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which course being his first choice, he may, which surely the said duke would never de freely pursue if he please.
(after he had privately quarrelled the earl, and As to the duke's objection, That the earl exposed him the worst he could in print, and saith the cessations and peaces were destruc- this affair having taken a circuit of almost two tive to the English and Protestants, he believes years) unless he conceived he bad met with the duke will not say the earl was the first that some extraordinary juncture to bear down the said so by above 30 years, for it hath been earl, nor trouble your majesty and council, printed long ago, and the truth of history and when so great affairs are before them, with public acts will evince it, must the earl only be such private concerns and complaints, after so restrained from saying what he thinks, and long a run, and using other ways unsuccessthe duke knows he thought near 40 years ago, fully, to vindicate himself from what was beta and endeavoured to prevent as much as he intended as a charge against him. could, and believes he can make good that I conclude praying (as I have heartily endeatime was when the duke was much of the voured) for the glory and prosperity of your same opinion.
majesty's government, to be equal to the It was indeed an unhappiness to conclude greatest of your royal predecessors, wishing cessations and peaces, that neither the Irish nor your majesty many such subjects as I have English were satisfied with, and my unhappi- been and am, whom the duke of Ormond seems ness is not small to be the only Englishman so earnest to rid your majesty of; or leave reproached for an opinion they generally had, under a black character, and misrepresentation and felt by sad and dismal effects.
in your service which he shall never be able to If the earl bath dealt more plainly with the compass.
ANGLESEY. duke than his nature, averse to contention (and who hath had quarrels with none in the whole at the Court at White-Hall, this 13th day course of his life) inclines him to, he hopes of July, 1682.–By the King's Most Exyour majesty will consider that to be taxed of cellent Majesty, and the Lords of his Ma. untruth and reflection on his late majesty's jesty's most Honourable Privy Council
. honour and justice, and branded as a malicious calumniator, a close concealed and disguised delivered in by his grace the duke of Ormond
Upon reading this day at the board, a Paper enemy to your majesty, a designer of mischief His majesty în council was pleased to order
, to the duke and the government, and one who That a copy of the said Paper be sent to the chose the most effectual conjuncture for those things, with pretence only of candour and im- right hon. the earl of Anglesey, lord keeper of partiality, are provocations unusual and not
the privy-seal, (which is accordingly hereunto easily borne by persons of honour, and might annexed) who is to return an Answer therethe better have been forborn,
because after all unto, to his majesty in council upon Thursday this loud noise and criminal charge, the duke the 20th instant, at Hampton court, at 9 in the bimself dwindles it into bare mistakes and
Phil. LoYD. errors, which who lives that is not guilty of, and the earl conceives, is a task very improper to the crown of England, p. 27.
I. The cessations and peaces dishonourable to be laid upon your majesty to examine, especially in cases of controversy thereupon
II. Of advantage only to the Irish, ibid. between your majesty's subjects.
III. Destructive to the English Protestants,
ibid. Thus the earl thought he had reason first to complain, if he could have thought it decent to
IV. That therefore the lords justices and trouble your majesty with private disputes council
, were from the beginning averse to
them, p. 60. (after the duke had scandalized him in print, for which he prays and hopes reparation) in most of the English nobility in Ireland, and the
V. That for the same reasons the chief, and obedience to your majesty's order hath represented what he conceived expedient upon this generality of the English, Scotch and Irish occasion wherewith if the duke be not satis
Protestants, of all qualities and degrees, sootter fied,
or later opposed both the cessations and peaces, It is desired that he would in due form of p. 65. law, and by legal and certain articles charge earls of Kildare, Thomond, &c. ibid.
VI. That amongst them were found the the said earl with particulars, to which he may answer by advice of council, and if he vindi
VII. And that the two first peaces were cates not himself, let him be exposed to the against law, and several acts of parliament in
censure of this present age and posterity, and both kingdoms, p. 64.
The council not sitting the 20th of July, satisfy his unjust and causeless animosity, though the Lord Privy Seal who received the makes use of his power to alienate from the 13th, the particular charges of the duke of earl your majesty's favour, good opinion and swered them the 14th, yet gave not in his an confidence, after above 23 years faithful and diligent service, wherein the said earl hath swer till the next council held at Hampton
in out his strength and life, without court the 27th of July, which was as follow.
