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SPAIN.

SWEDEN

WESTPHALIA.

and countries they describe, by comparing near the Hase, in the Duchy of Osnaburgh, them with the actual state of things, for where probably the remnant of the Roman which purpose bis public character invested legions received their last discomfiture, him with great advantages.

which ended in the suicide of their leader.

From thence I have traced the track of Ecclesiastical revenues,

the later vengeance unsuccessfully directed

by Germanicus against the destroyer of According to a work upon the property the legions, and have attended his expediof the Clergy and Monks of Spain, which tion to the confiues of the country of the was published by a Deputy of the Cortes, Mursi. I have conclusive reasons for believtheir revenues amount to no less than 51 | ing that the ground on which stands the millions of piastres (10,625,000). sterling). ancient Borchholzhausen contains the spot

of what, according to Tacitus, was called Swedish literature has been this year denominated T'anfanne, and which from a

templum Tanfanæ, that spot being even yet enriched with translations, said to be good pestilent fen I have converted into a paved ones, of the Iliad, Æneid, and Paradise public walk. From thence I have followed Lost.

the armies of young Caesar as far as the

Visurgis, (Weser,) near to the famous Work in support of Classical Antiquity.

Westphalian gate, or Pforte, in the vicinity A work“ Ou the classical territory of discovered the only point where Arminius

of Minden, and there I have evidently Westpbalia, formerly the scene of various

can have held the memorable conversation, exploits of the Romans, recorded by Ta preserved, iu substance, by Tacitus, with citus, and other writers of antiquity," is announced by its author in the following Roman camp and service, near Idistavi,

liis brother Flavius, who was in the terms—“ Vuch has been written on the beyond the Weser.” (Dated Herford, 14th Roman expeditions of Drusus, Germanicus, and Varus, but little that can be relied July, 1816, and sigoed von Hohenhausen.) on, most authors on this subject having been deficient in local knowledge, and INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE guided by reports. The topographical investigations, which I intend to publish, were made by myself. Being placed at BRITISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA. the head of the provincial administration of the places and districts, where the most important events of those times occurred, and having carefully examined and com

.......“ We visited a favourite residence of pared the several opinions and hypotheses the present Vizier's, called Moobarrick of such modern authors as have made the Munzul, a small house ou the bank of the accounts of Cæsar, Tacitus, Pliny, Strabo, river Goomty, the lowest down the river and Dio Cassius, the ground-work of their the Vizier has, except a white marble conjectures, I shall perhaps be able to building now erected just below it. throw some light on many a memorable

“ Moobarrick Muuzul is elegantly furspot hitherto either entirely disregarded, wished, the principal room has a looking or yet subjected to considerable doubts. 1 glass ceiling, in it is a painting of a wbite have, for å length of time, daily visited the tiger, the gardens are in the old fashioned country, formerly the scat of Aliso, that style, full of orange and lime trees, flowercelebrated point d'appui, of Roman power. ing shrubs and flowers, all the year round, I am familiar with the spot, whence the in succession, except the hot winds, (the expedition of Varus's legions penetrated | winter of vegetation in ludia,) interspersed through the forests of Tentoburg. In the with statues and vases. vicinity of the ancient T'rotzenburg I can “ On the opposite side the Goomty, we point out the ford, of which the town of had a mock elephant fight, between two Herford, (from Heer, i. e. army, and ford, females trained for the purpose. a ford,) probably received its name. I “ An officer having expressed a desire have, step by step, pursued the route of the to see an elephant and crocodile fight, Roman army through the ravines, in the which had been previously talked of by neighbourhood of Lahke on the konzeval, the Vizier and his courtiers, bis Excellenas far as the country on the Lake of cy had the goodness to send to the river Dumm, and from thence have followed Gograt and ordered several to be caught, the expedition to Greatesch as far as the and brought ou hackeries to the Goomty. stones of Grodesch on the Teufelsbruch, We walked from Moobarrick Muuzulover

FROM THE

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM CAWNPORE.

scene.

a new bridge of boats with wooden row. , immediately opposite General Martin's ers, battlements and embrazures for can. house, now Nurred Bux, in one of the pret. non upon it, to the opposite side, and there tiest pleasure boats I ever beheld, it is was an immense alligator and middle sized cased on the outside with silver plates, crocodile alive, with several of the latter embossed with devices, and gilt, below the lying dead. The elephants were brought water mark, a canopy of light green satin, up to the crocodile, and one of them trod lined with pink satin, silver embroidery, upon it, with its foot, so as almost to crush fringe, aud tassels, the mast and sails highit, but although the crocodile screamed ly decorated; it is impossible for any boat with pain, it recovered. The elephants to be more princely and beautiful for its could not be made to attack the large alli- size; there are several other larger and gator, thau which a more hideous mon- very handsomely decorated boats, but none ater cannot be imagined, with a prodigious like this. His Excellencv's pinnaces, budloug head and sharp teeth, the elephants gerows, snake, and a prodigious number of approaching near to it, carefully rolled up other boats of all descriptions lie here at the proboscis into the smallest possible cir- Moobarrick Munzeel. On landing we procumference, and whenever one came near, ceeded to a building called Dellarani, or the alligator made a snap at the proboscis, vulgarly the lanthorp house, erected in the or one of the legs of the elephant, the jaws English style, by the late Vizier: it derives meeting without seizing any part of the its name from its being three stories bigh, animal, gave a smart sound, that might and of no considerable breadth or depth. have been heard at some distance. A From this house the bank of the river is country dog was then brought and tied sloped and formed into a flower garden; gear the alligator, who got it completely in the rear is an extensive pumnah, la in his mouth, the dog at times escaping which brood mares and their colts are out, attacking and biting the monster's kept, and add much to the liveliness of the nose, or substance at the extremity of the

The view of the Vizier's various upper jaw, making it bleed freely, although palaces and buildings on the opposite side at one time, the dog's hind foot was in its is strikingly beautiful. mouth ; however, the alligator, at last got

“ Some days after we were invited by the dog again in its mouth, and gave it so

his Excellency to a shooting party and severe a crush between its long and formi- breakfast, at á hunting house, in au extendable teeth, the dog appeared dead. Wa- sive rumna near to the cantonments of ter was then thrown by bheestees upon Manceown, about three miles from the rethe alligator and dog, and the latter libe- sidence, ou the opposite side of the river, rated from the mouth of the monster; when built by the late Vizier, and whimsically to our great surprise and pleasure, up rose

ornamented round the freeze of each room, the dog and ran off: this occurred with with the alphabet, in Roman characters two country dogs, and both got off safe.

A. B. C. &c. in repeated succession; and It was not a very gratifying spectacle, but from thence called the A B C house. certainly a very curious one.

The crocodile and alligator were no doubt greatly and mortar masonry, erected by Asoph ul

“ When we crossed the bridge of brick enfeebled by having been brought from so great a distance tightly bound with cordis Dowlah, over the river Goomty, there was

a little haze in the air, but on returning upon hackeries, and out of their own element, besides which, they were not entire home the sun had dispersed it, and shone ly released from the cords when attacked beautifully upon the various buildings with with elephants and dogs.

their gilded domes, spires, &c. Mosques,

Moobarrick Munzul is crowded with curiosities, fine of the bridge the view is enchanting on

and Palaces of Lucknow. From the centre furniture, and most beautiful lustre wall both sides ; to the riglit, up the river, ou girandoles. « We then visited Mirza Wallalkahotee, barah, its Mosques, Courts, and magnifi

the opposite sides stands the grand Emama house built by Mahomed Reza Khawn, cent gateways. The Dowlut Khaunah, once minister to Asoph ul Dowlah, a noble with the pagoda, and vear it a very large man well known and much esteemed by building erected by Rajah Mhera, who all the European gentlemen at Lucknow; had been bead palanqueen bearer to this house is built on a high mound, near Asoph ul Dowlah, and acquired in his Exthe Goomty, it has a number of fine rooms, cellency's service, immense wealth. It has a e'egantly furnished. The view from this Frenchified look, and puts one in mind of house, both up and down the river, is very the Louvre at Paris. It is not quite finishinteresting and beautiful.

