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mous burning well at Ancliff, near Wigan comfortable here below. Their Pargain England, where the water, though cold, lory, if not their bell, was endured on yet erbitted such a strong vapour, that, on

the Apostolic Estate, what more can applying a light, its whole surface became they need to qualify them for hraven. covered with flame. This proceeded froin

Our traveller did not think the opea seam of couls under the well, which was no sooner removed, than the phenomenou rative parts of the arts beneath his inceased.

spection; he mentions Mr. Pichler's The progress of the Baron in his tonr mode of engraving intaglios: the China leads him to but little improvement in biscuit manufactory of Sig. Volpate and the manners of the people. He admires,

others. . Among the least enquired after as all have done, the climate, the fer-hy strangers, usually, is the manufactility, the beauty of the country, but ture of Mosaics, of which he gives the this he finds debased by the poverty,

It is the Piazza di

following account. filth, and slovenliness of the inbabitants.

Spagna. He repeats this remark on approaching

On the left of the staircase is the celeRome.

brated mosiao manufactory, where the

finest paintings are made with small cabes On reaching the height behind Storta, of coloured glass paste. This material is the traveller discovers more and more prepared on the preinises; and, when in a cupolas emerging from Rome, till at last state of semi-fusion, cut into square pieces the whole metropolis of the ancient before it completely hardeos.

When a world bursts in all its splendour on his mosiac painting is to be composed, the arlonging eye.

tist places the original before him ; and, St. Peter's dome towers like a giant to taking a marble slab with a prominent the skies. The enchanting environs of the border, fills :p the liollow with cement, Vatican; Mount Maria, anciently Clivus fixing gradually into it the different cubes Cinns, with a fide villa on its brow; of glass paste, according to the shades and wood-clad Tiber, and a world of villas in colonrs on the canvas. When the whole terspersed with vineyards and cypress is completed, the glass pastes are ground groves, form a most interesting picture.-down, to give the picture an even surface. Štill it must be observed, that half way The former method of polishing them has from Storta the country begins to assume been abandoned, because they dazzled the a dreary aspect. - Large tracts of land lie eye; as is observable in the dome of the 'uncultivated; the road is encumbered with Vatican basilica, when the sun chances to ruined houses and mouldering walls, and shine upon the paintings. The skill of the the richest soil is overrun with thorns and manufacturers is so great, that they will thistles. This is still worse in the neigh-copy any given picture to the life. This bourhood of the Pouste Molle ; where the kind of painting is so much the more inground, being saudy, is yet more neg. teresting, as its colours continue invarialected.

ble; whereas oil and fresco paintings lose Such features of poverty and indolence their vividne in process of time, or by an could not but make a deep impression on exposure to the beams of the sun. my mind. Having been from my very infancy familiarized with the wonders of

Our Baron has drawn the character Rome, I dreamt but of Italian paradises, of the present Romans in what we think basilicas, porticos, riches, and abundance; rather flattering colours. What it might and now found crumbled walls, deserted be, when kept down by French domihousex, wretchedness, and desolation. pion, we presume not to decide ; but,

And all these in the Ecclesiastical while we allow, that good fortone might states, in the Patrimony of St. Pe introduce him to well educated persons, ter! The fact is equally incredible, and

we think it was extreme good fortune vexatious; but however, one consola: / that he met with none of a different detion is, that these true sons of the scription, to counterbalance his luck. church, born within her territories, and

As to the character of the Romans, and the certainly included within her pale, will kaliaus iu general, I must own I laboured surely be admitted into heaven by their and read so much of their violence of tem

flaving heard Patron St. Peter, and there they will per, and duplicity, I at first siunned them enjoy much, very much, in fact, every with as much caution as I should a pickthing which they wanted to render life pocket in Londou. But by degrees i dis

covered so much cordiality, politeness, as: John Bull is supposed to have plenty of siduity, and liberality of sentiment, that I money in his pocket, and fair game it looked about me like one waking from a is, to lighten the burden which he is dream, unable to conceive how so many unwilling to carry. The name of D'Uktravellers before me could have overlooked lanski did not sound in their ears of Briall their good qualities, and so grossly misrepresented their defects. An inhabitant tish origin: and possibly, they might of the south is certainly of a warmer tem- not discover their object so completely per than one of the north, and apt to give in the bearer of an appellation so disway to the first impulse of passion. But, sonant and so difficult to propounce. kuowing his weak side, he watches more Whether any thing like a bint might carefully over himself; and with the most be borrowed from the Baron's observarefined civility, often bordering on adula- tion on the temporary credit afforded to tiou, endeavours to allay what might ap- the poor, we cannot say. The difficulty pear violent in the eyes of a foreigner - among ourselves would be to distinguish Hence the expressions Llustrissimo, Ec

the honest from the dishonest ; the cellenza, Vossigueria, &c. at which John Bull stares with all his eyes. What is crafty

