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ken-baker's shops werê rifled--bntcher's, you demand them? (Yes, yes.) I I jump shops-pork-shops, were pillaged, &c. &c. down, will you follow me? (Yes, yes, was A number of the culprits were seized ; and again voliferated. It shall go no further.) some have been put on their trials, and The persons on the waggon then depunished:
scended with the flags': the constables imOn Monday, December 2, a great crowd mediately faid hold of the Aags. Some assembled in Spafields, to receive the an- persons attempted resistance, and two were swer of the Prince Regent to the petition of therefore taken up forthwith and sent to the distressed manufacturers and mechanics prison. The constables succeeded in getof London and its vicinitv; voted at a for- ting one of the flags. mer meeting. As a prelude to the scene Mr. Hunt then came forward amid the that followed, and with the spiriť of the most tumultuous applause, and addressing ruling demayogue, a person mounted a
the crowd, by the usual title of " friends coal-waggon, irr which were about twenty and fellow-countrymen," related to them, people, chiefly in the dress of sailors. Se at a great length, his correspondence with veral flags were displayed; two tri-coloured Lord Sidmouth, the Secretary of State, by ones, on one of which was inscribed-
whom the late petition had been presented " Natore, Truth, and Justice! to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. “ Feed the Hungry! « Protect the Oppressed !
It was required that His Royal Highness
should bestow on the inhabitants of the “ Punish Crimes!"
metropolis 2 or 300,0001, out of the Civil On the second tri-coloured flag no in- List; but instead of- this, what had been scription.-On a third white flag was in- done? Some enemy to his country, some scribed, in red letters, the following :: corrupt minister, , bad persuaded buis Royal
" The brave Soldiers are our Brothers; Ilighness to send 5,0006, out of the Droits treat them kindly."
of Admiralty, whieh properly belonged Many had bludgeons, others pockets full to the sailors: those droits, the piraticat of stones, and some, it is said, concealed seizing of.wbich had caused so much blooddaggers.
shed, and the loss of so many British lives, An orator in the waggon then addressed Having gone ou for some time in this infam the meeting in the following strain. I am matory style, he proceeded to read his first torry to tell you our supplication to the resolution, which was in substance, that a Prince has failed. He, the father of his corrupt press had strenuously laboured to jeople, answered—“ My family have never convince the people that Napoleon Buonaeceived petitions but from Oxford and parte was a military despot, but that the Cambridge, and the City of London." And preparatinas made for intimidating that s this man the father of the people ---No. meeting sufficiently, proved that we ourlas he listened to your petition ?-No selves lived under a military government. he day is come. (It is-it is, front the mob.) | This resolution being put and carried, seve te must do inore than words. We have ral more were adopted, to the effect of deeen oppressed for 809 years since the Nor-claring the general misery which prevailed, Fan conquest. If they would give ye a which was manifested in the lists of bankod, a shovel, a spade, and a hoe, your rupts, the crowds tilat filled the gaols, the other earth would supply you. (Aye, ayr, dejection on every countenance, and all tire e would. Loud applurese.) Countrymen symptoms of approaching despair. That you will have your wrongs redressed, fol. to attempt the remedy of such enormous wwe. (That we will. Sluuts.)- Wat evils by the mere demonstrations of a chai yler would have succeeded bad he not ritable disposition, was not only on ineflecteu basely murdered by a Lord Mayor, tual remedy, but a gross insult on the uni illiam of Walworth. Has the Parlia- derstandiogs of the people, whose attention eut done their duty? No. Has the Re- should be directed towards that standing int done lus duty? No, no. Aman who army of 150,000 men, wbich had never be ceives one million a year public money, fore been lence of in the history of the wes only 5,0001. to the poor. They have Coustitution. Every thing was hopeless glected the starving people, robbed them without reform; antibing could be attained every thing, and given them a penny. Is until the House of Conmous became the is to be endured? Four millions are in real representatives of the nation, instead of stress; our brothers in Ireland are in a being what they were at present--the inosse state, the climax of misery is com
struments of an all-grasping oligarchical ete, it can go no further. The Ministers faction. General reform was indispensable, Ive got granted our rights. Shall we a reform that would give every man of full ke them? (Yes, yes, from the mob.) Will age the right of voting in the election of Vol. V. No. 28, Lit. Pan. N. S. Jan. 1.