ed, but being very completely roofed in, “ We afterwards crossed the Goomty, and furnished with doors and windows, it

INDIGO.

is turned into a godown, to lodge part of name of Phansesgars, and in the upper prow the property of the Vizier. Froni the pre- vinces by the appellation of Thugs; the sent prince's enlarged mind, free from old-peruliarity of whose practice is the emfashioned prejudice, we may expect at ployment of a noose, which they throwy some future period it will be finished, round the traveller wbom they have fallen when it will be very ornamental to Luck- in with on the road apparently by accident, now. On the left near the end of the and whom they thus strangle and rob : bridge, stands the Sovereign Dowager's they live in a regular society, and roam the palace, a most extensive Hindostanee build country in gangs, under a regular Sirdaror ing, with double walls. Hodges in his 10- Chief. The communcation was sent by Dr. dian Tour, gives a view of it: beyond this is Sherwood, from Madras, and was illustrata palace and a garden, which Asoph uled by several extracts from official reports Dowlah, built in the beginning of his reign, made in this part of India. Au account of then the Resident's houses, on the op- the sea snakes that made their appearance posite side of the river.

some time since in such numbers at Madras “ The river Goomty is crowded with wasalso forwarded by Dr. M‘Kenzie: these boats busily employed, and the ground on shakes proved to be venomous in a very both sides is cultivated with grain and to high degree; but the establishment of mebacco, to the water's edge.

dical aid near the spot, and the ready ap

plication of the eau de-luce, prevented any " Early next morning, we went to a

great loss of lives. Two short papers were large spot of ground, near the new grand also read: one on the ceremonies observed stables enclosed with a tiled mud wall, at the coronation of the Colastri Rajah on where his Excellency's wild beasts and the Malabar coast, by Mr. Brown; and birds are kept. Tigers, Leopards, Siagu shes, Bears,' Monkies, Porcupines, Sables, the Parthian kings, about 250 years before

another on several ancient coins struck by Flying Foxes, &c. in abundance. The most Christ, and which were presented by Dr. curious animals, are two of the Ramghur Robinson to the Society. "His Excellceny Hill Dogs, called by Williamson Dhools

, the President was present. which that writer says, are reported to unite in bodies of four or five hundred, to hunt, and kill the most ferocious tigers. The following is a comparative stateSome people say these animals look like ment of the quantity of lodigo manufac. Jarge English Foxes, but most assuredly the tured in Bengal during the last two years: size (very large,) by no means agrees with

Indigo crop 1815 and 1816, imported my recollection of an English Fox: It is from the 1st September to the 1st April, true, I have not seen one these forty years. viz. These animals are extremely lively, conti

Chest. Fact. Mounds. pually moving briskly round their cage, Imported 29,484 114,628 36 154 and the keeper told me they occasionally barked like dogs. • Kootah ka awage, Exported to Bhooka, Bhooka, kurta by.

London 19,008 78,183 39 19 “ There is a vast variety of birds : the Lisbon

950 1,453 08 Cassowary, Pheasants of all kinds, and Denmark 379 1,198 4 6 some of the most beautiful Parrots I ever America 2,049 7,186 25 3 bebeld, with brown bodies and wings, Brazil

172 516 19 with purple breasts; green bodies with Boqibay

823 3,928 16 11 light green breasts, striped and waved Muscat.......... 83 105 15 40 with yellow."

Bushire.......... 86 399 12 13
Bussorah 2,332 7,413 87 14
Madras ..........

2

6 0 0 Calcuta, Aug. 10.-On last Wednesday Mauritius 527 2,137 992 evening a meeting of the Asiatic Society New Holland S

10 14 11 was held, at which several interesting communications were submitted to the so

25,764 98,538 207 9 ciety:--Amongst these was the journal of Mr. Fraser's Tour to the sources of the Su

APRIL 1, 1816. tlej and Jumna, and thence across a most Remaining in Calcutta 9,720 18,090 29 63 difficult and interesting country to the Iudigo imported 1814-15 sources of the Ganges: a long and curious 1st Sept. 1814 document was also communicated respect

apd 27,550 102,756 4. 19 ing several classes of robbers and nur Ist Sept. 1815 derers, kuown iu the south of India by the

SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION,

20 0

PIECE GOODS.

