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graved on a Rock in the wall of the build-, its possessing the means of rewarding faith ing, and dated 16 years back.
fui service. 5thly. The Temple of Deguldora and
Grants made by the late Government its lands, confiscated on the execution of a subsequent to confiscation and perfected suspected Priest, and afterwards granted by possession on the part of the new Proby the King to the High Priest of Kandy, prietors, ought to be considered as being but now reclaimed by the Pupils of the de-in almost every instance a species of impeceased, on the ground of local custom and diment fatal to the revival of antecedent the rules of the Budhu Religion.
titles. 6thly. A variety of cases between indi.
Chiefs, Headmen, and others who have viduals, respecting lauds-on questions of title chiefly originating in confiscations by the British Government during the late
distinguished themselves by adherence to the king, and subsequent grants.
7thly. Numerous applications to Govern. troubles, cannot be refused the restitution ment for the restitution of lands coufiscated of Family Property to which they may be at various periods.
Heirs, if lost within any reasonable period
back, and if still remaining at the dispoIn all these cases, and throughout the sal of Government, free from the claims of Sittings, I have to acknowledge the aid of intermediate Grantees. As it has been candid and independent opinious, in which understood that the people of Oudinura Datural known motives of attachment and and Yattinura early discovered a friendly good will were obviously sacrificed 10 jus- disposition towards the British cause, I am tice and public duty.
happy to have had an opportunity of acBy such assistance a number of cases, kuowledging their attachment by a favourand all which were ready for hearing, have able consideration of the losses sustained been disposed of, and those which remain by the inhabitants of those districts at the in the progress of enquiry have been classed period when the Adikar Pilemy Talave and referred as follows, with the exception lost his life-which being (comparatively of a small number not reducible to any with other confiscations) a recent period, class, and left with Mr. D'Oyly to be put it may be expected by all parties whose in the proper course.
estates were then confiscated, that unless 1st. Such disputes between individuals opposed by adverse claims of iudividuals, as coucern also the riglits of Government, their lands will be restored to them by the to be investigated by the Resident in pre- relinquishment of the right of Government, sence of the Chiefs.
Many corious and valuable facts con2dly. Those which lie entirely between cerning the institutions, customs, and if private parties, referred to the Chiefs ac pot the laws, at least the principles of juscording to their jurisdiction, namely-to tice acknowledged in the Kandyan Coub Chiefs of Proviuces and Disiricts for mat-try, have in the course of these Proceedters merely local, to the Adikars in their ings been disclosed and recorded on res, respective divisions for those which arise pectable evidence. in King's villages and other regal jurisdic It is to me a most pleasing discovery tions, and to the assembled Chiefs for mat- that principles of that nature, and of a ters of general import or controversies of leading and comprehensive character, are great fainilies.
thus demonstrated to subsist in force, as 3dly. Claims for restitution of forfeited they will happily afford the grounds of lands have been postponed until the con- uniform decision as to Civil rights, and se, pletion of a general Register of such Claims cure the stability of private property. embracing all necessary particulars.
The existence of a body of acknowledged To these Claimants of Lands formerly and other principal branches of Civil Ju;
usages, regulating the succession of estates confiscated, it is proper to offer some ex. dicature, serves also to prove that the mis; planation of the principles which will go fortures under which these Provinces, vero my opinion on tilat importaut subject. bave laboured for many years past, are
In cases of ancient forfeiture, the former not, as has been supposed, imputable to Proprietors can korlly be encouraged to the absence of jual rule, but to the total expert the recovery of property so long disregies of creation justice, to the wanton alitoatel;-- Any plan of ibat kind would base of absolute power, the merciless nud forin a singerous opeoing to inciefinite precipitate intretion of capital punishment, changes of properis, and the domains of the rapacious assumption of private proGovernment would he reduced below that perty, and the rein of entire and numerous standard which is absoluiely neressary for families for the real or supposed transgresits independence and respeciability, and to siou of a single individual.
mankind, and laying generations uu
tipol ADDRESS of nis ExccLLENCY THE BRI- I dece:
TISI GOVERNOR, TO THE ASSEMBLED | Moll
since Having now gone through a long series 201 of public audiences, assisted by the Princi.
