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Daly Price of SINCK, fron 21st October, to 21st Novenider.

Bank

Stock.

3 p. Cent. Reluced.

8 p. Cent Consols. 4p. Cent. (onsols. Navy 5 p. Cent 5 p.cent Trisli

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1816.
Oct.
21 217 6113

17594 22217 61% 1 611 2 77 y 23217 61$ 1.625 2 77.6 94, 24 217 61 609 62614 77. 94 6342

76 933 26 King Grorge 111 Pro etar med 28 St, Simou audit. Jude 29217

76' 933 30216 60 61 61 62 704 94

31216 60 61 61 2 709 94 Nov

61 615 2 76 94 22164 614 614 2576941 4 King William ill. Landed 5 Pai st's Conspiracy 6216 6113 6112 761 94 7217 61.

77 95 8217 61 6211 7795 9 Luna Mayor s Day 11 217.5| 615 2 61 63 773 95 12218 92; 62 631 63 78 95 13 61 2 6215 77 14218 611 2

63 21 77 15 218 61 62 6241 77 95 16 6172 0241 7721 95 18 217 62.2 62 63 773 95 19218 614 2 62 77894 20 72; 2; 62 63 78 951

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13p 9p62

13p 10p 631 184 14p 11p 63

14p 12 63

(16P 14P 635 187 16p 14p 63 1881 170 14p62

17p 149 63 189 17p !4p62

17p 14p63

Prices of the PRENCH FUNDS From Oct. 20, to

Nov. 21.

5 per

Cent. Bank

consols Actions. 1816 Oct. tr. e. fr. C, 23 57 90 1128 75 22 58 128 75 24 57 70 1130 26 57 651 1131 29 57 00 1140 31 57 85 1155 Nov.

2 57 85 1152 50 4 57 80 1150 6 57 60 1135 8 67 30 1142 50 10 56 65,1137 12 156 85 1140 14 56 65 1143 16 50 20 1137 50 19 56 25' 1140 21 56 20 1150

III|ITETI

94 Louisiana 6 per cent.

97} Bank Shares

194 95

By J. M. Richardson, 23, Cornhill.

THE

LITERARY PANORAMA,

AND

National Kegister:

For JANUARY, 1817.

NATIONAL AND PARLIAMENTARY NOTICES,

(British and foreign,)

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BY HIS EXCELLENCY THE

AFTER A RESIDENCE

OF

THIRTY

TIREE

İt was rendered evident by the conBRITISH GOVERNOR, duct of his subjects, that the alledged

cruelties of the King of Kandy were not DAYS OF PUBLIC SITTINGS, AT KANDY,

THE CINGALESE CAPITAL.

mere rumours; but were too strongly
founded on fact. Almost every chief,
and
many

of the inferior classes, had

suffered in person, or family, or liberty, It is perfectly well known, that the or property, and they held out their arios causes alledged by the British Govern- in earnest entreaty for relief, to the only ment for displacing the late King of power competent to atford it-the BriKandy, were, the cruelties committed by tish Government. his express direction and personal inter

It was granted ; and it was granted ference, on all classes of his subjects ; I just in time to save a number of valuwith the general dissatisfaction resulting able lives. Some had been cruelly exfrom a course of crimes so enormous. ecuted, and their disfigured reinains It is every way possible that arbitrary were found exposed on the roads, as the power, exercised by a monarch, may invaders proceeded towards the capital. be deceived into an opinion that it is That neither bis officers nor his troops, doing nothing but justice in a certaiu in his chiefs nor his immediate attendants, stance, which to all others appears atro- risqued their persons in the King's becious cruelty ;-but a series of such in- hall, is proof sufficient of their want of res. stances-a course of such cruelties, can pect and confidence in his character. In hardly be pursued without bringing the short, he violated the established laws mind to a stand, at some point, and bar- and usages of his kingdom. It was not rowing up the memory and conscience, for want of rules, that he made his will with a conviction of guilt, and the sever

a law; but contrary to those rules est pungencies of remorse. True it is, which he must have known, and to that habit hardens the mind ; that the eye which he ought to have conformed. VOL, V. No. 28. Lit. Pan. N. S. Jan. 1.

