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abolition abolitionists action adopted afterwards American Anti-Slavery Society appeared Assembly Association attempt authority Baptist become Board body British called carried cause CHAPTER Christian Church citizens civil claims colonies colored Committee common concerning Conference Congress connection Constitution continued Convention course demand direct discussion effect efforts emancipation England evidence existence fact favor Federal Free Soil party freedom friends give Government ground hands held holding House human important influence John labor less letter Liberty party March Massachusetts master measures meeting Mexico ministers missionaries moral nature negroes never North northern object opposition organization period persons political position practice present President principles pro-slavery question relation religious remain resolutions respect result sects Senate slave trade slaveholding slavery South Southern taken testimony tion Union United views Virginia vote whole York
Page 83 - And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory...
Page 83 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. Provided always that any person escaping into the same from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 375 - Slaves shall be deemed, sold, taken, reputed, and adjudged in law to be chattels personal, in the hands of their owners and possessors, and their executors, administrators, and assigns, to all intents, constructions, and purposes whatsoever.
Page 415 - I would therefore call the special attention of Congress to the subject, and respectfully suggest the propriety of passing such a law as will prohibit, under severe penalties, the circulation in the Southern States, through the mail, of incendiary publications intended to instigate the slaves to insurrection.
Page 30 - The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other.
Page 30 - Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just ; that his justice cannot sleep forever...
Page 237 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of citizens of the United States; and in the meantime they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
Page 81 - I can only say, that there is not a man living, who wishes more sincerely than I do to see a plan adopted for the abolition of it; but there is only one proper and effectual mode by which it can be accomplished and that is by legislative authority; and this, as far as my suffrage will go, shall never be wanting.
Page 109 - All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness.