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late session of the General Synod of the AMERICANA.
Dutch Church, the Committee, to whom No, V.
the subject of this Seminary was ferred, reported that, in consequence of
the exhausted state of their funds, they The five Directors appointed by the go. were no longer able to support the present vernment, are Messrs. Girard, Jones, Bu. establishment of professors and teachers. chanan, Aster, and Butler-a Frenchman, There will be due to the professors, for saap Irishman, a Scotchman, a Dutchman, lary, in October next, more than 4000 and an Englishman; but not one of the dollars, while the whole income, from the five a native born American,
ands of the College, amouuts oply to 1228, The Infamous Slave Trade. To prevent the College from dying, the By a memorandum of the arrivals at the General Synod have directed that a Havana, it appears, that fifteen hundred quilęd effort be made in all their churches Slaves had been brought from Africa, from to raise money for this special object. Comthe 5th to the 19th Seplember inclusive! mittees are appointed to solicit subscrip, in five vessels, each of them averaging tious, and females and others are called about 300. Humavity shudders at this upon to form cent societies, and make abomination.
every other 'effort in their power. The number of students in the Seminary, duro
ing the past year, has been fourteen. Boston, Nov. 9.—About twenty-fivę pri. soners were arraigned, some of whom had
Theological Seminary at Princeton. from three to eight indictments against It appears from the official returns of the them, for late depredations upou the pub- Agen's, appointed by the General AssemJic. It was melancholy to observe that bly, to solicit donations for the Funds of two gangs of boys, of four and ten each, this Theological Seminary, that 21,170, have been the principal agents in the late dollars have been subscribed during the thefts. One of these boys has eight, an- past year, nearly all of which has been other six, and others three, four and five collected. bills against them for Larcenies, to a great
Sunday Schools. amount of merchandise, principally in
From the Reports of the Managers of the English and India manufactures.
Sunday Schools in New York, it appears ** It deserves notice that at the same that there are at present 26 Sunday Schools time when London and Paris suffer under in that city, conducted by about 50 Superthe accumulated evils of youthful profi- quented by 2500 Scholars.
intendants, and 200 Teachers, and fregacy, the most populous towns of America,
The Virginia Legislature has rejected should have occasion to complain of the 119 to 48, an application to incorporate same misfortune. The formation of gangs a Theological Institution in that State. of boys implies that their misconduct is Laudable. The Female Asylum of this not casual but systematic; that there is a town has received, as a donation, from cause for it, acting with great power, Portsmouth to Boston, twenty-five dollars.
the directors of the line of Stages from though not very obvious. It cannot be We learn they have also given 27 dollars in America, the consequence of a great to the Asylum of Newbury-port, and 25 to number of soldiers killed in war, by which that of Salem. These sums are the amount their children were left orphans; for Ame- arising from sales of baggage left by per: rica has lost no such pumber of soldiers ;- after being advertised two years.
gons unknown for ten years past, and made
We none sufficient to account for the fact;- know not how they could have made what the cause really is, well deserves the better appropriation of the money. Portsattention of the true patriots in each coun
Elastic Marble. try.
It is stated in the Berkshire Star that RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS.
nearly every piece of Marble taken from Queen's College
the quarry of the Messrs. Dwights, in This College is a Theological Seminary, West Stockbridge, (Ms) if not more than under the direction of the Dutch Reformed two inches in thickness, is elastic. Church, and was established in New
Ice.--It is a very remarkable fact, that Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1770. At the
as late as the 20th October, in the latitude VOL. V. No. 30. Lit. Pan. N. S. Mar. I.
of 44, and lon. 48, Capt. Bearns, of the ship the estimate may be understood to embrace West Point, fell in with three acres of ice, families reduced to poverty by this cause, one hundred feet high !-N. Y. Gaz. and others involved by inseparable habit
in equal wretchedness and ruin; so that EXTRACT FROM THE REPORT OF THE
asylums intended for the indigent, appear MORAL SOCIETY, or PORTLAND.