, knave from the really worthy usually urged in proof of the violence of man. We insert the paragraph; buto temper of the Italians, is, their attacking with the ulmost caution. each other with kuives; but there is really The poor kere enjoy credit to an unusual much less mischief done with this instru- extent.' Ibere is a particular set of dealers: meut than is commonly imagined. More called mercanti dell'arte bianca, who suppates are broken in Germany with cudgels, ply them withi Hour, bread, butcher's meat, and more ribs fracured in England by and other necessaries of life, for the space fists, than there are here fingers injured by of three months, provided they do not buy.. knives. Nor can the Italians be reproach-them of others during that time. ed with want of hospitality. To them Besides the cook's shops, the streets are good manners iutroduce the stranger equal- | bordered with stands of old books, which ly well as recommendatory Jetters; they at every corner are offered for sale. They' kuow the gentleman by his breeding and are exceedingly cheap, because the affia acquirements. The ridiculous card visits, ence of foreiguers has of late decreased. I and affected compliments, so much in use bought the Paris edition of Orlando Fus on other parts of the continent, are here rioso for four paoli, and a Latin dictionary unknowo. They seldom iuqnire after your in quarto for two. “ Che fare," said the title or rank ; your name is sufficient, and bookseller, “ bisogna mangiare e bere." often your country alone.

The mercantile classes here show an ex“ Lei è padronine della casa mia*!" istraordinary coufidence in foreigners, of the usual compliment paid to a visitor on which I bad a striking instance. Having a first acquaintance ; but it is esseutially called at a stationers in the Corso, I bargaindiferent in its meaning from the trite for- ed for a quire of hot pressed paper, and the mula-Do me the houour of your visit.- Guide through Italy. The charge being It is a gencral invitation ; and ou revisit, one scudo three paoli, I gave bim a Krem. ing the family you are sure to be received mitz ducat, desiring bim to give me the with the utmost cordiality. If you neet difference. But be, being disinclined next day your new acquaintance in the to take it at the rate of twenty two, street, his salutation is as familiar and con- paoli, requested me to put the parcel into fidential, as if you had lived together for my pocket, and bring him silver in the years. Acquaintances soinetimes eveving. , of course, declined it; but he formed in galleries, in museums, in public begged 'me with so much seriousness to walks, or at the mansion of the family, wave all ceremony, as really to surprise even if you had gone thither only for the Nevertheless, I thought it an Italian purpose of sceing their collections or apart. compliment; but, on calling ayain after meots. This may appear strange to a shy dinner, fomid the packet carefully wrapped recluse, but not so to him who moves in the up; a proof that he had coufidently relied great world.


oli my returu. We let this extract speak for itself,

The latter part of this extract prePerhaps, there is a difference in the sents nothing wonderful, but the simplie Italians' treatinent of different nations. I city of the good Baron. Any trades

man might do the same, since the goods, You are very welcome to my house ; or, remaiving in his Custody was security My house is at your service,

sufficient against loss.


Our readers will perceive that informa-1 fallacious, and a single yes, or no, from tion is to be gathered from these another quarter might invalidate, (or Volumes. We dismiss them with our confirm) the whole. best wishes in behalf of the widow, and We may safely say, that if the not the less, if she be, as we conjecture, Volume he not demonstrative it deserves a native of a foreign land, and without to be so; and it possihly may approach any natural support in a Country of nearer to it than it may be convenient Strangers.

to allow, especially as the writer seems

tacitly to allow tbat Junius was not a The Identity of Junius, with a dis- single writer. There were, in short,

several persons to whom ihe secret of tinguished living character established. the marked C was intrusted; and to. 8vo. price 12s. Taylor and Hessey. Lon-wards the close of the Correspondence don. 1816.

there is an evident change of style.

Sir Philip Francis might address WoodThis is really an extraordinary vo

fall under the private mark of Junius; lame. It has occupied patience and perseverance in no common proportion ; letter to the King, the Duke of Grafton,

but, who was the Junius that wrote the and life itself has been consumed, to- and the early compositions ? not Sir gether with the oil of the midnight lamp Philip Francis. in this enquiry. Neither pains nor ingenuity has been wanting. Every thing vanced if an opportunity were afforded

The question might be further adthat could be compared with another of comparing the then hand writing of thing, is compared every date (the Sir Philip, with that of Junius. We are most troublesome and perplexing sub

mistaken if that of Junius would not ject, to similar enquirers) is scruti- be found older by twenty years, than nized; is found to agree to a miracle ; that of Sir Philip. The first Junius every branch of knowledge is examined, had been in the world—the busy world and ihe proficiency of the party is estimated; every connection of friendship by men who themselves were politicians

-many years. He was a chosen tool, is traced to the utmost ; the figure of of no small eminence, and who in other the writer, his speech, his pronunciation, his phraseology, are all brought to made the most of all his—and their own

and in more ostensible situations

ways, bear their witness in this important arguments—in their own favour.

