trusting in him, that he may bring it to pass ; tice and goodness will quickly dispel all the and that He shall bring forth his righteousness clouds that now hang over him, and restore as the light, and his judgment as the noon-day.” him to that favour wherein he hath sometime reckoned himselt very happy, and which he will ever be most ready to acknowledge. And The following extract from an intercepted therefore all that in the mean time he judged letter of the duke of York's to one of his necessary, or would give way to, was that for friends, is published in sir John Dalrymple's preserving the remembrance of so odd a trans- Memoirs, Appendix to Part I. as strongly action, until a more seasonable juncture, some marking what Dalrymple calls the apathy of memorials should be drawn, and deposited in the character of the duke of York: şure keeping ; which being grown under my hand unto this narrative, I thought I could not
" EDINBURGH, Dec. 13, 1681. better observe his order, than by transmitting “Lord Argyle's trial began yesterday, and it to your faithful custody. I have carefully their forms in the justice court are so tedious, therein observed the truth, in point of fact, that they could not make an end of it then, but arouching nothing but upon the best and will, as I believe, this evening: and have reaclearest evidence can possibly be expected ; son to believe the jury will find the bill, and nor have I, as to the manner, licenced or in- not Ignoramus ; and that little lord will be Halged myself in any severity of expression, once again at his majesty's mercy.”
285. Proceedings before the King in Council, against Arthur Earl
of ANGLESEY,* Lord Privy Seal, upon account of a Book reflecting on the Conduct of James Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland : 34 CHARLES II. A.D. 1682.
the author) intituled " A Letter from a person To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. • of honour in the country, written to the earl The Duke of Ormond, your Majesty's Lieute of Castiehaven, being Observations and Re
pant of Ireland, and Steward of your Ma- flections upon his lordship’s Memoirs concernjesty's Houshold, most bumbly represents: ing the wars of Ireland.
That in the said book there are divers pas. That the earl of Anglesey, lord privy seal, in sages and expressions which are not only unthe year 1681, caused a book to be printed true, but reflecting in a high degree upon his (whereof he hath acknowledged himselt' to be late majesty's government, and particularly in
From a pamphlet (which has been col. 1682:” and containing the following Adlated with the
Register of the Privy Council) dress to the Reader : published, as it is said, by lord Anglesey, under “ That there hath been a Controversy be. tlie title of “ A true Account of the whole tween the duke of Ormond and the earl of An" Proceedings betwixt his Grace James duke glesey, the immediate consequence of which
Ormond, and the Right Hon. Arthur earl of hath been the removal of the eart from a place
Let- for which he was in every respect extraordia ter of the 2nd of August to his Majesty on narily well qualified, perhaps no man ques" that occasion. With a Letter of the now tions. And many may be likely to say, that "Lord Bishop of Winchester's to the said the more fatal such quarrels amongst great * Early of the means to keep out Popery, and personages are to either side, the more instruc4 the only effectual expedient to hinder the tire they commonly prove to the rest of man" growilo thereof, and to secure both the kind, who are thereby let into a prospect of
Chaurch of England and the Presbyterian those things which were thought too sacred for * party. London : Printed for Thomas Fox, the view of the prophane vulgar.
at the Angel and Star, in Westminster-ball, “ As every inferior soldier may learn skill
to the several cessations and peaces made by twenty years free and friendly acquaintans his, and your majesty's authority and com- and correspondence with the duke of Ormond,
never thought fit to give him any intimation et That in the said book the lord privy seal bath his lordship's intention to write a history of the maliciously endeavoured to calumniate and as- wars of Ireland, and other transactions there, perse the duke of Ormond, by calling in question wherein both the duke, and his lordship (though his faithfulness and loyalty to his late majesty, of opposite parties) had a great part, but chose tbe sincerity of his profession in point of re
rather to seek for information from the earl of ligion, and insinuating that the cessations and Castlehaven, and to publish bis “ Observations peaces (destructive as he says to the English on the Earl of Castlehaven's Memoirs," and Protestants) were advised and procured by in a conjuncture when his reflections in bis him the said duke, out of his affection to the book and his Letter * of the 7th of December, Irish popish rebels, because he was allied to 1681, to the duke of Ormond, might not only many of them in blood and by marriages. do most mischief to him, but to the govertand address, by seeing two generals engage in on the English in that kingdom in a time of the sight of their armies, so certainly this settled peace, without the least occasion give. paper battle between these great ones may be “ I must confess there are several passaga of use to all sorts of men that bave the least in the letter to the earl of Castlehaven, wherein grain of that commendable ambition, to pro- | the duke of Ormond seems concerned to vispound to themselves the greatest examples. dicate his own actions. How far the charge Wherefore I conceive no man, of which side or the defence is made good, it is not for me soever fortune or choice hath placed him, can to judge: nor shall I in the least enter into the blame me for procuring and exposing to public merits of it. view authentic transcripts of what hatb passed “ I am sure the earl of Anglesey made s in this affair.
