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to acquaint the king with : but she answered | about the streets two years ago : I replied, I me, That my lord Sunderland being out, there could say no more. Nr. Sheriff said, he was would be no money had for secret service, and sorry for me with all his heart, but thought I advised me to go to the lord Clarendon or Hyde; could say more if I would, and pressed me hard but before I could do this, I was taken. As for to speak to several heads; unto which, unless that part of the libel which I left with Everard, I spoke, he said, there was no hope of life; the as a pledge, to assure him I would not betray heads I was to speak to, is what the examinahim, I received it of the lord Howard : and the tion taken by sir Robert Clayton, and sir money I received from the king, was for bring - George Treby contains, and a great deal more ing a libel called, " The King unveiled, and the that I did not say then, relating to the queen Lady Portsmouth's Articles.” I call God to R. H. earl of Danby, declaring French penwitness, I never had a farthing charity from the sioners, lord Halifax, Hyde, Clarendon, Fe-> king.

versham, Seymer, and others ; the burning "I do further confess and declare, that the the Fleet, Forts and Governments in Popish lord Howard told me of a design to seize upon hands, Meal-Tub Plot, Prentices Plot, the the king's person, and to cairy him into the Contrivance of the Libel on the lady Portscity, and there detain him till he had conde- mouth, being a French design to destroy Proscended to their desires. Heyns and myself testants. These and many other heads were were privy to this design, and had several meet brought to me by the sheriffs. ings with the lord Howard ; and as an encou- “ I do further confess and declare, that sir ragement, the lord Howard assured us of break- Robert Clayton, and sir George Treby, coming ing the settlement of Ireland, taking off the to me to examine me, sir Robert Clayton asked additional revenue of the bishops, forty-nine me what I could say concerning Godfrey's men, and grantees, whose estates were to be murder? I answered something. He replied, shared amongst the party.

It may be I was in a confusion; recollect your“I do confess and declare, That while I was self. And what I said concerning Father Pain Newgate, the sheriffs, Bethel and Cornish, trick, was forced out of me, and what I said came to me, with a token from the lord Howard, concerning him is not true. Sir George Treby which I knew to be true, and brought heads was with me three hours, or thereabouts, and with them from Everard, wherein he accused pressed me to say something concerning God. me of being a court emissary, or Yorkist, put frey's death : and said, Unless I could speak to on by the king to put the libel into Protestant that murder, I could say nothing ; whereupon houses to trepan them. But I declare upon my I said something I had from others. He asked death I had no such intent, nor do know any me if I could say no more? I replied, is not such thing. The sheriffs likewise told me, I this enough to save my life? Am not I rogue was to be tried within three or four days, that enough? The Recorder hereupon swore, the people would prosecute me, and the parlia- Zounds, what were you ever but a rogue ? ment would impeach me, and that nothing Then the Recorder entered upon the heads of would save my life but discovering the Popish the examination; which being done, he told Plot; and then the sheriffs aforesaid gave me