those who were to decide on the lives and strate, said, “ My friend, you are mistaken; properties of their fellow-countrymen. Per- this is not the place for arms." The ruffian haps the mode of electing by ballot would instantly drew forth a pistol, and lodged be a great improvement in this plan of ge- the cootents of it in the hip or groin of neral reform. These were the only means Mr. Platt. Three other fellows, who were of restoring the country to domestic peace by this time entering the shop, suspecting and foreign independence, to tranquillity at by the report that their leader was shot
, home and respectability abroad. (Applause.) turned round and fled in haste. The shop
Mr. Haydon seconded the resolutions ; door was instantly closed upon the assassin, and Mr. Waddington seconded the motion whom Mr. Beckwith's shopman with great for presenting the petition, founded on the spirit seized, and hurried into the back resolutions, to the House of Commons. The shop, where he was given in charge to s last-mentioned orator stated, that he had constable, who permitted the prisoner to that morning transmitted to his Majesty's go up stairs. The latter instantly sprang government a “grand and extensive plan to the window, threw up the sash, wared for a general relief to the manufacturing in his handkerchief, and addressing the mob, terest, and through that to every class of assured them that they hod nothing to fear, the community throughout the united king as there were but few persons in the house
, dom." He then went over his outline of a and, he might easily be rescued. Here plan for establishing a company to be en upon the mob attacked the house, and, be titled “ The Royal Commercial Company sides committing various ravages, carried of the United Kingdom," for the purpose of off the prisoner, and plundered the shop opening a market for our surplus manufac- of guns, pistols, &c. Thus armed, they tores, to be directed by a board acting pursued their course into the city, with the gratis, and consisting of 10 or 12 of the view, it was apprehended, of attacking the Inost ostensible sinecurists.
Bank. The question on the petition was earried As the mob proceeded along Cheapwith acclamatione.
side, they loaded and discharged their Mr. Hunt would take upon himself to pieces into the houses, as if to intimi$?, that if it were the pleasure of the meet-date the spectators. Here they were met ing to depute Lord Cochrane to carry the by the Lord Mayor, Alderman Sir James petition, that his Lordship would be soon
Shaw, and a strong party of the police enough out of prison to obey the summons, under his Lordship's orders. As soor a because he had no doubt that there were the greatest part of the rioters had passed many more than penuies enough subscribed through the north side, directions were to pay his fine.-(Cheering.)- He therefore given to close all the gates leading out of moved that the Right Hon. Lord Cochrane the exchange, by which mrans three men be requested to present the petition to the with arms, having on them the name of House of Commons, upon its first assem
Beckwith, were taken into custody. The bling,
remainder of the insurgents became es. Arter considerable clamour, it was finally of their comrades and their banners: and
ceedingly furious on learning the capture voted by an immense majority, that the name of Sir F.Burdett should be associated not being able to force the Exchange with that of Lord Cochrane in their resolu- Shoulders, and fired over the top of the
gates, they raised each other upon their tion.
gates at the Lord Mayor and his party, Mr. Hunt had two motions more to sub- whilst others fired under the gates
. A mit-first, that they do adjourn to the se- fresh force, however, arriving to his Lord cond Monday after the meeting of Parlia- ship’s aid, the ruffians departed, taking the meat; and secondly, that Sir F. Burdett direction of the Minories, where they coand Lord Cochrane be respectfully re- tered the shops of Mr. Brander and Mr. quested to attend on that occasion.-Car-Ray, gunsmiths. From the former they ried with great applause.
took a quantity of arms, and from the At the Spafields Meeting, the coal-wag- latter they seized not only guns and pistols
, gon orator concluded in these words: but, it is said, also plate to a considerable
There are 5,000 men in this place able amount. They also took from the preand willing to follow me into the city, mises of Mr. Ray two small brass fieldwhere we can teach them to relieve us." pieces, on wheels, one of which was afler-A body instantly detached itself. Onwards seized and lodged in the Mansionreaching Skinuer - street, Snowhill, one house. They entirely destroyed all the of the body advancing before the rest, en windows and window frames in the house tered the shop of Mr. Beckwith, the gun- of both these tradesmen. All the prison smith. calling out “ Arms, arms !" A gen- in and round the metropolis were put into timman who happened to be in the shop, a state of defence, and had military str named Platt, affably attempting to remon tioned within for protection. The ety
was well furnished with soldiers, both horse and foot: the horse paraded all parts PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. of the metropolis during the evening and the night, and preserved order every where.