most noble declaration, fit to be written in “ The bare curiosity to know how such men letters of gold; • Truth,' says he, being the write, were almost enough to tempt any one 'greatest and best friend, I had rather one E to peruse these papers, but then when they re- several persons and families should lie under late to the history of unmovable affairs, of the consequence of its impartiality, than that which either of the parties may say,
• the English nation and Protestant religion
should suffer by a timorous unworthy con• Quorum pars magna fui.'
cealing or withholding any part of it.' “ And when they were so great men in them- “ This being the said earl's avowed priaBelves, and their parts in the history so great ciple, methinks he ought to be importuned by that they may be compared to Cæsar writing a public Address, that what he hath meditatel the Commentaries of his own enterprises; i and hath been preparing from records and should think him very dull that need be courted authentic unquestionable relations and transto be a reader.
actions of that bloody tragedy and matchless “ But these papers carry in them what I • defection from the crown and very nation of hope will further recommend and endear them Englishmen,' may soon see the light." to the greater part of this nation; most of them
* The following Letters had passed between being in defence of the poor English Pro. testants in Ireland, to some of which the eart the duke of Ormond and the Lord Privy Seal,
on the subject of the · Letter from a Person of of Anglesey hath most generously asserted the
• Honour,' &c. glory of their martyrdom, and to others, the unblemished honour of preventing the utter “ My Lord;
Nov. 12, 1681 ruin and extirpation of the rest.
“ It is now, I think, more than a year, since “The earl of Castlehaven, who had been I first saw a little book, written by way
of too fortunate an head to the Roman Catho- letter, called Observations and Reflections, an lic rebels in Ireland, had not only in print my lord of Castlehaven's Memoirs : wherein, [E. Castlehaven's Memoirs, p. 12) justified though there are some things that might lead his own engagement with that bloody party, the reader to believe that your lordship was but would make that chietly a defensive war, the author, yet there were many more I which was certainly the effect of an universal thought impossible should come from you; conspiracy amongst the papists there. Nor is for it affirms many matters of fact positively
, it to be doubted but there were encouragers in which are easily and authentically to be disEngland. This engaged the earl of Ångle- proved; and from those matters of fact, grosely sey, amidst his many avocations, to ward off mistaken, it deduces consequences, raises in the second blow against them who had suffered ferences, and scatters glances injurious to the almost beyond all example before: and his in memory of the dead, and the honour of some terposition extracted from the earl of Castle- living. Among those, that, by the blessing of haven a Confession, [Pref. to the Memoirs), God, are yet living, I find myself worst treated. that he himself
acted as a rebel, and that all Twenty years after the king's restoration, and the water in the sea cannot wash that rebellion forty atter the beginning of the Irish Rebelion,
* bat nation, which was begun most bloudily as if it had been all that while reserved for we,
ment. The duke of Ormond humbly con- as might otherwise be necessary in vindicaceives that at least while the lord privy-seal tion of truth, his late majesty's justice and and be have the honour to be of your majesty's honor, and his own integrity. privy council, and in the stations they are, it It is therefore most humbly proposed, that will not be fit for him to publish such an An- your majesty would be pleased to appoint a swer to the lord privy-seal's book and letter, committee of your privy council to look over and for such times as these, we are fallen pect, that neither the subject, or myself, will into, when calumny (though the matter of it be more justly dealt with, than in ihat occabe never so groundless and improbable) meets sional essay; and, I would have been glad to with credulity ; and when liberty is taken to have seen all my work before me, in case I asperse men, and represent them to the world, should think fit to make a work of it. The under the monstrous and odious figures of delay of your publishing that History, and the papists, or popishly affected ; not because they consideration of your lordship's age, and mine, are so thought, by those that employ the re- are the occasions of this letter; whereby, I presenters, but because they are known to be inform you, that as no man now alive is better too good Protestants, and too loyal subjects, to able than I am, to give an account of the join in the destruction of the crown and church: principal transactions during the rebellion in besides, the treatise came forth, and must have Ireland ; so no man is possessed of more aubeen written, when I had but