"any failure or transgression,
July 14th, 1682.
lished in 1644, in a book, intitled “ The False
and Scandalous Remonstrance of the Inhuman The Answer of Arthur Earl of Anglesey, Lord and Bloody Rebels of Ireland, together with
Privy Seal, to the Paper delivered by the
, July 13, tants of Ireland;" the perusal whereof will
an Answer thereunto on behalf of the Protes1682, as a Charge of Particulars against fully justify the earl in what he hath written, him.
besides the two houses of parliament, their Saving still the benefit of his former Answer declarations and reasons against both cess delivered in the 230 of June, and what was and peaces : but to put it past dispute, the earl then done at council, the said earl further refers to his majesty's declaration, and the act
for the settlement of Ireland, in which the duke That it is to be considered that all the said of Ormond himself had a great hand, and gave particulars were passages in a private letter to the royal assent, p. 10, &c. a friend, not designed for public view. That By which his majesty that now is in full the earl of Castlehaven to whom it was written parliament declares, that his royal father had being convinced thereby, as appears by a se
been forced to the cessation and peace which cond epistle to the reader added to his Memoirs, he had made with the Irish, and that, he was wherein be saith that his acting as a confede- thereby compelled to give them a full pardon, rate catholic was in plain English as a rebel, in the same act bis majesty also declares, that That be doth not excuse the rebellion, for all he himself was necessitated to make the second the water of the sea cannot wash it off that peace with the Irish upon difficult condination, it having been begun most bloodily on
tions. the English in that kingdom, in a time of a set- If all this do not prove the cessations and tled peace, without the least occasion given. A peaces dishonourable to the crown of England, noble and remarkable confession of one who of advantage only to the Irish and destructive bad been long of the supreme council of the to the English and Protestants, I submit to confederate Irish. And which makes it the judgment. more wonderful, that the duke of Ormond And why else were the peaces upon hearing should be so severe a censor on a Letter which all parties laid aside, and the Irish their estates had so good an effect on him it was written divided among the English ?
2d Charge. That therefore the lords jusIn the next place the said earl saith, That tices and council were from the beginning since the duke of Ormond thought it fit to con- averse to them, page 60. cern himself in a Letter not written to him, he Answer.-To prove that the justices and should have been so impartial as to have taken council were from the beginning averse to the notice of this passage therein, p. 61, Your lord- cessations and peaces, I refer to their many ship having been privy to all the cabals and letters, which I have ready to produce, in some secret councils against the English and Pro- whereof the duke of Ormond, then earl, joined, testants, will I hope if you find any thing by which they declare the horridness and uniwritten by me, questionable or doubtful in your versality of the rebellion, and the design of the opinion, favour me with your severest reflec- Irish to extirpate the English, and to cast off tions thereupon, for as I desire nothing but the English government, and that there was exact truth wherever it light, so if by any in- no way of recovering that kingdom to the advertency or want of full information, I should crown of England, but by a vigorous and total error come short in the least, your lordship reducing them to obedience. shall find me ready to retract or supply, but But when other councils were taken up, one never to persist in it, whereby it appears, that of the lords justices, and divers of the chief the earl of Anglesey had no intention to injure officers and counsellors of greatest experience any man, as he is not conscious be hath. in that kingdom, and who best understood how
These things premised, the said earl gives to deal with that people, were displaced, and this short answer or rather justification to the affairs put into other hands; the grounds and said particular charges.
proceedings and success whereof, the duke of
Ormond can better relate than I. First, to that marked, No. 1, 2, 3, which are all brit one clause in the letter, p. 27, viz.
3d Charge.--Concerning the Protestants of that the cessations and peaces were of advan
all degrees sooner or later opposing both the tage only to the Irish, and highly dishonour- that did so,
cessations and peaces, and the nobility named able to the crown of England, and destructive to the English and Protestants.
Answer. This is matter of fact unquestiona
ble, and without which and their subduing the Answer. The said earl passing by the Irish and Irish to the crown of England (who were shelPapists, being the chief promoters of them, the tered and protected by the cessations and English and Protestants sent agents to Oxford, peaces) their estates could never have been purposely to oppose and divert the influence granted to the English and Protestants as they thereof, and to hinder agreements with the are, if there were any mistake in the enumerakrish, which they foresaw would be destruction of the nobility(which is possible) the tive to the English and
Protestants, the whole letter being written by memory and far from passages of the proceedings herein, were pub- books and papers, it will not be great or man
terial, and is easily amendable without varying about a book published, intitled, “ His lordthe case.
ships Memoirs," concerning the late wars in 4th Charge.—That the two first peaces
Ireland. were against law, and several acts of parliament in both kingdoms, p. 64.