u

By the perpetual violation of the es- the King's days, it could not have been tablished laws and rules of administra- so limited, op the most favourable suptive justice his character was changed position. If then, the chiefs, under the from what it ought to have been, that new Government, have conducted themof a King, and became that of a tyrant, selves by known laws, and have rea character as different as darkness from spected the welfare of these under their light, as Hell froin Heaven. It was not charge, it speaks strongly on their bethe advantage of his subjects, he stu- half, as men of honour, as trust-worthy died, but how to wreak his vengeance for men, who did not complain without a offences against his person and govern- cause, nor till patience was completely Inent, sometimes only alledged on the exhausted--or call in the assistance of slightest evidence, or no evidence at all ; strangers, till despair had surrounded and sometimes on mere suspicion, or the them at home. breath of slander and ill will. His There are certain principles and feelwill was law; and this, when too late, ings common throughout human nature. he bitterly regretted. “ Your Gover- However, the system of laws may differ nor,” said he to the British officers, un-in different places, the injuries and disder whose guard he was placed, -"your graces done to natural principles, are Governor has a council; and does no- felt almost everywhere, equally the thing without consulting them ; how same: and they are felt too with a keenmuch more did I need a council, but ness not always expressible. There are not one of my chiefs stepped forward to many things dearer to a man of honour give me advice !" It is probable, that than his property; though that he can such a step would have been the last a ill bear to be deprived of at the caprisubject so faithful had taken in this cious commands of an unworthy and world--the presumption would have criminal tyrant, There are relations in been punished with loss of limb, or life. life whose sufferings are more severely

The expulsion of a public Officer, of felt than those intlicted on a man's own a rank so high as that of Supreme head person: whenever tyranny ventures to of the State, is always an extremely insult and violate these, human nature hazardous and precarious operation. It shudders ; and the sufferer meditates . is usually followed by evils so numerous, vengeance; despair succeeds to loyalty ; and difficulties so great, that those who and the most faithful of servants behave advised and promoted it, have comes the most ferocious of adversaries. generally felt the force of the homely Whoever knows any thing of the but expressive proverb “out of the fry- British Government, knows, that this ing pan into the fire."

enquiry once instituted, this examinaTo proportion to the sorrow we should tiou by the Governor in person, formed have felt, if such had been the course of into a custom, will be continued and events among the Kandiaps, is the satis- prosecuted with spirit and vigour. The faction we think it our duty to express course of justice, it may be hoped, will in the Statement describing the subse- be pursued; regularity and order will quent condition of the people, as offici- be introduced; and the established ally delivered by his Excellency the regulations will be obeyed with due British Governor.

deference, not in some places, to the exNot seldom is the consequence of one clusion of others, but generally, throughtyranny removed, seen in the establish- out the island, and from a sentiment ment of fifty others. The chiefs be- felt equally by chiefs and people. come Sarage Masters to those below If History had preserved for our use, them, as they had been tresnbling Slaves the addresses of conquerors of procrouching before one stationed above vinces, and Governors of distant colonies them. No such thing appears in the of ancient times, it could not but be Document here given : consequently, the instructive to compare them with those people have lost nothing by change of of our British Governors. We strongly masters. They have, most probably, suspect, that individual gratification gained inexpressibly : for the number of would be found to predominate over the prisoners appears to be so small, that, in public welfare ; and that modern daya

might glory in a more active Benefi- ciliate the affections of their people, the cence, than ancientiy was customary judicious measures they direct, to reamong those to whom authority was move foriner impediments to the public committed.

welfare, and to promote the prosperity The Governor contemplates the ad- of times present and future-should be vantages of commercial intercourse : he known, should be unde stood, and acremoves those impediments which for- knowledged anong us. Though the apmerly forbade the exchange of com- probation of the Sovereign most ever be modities, which interdicted the trader dear to a British Officer, yet that sufi.rs from the sea-coast to visit the interior of no diminution by the applause of the the island, and cooped-up the native of Public. When the Public voice ratifies the interior in his fortresses, rocks and the rewards conferred by the Prince, the mountains. Province was separated honour is perfect ; and the Public ought from province; now the whole is one to recollect the sanction, once given, from island. The custom duties on pass- generation to generation. ing from province 10 province are There is a topic which the Goverannulled; and each is placed in a situa nor has not thought proper to introduce, tion to make the most of the bounties of that of the gradual progress of Christinature, and its own industry in bringing anity in Ceylon. It was not, indeed, them to perfection, in point of quality, his province to mention the subject; or in raising a supply for exportation, but, we may be allowed to contemplate in point of quantity.

that as the bond which shall hereafter There is something truly grand, truly connect and coinpact the whole; which glorious, in making use of victory and shall do more than the free interchange conquest to promote the welfare of the of commodities to form the island into Subject; and without laying too much one province, and its population into stress on the acquisition of these pro- one family. The Governor hints at vinees by military power--for certainly principles prevalent among the Cingathe people assisted their deliverers,--yet galese which met his entire approbait may well be said, the British Arms tion; together with a ready acquiescence bave led the way to blessings, and pros- by the chiefs with propositions which perity. A noble study in a delegated he thought it his duty to make as so Supremacy !

many improvements, As he does not The Governor concludes with andounc- explain the nature of these Cingalese ing an Institution for teaching the Eng- principles, we cannot submit them to lish Language. It is a wise step ; and opinion. But, if a fair and impartial in proportion as the two languages be- examination, if a clear and comprehencome cominon will be the niutual confi- sive view of a subject, be—as it should dence, harmony, and good will between seem to be from ibis Address, a part the Cingalese and the British, and the of the Cingalese character, we may hope British and Cingalese.

