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long since washed through but for the double ceiling of bacon on the inside, which has hung there from his grandsire's time, and is yet to make rashers for posterity.

8. I hereby caution all parties against giving credit in my name without an order from me, as I will not be responsible for the same after this date, without my written order.

9. Mr. Pym was looked upon as the man of greatest experience in in Parliament, where he had served very long, and was always a man of business, being an officer in the Exchequer, and of a good reputation generally, though known to be inclined to the Puritan party ; not yet so furiously resolved against the Church as the other leading men were, and wholly devoted to the Earl of Bedford, who had nothing of that spirit.

10. A history that does not serve this purpose would be perfectly useless, though it might be filled with battles and commotions.

11. The mind is crippled and contracted by perpetual attention to the same ideas; just as any act or posture, long continued, will disfigure the limbs.

12. This happy region was peopled with innumerable swarms of spirits, who applied themselves to exercises and diversions according as their fancies led them.




DIRECTION. — Combine the following short sentences into longer ones.

CAUTION. — In combining short sentences into longer ones, the pupil should be careful to give every part its proper place. The leading thoughts must form the principal clauses and the others must occupy positions of subordination, corresponding to their importance. For example, in combining the statements, “In 1857 an Act was passed. It cut down the average of duty to twenty per cent,” if we wish to give “the passing of the Act” promi. nence, the sentence will read, " In 1857 an Act was passed, cutting down,” etc. If, however, we desire to give prominence to the “cutting down of the average of duty to twenty per cent,” then we must write, “The average of duty was cut down to twenty per cent by an Act passed in 1857.”

Separate. — A frog had seen an ox. She wanted to make herself as big as he. She attempted it. She burst asunder.

Combined. -(1) A frog had seen an ox, and wanted to make herself as big as he; but when she attempted it she burst asunder.

(2) A frog that had seen an ox, and wanted to make herself as big as he, burst asunder when she attempted it.

(3) When the frog burst asunder, she was wishing and attempting to make herself as big as an ox which she had seen.

(4) Because a frog, when she had seen an ox, wanted to make herself as big as he, and attempted it, she burst asunder.

(5) It is said that a frog, having seen an ox, wanted to make herself as big as he, and burst asunder in the attempt. + 1. He drew a picture of his old home. It showed the house. He was born in it. It showed the barns. It showed the orchard.

2. They played on. They played till six in the evening. They then desisted. They desisted till after dinner.

3. He reached his house. He gave orders. He was not to be disturbed. He went to bed. He tried to sleep. He tried in vain.

4. The Declaration of Independence was agreed to. agreed to on the 4th of July. It was engrossed on paper. It was signed. John Hancock signed it. He was president of the Congress.

5. Fair sir, you spit upon me. It was last Wednesday morning. You called me dog. That was another time. I am to lend you money. It is for these courtesies.

6. Xerxes resolved to invade Greece. He raised an army. The army consisted of two millions of men. This was the greatest force ever brought into the field.

7. He then left the lists. But he returned. He returned almost immediately. He had in his hand a willow wand. It was long. It was about six feet long. It was straight. It was thick. It was thicker than a man's thumb.

8. I struck the man in self-defence. I explained this to the magistrate. He would not believe me. Witnesses were called to

It was

support my statements. He committed me to prison. He had a right to do this. This right is rarely exercised in such circumstances. I remonstrated.

9. Then two or three boys laughed. They sneered. A big fellow was standing in the middle of the room. He picked up a slipper. He shied at the boy. The boy was kneeling. The big fellow called him a snivelling young fellow.

10. The ceiling is arched and lofty. At one end is a gallery. In this there is an organ. The room was once adorned with weapons and trophies of the chase. The walls are now covered with family portraits.

11. The Baron had just drawn on his jack-boots. He had girded on his sword. He was about to mount. He intended to sally forth. An apparition made him pause. A lady was approaching. She was mounted on a palfrey. She was attended by a cavalier. He was on horseback. She galloped up to the gate. She sprang from her horse. She fell at the Baron's feet. She embraced him.