to be actually peopled by the victims of inWe find upon enquiry, that out of eighty- temperance; and the fund provided for the five persons now supported at the work. poor is almost exhausted by the effects of house in this town, seventy one became vice. paupers in consequence of intemperance;
This statement, as was but natural, exbeing seven-eighths of the whole number; and of one hundred and eighteen, mostly cited considerable attention, and gave oc. heads of families, who are supplied at their casion to a variety of remarks, among own houses, more than half are of that cha- others to the following. racter. The expense of supporting that number, the year past, amounted to up
In the Report of the Moral Society in wards of 6000 dollars.--Now, were it not Portland, it is stated that out of 85 persons for these persons, or rather that vice, the supported at the workhouse in that town, expence of supporting the town's poor, in- 171 became paupers in consequence of instead of six thousand dollars would have temperance; being five-sixths of the whole been less than two thousand.
number; and that out of 118 who are supplied at their own houses, more than half
are of that character. The expence of The circumstance stated in the Report of supporting the poor in Portland, for the last the number of persous actually become year, was upwards of 6000 dollars. More paupers, or reduced to require relief, in than two thirds of this sum, it is estimated, consequence of intemperance, connected went to support those who were made with the calculation of the expence occa paupers by their vices. This is an imporsioned for their support, having attracted tant fact. A town containing little more the particular notice of the society, and than 7000 inhabitants, taxes itself 4000 being deemed likely in some measure to ar dollars every year to support the victims of rest public attention, it was thought pru- intemperance. If such is the fact in a dent before proceeding to publication, to place where there is virtue enough in the cause a further investigation to be made in- people to support a Society established for to the accuracy of the statement, which was the purpose of suppressing vice and immo. directed to be done by a committee ap rality, and where all the respectable part pointed for the purpose, who accordingly of the community are arrayed against this made it the subject of examination, and had vice in particular, what must be the case reason to be satisfied of its substantial cor in those parts of the commonwealth, and rectness from the most competent and au- of the country, where no such restraints thentic sources of intelligence. Their infor- exist ? Yet, if we take the town of Portmation was chiefly derived from the Board land as a criterion for the rest of the state, of Overseers of the poor, gentlemen best we shall find that in the shape of poor acquainted with the facts on which the es- taxes, the people of Massachusetts pay timate was founded, and which were in every year more than 40,000 dollars for many instances corroborated by the per- neglecting to enforce the Laws against insonal knowledge of some of the committee. temperance; a sum, greater than all the And the opinion of the overseers was known expences of the State Government. If we to be fully confirmed by that of the late extend this calculation to the United States, respectable master of the workhouse, now it will be found that the nation pays on this absent, from whom indeed, and 110 one account more than FOUR MILLION could be better qualified to give it, the DOLLARS per annum, a sum greater statement was originally received.
than all tbe revenue derived from taxes on While, therefore the circumstance stated Spirituous Liquors, greater than the Direct in the Report is believed to be substantially Tax, and greater than all the expences of correct, it is not intended however, to com- the Government under the first years of municate the impression, that the whole Washington's administration. number of individuals included in the cal If then Portland is a fair specimen of the culation had been personally intemperate, country at large, it is evident, that intemor that in some instances intemperance perance is the immediate cause of the might not have been connected in its ori- heaviest tax which is paid by the people. gin, with kindred immorality, as many of It is evident too, that'efficient Moral So. ile paupers are women and children; but cieties in every town in the United States
would be worth Four Million Dollars per of the United States. According to the annun to the country. Let no man then, census of hereafter, complain of the weight of taxes, 1790, we had 3,929,326 who refuses his support to Associations for 1800,
5,303.666 the suppression of Intemperance. Let all 1810,
7,239,903 parties remember that the heaviest tax Mr. N. calculates that in 1820, we shall levied upon the people, is not the conse- probably have a population of 9,965, 178 quence of any error in our rulers. The souls. The Western States will, of course, Legislature have done all that could be increase much faster than those on the sea done to remedy the evil. To relieve the board-Kentucky (for instance) is calcucountry, requires only that their laws lated to increase 60 per cent. in ten years should be executed. The people in every -Tennessee, 75 per cent.-Ohio, 150– Town have it completely in their power Louisiana, 125–Indiana, 70e-Mississippi to repeal this tax, and if they continue to Territory, 125-Illinois Territory, 600– pay it, they can blame nobody but them- Missouri Territory, 500–Michigan Terriselves.