The hand-writing is not overlooked ; the reasons for keeping that a

To the Shelburne party and to Shelsecret, are suggested. The causes of burne House we have always attributed Junius's evident favouritism, bis refrain-Junius ; and though all memory of a ing from abusing Lord Holland, while he mapeuvre so private may be lost in that threatens his son Charles Fox, his praise family, and it may not be recollected of Lord Chatham, with a thousand now, the scheme might nevertheless, other particulars, are all stated, can- originate and be carried on, in that convassed, cleared up, decided on, and sa

nection. We do not perceive, that the tisfactorily dismissed and concluded.

writer of this Volume has shewn any. If such a work bad come down to us great intimacy between Sir P. Francis, from the days of Antiquity, what could or bis father, and Lord Shelburne ; we think of it? Having nothing to Such an incident, fairly proved, would guide our opinion into a better channel, in our estimation weigh equal to voit must be taken as demonstrative; and lumes of inferevtial evidence. Neverwhether it concerned Pericles or Plato, theless inferential evidence is not to be Demosthenes or Cicero, it would be ap- despised; as this writer makes clearly pealed to with triumphant satisfactioni

, mauifest in every page. by whwever undertook to do those illust The following paragraph contains rious Characters justice. And yet, one of the negative arguments adduced after all, it might mislead the reader; by the writer : together with his adthe identity supposed, might be only mission that Junius was not a single suppositious; the proofs might be all person.


If we could suppose that the interests of

“ One would think that all Sir P. Francis were not identified with the fools were of the other side of the those of Junius, what motive can be question.". found for the sudden and lasting silence of

“ We have the laws of our side, the latter? Admitting that he was a friend, and want nothing but an intrepid leader.” angry at his protege's dismissal from the

" It is true he professes docWar-office, is that a reason why he should trines which would be treason in America, for ever give up the cause of the public ?' but in England, at least, he has the laws of Or if he was that staunch friend, that his side." second self, is not Sir Philip aware of FRANCIS.“ But he who knows that this kindness, and could he not disclose the he has the law of his side, will never think name of his benefactor? But perhaps such of appealing to necessity for a defence of a disclosure would be a breach of honour! the legality of his measures." He admits then that he was a party in the

My reply to the preceding affair—that the Letters were written with minute is intended for my own justification, his privity-in short, that he knows who and to satisfy the Court of Directors, that Junius is, or was, though he cannot di. if I persist in a conduct opposed to the de. vulge the secret-ab animo tuo quicquid cided sense of the majority, it is not from agitur, id agitur a te.--Such an admission obstinacy or passion, but that I have some is all I ask, and with this additional reason of my side, and that I am not so ille voucher for the truth of my conjecture, 1 advised as to endeavour to support any shall proceed in my investigation. It is opinion by appealing to evidelice that not for me to deny that more than one per proves directly against me." son might have contributed to sustain the

“I confess be supported his character of Junius: all I have in view is opinion with so many plausible arguments, the proof that at least Sir Philip FRANCIS that I myself began to think he might have was a party.

reason of his side."

" Let the questions be put into How far this may operate to abate the expectations of the sanguine, and the licly, and then I think there can be no

writing, and read or delivered to her pubdependence of the forward, we must ground for a suspicion of undue influence leave to themselves. The letters which of either side." attacked the character of Lord Bar

arba hori

66 Considerations of that kind rington, then Secretary at War, and on are irregular; and, as I think, not fit to be that of Mr. Chamier, his Private Secre- insisted on of either side." tary, certainly have much the air of This phrase occurs, it must be ownbeing such as might be expected from ed, sufficiently often, but, those who the then disappointed and dismissed Sir are in the habit of rapid composition, or P. F. but others might know from of public speaking, without previous deClerks in Office quite as much as these liberation will know what trifling stress letters contain, for they assume rather a it will bear. Even friends at the bar greater share of knowledge than they fall into one another's mode of diction; display. They are written with bitter and very frequently, a pupil is for a ness, with a personal animosity, unwor- long while, a mere repetition of his thy a Jupius : and are not exactly a fuc master. simile of what it might be supposed he Not to leave any argument that seems would have said on the occasion. to afford assistance untried, the personal

As much of the author's reasoning appearance of Junius is adverted to; aldepends on the identity of phraseology though it is every way probable, that between his two characters, and as the Junius himself never visited Woodfall's subject is really curious, we shall insert a office, at a time when a Junius was waited specimen of his talents on this branch of for, and consequently all eyes would be evidence.

open to watch, and every passenger JUNIUS.--"As it is, whenever he would be suspected. On one occasion a changes his servants, he is sure to have Junius was thrown into the passage of the people in that instance of his side." Woodfall's office late at night, hy a tall

“ I am persuaded he would gentleman: now this shall be converted have the reasonable part of the Americans into an argument to prove that Junius of his side,"

was a tall man; and as Sir Philip Fran-" Here, my lord, you have

cis is tall the evidence is conclusive !!! fortune of your side."