newly received thentic commissions, instruments, and papers, repeated assurances of the continuance of your all which, or transcripts of them, you might friendship to me; wherein, as in one of your have commanded before you set forih your reletters you are pleased to say, you had never flections. But, possibly, to have stayed for made a false step; for these reasons, I was them, might have lost you a seasonable oppornot willing to believe that book to be of your tunity of publishing your abhorrence of the lordship's composing, and hoped some of the Irish rebellion, and your zeal against popery: subored libellers of the age, bad endea- what your lordship might then have had, you Foured to imitate your lordship, and not you may yet have, because I had rather help to thera : but I was, in a while after, first, by my prevent than detect errors; but then, I must son Arran, and afterwards by the bearer, sir first know to what particular part of your Robert Reading, assured your lordship had history you desire information, and how you owned to them that the piece was your's, but deliver those parts to the world, and to posteprofessed the publication to be without your rity. If after this offer, your lordship shall order; and that you did not intend to do, or proceed to the conclusion, and publication of think that you had done, me any injury, or your history, and not accept of it, I must, prejudice: if your lordship really thought so, before-hand, appeal from you, as from an inthe publication might have been owned, as competent judge of my actions, and a partially well as what was published; but then let the engaged and unfaithful bistorian.” world judge, whether pen, ink, and paper,
" ORMOND." are not dangerous tools in your hands ? When The Earl of Anglesey's Answer was as follows: I was thus assured your lordship was the author, it cost me some thoughts how to vin- “ My Lord, dicate truth, my master the late king, myself, “Your grace’s of the 12th of November, I my actions, and family, all reflected on, and received towards the end of that month, and traduced by that pamphlet: I found myself was not a little surprized, after being threatengaged in the service of our present king, and ened above a year, with your grace's Answer, that in a time of difficulty and danger, and in to the Observations and Reflections on my lord such times, for the most part, it has been my Castlehaven's Memoirs, which your grace lot to be employed in public affairs ; and
though takes notice you had seen above a year before, I had not been so taken up, yet I well knew to find them only most satirically burlesqued, that writing upon such occasions is no more and my intentions in the writing of them, most my talent, than it is my delight; and, to say unnaturally, misinterpreted, and misjudged, truth, my indisposition to the exercise, might without giving instance of any one particular, help to persuade me, that the book, though which could so much transport your grace, or bonoured with your lordship's
name, would, interest you to judge of a letter of a mine to after it had performed it's office in coffee- another, with so invective heat and mistake. houses, and served your lordship’s design in Your grace's letter, therefore, consisting only that conjuncture, expire, as writings of that of generals, I can no otherwise adapt my annature and force usually do: and herein 1 swer, (after a most serious revision of my book rested without troubling myself, or any body upon this occasion) but by giving the reverse else, with animadversions on your lordship's of your grace's strained and erroneous affirma. mistakes, which are so many, and so obvious, tives, by my plain and true negatives ; till that I wonder how you could fall into them your grace shall administer occasion, by comI will add to this, that I have been in expec-municating the particular animadversions,
your tation, that by this time your Complete
History grace hath been so long (as I hear) about. The would have come forth ; wherein, if I may reasons leading your grace to believe it imposjadge by the pattern, I have just cause to sus” sible I could be ihe author of that discourse, I
the lord privy-seal's book and to call his lordship | the mistakes and errors herein laid to his charge, and the duke of Ormond before them, and if that then your majesty would be pleased tu upon report from them, it shall appear to your consider of the best and most authentie means majesty that the earl of Anglesey, has fallen into how reparation may be made to all that are incannot admit, though they import a fair opi- tbing occurring to me, (upon the strictest renion of me; and that in the beginning of your visal) nor ever shall be objected to me with Jetter, your grace had better thoughts than justice and truth. After your grace bath when your hand was in and heated. I do brought it to the coffee-houses, (where I betherefore absolutely deny, that I affirm any lieve it never was, till your grace preferred it matter of fact, positively in that book, wbich to that office) and where you have doomed it are easily, or authentically (or at all) to be dis- to expire, as writings, of that nature and force proved. Or that, from those matters of fact, use (you say) to do, (for which I shall not be at grossly mistaken, it deduces consequences, all concerned) you rested, without troubling raises inferences, and scatters glances injurious yourself or any body else with animadversins to the memory of the dead, and the honour of upon my mistakes, which your grace is pleased some living ; among which, your grace finds to say, are so many and so obvious, (though yourself worst treated. This being so, your you name none, nor do they occur to others
