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coacliman of five years old, and by a po volution, with its miseries, is
not stilion of three years old, attended by three charged on him. The insurrections most beautiful children as footmen,-chilplanned and produced in the suburbs dreu so lovely that they seemed to be so maug cupids, wearing the livery of Món- is divided between the Fauxborrg St.
of Paris are well marked : the honour Bleur le Danihin:-and the coarh-the horses-the attendants, were all in readi- Antoine, and the Fuuxbourg St. Marness at the foot of the night of steps, wait-ceau. It may be said, that the Fauxing the orders of their master. Charming! bourg St. Antoine is the best for the purExquisite! She runs to the King. Come, pose of discord ; and the Fauxbourg come along, and see! Calove is a con- St. Marcean is best for the purpose of juror: it is for your son: the prettiest village.” thing, to be sure! A perfect prodigy! The cime occupies the chief part of the first
The progress of liberty and King followed, as desired; his courtiers Volume : we have no need to enlarge gatbered around him ; all enrapt in admiraiion: the equipige is ordered to drive on this part of the melancholy History. about: the little Dauphin throws himself The fatal error of making Paris the around De Caloune's neck, all are tran- King's residence, is strongly pointed sported: all are enchanted. Now, how out by the author: in fact, it became was it possible to dismiss from his office a
the source of innumerable miseries. The Con:roktur General of the Finances, who society of the Jacobios is precisely suitbad shewn himself capable of such bril. liant invention? The Queen during seve.
ed to meet the views of M. L. and, acral days did nothing but speak of it, in cordingly, he traces its proceedings, disterms of praise. The King no longer dared tinctly,--proceedings not to be repelled to execnie nis plan. The minister's rivals by the puny arms or more puny device, were ail struck dumb: the courtiers joined of Ministerial toy-men. The Jacobins, in the applause; and Calonne triumphed. certainly, caused the King's evasion,
This might secure the minister; but and his death. The Jacobios patronized it did not establish public credit, or fill crimes the most bloody anu atrocious : the coffers of the State. The
massacres, in point of numbers slain ; $quences we know; and the miserable unnatural, even to extravagance, in deficit of less than a couple of millions point of appalling and diabolical guilt. annually, proved an insuperable diffi- They ruled the nation by their affiliated culty to this enchanting ingenuity.
clubs; and the representatives of the Of what avail was ihe King's better nation by their armed mobs and insurJudgment ? If he trusted to Calonne, rections. The histories of the Giroudists, he was tricked; if he trusted to Necker of the Mountain, of Robespierre, &r. &c. he was exposed; the rivalship of these follow: they afford instructive lessons, if ministers, had other purposes in view,
the people of France would but attend
to them! The secret Police of Robesthan the good of the country copfided to their care.
There was scarcely a step pierre is a curious incident: certainly, taken with the King's perfect consent, Napoleon took many a hint from his for he foresaw consequences, painful, il predecessor, and among others this: for not fatal. The happy have many friends:
no man ever was flattered, by order, so had the King. The unhappy !--itis
as Napoleon was Mattered, except that
“ Dictator !” not in Human Nature, to be friends with them; and the King found bimiself for
The odious falsity of scandalous adulasaken, by one after another, till the tion never was more clearly exposed than handfull that remained were insufficient at the fall of Robespierre. His head had to command the guard of his palace, or rolled on the scaffold several days, while to protect him against a mob of insur- the correspondence, sent up from his gent pillagers.
agents in the provinces, continued to dis
play his name surrounded by the most The clergy are treated by M. Lavallée with great severity: they paid dearly pompous titles of “ father of the people,
-the virtuous—the magnanimous -- the for their want of discernment. And they incorruptible—the saviour of the country," must continue to pay. The Duke of &c. The following post, the same signaOrleans is estimated at his true value; tures, the same writers, loaded his memory but, bis full share in producing the re with epithets diametrically opposite ex
ecrable tyrant-monster greedy of blood | them after their defeat ?-or, if they did -executioner," &c. By the dates of these
not act from conviction, why did they letters might easily have been calculated the swifter or slower progress of the act, at all? Why throw the whole city couriers, charged to spread the news of his
into a ferment, unless the cause were death. Although these sudden changes weighty and grave! We speak of the from adoration to accusation, these dam- famous 13 Vendémiare, in which Buonations rapidly succeeding apotheosis, were naparte (who is not mentioned by M. L.) things of course from their frequency, yet obtained great credit by readily desthey never were placed in a more striking troying the “ Muscadins” of Paris. light than by the discovery of this couble The slaughter of these Parisian youth, (secret) police of Robespierre.
was great; and it was noticed, that Scarcely had forty eight hours elapsed, though the battle was over at eight after his death, when the packets address 1 o'clock in the evening, the cannon kept ed to the Committee of Public safety, be- roaring two hours longer. Says our gan to bring in numbers of Itihleaur, made author-of paper, several feet in length, strong and thick, divided into narrow coiumtis, cachi
Very few of the sections took part in this column headed with a question to wbirdi
disastrous day. All were under arms; but the agent returued answers; verified by huis
almost all at eight o'clock had retired to signaiore. .. They mostly referred their quarters. The night was quiet; all to the public opinion of Robespierre. It is the inportant posts being orrupied. presumable that, during the wife of this
The fall of the setion Le Pelletier was man, somebody was specially charged with shut; the factions without a lesler, and the duty of receiving these packets; for the
without a rall:ing point, were dispers d. day after his death the l'ommittee first
Who could believe it? A score of these koew of them. A few days afterwards;
Foung beateni wasiiors, resorted to the offices of this occult police were disa guinguette situated at the oppo-ie extrecovered in the gari ets of the palace; but, mity of Paris, known by the name of la apparently the clerkis emploi ed did not ruppée, aut mons for the excellence of dare venture on making their appearance, the fish served "pit the house. There, after his death. They wever have been they ordered a sp endi! su per, soov for: kuown. No list of their names has been got the fatigues of bediv, consecrated the found : and if they were paid, nobody night to Bacolius and the Muses, sung knows who paid them.