CRAP. VIII -The Bank and East India-House were House of Commons, May 24. provided with sufficient force to repel any
Woollen Trade. attack, and the City Militia kept watch in the Royal Exchange. The Inns of the
Mr. F. Lewis stated, that it was his Court had their gates closed, and the shops
a resolution on the In all the principal streets of the city were subject of allowing a free exportation of shut up.
wool, the consideration of which had been Hurit, the prime cause of all these dis referred to a Committee, that the House turbances, rode from Spafields to his tavern might come better prepared to the invesin Bouverie-strest, with an air of jusolent tigation of the subject. The purport of triumph. He rode on horseback, in the the resolution was, that the exportation of midst of an immense mob, and occasion wool should be permitted from Great ally stopped to enjoy the applause wbich Britain and Ireland, but under such regulahis misguided victims showered upon him. lations as might afford protection to the We understand there were also riots in
home manufacturer. Nothing could be other parts of the town, westward; but as freedom of exportatiou would ruin the
more extravagant thau the assertion that these euded in plunder and pillage, and no blood was shed, they did not make equal of the home market was the prop of the
woollen manufacturers, as the monopoly impression on the public mind, with the woollen trade. Out of twenty-eight million excesses of that body which took its way pounds of wool manufactured in this couninto the city, but certainly were connected try, twenty-three were for the bone market, with a general and extensive system.
and only live for the foreigu; and in the The reader has seen that a Mr. Watson year 1814, that quantity was reduced to was placed on the committe, and with his four millions. The Honourable Gentleman son was a conspicuous figure, and zealous here drew a comparison between the in hranguing the mob. It is understood woollen trade, and that of silk and cotton, that the younger Watson was the person and pointed out how much more productive who affected to lead the mob, by jump og the duties on the latter were, than those out of the coal waggon, aud calling on the on the former; the duty on saw silks zealous to follow him. They are by pro- being more productive than those ou any fession surgeons, and their instruments of other excepting wine and sugar. In 1814, that professiou, were found on the person the quantity of coiton exported had been who shot Mr. Platt, in Mr. Beckwith's fourteen million pounds.' So far back as shop, and after bis rescue, others with his the time of Elizabeth, the exportation of initials upon them. There could be the woollen goods had amounted to two million but one opinion as to the criminal who pounds. It had been also stated, that the fired the pistol And it became at length so | cheapness of labour abroad, would ruin sufficiently clear to juduce the City of Lon the manufacturers at home; but that argudon 10 offer £100 for taking the younger ment was fallacious, as labour was cheap Watson; and Goverument offered £500 only in countries least adapted for manua merely for liis capture.
factures, and the labour of half an hour A part of the Police of the Roads about
was more valuable here than twelve bours the Netropolis, being informed of a gang in such a country. Our advantages from of robbers, that infested the north road, the produce of our coal mines, the use of were vigilantly on the look out, when they inachinery, exemption from the ravages of descried at Highgate, three men, one of war, and the accumulation of great capitals, whom they secured, the others got off set as above all danger of competition. It The personi taken, proved to be the elder had been also asserted, that the exportation Watson, and it is supposed that oue of the of one pack of wool was eqmvalent to the others was his son.