ne me, An this would not save my life, unlessid great encouragement from my lord Howard, would speak to the libel, which was a court ibat if I would declare that I believed so much trick; and it was not for nothing that I have of the Plot as amounted to the introducing the been so often seen at the lady Portsmouth's. R. C. or if I could find out any that could cri- The lord Shaftesbury said, You know more of minate the queen, R. H. or make so much as a these matters than any man. Sir George would plausible story to confirm the Plot, that the have me speak to the consult; that the duke parliament would restore me to my father's was at it, the lords Bellasis, Arundel, and, estate, with the profits thereof, since his ma- Powis, were at it; you have seen them go to. jesty's restoration. I finding myself in the it at St. James's, without doubt they were condition I was, in Newgate, fettered, money- there ; do you but say it, we have those that, less and friendless, my wife ready to lie in, will swear it. without any subsistence, my children in a mi- “ I do further declare and confess, that what serable condition, and must needs be in a worse I said against the queen and the duke, I was by my death, and I could see no other refuge put upon, in the matter of sir Edmundbury for life, but complying with them; so not with Godfrey's murder ; and do further declare, ambitious intent, but to save my life, I did com- That what I swore against the earl of Danby; ply. The sheriffs brought instructions, wbich the threatening words that were uttered, I did they said came from the Lords and Commons (to the best of my remembrance) hear, but who met that day in order to address the king whoin they concerned I could not well know, in my behalf (if I should confirm the instruc- by what my lord himself said. And what de tions) and they made use of my lord Shaftes- Puis told me concerning my lord of Danby, I bury's name, and others, what advantage I do believe was spoken out of ill-will; and what might have thereby. At the first I made a for- I said against him was to stave off my trial till mal story concerning the Plot, which was not a parliament; avd they were the more desirous prejudicial to any body, but most relating to to accuse the lord Danby of Godfrey's murder, general heads known publicly ; upon which because the crime of murder is not inserted in Mr. Cornish told me those were things cried his pardon. I am sorry for what I have said

against the queen, his royal highness, and the kins freely, and of my own voluntary accord, earl of Danby ; I desire God to forgive me the without any manner of promise made, or hopes wrong I did them, and do heartily beg their given me by him from the king of saving my pardon.

life by this copfession, I having given him to “ I do further declare and protest, That this understand beforehand they were matters of confession and declaration of mine í own sin- | consequence, and such as chiefly concerned the cerely, as a dying man, and not to save my | good of the king and kingdem. life ; and I cali God and his angels to witness “ I give the doctor my hearty thanks for all the truth of it; and I renounce mercy at the his prayers, counsel, and charitable offices be hands of God Almighty, if this be not true. bath done me, and I pray God to bless him for

“ And I do further declare and protest, as a ever for it. I forgive all the world, and desire dying man, unto James Walmesly, Edward all the world to forgive me; and the Lord Pattel, and Mary Walmesly, That I have made have mercy on my soul. this confession and declaration unto Dt. Haw

" EDWARD FITZHARRIS.”

In the same Year, 1681, and we may suppose shortly after the Exe

cution of Fitzhurris or Fitz-Harys, the following Articles were

published: viz. A Narrative, being a true Relation of what Discourse passed

between Dr. HAWKINS and EDWARD FITZHARYS, esq. late
Prisoner in the Tower; with the Manner of taking his Con-
FESSION. Published by Authority. London: Printed for Sa-
muel Carr, 1681.
TO THE READER.

from his own tongue and pen, as his own volun. THERE will need no other apology for the tary act, without any art or inducement of exposing of these Papers, than the command mine directly, or indirectly, to draw it from and warrant of the following Order of Council

And as I have made a conscience of keeping for their publication :

myself exactly to the truth in this relation, • At the court at Whitehall, this 2d day of July without any injury to the memory of the dead,

* 1681. By the king's most excellent ma. so I have done all I could, on the other side, to

jesty, and the Lords of his majesty's most spare the names of the living, separating the • honourable privy council.

fact from the persons reflected upon in the · It was this day ordered by his majesty in story; my business being only to communicouncil, That the confession of Edward Fitz-cate the substance of the discourses I had with harris, this day delivered by Dr. Hawkins to of tenderness, left only spaces for, instead of

Mr. Fitzharris. But as I have, upon a point the board and here read, be, and it is hereby or• dered to be forthwith printed and published. mentioning several names concerned in this "And the said Dr. Hawkins is desired to take Narrative, I shall be ready to discharge myself • care to see the same done: And likewise to upon my oath in that particular also, whenever 'cause to be printed and published a narrative required by a lawful authority so to do.