The lord privy-seal continuing extreme il Answer.—They are not only against the the Lords the said 27th day of July, Aug. 2nd,
of the gout, and finding himself prejudged by whole scope of the laws in Ireland and England, for establishing the Protestant Religion
wrote the following Letter to his majesty,
sent it inclosed to the lord president to be pitand suppression of popery, but against ihese
sented, which was done accordingly. particular acts of parliament, viz. 2 Eliz. c. 1, 2, in Ireland and 28 H. 8, c. 13, &c. And in “May it please your majesty; England the statutes of the 17 Car. 1, c. 34, Having received your majesty's order in 35, 36, 37, in one of which it is provided, that council of the 27th of July, to produce the rele all pardons granted to any of the rebels of Ire- of August next, at Hampton-court, to you land, without assent of parliament shall be majesty in council, the vouchers mentioned by void, and yet by the cessations they were re- me in my answer to the paper delivered, in the prieved, and by both the peaces fully par- 14th instant by the duke of Ormond, and the doned.
increase of my fit of the gout, occasioned by And in the same act, it is also enacted, that my last attendance incapacitating me persmwhosoever shall make any promise or agree- ally to obey the said order, I hold it my duty o ment to introduce or bring into the realm of vield the obedience I am able by this humble Ireland the authority of the see of Rome in address to your majesty. any case whatsoever, or to defend or maintain “I find by the entry of the last council days the same, shall forfeit all his lands, tenements proceedings, that beyond what the lord chanand hereditaments, goods and chattels. cellor declared to me, at the board, of your maAfter some debate of the said Charges and of iny Letter to the earl of Castlebaren, which
jesty's judgment of a clause, in the 32nd rare . Answers at council, the lords concerned being was not so much as mentioned in the duke of withdrawn, this resolution passed by the lords on the Lord Privy-Seal's Letter to the earl of council on that Letter, to this effect; That is
Ormond's said Paper ; A resolve passed by the Castlehaven (viz.) That it was a scandalous libel against his late majesty, against his now
was a scandalous libel against your majesty's majesty, and against the government: but no
royal father, against your majesty, and against particular clauses were mentioned to ground such judgment is grounded, your majesty mas
the government, but I find no clauses, wherem that censure upon, and when the parties were called in aguin, the lord chancellor only told ble this came to my knowledge, 1 should with
imagine with what amazement, as well as true the Lord Privy-Seal, that the king conceived less concern have seen a daggerat my old faith; him faulty in the clause, p. 32. of the said Let- ful beart, than to have received the wound ter to the earl of Castlehaven, wherein the bare from your royal band, after 23 years comunittees of the parliament of Ireland were mentioner, as having been in at the intrigues
faithful and diligent service under great tresti of the popish faction at court, but that the coun
“ I do not know, by what right or authecil bad appointed his lordship to be heard next rity the council table, who are limited by the council day August 3d, when he was to pro- trial of a peer for pretended libelling, thought
laws in their jurisdiction, take upon them the duce the vouchers mentioned in his answer, as shall be glad to see their zeal against real tibe appears, by the order following:
ling, which is the dangerous and countevaated At the count at Hampton-court, this 27th day sin of the age. of July, 1682.
“ I am supported at present under my puis
fortune in this, that your majesty, whó bana By the King's Most Excellent Majesty, and the Lords of his Majesty's most Honour
so often declared to your people, that you w3 able Privy-Council.
govern according to law, will not deny me It was this day ordered by his majesty in old servant a fair
and legal trial
, in some one « council, that the right honourable the earl of your courts of justice, upon the points, where ! Anglesey, lord privy-seal, do on Thursday
next, they take any impression on your majesty,
ihe duke of Ormond bath accused me, befur being the 3rd of August Produce to his
majesty my prejudice; and then, I no ways doubt, bsa nine in the morning, the vouchers mentioned by due administration of the laws, I shall by jure his lordship in bis answer this day read at the which is the right of every subject, be rem
legally, impannelled and untampered with board to the Paper delivered in the 13th instant sented to your majesty in this affair, worden by his grace the duke of Orinond.