under pai Native Officers oi His Majesty's Go- | Dessa vernment in the Kanniyan country, I have
recen to express my satisfaction in the opportu- l by ki nity that has been attorderi me of a close
of the and confidential personal intercourse with 311) you, on a variety of subjects intimately I to the connected with the welfare and prosperity | pensat of these Provinces.
in the After listening to every complaint pre- dy, bu ferred during so considerable a period of tion of free and open audience, justice demands 4thly froin ne the avowal that wothing material Wihart hus arisen out of these complaints to be re- private prehended on the part of the Chiefs, and I in a Gr:
ils lapis, ... suspected Pres. are by the King to "
ceased, og ikke
elf, and in a short having in consequence risen in value in the y and cheap supply bazar, so that the exchange in kind was e bere, also in the rather unfavourable to them. This comhe trading classes, plaint I trust will have been relieved, by le of these advan an order which I issued yesterday, direct
i'rade and secure ing a Sale of Salt from the Government
...ed by other Mer. Stores for money, at the rate of five doobut now reclams
- ulting from the does one challie, or 16 cballies for the mea.' the rules of the
hen fully appear sure. That rate is strictly calcolated on othly. A vare i P .
the price at which Salt is issued by Go
d. viduals, resperto
vernment to the inhabitants of the Sea -
ous Trade offers Coast, namely, 15 fanams the parrah, addtitle chiely origenti
's conveyance; ing only the exact amount of the charge of the king, and saturs .
resent Govern carriage. A free permission has also been 7thly. Numeroase ..
d nearly sup. | intimated to the people of Ouwa to supply mut for the restiteta
poly of Areka. | themselves with Salt at the Stores of Hamat various periods
- Ty relinquish bantotte and Palletoopane, on the same In all these cases, 3 - - - - , and the re terms above mentioned, viz. at 15 faqam. Sittings, I bave to samo -. - sequence of the parrah. candid and judepende.? . . he adjoining satural known motives d. 2. : rapidly eno | The Province of the seven Korles, and other good will were obviais
parts of the Interior adjoining the district ttee and public duty.
of Chilaw and Putlam will benefit by a By such assistance & LERIE
the same similar nermiesioni
| similar permission in that direction, and wd all which were feadth *
the Northern Provinces will enjoy the same ban disposed of, and the Ll. 11 .
liberty of supply from Batticaloa and a the progress of engairy Larez ..
Trincomalie. By these arrangements His ed referred as follows, w
+ the pur Majesty's Kandyan subjects and those of of a small number not
3 of this : 1
the Sea Coast are placed with regard to ess, and left with Mr. Du gör ye
the necessary article Salt, on a footing of a the proper course.
eans of ist. Such disputes betree ve . . .
Amongst the means of facilitating trade concem also the riglits of ven o
the adjustment of the standard of Dutch to be investigated by the Resiko in se
of his Challie money ought not to be forgot, but part of the Chiefs.
| as it has been already fully explained at a : Silly. Those which lie eutires a v
former audience it is only necessary at presurate parties, referred to the
sent to notice it in a summary manner. ding to their jurisdiction, M .
By the effect of that measure, every wels of Proviuces and Disiniets - . enced, I proprietor of a sum of imoney in challies in.: Berely local, to the Adikan ade
ly in creased the yalue of his capital at the date spective divisions for those this
inde of the proclamation by one fourth part. i A Rag's villages and other regil jalan
ss of The subsequent issues of the same moSo, and to the assembled Chest
own ney, passing in circulation at the appointed of general import of coutrofeta .
ging | rate, and being freely received by Governgreat families.
| ment either as revenue or in exchange for soby. Claims for restitatica di area
Pro Bills, could occasion no prejudice any s bave beeu postponed antil 103
where. But if the old rate had been alaion of a general Regner of such Cinco
lowed to prevail, while money of a lower Duracing all necessary parin alats
intrinsic value passed current for the same
the Ta these Claimants of Laade lemmer, en de
amount, the poor people of this country afiscated, it is proper to other site
would have been stripped of all their coin lanation of the principles which
by the more experienced Traders from the com
Coast-and as it would never again hare 13 By opinion on that important sutja
appeared in the shape of currency, the la cases of ancient forfeitame, the fram
Kandyan provinces must have experienced murietors cap bardly be enoured tal
all those inconveniences and disadvantages nert tre feroTETY of paraurti ve
which necessarily arise from a want of witei;-Amintbat kami
specie. Tiit Flanet it i r lo pietieko • ultes of properts, 10 tipos de passar
The measures here enumerated have had
| the good of this couutry for their direct Hvertimentiralo he may be dard which us at solcev **
and single objcct.