of what communication he had with the said A True RELATION of the occasion of Dr. Haw. · Fitzharris upon that subject. Phil. Loyd. kins's going to Mr. Fitzharris, late priso. Now, as I did not at the first intermeddle

ner in the Tower, sentenced to die, and with Mr. Fitzharris but by order, so neither

since executed at Tyburn ; of the manner have I done any thing in the business concern

of taking his Confession, and of all that ing him without a sufficient authority for what

passed between Fitzharris and him. I did. And it will appear likewise that I have Upon Friday the 17th of June, about four put it off as long as I could, till now at length o'clock in the afternoon, I received orders from ihe unreasonable clamours and calumnies of ill captain Cheek lieutenant of the Tower, to go minded men have rendered it absolutely neces- to Mr. Fitzharris, who (as Mr. Lieutenant of sary, as well for the vindication of common jus- the Tower had before informed me) seemed to tice, as of my particular duty.

be disturbed in his mind, and was very troubleAs to the truth of what I now deliver, and some to his warders and those about him. As the confession of Mr. Fitzharris, formerly pub- I entered his room, he saluted me, and said, lished, I do solemnly here declare unto the was welcome to a poor prisoner, and if I would world, upon the word of a minister of the gospel, come and see him now and then, it would be that it is a candid irppartial report of what I had great comfort to him in his sad condition, Siri (said I), I shall be ready to do all that becomes religion that encourages the subject to attempt me, and will do you all the service ! can. against his prince's, either person or governThen Mr. Fitzharris began to complain of some ment, is false and antichristian.

He went on hard usage, in that his wife and friends were not and said, he ever beld the bond of allegiance permitted to come to him; whereas it was, indissoluble, and had subscribed that position, (he said) the only favour he begged of the court that no power, either spiritual and temporal, after sentence was passed, that his wife and could dispense with the duty of allegiance. Í friends might have liberty to see him ; but, asked him, wbether he had ever taken the (said he) I hear my wife is in custody, and oaths; and he answered, he quitted a lieu'enot one friend of mine can come near me : this nant's commission, because he refused to take troubles me extremely, and makes me restless them. in my mind, and so uneasy to my keepers. Yet (he said,) he was in a good measure saI desired him to have patience, and said, I tisfied, he might lawfully take them, for he had durst assure him, the Lieutenant of the Tower the opinion of some learned men about them; would not deny him any favour the court had and particularly of an acquaiotance of his, a docgranted him. Then he desired we might be tor of Sorbon, and canon of St. Bennets in Paalone ; but I told him, I had no orders to be in ris, who told him, the oath of supremacy might prirate with him. He spoke to one of the lawfully be taken by all the catholic subjects of warders to go to the Lieutenant of the Tower to the king of England ; it was no more than what know his mind in it; and the messenger return the catholic church of England had done, before presently with leave for as to be as private as they were forbidden by the pope's order ; which We would, so the keepers withdrew.