Even in externals the resemblance besibly might not be the Author of the Lettween Sir Partie Francis aud Junius, isters; but the anecdote deserves attention, remarkably perfect. The stature of the since the figure of the gentleman agrees latter may be ascertained from a perasal of with that idea of his person which JUNUIS his Letters. It is the custom only of tali men

bad led us to conceive. to attach very commouly the epithet " lit Some persons are inclined to dwell on tle" to those whom they are inclined to these particulars more than on moral evitreat with disrespectful freedom. We sel-dence-formam aliquam figuramque queredom find one of a middle size guilty of this; bant. I coufess that I am cimed to.piace it too nearly concerns himself: if he en-dependence upon Mr. Jackson's testimony, ploys the term, it either loses its force, or and should have felt dissatisfied in no slight recoils upon bin with an unpleasant effect. degree, had it uot been perfectly reconciles The slightest observation will coufirm the able witis my opinion of the Author. Sic above remark. Ifthen in Junius we see the PLINIRANcis resembles, in person, the geuword little assigned to many different iuclitleman seeaby Mr. Jackson. For the satisviduals, we may conclude that the person of action of those who never saw S:r Palip, the writer was of ind opposite description. his portrait is prefixed to this volume, in Should it appear that this is a habit in confirmation of our statement. The origiwhich he frequently indulges ; and that mal picture, painted by Lonsdale, was cosome individuais, broj much, if any thing, pied by the engraver of the present, in the below the comaron standard, are thus displate to the Monthly Mirror for May, 1810. tinguished; we may judge by the same

I know not in what costume Sir PHILIP rule, that the denominator was bimself as usually appeared at the time the Letters taller man than ordinary.

were written, but from the fashion of the To this class JUNIUs most certainly be- age, it could not be essentially different longs. His liberal sprinkling of the inglo- from that which Mr. Jackson describes,rious attributé among those is ho had the The colour must, of course, be accidental. honour of his notice, may be collected These, with the other circumstances from the following examples.

enlarged on by the writer, are bronght “ I dov't so much as question Mr. Iler into a laboured and very attentively comvey's being able to give good advice, as that other little man's being either willing posed volume. They might puzzlu a or able to follow it;" alluding to Lord Darury of very honest Englishmen: rington, who is again styled

but the Judge would set them to lord."



rights. They might all be dissipated Mr. Chamier is scarcely ever mentioned in a moment by a clear denial in a few but as litile Shammiy-a tight, active little words, but that kind of denial which fellow --a little gambling broker --little Sir Phillip did give, this writer insists Waddlewell-little 3 per cents reduced is in perfect character with Junius, a wonderful Girgishite-a litle whifiling equally jesuitical and sarcastic, proving broker, &c. &c..

nothing. It is to this effect. Mr. Ellis is a little piece of machinerylittle Ellis--little mennikin Ellis- WEL:

“ The great civility of your letter inBORE Ellis, WHAT SAY YOU :--Speak

duces me to answer it, which, with referout Grillrig."

ence inerely to its subject matter, I sliould This presumptive proof that Junius was have declined. Whether you will assist himself in tall map, receives strength from in giving currency to a silly, maligoont the following description of his person, ex- false bood, is a question for your own distracted from a note to the last Edition of cretion. To me it is a matter of perfect the Letters.

indifference. “ Mr. Jackson, the present respectable

“ I am, Sir, proprietor of the Ipswich Journal, was at

“ Yours, &c. this time in the employment of the late

“ P. FRANCIS." Mr. Wood all, and he olcrved to the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Editor, in September last, that he once sau Here we close vur account of this voa tall gentli mun diissed in a light coat, lume: it is ingenious, laborious, perwith bago and sword, throw into the office severing. If the author be a lawyer, door opening in lry Lape, a Letter of Ju-bis pleading does him credit: he has Nius's, which he picked up; diately followed the bearer of it inyo St. made the most of his cause; and if it Pauls' Church-yard, where he got into a fail in any point, it is not for want of hackney coach and drove oft" This pos- industry in hiin who has pleaded it.


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