a character more suitable to that unblemished
reputation and honour, with which, I au It was this day ordered by his majesty in rived at old age. But if the duke of Ornement council, that the right hon. the earl of Castle upon his prosecution of me, before tloose jadena haven 'do atiend this board on Thursday who have lower to hear and determine, she the 3rd of August next at nine in the morning by supplying his defect of proof in coure? at the council chamber at Hampton couri, convict me for a libeller, in any one point of len
barge, I shall not only deserve your majesty's your service without reproach, so I hope still beasure, but the utmost severity of the law in io stand justified to all the world, what I resolve my punishment, which may gratify the am- whilst I live to be, your Majesty's most obebition of some who promote, and wait for my dient and most faithful devoted subject and supplanting
ANGLESEY.” * The only passage that I yet
know of, London, Aug. 20, 1682. which your majesty seems to take offence'at, being that in page the 32nd, of the Irish com- The said Letter was read at council August mittees, being in at the intrigue of the popish 3rd, but nothing appears entered to be done faction at court, &c. since it was suddenly and thereupon, but the earl of Castlebaven was callunexpectedly urged against me at council, not ed in several times and questioned, about his being one of the particulars, I was ordered to printed Memoirs answered by the earlof Angleanswer that day, I could then only answer what sey lord privy seal, which he ackuowledged to occurred to nie on that surprise, without so be his, and in conclusion his book was by bis much as my reading the clause, viz. that first, majesty and council, judged to be a scandalous negatively, by those words was not meant his libel against the government, but no further prolate majesty or his council, but the popish fac-ceeding was had against his lordship. tion then haunting the court, like locusts against But August the 9th, 1682, the following war. the laws, wilich prohibit their approach to it, rant of the king, was brought by Sir Lionel and as many as will be owned then papists at Jenkins secretary of state, to the Lord Privycourt, and were capable of intriguing, I do not Seal in the evening, being tben at his lordship's scruple to say, I intended them, and such there house in Drury-lane. were of my knowledge at that time, who may be justly suspected, to have laid the design of To our Right Trusty, and Right well beloved all the calamities of this kingdom and Ireland Cousin and Counsellor, Arthur Earl of that ensued.
Anglesey, Keeper of our Privy Seal. " And as long as any such sball dare to
Our will and pleasure is, that immediately come to court, and by their faction spread libels to the scandal of all legal proceedings, and the seal, appointed by our letters patents, to reinain
upon sight hereof you deliver up our privy exasperating your people daily in affront, of the wise provision the laws of the land have hands of our right trusty, and well beloved
during our pleasure in your custody, into the against them, neither your majesty, nor your kingdoms can be safe, but the seeds of cipal secretary of state, and for so doing, this
counsellor sir Lionel Jenkins, knight, our prinsedition will grow up to confusion. “* And for your majesty's further satisfaction, Windsor the 8th day of August, 1682, in the
shall be your warrant. Given at our court at of my harmless intention in that expression, 34th year of our reign. By his inajesty's com-, now I have perused it at leisure, I find that in
CONWAY. that clause, I assert nothing positively, but when with disjunctive particles I had mentioned What passed between the Lord Privy Seal, divers particulars, which were in that juncture and Mr. Secretary appears not, further, than the jealousy and discourse of times, and even what follows under the said Secretary's hand the boast of the Irisb ihemselves.
and seal, but it is said the Lord Privy Seal with “ I conclude, that I would not take upon me his duty to the king, desired the secretary to determine any thing, but that soon after the (which he promised) to let his majesty know said committees return for Ireland brake out that at the signification of his majesty's pleasure that execrable and unparalleled rebellion of the he delivered the seal more joyfully than ever papists.
he received it. “ By this time your majesty and the coun. cil will, I hope, see cuse to think, that a sum
ANGLESEY-House, Aug. 9, 1682. mons for me to produce vouchers after they ing date yesterday, being the 8th day of this
In pursuance of his majesty's Warrant bearhave given so terrible a judgment against me comes too late, and that if I were in a condition present month of August, which warrant was
in these words, viz. to attend at the day appointed, it would be no
C. R. Our will and pleasure is, that imme. contempt to decline making of further defence before the lords, who have prejudged me, and privy-seal, appointed by our letters patents,
diately upon sight hereof you deliver up our condemned me as guilty, before the hearing of the cause be concluded, which I hope no other into the bands of our right trusty and well be.
to remain during our pleasure in your custody, court will do, and was never that I know done loved counsellor, Sir Leoline Jenkins, knight by them till now in my case, nor do I hear, that the duke of Ormond is censured for the
our principal secretary of state, and for so doing scandalous pamphlet, which he owned at coun
this shall be your warrant. Given at our court at cil , to bave published against me, whereof I
Windsor the 8th day of August, 1682., in the
34th complained : I must therefore hope, that what I
year of our reign, By bis majesty's comhave delivered in council already, will be better
Conway, and more impartially considered, without my To our right trusty and right well beloved giving your
majesty further trouble therein. cousin and counsellor Arthur earl of " And as I bave spent the best of my days in Anglesey, Keeper of our Privy-Seal.