order, being but a private order of the pope's Then I laid before him the danger of his and not of a general council, was not according condition, and the indispensable necessity of to the canon, and therefore of no force. doing all that lay in his power to make his Why did you not, said I, take the oaths, peace with God; that he must needs discharge seeing you was so well satisfied about them his conscience, and give the world satisfaction He replied, it was the test that went more before he died. He answered, he had already against him than the oaths ; beside, I was addone all that he could; he was heartily sorry vised, said he, by a person of quality, nt to for all the sins he had committed, and he take the oaths ; and he gave me this reason hoped God would have mercy upon him. I for his advice : That so long as I was not told him, I would pray for him, and was obliged to the king by oath, I might act against come to profer him my assistance. He thanked him with the more freedom. That, said I, me, and desired me to assist him with my pray- was a special friend to the government : But ers. Then he began to relate how he came to you say, it was the test went against you. He fall into that great misfortune he was in; he said, he would not be compelled by an act of told me how he had lived abroad, and bis parliament to declare his opinion of the Sacrafortune being small, after his return into Eng- ment of the body and blood of Christ. Points land, he took upon him an employinent which in religion, he said, were not to be determined (he said) was much against his inclinations, in parliament. My answer to this, was, That but he must do something to live; his father when the bishops and those of the clergy of lost his estate in Ireland, which was the ruin the convocation, commanded by the king's of their family, and he most unfortunately took writ, have met, and consalted, and are agreed upon him to find out libellers against the king, in a point in religion, it is afterwards brought which led him into the company of ill men, and into parliament to receive a civil sanction. If had brought him to that condition. Would you I could, said he, be satisfied about the real pre(say 1) bazard your life, only to live? You should sence, I could come up to all things else in the have brought down your mind to your fortune, church of England ; as for the word transuband endeavoured to have been content with your stantiation, I do confess, I never understood it. condition, for nothing. Funneth gentlemen Sir, said, I this is not a time for you to puzzle into ill courses like a mind above their con- yourself about difficulties in religion, your bucondition. I need not ask your religion, I sup- siness is repentance ; yet for your better sapose you are a Papist. He answered he was tisfaction, I will turn you to a short answer in brought up in the Roman Catholic Religion, our church catechism : Where the question yet never had a good opinion of the Jesuits, for being asked, What is the inward part, or thing they are, said he) an order of men, wbo, for signified by the outward elements ? Answer is their meddling with government, are ill thought made, The body and blood of Christ, which is of in all parts of the world. Their principles, verily, and indeed taken and received by the (said I) do strangely influence their minds to be faithful. Endeavour to understand these words tampering with government; the pope's su- in their proper sense, and you need trouble yourpremacy (of wbich they are the great upholders) self no further. As you cannot, without must neeris interfere with the power of the civil offering violence to both your reason and your magistrate ; and to keep up the authority of senses, believe the elements upon the words of their church, they will ever be lessening the consecration, to be turned into the natural body power of princes, but while they so contend for and blood of Christ. So not to believe Christ á superiority over kings, they bring a disparage- , to be present in that Sacrament in a more ese ment upon their religion ; for any opinion in pecial manner than many do, that talk of sym

2 D

VOL. VIII.

bols and figures, naked elements, is a mean I have been made believe all along that I Opinion, and unworthy the greatest mystery in should be brought off ; but I see, now it is too the Christian religion : The body and blood of late, that I have been deluded ; and to declare Christ is verily and indeed taken and received to the king's ministers would be to no purpose, by the faithful. You and I will not dispute I shall not save my life by it ; yet, if you will the warner of it at this time. I enquire no hear me, I will declare the truth, and you may further, said he, I will receive the Sacrainent acquaint the king with it; for they are things of you before I die, and the Lord fit me for it. of consequence, and such as concern the good Amen (said I ;) and since you have made this of the king and kingdom. Wel, said I, if you resolution of your own accord, you must give are resolved to declare, I am obliged to hear me leave to mind you of it. He said, there you, and if they be things of moment, I can was nothing hindered him from receiving, but do no less than let the hing, or some lords of the disturbance he was in, for the absence of the privy council know, what you declare; but his wife and friends ; he could give no direc- as for any hopes to save your life, I can give tions concerning his poor wife and children, you none: It is towards evening, and I have and until he had seen his wife, and disposed the neither pen, nor ink, por paper ; I will take my affairs of his family, and thereby settled his mind, leave of you for to night, and will be with you Jie durst not receive. I told him, he must not (God willing) again in the morning ; a good discompose bimself; the seeing his wife was night to you, and I pray God be your comfort. not his great concern, he mast prepare to die, Saturday June the 18th, about 10 o'clock and if he were not fit to receive the sacrament, in the morning, I went up to Mr. Fitzbartis he was not fit to die : Wherefore, said I, you again ; and after some discourse concerning must needs lay aside all thoughts of this world, his hopes of a better life after death, he began and prepare for another ; you must examine to declare, how he had been employed to find yourself, and set your sins in order, and lament out libels and things of that nature against the the follies of your past life ; the work you king; as you bave it in his confession; and be have to do is great, and your time is but short, further declared how Mr. Everard methodized and you stand upon the very brink of eternity; and put the libel for which he suffered, into and if you negleet, or be not sincere and forin, and writ it fair ; and when he came to hearty in what you do now, you are lost and Mr. Everard for the libel, be scrupled deliverundone for ever.