r those atit kat a
is villages and olnti Mala
eneral import or coulrofeta DNT
his at onde et
smdependcore and reperatliv, sed to be
A very poor tribute indeed would be their Provinces, and to all Meads of paid 10 the dominiou of our just and mer. Departments respecting the constitution, ciful Sovereign, by my informing yon, duties and management of their several that such enormities are no longer to be charges. From the short notice at wbich this feared.-i believe no one of those who sur quest was made, it would be unfair to sound me is so unacquainted with the ex, ect methodical or complete stalements; principles of British Government, as to re but a variety of information is contained in quire any assurance on that head.
them, which was much wanted and wished But it is undoubtedli somewhat remark-for-Avd I assure myself that any future able, that in the multiplicity and variety queries which may be found necessary on of cases III which I have benefited by your perisal and consideration of what has tbaas prescine as my assessors, there has not been furnished, will be answered with been a single opinion ofered by you to equal promptitude, and with the same which I lave not been able to yield my zealous desire to aid my views for the hearts concurrence, vor any proposition benefit of this country, by the lights of suggested on my part, but has received your local knowledge and experience. your acquiescence, as cousouant to those
I will now take occasion to notice some immemorial lustitutions and Customs on which the rights of the Kandyan People to the Kandyan country, and shall also
measures of Government having reference depend.
offer a few practical remarks as to the A flattering and happy presage of future course of the public business best adapted cordiality may be drawn from so extraor- for the present state of affairs, and finally dinary a concurrence of opiviou, and a so- advert in a summary manner to certain lid ground is thus laid for the hope, that objects material to be held in view by the the Chiefs and luhabitants of this beautiful Chiefs in general, but more esperially and fertile country, will place that coufi. those entrusted with the charge of Prodence in the jus and honor ble intentions vinces and Districts, as calculated to se of Government, which will most facilitate cure the happiness and improve the coudiand best tend to support the public mea tion of the People.
Assuring themselves that those measures will be invariably directed to the which the Kandyan Country became
In the public Act of Settlement by benefit and improvement of the country, joined with the Maritime Provinces, under and tbe happiness of the Chiefs and peol the dominion of His Britannic Majesty – ple, and guided by a strict observauce of i thought it consonant to the spirit of His their walive lustitutions.
Majesty's Government, to engage (by an The business of the Sittings iu criminal article of the Convention) that an early matters bos, I am happy to say been consideration, would be given “ to make extremely light.-No cases of that kiud “such dispositions in favour of the Trade deserving of particular notice have appear. “ of the Interior Country, as might facilied excepting two-Ove a charge of mur “tate the Export of its Products and ini. der againsi Kerolageddete Mohottale of “prove the returns, whether in money, or the Village of Vialua in the Province of “ in commodities, such as Salt, Cloths, or Walapane, who having at first disobeyed other things useful and desirable to the the summous of Mr. Wright the Ageut of Luhabitants"— This object I have been Goverument at Badula, has since abscond unceasingly anxious to effect, and trust! ed, and cannot at present be discovered may yow state that it has been acconThe other is the complaiut of a man of plisbed, and that the pledge of Govern. Ouwa, who being suspected of theft by a ment has been fairly fulblled. Relation of his own, was cruelly scorched on various parts of the body, and lamed in
The restrictions and custom duties hereone hand.
tofore in force in passing from one district
to another in the low country, have been The complainant was ordered to accompany me from Badula to this place, for and a Proclamation is now ready to be
withdrawn as an impediment to Trade, the purpose of having the case tried during published here for abolishing the graveti my stay here, but it has not been possible duties between the Maritime Settlementă to assemble all the witnesses.