tory, 500-while, of all the Atlantic Such are the inferences and such the States, the greatest increase is allowed to reflections of American patriotism. The Pennsylvania, being but 33 1.3 per cent. subject might give occasion to much con
-Virginia is estimated at only 15. sideration nearer home. The evil of Exces- stand in the following order, as to their
According to these data, the States will sive Poor-rates is universally complained gross population : New York, Virginia, of, and is rapidly augmenting to an unpre- Pennsylvania, Kentucky, North Carolina, cedented degree among us.
Obio, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Ten
nessee, Maryland, Georgia, Maine, New he the result, if enquiries similar to those
Jersey, Connecticut, Vermont, Newmade by the Moral Society of Portland, Hampshire, Louisiana, Indiana, Missouri, were made among our poor? How many Mississippi, Rhode Island, Delaware,
Illinois. of them have reduced themselves to po. verty by babits of intemperance ? To what first, being 974,622) – New-York, next
In gross numbers, Virginia now stands amount does any town,-or the nation (being 959,049)- Pennsylvania third (beat large TAX ITSELF to maintain those ing 810,091)-Massachusetts, inclusive of who have spent what should have been Maine, the fourth, viz. (700,745) &c. &c.
Mr. Niles has not calculated the rates of their support, and that of their families, in actual increase on the last three censuses a vice leading to all others. The nation but the rates of the whole increase may may call on Government:—the fault lies thus be stated; with the nation itself. The Legislature Increase from 1790 to 1800—35 per cent. may renew statutes, and amend them
1800 to 1810-36 yearly, “to the last moment of recorded Taking 36 per cent. therefore, as the aver. time;" the consequences will not improve, these conclusions follow :
age of our increase for every ten years, till the moral feelings of the public be im Ist. That the United States double their proved ; till vice be hooted out of counte population in 28 years. gance; and those who pursue it, shall 2d. That applying the same ratio of have become instances to others, as well increase to the next census, we may be
expecied to number in 1820, about as to themselves, that much—in fact, that 9,846,268-only 117,010 souls less than every thing-may be lost by it, but nothing Mr. Niles estimates. gained :--that the nation will not tax it
Let us say then in round numbers, that self FIVE OR SIX MILLIONS sterling millions of souls-where is the limit to this
in 1820 our population will amount to ten yearly, to no manner of purpose, but to en- astonishing extension ?-Let us suppose, courage others to contribute all in their what will probably be more correct, that power, by additional vice, to double, per
our numbers will not advance every ten haps to treble, that disgraceful amount.
years as much as 36 per cent.but that they increase about 3 per cent. less in
that period, in other words, that from POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.
1820 to 1830, the increase is only 33 per Nile's Weekly Register presents us with cent.-to 1840, 30 per cent.-and in 1850, views of the past and present population 27 per cent.-Making this allowance, (that
2 N 2
THEORETICAL ESTIMATE OF THE
we may sin on the safe side) still it follows our beds are removed from under us. The that
graves of our fathers are destroyed, and In 1890 we shall have........13,300,000 their children are driven away. The Al1840
-17,290,000 mighty is angry with us; for we have been 1850
21,958,300 'very wicked; therefore hisarm does not keep By these estimates the United States
Where are the Chiefs of the rising will have in thirty-three years, a popula. Sun? White Chiefs now kindle their artion of nearly twenty-two millions-consicient fires! There no Indian sleeps bat derably more than the population of Great those that are sleeping in their graves, Britain and Ireland -and in about teu My house will soon be like theirs; soon years more, more than the population of will a white chief nere kindle this fire. France. Richmond Compiler.