ing it, unless he could be secured, Mr. FitzHere Mr. Fitzharris began to be very much harris would not betray him : So Mr. Fitzmoved, and fell a weeping, and said, he would harris left part of the libel (mentioning those deal ingenuously with me; he thanked me for eight heads, he said, he bad of my adnionitions, and falling upon his knees with Everard as a pawn for his fidelity: then beggeri of me to hear him ; for he was resolved, Everard gave him the libel, perfected, and he said, to give the workl satisfaction. Difted tair written with his own hand; and Fitzharris him up, and desired him to keep bis chair. said, he went presently to court with the libel, Sir (said he) you are a stranger to me, and to but could not deliver it that night: In the meani my knowledge, I never saw you before in all time sir William Waller, whom Everard laut my life; yet the good opinion I have of you, made privy to the secret of the libel, with an that you deal faithfully by me, shall oblige me intent to discover Fitzharris, goes to a secreto say that to you, which I have refused to say tary of state, and informs against him, as the to others; I will declare to you all that I auihor of the libel, who is thereupon ordered know of public matters. Mr. Fitzharris, said I, to be taken into custody, and being brought I have no orders to liear you in those matters ; before a secretary of state, and examined ; I come to you as a divine, as a guide to your after some interrogatories, he took sir Willian soul, to help your devotions, and to complete Waller aside, in the secretaries chamber and your repentance; I am not a fit person to whom told him, that it he designed he should accuse you shonld declare yourself in things of state ; the he was mistaken, he would run any you have had some of the greatest ministers of hazard before he would betray friendship. This state with you, who came to you on purpose to I took in short notes, as he spoke it, and then have you declare your mind; they were the repeated it to him, and asked him, whether I fittest persons to whom you should have done it; understood him right, and ebarged him to say they could have served you, I cannot ; I can the truth, as he would answer it to God, and give you no hopes of life, whatever you de- he protested it was true, and I have it under clare Let me desire you to send for them his hand. What he declares next, was the again, I will go to them from you, and ac- design to seize the king; of this he spoke often, quaint them, that you desire they would come and said, when they (the party he always callto you once more, and you will speak your ed them) had seized the king, they would have mind. No, said he, they are great men, and obliged him to call a parliament, which should I care not to speak before them; beside, what sit until

the bill of exclusion against the duke I shall declare, is for the discharging of my was passed; all evil counsellors removed ; and conscience, and not out of hopes to save my men of their chusing put into places of trust; life by it ; I do not believe the king will par- the militia settled, and the navy put into good don me; and those assurances that have been hands; all grievances redressed, and all things given me from others have made me obstinate ; ordered to their own liking : And had this de:

he

true.

Sign succeeded, he said, the bishops and others After this, he declared, how sir - and sir of the clergy would have suffered severely. came to him to examine hiin : sir, The party that were engaged in this design, he said, did not stay long; he only asked him a said, were men of interest, and had 60,000 few questions, and bid him recollect himself; men at command, at very short warning: Be- but sir ---- was with bim about three hours, sides the encouragement mentioned in his con- and was earnest with him to speak to several fession, he told me, that himself was to bave heads, chiefly to the murder of sir Edmundhad a company of foot, Heyns a company, bury Godfrey ; and when he came to that of and one John O'Neil a company; and a person sir - swearing at him, I said, surely the whose name he purposely concealed, was to would not swear : But he answered, that have had the command of a man of war. This he did swear those very words mentioned in his I likewise writ down, and repeated, as before ; contession ; and he vowed it so amazed him, to 20d this way I took in all that ħe declared unto be hectored to speak against his conscience, me; and then I demanded of him to speak as a

that he wished himself dead rather than live to dying man whether this that he had declared, be so used. When I had taken this in writing, concerning the design to seize the king, were I read it to him, and he affirmed it to be true, true, and he called God to witness, that it was falling down upon his knees, and wishing every word true.