) grace's unjust inferences from the time of it's that you wonder how I could fall into them. 'writing, and the misjudging the design of the If your grace believes yourself in this, you author, give no countenance, or occasion, to seem to have forgot the long time you spent your grace's rhetorical character of the times, in considering and animadverting upon that ihough I join in all, but the opinion your despicable pamphlet, with your labours where grace seems to have taken up, that there is a | I was threatened by some of your grace's relse plot (other than that of the papists) to destroy tions for many months; and your grace hath the crown and church ; a discovery worthy redeemed the delay, by the virulent general the making, if your grace knows and believes reflections you have now sent mé, wbich yet ] what you write ; but how I am concerned to doubt not will evaporate or shrink to nothing, bave it mentioned to me, I know not, your when your grace shall seek for instances to grace can best tell what you intend to insinuate back them, whereof if you can find any, i thereby. These are yourgrace's reasons, why claim in justice they may be sent me. Your you were not willing to believe that book of my grace adds, that you have been in expectation, composing ; yet you cannot leave me without that by this time my Complete History would a sting, in your expressing the hopes which have come forth, wherein (if you may jader succeeded them, viz. That some of the su- by the pattern) your grace saith, you have borned libellers of the age, had endeavoured just cause to suspect, that neither the subject, to imitate me, and not I them. Whether I nor yourself, will be more justly dealt with should imitate suborned libellers, or they me, than in that occasional essay; and therefore, would be all one for my reputation ; because I offer me all the helps of authentic commissions
, were grossly criminal in the first, and must transactions, and papers, your grace is pos. bave been so before in your grace's opinion, or sessed of, whereof you inform me none hath they could not imitate me in the second: your more. This is an anticipating jealousy, which grace will want instances in both, except this no man living can have ground for, and when of your own making; and therefore, there my History shall be completed, (which is now must be some other reason why your grace delayed for those assistances your grace is so did not believe (if really you did not) that dis- weliable, and so freely offers to afford mei course to be of my composure. But this ad- though my weakness may be exposed, by mitted for truth, (as it is undoubtedly) your integrity and impartiality shall appear, and grace, in the next place, calls the world to your unjust suspicion will, i doubt not, cease
, judge, whether pen, ink, and paper, are not if truth may be welcome to you, and not a dangerous tools in my hands. I remember counted one of the dangerous instruments in the times, when they were serviceable to the my hand; by which having incurred your king's restoration, and constant service of the anger and enmity in the first essay, I have crown, or craved in aid by your grace, that slender hopes to be more acceptable in the you did not account them so : and it is much second ; though I resolve to hold to the firs
: to my safety, that they are not so in your approved law of a good and faithful historian, grace's hands, though I find them as sharp which is, that he should not dare to say ay there, as in any man's alive. Your grace thing that is false ; and that he dare not bot being at length assured I was the author, your say any thing that is true; that there be me next care was to spend some thoughts to vin- so much as suspicion of favour or hatred in his dicate truth, the late king, yourself, your ac writing. And this might give a supersedes tions, and family, all retlected upon and tra- to your grace's unreasonable appeal before a dured (as your grace is pleased to fancy) by gravamen, though I never intended, by me that pamphlet. But your grace had no cause lating the truth of things past, to become to trouble your thoughts with such vindications, judge of your grace's or any other man unless you could shew, where in that book | actions, but barely Res gestas narrare, they are reflected upon and traduced, no such the information, correction, and instruction