Your Scanando will soon be no more, and
bis village no inore a village of Indians." The reader will not fail to remark, “ The news that came last night by our that the rapid increase of population is
men from Albany, made this a sick day in
Oneida. placed by the foregoing estimate in the
All our children's bearts are
sick, and our eyes rain like the black cloud open and unsettled states. The states on
that roars on the tops of the trees of the the sea-board, though not fully settled and wiklerness. Long did the strong voice of peopled, are allowed a very much dimi Scanando
Children take care, be wise, nislied increase. The natural inference is, be straight. His feet were then like the
deer's, and his arm like the bear's-lie cau that the Western States are not supplied
now only mourn out a few words and then with an increase so extraordinary as 700 be silent; and his voice will soon be heard per cent, in ten years, from native births, no more in Oneida. But certaiuly he will but from accessions of fresh settlers, which
be long in the minds of his children-in
white men's, Scandano's name has gone settlers minst come from other countries, far, and will not die. He has spoke many and consequently some other states are words to make his children straight. Long impoverished, while these unappropriated has be said, drink no strong water; for it wilds increase with such astonishing ra
makes you mice for white men, who are
cats. Many a meal have they eaten of you. pidity. This supposition is confirmed by Their mouth is a snare, and their way like the following statement from the same the fox's. Their lips are sweet, but their American paper.
heart is wicked. Yet there are good
Whites and good Indians-I love all good It is astonishing in whint numbers the men; and Jesus, whom I love, sees all
. people are flocking to the Missouri Terri- His great day is coming; he will make tory from every State, and of every de- straight; he will say to cheating Whites scription. Boon's Settlement, which, a and drinking Indians, begone ye-begone short time since, comprised only a few ye-go, go, go. Certainly, my children, scattering cabins, in an immense forest, he will drive i hem away. In that day I and settled by the wild and uncultivated, wil rejoice. But oh! great sorrow is in has now become a county, with courts of my heart that many of my children moura. justice, and men of all professions, and will The great Jesus has looked on all the while soon resemble a city, with all its polite- the whites were cheating us ; and it will ness, conforts, aud civilization.
remain in his mind-he will make all SPEECIL OF JOHN SCANANDO, straight again. Long have I behered his Head Chief of the Oneidas, on the discove pray to him. He is my good Saviour-my
good words; and as long as I live will I ry that their land and improvements at bliud eyes he will open. f I shall see him. the Castle were sold to the State, by the Children, his way is a good way. intrigue (as he asserts) of certain White Men. [The tears ran copiously froin
The Indians are now driven to their unimhis eyes, and from the eyes of all that prored land, The old chief him-elf, an hur heard bim in council while he spoke.)
dred and six years old when I visited the place,
lived in the woods, three miles distant from the " My warriors and my children Hear! meeting-house, which together with the misIt is cruel-it is very cruel !
sionary house were in possession of the state.
A beavy Men were then laying out the extensive inburden lies on my heart;- it is very sick.
provements in the village lots: and few of the This is a dark day. The clouds are black fribes comparatively, kindied these fires within and heavy over the Oneida nation; and a the whole reservation, and the missionary stastrong arm is heavy upon us, and our hearts tion there was soon to be broken up.
+ He was kind and near a hundred years old groan under it. Our fires are put out, and I when he delivered this speech.