The right honourable the said earl of An., be done, when it is done by writing, or answer. glesey, delivered into my hands his majesty's ing of books, pro and con, of which there will privy-seal, sealed up with his lordships seal at never be an end, But how is it to be done then? arms, being put into the purse, given by his I answer, . viderent illi qui ad clavum sedent,' majesty for carrying the said privy seal, which let them look to it, who sit at the helm. I am said privy-seal.' I received at eight o'clock ready to obey, whatsoever I shall be command. in the evening of the said 9th of August, ed to that purpose, as far as my conscience Witness my hand and seal, L. JENKINS. will permit,* and I thank God I have done so
both formerly, and in my late visitation of my FINIS. Now to shew, that Dr. Morley whole diocess, which perhaps you may have the learned bishop of Winchester, is of the same heard of, little to my credit if the pseudo-caopinion with the earl of Anglesey, for the keep tholics have informed you of it, but I care not ing out of popery, now it seems to be flow- what they or any other heretics, or schismatics ing in upon us, it hath been thought fit, to fill do, or can say of me; as long as I do that and up this last sheet with the following letter of the no more than what my duty to God and the said bishop, written to the said earl above ten king, and the place I hold in the church reyears ago, when the papists warmly set upon quires of me.f iheir design to introduce popery, and many
“ You know what I was for in the late sessions years before their desperate plot since disco- of parliament, (I mean not a comprehension,) vered (for which so many have suffered by but a coalition or incorporation of the presbythe band of justice) was ripe for execution. terian party, into the church as it is by law from the said bishop, July the 9th, 1672, by. hinder the growth of popery, and to secure both Which Letter was received by the said earl established, and I am still of the same opinion,
that it is the one only effectual expedient, to the hands of the lord Corribury, now earl of
parties, and I am very confident, that there are
no presbyterians in the world (the Scotch only “ My Lord ; Yours by my lord of Cornbury, excepted) that would not conform to all that I received this morning from his own hands, is required by our church, especially in such a and this is to return you my humble thanks, for the favourable opinion of me you are pleased • Sir John Dalrymple (First Appendix to to express in it, which as to the zeal I have for Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, 289), the Protestant religion, I hope I may without informs us, that, lord Dartmouth's manuscript vanity own to be true, but must acknowledge notes on Burnet, contain the following pasI want these abilities to defend it, which you sage: seem to think I have, but thanks be to God, * P. 590, Not long before his (bisbop Morour church wants not those that hare, and can ley's) death (for he then kept his chamber) my and will answer all that hath been, or is, or father carried me with him to Farisham Castle. can be objected against her, or any of the doc- I was not above 12 years old, but remember the trines, which in opposition to the church of bishop talked much of the duke, and concluded Rome are professed by her ; neither do I know with desiring my father to tell biin from him that any one book or any one argument, (worth the if he depended upon non-resistance he would taking notice of) written or urged by any Ro- find himself deceived, for there were very tew manist, for them or against us, in any material of that opinion, though there were not many of point of difference betwixt us, that hath not the Church of England that thought proper to been clearly and fully answered over and over contradict it in terms, but was very sure they again, by some or other of our own church of would in practice. My father told ine he had England, to say nothing of those eminently frequently put king James in mind of Morley's learned and pious divines of the other reformed last message to him, though to very little purprotestant churches beyond the seas; so that pose : for all the answer was, that the bishop to answer every impertinent pamphlet that was a very good man, but grown old and timocomes forth, which hath nothing but what hath rous.” been so often answered before in it, is but ac- + Bishop Morley was at this time 74 years of tum agere et stultes labor ineptiarum,'and there- age, and he lived i2 years afterwards. He had fore the wise man that bids us, forbids us too ; attended the excellent lord Capel to his executo answer a fool in his folly, his meaning is, that tion, (See vol. 4, p. 1236, of this Collection ;) after we have answered him once, we should an- and he had been one of the Commissioners at swer him no more, especially such kind of fools, the Savoy Conference, (See vol. 6, p. 1.) What
quos non persuadebis etiamsi persuaseris. bishop Burnet in his account of that transaction and such are all those who contend for interest says of him may be seen in vol. 6, p. 61, 62, in and not for truth : Demetrius will hold his con- addition to which, when be mentions Morley's clusion, that Diana is a goddess, as long as he death, he says, “ he was in many respects a hath nothing to live by, but the making of very eminent man, zealous against popery, and shrines, but is there then nothing to be done yet a great enemy to the dissenters: he was will you say to keep out popery, now it seems considerably learned, and had a great vivacity to be flowing in upon us yes no doubt there of thought, but he was too soon provoked, aud is, and I hope there will be, when his majesty too little master of himself upon those occasball see a convenient time for it, but it will not sions." 1 Hist. of Own Times, 590.