and the Interior.-By these means the muIn the Civil and Political branches, 1 tual exchange of conmodities between the am also indebted to your assistance for a two countries is facilitated and promoted in number of important particulars, in in.swer the way of Trade (that rich" source of to enquiries which I took this occassion to wealth and prosperity) a branch hitherio address to the Dessaves, on the subject of lille understood in these Proviuces.-Bu
it will daily extend itself, and in a short having in consequence risen in value in the time be felt in the ready and cheap supply bazar, so that the exchange jo kind was of all articles desirable bere, also in the rather unfavonrable to them. This comincreasing wealth of the trading classes, plaint I trust will have been relieved, by who when duly sensible of these advan- an order which I issued yesterday, directtages, will occupy the Trade and secure ing a Sale of Salt from the Government the profit at present enjoyed by other Mer. Stores for money, at the rate of five doochaots; the benefit resulting from the does one challie, or 16 challies for the mea. ineasures just noticed will then fully appear sure. That rate is strictly calculated on and be properly appreciated.
the price at which Salt is issued by Go
vernment to the Inhabitants of the Sea In the three Korles a vigorous Trade offers Coast, namely, 15 fanams the parrah, additself both by land and water conveyance; ing only the exact amount of the charge of but at the accession of the present Govern- carriage. A free permission has also been ment was found cramped and nearly sup- intimated to the people of Ouwa to supply: pressed by a restrictive monopoly of Areka-themselves with Salt at the Stores of HamNut; this emolument was early relinquish bantotte and Palletoopane, on the same ed on the part of Government, and the re. terms above mentioned, viz. at 15 fanam striction withdrawn, in consequence of the parrah. which, the people of that and the adjoining Province of the four Korles are rapidly en
The Province of the seven Korles, and other riching themselves.
parts of the Interior adjoining the district
of Chilaw and Putlam will benefit by a A similar restriction and on the same similar permission in that direction, and grounds has hitherto existed in the Pro- the Northern Provinces will enjoy the same vinces of Saffragam and lower Bulatgam, liberty of supply from Batticaloa and but will be immediately removed by a Trincomalie. "By these arrangements His Proclamation already prepared for the pur. Majesty's Kandyay subjects and those of pose. The happy consequences of this the Sea Coast are placed with regard to change will immediately appear in that fine the necessary article Salt, on a footing of and fertile Province, closely connected as
exact equality. it is with the Sea Coa in the means of commercial intercourse by the Caltura Amongst the means of facilitating trade river. It will quickly be discovered by the adjustment of the standard of Dutch every owner of land, that the value of his Challie money oughtnot to be forgot, but Estate is materially increased and the Cul- as it has been already fully explained at a : tivator who shares the Produce, will feel former audience it is only necessary at prebis means of subsisting himself and family, sent to notice it ip a summary manner. improved in a cousiderable degree. Ano By the effect of that measure, every ther class, hitherto few and inexperienced, proprietor of a sum of money in challies in. the Traders, will also find in daily increased the value of his capital at the date creasing numbers) a comfortable and inde of the proclamation by one fourth part. pendent subsistence in the business of The subsequent issues of the same mo. exporting the commodities of their own ney, passing io circulation at the appointed Province to the Sea Coast, and bringing rate, and being freely received by Governback such articles as are wanted in the in- ment either as revenue or in exchange for terior from that quarter, whether of Pro- Bills, could occasion no prejudice any duce or Import
where. But if the old rate had been al.'
Jowed to prevail, while money of a lower The adjoining but more remote Province intrinsic value passed current for the same of Ouwa will not fail to experience the amount, the poor people of this country benefits of these privileges, both in a more
would have been stripped of all their coin advantageous market for its Grain-and in by the more experienced Traders from the a cheaper, more various, and more abuu. Coast—and as it would never again hare dant supply from the low country.
appeared in the shape of currency, the Daring my visit at Badula, I had an op. all those inconveniences and disadvantages
Kandyan provinces must have experienced portunity of informing myself (amongst ( which necessarily arise from a want of other particulars of the state of that coun.
specie. try,) that the lohabitants experienced sorne disadvantage in the supply of Salt The measures here enumerated have had their stock of grain, for which Salt was the good of this couutry for their direct exchanged, being nearly exhausted, and and sivgle object.