“ Hearken, my children; When this news, ancient Architecture which had hitherto sounds in the council house, toward the escaped notice. The Grand Signori firsettiog sun, and the chiefs of the Six Na- man procured him protection every where tious hearkey, and they send to the council as far as Nubia; and according to a letter by the great lake, near the setting sun, and from bim dated' Damietta, August 14, they cry, make bows and arrows, sharpen 1815, he met with a most friendly recepthe tomahawk-put the chain of friend- tion from Aly Bey, Governor of Damanship with the whites ipso the ground bar. The Guvernor of Syene accompanied warrior, kill, kill! The great chief at the bim in person, through the desert as far as setting sun won't kill any of the Six Na-El Hoiff
, (Philoe). Ncar Assnan, (Syene), tions that go into his land, because they the Eastern arm of the Nile being unusuhave a chain of friendship with the whites; ally low, the traveller was able to wade and he says the whites have made us through it, to get to the island of Elephanwicked like themselves, and that we have tine. By the care of Ibrahim, Governor of sold them our land. We have not sold it; 1 Upper Egpt, he was enabled to continue we have been cheated ; and my messen
bis journey up the Nile, to Idrim, the ca-' gers shall make true words in the great pital of Nubia, which belongs to the 'Turks. council house toward the setting sun-and Though he was much pleased with tbe say-yet bury the tomahawks; Oneidas mode of living of the inhabitants, a handmust be children of peace.
some race of people, which in many of the
conveniences of life resembles that of the “ Children ! some have said, your chiefs Europeans, he found it adviseable to set signed papers of white men that sold our out upon his return to Cairo on the 9th of fires. Your chiefs signed no papers; soon- Juuc, 1815. In fact, immediately after er would they let the tomahawk lay them bis departure from Turkish Nubia, a delow. We know one of our men was hired structive civil war broke outbetween three by white men to tell our men this, and will brothers, who, nomipally dependent on the now tell you so, (himself.) Papers are Pacha of Egypt, govern Nubia to the farwicked things; take care, sign none of ther side of the great Cataracts, and as far them but such as our minister reads to us. as Dongola. When Richter and Lindman He is straight. You now see his tears returned to Cairo at the end of July, and running like ours,
were ready at the beginning of August to
traverse the Delta in all directions, a mu“ Father you ate our minister-dry up tiny broko out among the Arnauis, who your tears. We know if your arm could it would help us. We know wicked men
are now the only infantry of Mchimed Aly,
Pacha of Egypt. The travellers now speak ill of you for our sakes. You suffer changed their plan, and ploceeded by sea with us. Bút you are Jesus's servant, and from Damietta to Jaffa. "Ai Acre, Linda he will love you no less for loving Indians.
man parted from Richter. The latter bay, “ Children-Our two messengers willing taking a cursory survey of the deserts run and carry our sorrows to the great Tyre and sidon, proceeded to Balbec, council fire toward the setting sun. Run, (Heliopolis), wbither the Pacha of Acre my children, and tell our words. Give bad given him letters to one of the prinbealth to all the chiefs assembled round cipal chiefs. The sight of the highly orna. the great fire. And may Jesus, the great mented remains of Balbec was much more Saviour, bring you back safe.”
pleasing to our traveller than that of the
immeuse masses of ruins at Luxor and [Two men then set off immediately for Carpac. Afterwards, he travelled in safety Buffalo.)
through Syria to the top of Lebanon, exawined the principal monasteries, and the
road of Anionine over the mountains, and RICHTER'S TRAVELS.
visited Aluppo, Damascus, and even TadThe untimely death of the learned mor, (Palmyra) in the desert. and inquisitive traveller, Otto Von Rich- ploring the site of the Ancient Ephesus, ler, is a most afilicting circumstance for which neither Choiseuil Goullier nor the the scientific world, as well as his nu
modern English travellers bave rightly in. mcrous friends in Geimany and Russia. dicated, he caught in infectious tever in
the morasses and wildernesses of that deIn company with the accomplished Swe dish Traveller, Lindlman, he had trazel slate country, which in a few days terled in 1815 through all Egypt and Numinated his life. He has left papers and bia, and discovered beyond Philoc, on
drawings of the greatest importance to the the spot where the ancient state of Me arts and sciences, which have been happily rue was situated, considerable remains of preserved. - Literary Gazette.