for the spread of the most beneficent of It is fit that such documents should be all Religions, and the termination of presented to the British Public. Time that idolatry under which unhappy Ceyhas been when every man who returned lon has long grnaned. frowy ludia was suspected of having On the whole, the Reader who will , trafficked in the blood of the natives ; of take the trouble to compare the former having obtained a fortune by means the state of this island, with that which acvery reverse of honest and honourable. tually has taken place; and especially There are yet names not wholly cleared with that which is expectant from the from this stigma, and subsequent afflic-seps taken to produce it, will not fail tions, in which they have been involved, to receive abundant gratification. True bave been contemplated in the sense of glory consists not in the shout of victory, punishinent, though in reality, perfectly or the applause of the multitude after a independent of such traosactions. It is long and bloody conflict---but in the ht, therefore, that the labours of our bappy art of doing good, in the distinGovernors for the advantage of their guished honour of bestowing benetit3 op provinces, the pains they take to con U 2

mankind, and laying generations under that I have found much which deserves my obligation, who perhaps scarcely can, commendation. without difficulty, pronounce the name A general call for all Civil and Crimival of their benefactor.

Prisoners to be brought before me was the In another part of the present num- first step of my proceedings here, a mea. ber may be seen, the progress of the sure dictated vot less by duly, thau by feelGovernor of Ceylon to Kandy, the late inime, and one which, as it was wholly an. residence of the King, and so far, the expected, was a fair test of the exercise of vetropolis of the island. In that town trusted with it The whole number of

coercive authority in all Departments enthe Governor staid thirty-three days, Prisoners was six, of whom one was rechiefly occupied in public sittings ; in leased after a long enquiry into the merits obtaining a correct view of the state of of an intricate transaction. One case was the newly submitted provinces; in free accommodated, and four Prisoners were audience to whoever chose to address committed. It would be quite superfluous him, and in open exercise of that au

to add any comment to this simple state

ment. thority of superintendance which is the unquestionable prerogative of a Public

In the further progress of the business it Officer bearing credentials from his Bri

was found, partly from the casual manner tannic Majesty, and representing his partly owing to the different branches of

in which applicatious came forward, and Sovereign, under such delegated power. | Judicature not being digested into sepa.

In these audiences his Excellency rate departments, or regulated by settled was attended by the British Resident, forms of proceeding, that it would not be by the British Secretary for the Kandyan possible without much delay to adapt the Provinces, and hy the native Chiefs of sittings to any rule of classification, and the every rank; the Adikars--Dissavescauses were in consequence entered upout and principal Lekams of the country.

as they arose. At the close of the business of the

Amongst them there were many of conday, on Monday. May 20, his Excel-sides the value of large estates, involved

siderable importauce, and some which belency ad-Iressed the Chiess, in a speech feelings and interests of the greatest delito the following effect :

cacy. On the following morning at a very carly hour he left Kandy with his suite, few of the principal.

It may not be improper to recapitulate u highly pleased, as appears, with the Ist. The estate of a deceased Chief Rattstate of things ; and anticipating still watte, Dessave of Dewimedde, who was greater advantages to a people newly executed by the deposed king ou suspiplaced under his care, and lately added cion of Treason-This property was claimed io the British Einpire.

by Rattwalte, the male heir of the Family and now Dessave of Metelle_by Keppit

tipola, Dessave of Ouwa, the cousin of the Appress or us EsceLLENCY The Brideceased by the mother's side-and hy

TiS GOVERNOR, TO ASSEMBLED Mollegodde, Dessare of the three Corles, CHEFS OF CEYLON.

under a testamentary disposition in favour “ AdikARS AND Cuiere.

of the deceased's widow, whom he has

since married. Having now gone through a long series 2dly. The lands of Matamagoda, enjoyed of public audiences, assisted by the Princi- under a King's Graut by Natamayoda, late pai Native Officers or Flis Majesty's Go. Dessave, for 25 years antecedent to the vernment in the Kandyan country, I have recent troubles, but who was Jispossessed to express my satisfaction is the opportu- 1 by Kauztotle Molottale during the march niry ihat has been afforded me of a close of the troops. aud confidential personal intercourse with

Bully. Certain confiscated lands granted you, on a variety of subjects intimately to the Temple of Nato Dewalle, in com. connected with the welfare and prosperity pensation of others overflowed with water of these Provinces.

in the formation of the great tank of KawAfter listening to every complaint pre- dy, but in part recovered by the coustrucferred during so considerable a period of tion of a new dam. free and open audience, justice demands 4thly. A portion of the lands of Askiri from me the avowal that wothing material Wiharé, supposed to bave been originally has arisen out of these complaints to be re- private property, and erroneously

included prehended on the part of the Chiefs, and I in a Grant to the temple by the King, en

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