PRICES.

Statement shewing the quantities and Insiitution, thań has ever before been es. value of goods exported from Calcutta, by perienced sea, in the month of March, 1816.

BOMBAY.
Mounds.

PROGRESS OF SHIP BUILDING.
Indigo
10,499 18 8 2

Bombay, April, 20.-On Saturday last, Silk

619
7 5

was floated out of the Bombay Docks, the Cotton To London

new Ship Buckinghamshire, of the bur. 986 990

then of 1350 Tons, built for the Honoura. China 45,560 96 2

ble Company's regular service, and comIsle France 216 0 0

manded by Captain Frederick Adams: Padang 234

and on the following day, the Amphitrite 46,917 36 2

frigate of $8 guns, built for his Majesty's

service. To London...... 6,254

The ceremony on the first mentioned Lisbon .................55,962

day was attended by the Right Honoura. New York •52,918

ble the Governor; the Commauder in Boston....... 44,542

Chief; and other persons of cousideration, Providence .......... 49,210

when on naming the Ship, the Bottle was Salem 21,952

thrown by the fair hand of Lady Nightingall.

224,233 We have no hesitatiou in saying, that CalcUTTA, JULY 4, 1816.-In the pre- two finer Ships were never scut to sea, sent year twenty five Students ir the Cold and we confidently trust, they will not lege of Fort William, have been reported only stand the ordeal of the closest inspecby the examiners qualified for the public lioni, but remain proud monuments, of the service, and five Students have been excellence of the materials, skill and zeal awarded degrees of honour for eminent of the Veverable Builder, and of the proficiency in the Bengalee fanguage, viz. ability of the artificers in the Bonıbay Dock Messrs. Clerk, Vibart, Wilkiuson, Stuart, | Yard. and Ellerton.

These two ships were built within the The reports of the Examination of this period of eighteen months, during which year exhibit the singularly favourable re

time, the Zebra, Brig-Sloop-of-War, was

also built, and the frame of the Melville of sult, that out of thirty-six students, who entered the hall to be examined, and who extensive repairs to Ships in the same yard.

74 Guns, nearly completed; with several formed the whole body of those under in. struction in the terms, not less than iweuty- Steam Engine laicly erected in the Dock

It is also deserving of notice, that the five have been reported qualified for the Yard was successfully worked a few days public service by a competent proficiency previcus to the floating the above ships in two of the langu: gis taught. lu former out of Dock, and as an iustance of the adyears out of forty.live er tilty Civil Stu- vantages to be expected from this machidents examined, it was thought extraordinery, and made a maiter of exultation, if nery, the Ruparell Merchant Ship was 18 or 20 were reporied qualified. The brought into the Lower Dock, on the 15th Examination of this year has however re

instant, (one day after the Springs) and dured the pro; ortion of those detained the water (remaining after the Tide had

the three Bombay Docks were cleared of from the public service by the Regulations of ebbed out by which means repairs were the College, from a rate amounting 10 three-fifths of the whole number of Students effected to the Keel, and the Ship put out

of Dock again, on the 17th instant. attached to it, to a trifle more than two

It is understood, that this is only a sevenths, or less than half of the old

pro

small specimen of the quantity and nature portion.

of the Ship-building now going on in India. In the estimate of the productive powers The proprietors of Teak Forests are alloof the year, compared with former periods, geiher on the alert, on this subject; and this is indeed a favourable circumstance; even foreign states, as Rangoon and Ava, but what is more, it is one in which there expect to benefit by the trade. We have is no room for the operation of chapce.- heretofore submitted statements on the There can be but one cause to which it can subject. Report affirms, that one of the be attributed; it is impossible to entertain vessels employed against Algiers, being any other supposition, than that there must built of Teak, has fewer shot holes in her have existed amongst the Students a more sides, (although exposed to the hottest fire) general disposition to study, with a view than any other man of war engaged in that to avail themselves of the benefits of the arduous enterprize.