loss of four ; but thal assertion, when ex. On Watson, thus captured, were found amined, wonld be found wholly without · pistol, the fellow to that fired at Mr. foundation ; as also another, that foreigners Beckwith's, in Skinner Street, and it was must take our maoufactured goods, when proved on enquiry, that the younger Wat they could not get the raw material
. But, son had purchased two pair of such pistols in fact, we had taught foreigners to do a few days previously. They were com. without our woolleu goods at all, as they pared, and the seller related ihe fact. made woollen goods sufficient for their Iso Mr. Platt it is hoped will recover. own use. That had been the effect of the 2 B 2
probibition to export long wool. Spain
anti France afforded no market for English, allogether 10,114,000!. from which there woo!; and Russia, Sweden, and Denmark was a deduction to be made of the proceeds were nearly in the same situation. Our from the sales of old stores, wbich amounted trade with America was owing to the long to 630,000l. leaving the charge at 9,484,000l. credit we gave, and would continue as Deduetng about 184,000l. for the orduance long as that system continued. The wool- servire in Franre, the expence of the ord. len manufacturers at oue time wished to mauie department would be 1,696,18ol. have put down the calico trade, and, had The total original vote was 1,830,000k. they succeeded, would have lost as manyeus. The miscellaneous services, he should astomers as were connected with that trade.sme at 2,500,000l. la providing for the 'The Honourable Gentleman concluded by dibt due to the East India Company, there moving a resolution
would be required 945,491l. No objection “ That the exportation of wool from appeared to this, since the greater part of Great Britain and Ireland should be per the debt: had been incurred by the Com. milted, under such regulations as might pany in assisting in the valuable and improtect the home manufacturer."
portant captures of the Dutch East ladia Mr. Brooke commented on some of the colonies. The total claim of the Comstatements of the Honourable. Gentleman pany, including probable advances, was who moved the resolution. From 1781 to 2,300, nool, but several advances from the 1785 the price of wool had been 6 d. per Pay-office formed a set-off against the whole pound; from 1785 to 1795 it had been claims: he believed that, in January, GoTold.; from 1795 to 1805 it had been vernment owed the East India Company 151d.; and from 1805 to 1815 it had been about 1,500,000l.. A provision had been ted. There never was a time in which made for a portion of this' debt out of the the growers of wool came forward with vote of credit of the last year, to the amount less pretensions than at the present period of 500,000l, wbich had reduced the debt
Lord Miltou thought that it would be to the Company to 945,4911. One cousiwise to adopt the principle of the resolu-derabie charge consisted of a repayment on tion, subject to the modifications pro- the loyalty loan to the amount of 247,6sol. posed.
Another item of charge about to be incorLord Castlereagh thought the House red was for a new silver coinage. The calwas not in a condition to go to a final de culation, for the present year, was the sum cision on the subject; he therefore sub of 500,000l. It would, however, be some mitted to the Honourable Geufieman the time before the new currency could be propriety of postponing the consideration placed in a state of forwardness. The next or it till next Session, and should move item of separate charge on this country was that it be postponed.
a sum of 1,500,000l. due on Exchequer The question was at length put on the Bills, held by the Bank a3 securities for a original motion, and negatived without a loan advanced in the year 1800. In addi. division.
tion to this, there was a sum of 2,260,000l. Monday, May 27.
in arrear for the discharge of interest os Committee of Ways and Means,
Exchequer Bills, which taken together,
and includiny debenture's, amounted to The Chaneeilor of the Exchequer, after 5,284,765l. The total amount for the joint stating the new arrangements which had charge for Great Britain and Ireland, for been made with the Bank, proceeded to the service of the current year, would then the more general statements of the supplies appear to be 30,424,951). I'rom ibis was granted for the present year, and of those to be deducted the Irish proportion, or a which would be still required. The first sum of 3,145,6361. leavitig a niet snm to be head was tiiat of the army : 9,665,000l. was provided by Great Britain of 27,279,2931 the amount for military service already sanc To meet this charge he hail in the first place fioned by the votes of Parliament, from
to take credit for the ordinary taxes, and which was to be deducted 1,224,000!, for for the surplus of the cousolidated fund, the trops in France, leaving 8,431,000l, which, from its produce last year, he conin«luding the expence for Ireland The ac-ceived himseif justified in assuming to be éounts of extraordinary grants, to about 2,000,000), applicable to the service of the 1,500,000l. would be speedily prepared. present. The accounts which be was now The estimates of the commissariat; &c. subunitting to the House were made up to were about 480,000l. from which 150,000l. the very latest period, and they consisted, for the army in France, were to be deduct- in addition to the sums already mentioned, ed. Taking the charges of the barracks, of the war customs made permanent storekeeper, &c.- at the sum of 2,133,000l. amounting to 4,998,000l. and the excise the total expence of the military service was duties continued for five years, and taken at 10,564,00ol. For the navy there was voted I the sum of 3,500,000k The amount of
charge on account of the interest of the na- was á sum of iwo millions and a half, and tional debt was 59,172,000l. and the whole this he proposed to raise by Exchequer amount of new debt would fall short of Bills. This, however, would form no inthree millions. When he stated the probable crease of the, uufwoded debt, but would produce of the excise duties at three mil. operate oply to replace a similar amount Jions and a half, he was aware that some of Exchequer Bills granted on a former uncertainty necessarily belonged to this occasion, and wonld make up an entire estimate in consequence of the allowances sum of 12,000,000l. The following would to be made on the cessation of the present then be the full statement of the ways and malt duty : but the arrears due from the Rieals for the services of the year :maltsters would, he apprehended, be suf
WAYS AND MEANS.-1816. ficient to make good this deficiency. The Land and Malt ..... amount of these duties for the last year Surplus Consolidated Fund
£3,000,000 was 3,688,0001. The item on the ways Excise Duties continued for five
3,000,000 and means to wluich he had next to direct the attention of the House was, the advance Bank Advance on Bills..