he might never see the face of God, if all Then he went on, and declared what happen this that lie had declared to me were not ed to him while he was in Newgate, how the secretaries of state came to him to examine He declared several times, that he was sorry him ; and how he was carried to Whitehall to with all his heart for what he had said against be examined before the king about the lel: the queen and the duke, and sworn against the He told me likewise all that passed between earl of Danby; what he deposed against the Mr. - and himself; that Mr. - brought earl of Danby, he said, he was put upon it, and him instructions, first, by word of mouth, and it was purposely designed to stave off his trial afterwards in writing, from persons whom he until a parliament; and he desired me when I named; and that he pressed him hard to con- saw the earl of Danby next, to tell his lordship, firm the instructions: he said moreover, what he humbly begged his lordship’s pardon for the encouragement he gave him, if he would con- wrong he had done bim. I complied at the firm them; that certain lords and commoners, i first, said he, with them merely to save my about 40 in number, met that day at a club in life, and not being then upon my oath, I did the city, in order to the drawing up an address comply; but withal considered, that before onto the king on his behalf; and that they they could make use of me as a witness, they would use their interest when the parliament must procure my liberty, which so soon as they sat, to get him restored to all his father's es- had done, I was resolved to bave made my tate in Ireland, with the profits thereof since escape beyond sea, and to have sent over a his majesty's restoration : 1, said he, consider- public declaration, that all that I had declared ing the condition I was in, in Newgate, fetter- in that examination (which was published as ed, moneyless and friendless, and could see no my act, when nothing was more against my refuge for life, but by complying with them, conscience) was purposely to save my life: desired to be examined again by the secretaries And he said, he would bave retracted publicly of state, but I was still loath to say any thing what he had said against the queen, and the that might be prejudicial to any man: After duke, and sworn against the earl of Danby: this, he was examined a third time by the se- Then I took my leave of him for that time; cretaries of state, at which third examination, and the same day June the 18th, I went to he said, he spoke several things which he bad Windsor to acquaint the king or some of the from others; as what father Gough, father lords of the privy council with what Fitzbarris Parrey, and the marquis Monticuculi said, bad declared to me; and at my lord Conway's concerning the king's being to be destroyed, lodgings, I related to his fordship, to my and the Roman Catholic religion to be esta lord Hyde, to Mr. Seymour, and Mr. Secretary blished in England: But the niarquis, he said, Jenkins, all that he had declared ; and the next did not impose any oath of secrecy upon him, day June the 19th, I related the same again, nor did he engage to kill the king' ; but he to the king : Before I was dismissed, I burgspoke very upworthily of the king, and said, bly desired directions what I should do ; The it were no matter if the king were made off

. king was pleased to say, he would give no diThen he told me, how Mr. came to hiin, rections in such a case; but Mr. Secretaries with a token from

and the token was advised me to assist Mr. Fitzharris, as a divine, this, Tell Fitzbarris, that I, - to Mr. and if he said any thing more, to take notice spoiled a certain lord's going into the withdraw- of it, and acquaint them with it. So on Moning room at Whitehall, by saying, he spoke day June the 20th I returned to the Tower, against the queen ; I forbear to mention the and as soon as couveniently I could, I went up lord's name, out of respect to his lordship. to Mr. Fitzharris, who had sent for me often The use of this token was to assure Fitzharris, in my absence. I asked him how he did, and that and Mr. were acquainted, and 1 prayed God be his comfort; and gave him an that the instructions he brought him came account of my journey to Windsor. from

Upon Tuesday the 21st of June, in the af

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