12. The Agnostic tells me he is blind and deaf, dumb, torpid, and dead to the spiritual. I must believe him. Jesus tells me that. Paul tells me that. Science tells me that. He knows nothing of this outermost circle. We are compelled to trust his sincerity.




Resolve these sentences into simple statements.

Combined. - All the rest of that day Assar was kept busy with his master in counting out money, and making up accounts; and, though his brain was in a whirl, yet he made no mistakes.

Sepi ate. — Assar was kept busy that day. He was kept busy all that day. He was kept busy with his master. He was kept busy counting money. He was kept busy making up accounts. His brain was in a whirl. He made no mistakes.

1. I was born on the side of a mountain, near a village of Peru, and made a voyage to England in an ingot, under the convoy of Sir Francis Drake.

2. The people favored my disposition and shifted me so fast from hand to hand, that, before I was five years old, I had travelled into almost every corner of the nation.

3. The Mound-builders knew how to model in clay a variety of objects, such as birds, quadrupeds, and human faces. Theypractised farming, though they had no domestic animals to help them.

4. Livingstone's example and death have acted like an inspiration, filling Africa with an army of explorers and missionaries, and raising in Europe a powerful feeling against the slave-trade.

5. When the prisoners were ordered to enter the cell, they imagined the soldiers were joking; and being in high spirits on account of the promise of the Nabob to spare their lives, they laughed and jested at the absurdity of the notion.

6. Mr. Pickwick paused, considered, pulled off his gloves, and put them in his hat, took two or three short runs, balked himself as often, and at last took another run and went slowly down the slide.

7. On the 2d April, Francis Drake sailed from Plymouth with four vessels belonging to the Queen, and with twenty-four furnished by the merchants of London, and other private individuals.

8. After the Restoration the entire control of printing was placed in the hands of the Government by the Licensing Act of 1662, which, though originally passed only for three years, was continued by subsequent renewals until 1679.

9. Of nervous fire, indeed, he had an abundance, though it was not the fire which flames up in the radiant colors of a strong imagination. It was rather the glow of a thoroughly convinced reason, of intellectual ingenuity, of argumentative keenness.

10. The new and fair lady of Castlewood found the sad, lonely little occupant of this gallery busy over his great book, which he laid down when he was aware that a stranger was at hand.



1. Construct balanced sentences containing parallel statements about, — genius and wealth, hope and expectation, honor and dignity, bravery and courage, wit and humor, pleasure and profit, promising and performing, grammar and rhetoric, poetry and painting, advice and money, shrewdness and hard work, fame and fortune, sympathy and support.

2. Form balanced sentences containing statements about the opposites, love and hate virtue and vice, labor and rest, summer and winter,

pride and humility, fknowledge and ignorancez innocence and guilt, friend and enemy violence and moderation, wisdom and folly, pleasure and pain, yright and wrong, Hattery and detraction,reward and penalty sobriety and drunkenness, ornament and blemish, taste and vulgarity, beauty and ugliness

contentment and discontentment, perspicuity and obscurity.

3. Draw up a series of contrasts about - North and South America, Italy and Switzerland, France and England, Canada and the United States, history and geography, mathematics and classics, reading and writing, Scott and Byron, Pope and Cowper, Irving and Goldsmith.

4. Make the parts of the following balanced sentences similar in form :

a. A wise son maketh a glad father ; but a son that is foolish causes his mother much sorrow.

b. The errors of young men are the ruin of business; but when aged men err it is in not doing more or in not acting sooner. c. I do not think that a broken heart is fatal to many of

my own sex; but it is easy for me to believe that it withers many a lovely woman into an early grave.

d. The character of Milton was distinguished by loftiness of thought; Dante had intensity of feeling.

e. It never occurred to Southey that a rumor does not always prove a fact; that a theory may not always be established by facts.


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