6,000,000 from the Bank of 6,000,00ot. made before
200,000 Easter. To this was to be added the lottery, estimated as usual at 200,000l. The Bank Advance on account of
Surplus Grants, 1815............... 5,663,755 next item was one of a peculiarly satisfactory uature, ioasmuch as it consisted of the Voclaimed Dividends
3,000,000 surplus remaining upon the grants of the Unapplied Money in the Ex
301,316 year 1815. Tire Committee would be aware, that he had carły in the Session Exchequer Bilts............... 2,500,000
140,000 estimated this excess upon the expenditure of last year at about 8,000,000l.; but it
£27,305,071 was gratifying to find, that it amounted to po less a sum than 5,663,755). According The deficit in the revenue of eight milto an account recently made out of the lious and a half, occasioned by the cessaoutstanding claims of the military, barrack, tion of the malt-duty and the property-tax, and commissariat departments, these ar was supplied by the excess in the grants of rears constituted a debt of 4,602,000l., last year, which had so greatly exceeded although against this there were to be set bis expectations, and by the advance of the balances in the military chests abroad, 3,000,000l. from the Bank. He was desiamounting in December last to 1,865,0001., rous of intimating the strong hopes which and leaving a net sum of 2,737,000l. To he entertained of a speedy improvement these arrears ought to be added 1,720,000!. in the circulating medium of the country. due on account of subsidies. There was The only new pressure upon the money likewise an excess on the navy debt of market would be the issue of 2,500,000l. in about a million. The entire amount of all exchequer bills; and this, as he had prethese separate charges was 5,284,7651. | viously observed, would not be so much The item which next followed in the ways new stock, but an exchange merely of siand means was the vew advance of three milar securities. With regard to Ireland, * millions from the Bauk. He proposed also be would so far anticipate bis Right Hon. to apply a portion of the unclaimed divi- Friend, as to observe, ihat it was proposed denils to the service of the public, to the, to raise 1,700,000l. on treasury bills in extent of 301,00dl. Ple should deem it his this country, and to add to the Irish debt * duty to recommend, that the Bank should a sum of 1,200,000l. By a comparison of retain a fixed som, above which every, the increased produce of the sinking fand, excess should be available to the country, with the charge of new debts thus couprovided that ten years bad elapsed with tracted, there wonld appear, upon the joint out any call for them, and that they should account of the two countries, a reduction still remain subject to the claims of their of debt to the amount of nearly three milrightful owners. It was his intentiou 10 lions, a circunstance which he believed to propose, that after the expiration of the be without example in the first year after Jimited period be had mentioned, all sirwh the conclusion of a war. The interest of of this description should be assigned to the new lebt would amount to 490,000l.; the cirstody of the Commissioners for the and this charge be estimated would be dereiluetion of the national -elot. The next frared by the produre of the sunp-lax, item was a sum of 1:10,000l. being a 6.2. wbich lie 1ook at 200,0001.; the duties ou tarne or un applied money rentaining in butter and cheese, which might Bucluate
the Exchequer. The residue of the struniy between 10,0001. and 100,000l. ; and by which would then reubaiu to be provider the advantages derivable from the wew