THE

EXCELLENCY
GOVERNOR.

CEYLON.

timents so highly honourable to their chaMINUTE BY HIS

ràcter.

NEW ZEALAND, A Collection of Papers have been pre The following is the description of a New sented for the perusal of His Excellency Zealand fortified village, as given by the the Governor by the Hononrable the Chief Justice, expressive of an intention on the Rev. Mr. Marsden. The reader can bardly part of the principal Dutch inhabitants, couceive how pearly the same words would burghers, and native indiabitants of Co- describe a fortified post among the antient lumbo, to emancipate the children of their Britons. Sir R. C. Hoare's Work on the slaves, boru on or subsequent to the auDiversary of his Royal Highness the Prince Antiquities of Wiltshire, contains plans of Regent's birth-day, the 12th of August many such, the earthen works of which next.

still remain perfect. It is true, that all the The huniane feelings and just principles timber works are perished many ages ago; which have dictated a resolution so salu- but, by what remaius of similar structures, tary to the future condition of an unfortanate class of the community, his Excel- though for other purposesmas Greenstead lency cannot too highly applaud, nor ex-church, in Essex--there is every reason to press, in adequate terms, the satisfaction believe, that exactly the same labours were with which he contemplates this proof of resorted to, and with considerable effect an existing disposition, on the part of slave proprietors in Ceylon, to lend their con- against natives : lhat they should not prove currence and support to the great work of suficient against Roman skill and persehumanity, in which a bright example has verance, though defended with the most been set by the Legislature of Great consummate bravery, can surprize no rea Britain.

lu a matter of so great interest, the Goder of general history. vernor will not interpose between his

DESCRIPTION OF WYMATTEE. Royal Highness the Prince Regent and the ivhabitants of this colouy, by an act of his This village contains about 200 houses. own authority, beyond a provisional ac

It is situated on the summit of an almost 'ceptance, in the name of his Royal High- inaccessible hill: and is strongly fortified, ness, of the offer to emancipate the child both by nature and art. Three very deep dren of slaves, from the period alluded to. trenches have been cut round the sides of He will, by the earliest opportuvity, and the bill, one abore another; and each with the fullest expression of his approba trench fenceri round with whole or split tion and applause, convey this Žutiful re trees, from twelve to twenty feet high. We solution of the inhabitants to the favour. I entered this extraordmary forificatiou able notice of his Royal Highness. Be through a variow gateway, when Shunga doubts not he shall anticipate the sense of her shewed us low he defended his place the parties concerned, by referring the in- in iime of war. He bad one small secret cidental points proposed by them as legis. cover, where he could lie conceakd, and lative provisious, to the free disposal of fire upon the enemy. Every little but is that auihority, from which it is his Excellenced roun, in this inclosure. Some of lency's wish, that every thing relating to the stone houses, for the reception of their this important part of the political eco spears or provisions, are about thirty feet nomy of the colony should immediately long and twenty wide, and well built. emanate.

The roofs are thatched; and soure of the As his Excellency has no doubt that n eaves extend 3 feet over the sides, in order to corresponding disposition prevails amongst «arry of the water and keep the buildings the inhabitants in other parts of the island, dry. In the centre of the fortification, on he would recommend to all classes an early the very summit of the bill, a stage is declaration of their intentions.

erected on a single pillar, about six fcet The proper mode of proceeding will be long and three broad, hewn out of a solid by Humble Address to his Royal Highness tree, and elevated about six feet from the the Prince Regent-Forms of which will ground. Upon this the Chief sits, either be found in the Chief Secretary's Office in for pleasure or business, just as occasions Columbó, and the several Cutcheries require bois consulting with his people. It throughout the Island. Signatures will be commands a most extensive view of the received from Slave Owners of every des surrounding country, in all directions. cription, who may be animated with sen- Near the stage is a little hut, about four

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