their own defrat i twenty couplets, the
very offspring of guiety, and hy puns and What a picture does this present of epigrinis averiged themselves ou That Con. the guilty compliance, and equally vention which they had not been able to guilty versatility, of French Agenis! Å sobrine by arms: such are the French ! thousand times has the British public This anecdote is true: two of the party been cautioned against placing confi- came incognito to me at seven o'clock the denre in the official reports of Prefects, Dext morning, intrealing me to give them
some tea, and to tell them the news. and Mayors, &c. &c. Does not this hise tory justify that caution? Can greater few bonuses where the inhabitants did not
This night was singular. There were profligacy and venality be conceived sit up all night. The neighbours met each Can we wonder at what has happened other at some neighbour's house. What since ? What now
becomes of the followed? When the danger receded, a " roiee of the people,” so loudly trum- 'amiliarity took place. Some fruits, some petted, by those who in the course of trifling refreshnients were oflered to the their thicial duty must have known company driven together he fear. Cerebetter?
mony was laid aside : each brought a con
tribution to the sleuder collationi, presented This frivolity of crime was not con
by the politeness of the host in whose fined to agents paid to express opinions; house they were. They placed themselves it was, it still is, the characteristic im at table, the women made up the party : a mor Jity of that ingenious, sprightly, gleam of gaiety re-appeared, and if any but delusive and deluded people. Is it observer had possessed the power, like possible to suppose that those who real dsmodeus, of lifting off the roofs of the
houses to inspect the interior, he would ly acted from conviction, that the Convention deserved destruction, should be before his eyes, that the night was succes
have concluded from the scenes passing 10 mirthfully inclined as M. L. describes
sor to a day of rejoicing.
On the morrow, at six o'clock in the murderer appeared in the same streets with morning, Paris offered the strangest of the murdered: the passenger walked with sights All classes thronged the streets.. indifierence amidst ihe bodies of the dead Petits maities, the most beautiful women, lying about on the pavement. Every inin the most elegant undress, the tradesmeni, dividual became a terrorist, in eyes intent the housekeepers in their robe de chambre, on seeking objects of vengeance. Rage the Jabouring people in their working struck the blow; calm premeditation clothes, all came to examine the field of struck the blow: hap-hazard struck the battle. A ball hd shattered a column of blow. To le Forest, on the banks of the the Thuatre de la Republique; another bad Durance and of the Drome, at St. Etienne, carried away the cornice of a shop at the at St. Esprit, at Tournus, at Tarascon, at corner of the rue du Coq, facing the Avignon, at Arles, over a superficies of Coffee House of the Barrier des screens, more than a hundred leagues, roaned this severals balls bad battered the facades of blood-thirsty delirium. Here, the prisons the hotels on the Quaj de Voltaire, the were forced, and without distinction beportico of the church of St Roch was tween crime and misfortune, the prisoners hovey-combed with balls: all these marks were massacred in
Elsewhere, of the fury of battle aitracted the curious these asylums of evil days, were cousumed inspection of the multitude. The people be the fiames, and the unfortunate whose examived them, counted them, shewed life was the security of his creditor, perished them one to another. I say more: they beside the brigand doomed by justice to laughed at discovering the singular effects y fall under the sword of the law. The trawhich some of the balls had produced on veller is poignarded, because his features the stone or marble. The centinels were are unkuown. A father taking his child placed on a great number of different to school at Sorréze, when shewing his points, especially in the vicinity of the passport, happened to let fall an old card Tuileries. They also were objects of the of safety signed by Chaumette ; this was public curiosity. The crowd formed a taken up, and the father was slain in the circle around them. They inspected them arms of his son. Two soldiers dismissed in silence. If they walked about, the from the arms, were returning home, their crowd opened to give them way: if they clothes, worn out, the effects of their cam. stopped, and if by accident a soldier hoppaigns; their hair, their beards in disorder. pened to rest on his arms, the whole flest This costume resembles that of terrorists. in wild dismay. It might have been Instead of hats they wear caps, turned up thought that the people, not recovered with scarlet : these are taken for (bonnets from the terrors of the night before, took rouges) caps of liberty; and their unforfor the discharge of a cannou the thump tunate wearers are massacred within a of the butt end of a musket on the stones. league of Tarascon. Au hundred similar This day, which in any other city would instances might be quoted. The paroxysm have been throughout it, a day of mour!) of this horrible fever lasted many months. ing, was for the Parisians a day of pro-Corpses were thrown by hundreds into the menade; they sullied forth to cujos a Rhone; the Mediterranean received the spectacle of which they had no previous assassins of the year two, from the bloody . conception. The 14 Vendémiare they stroke of assassins of the year four: and spoke of the 13 Vendémiare. The 15th amidst this enormous throng of victims, the they said no more about it. The 16th bones of the innocents slaughtered within they had quite forgot it.--Such is the people the walls of Lyons, followed the stream of Paris !
into the sea, where they jostled the skeleAfter this scene of hardness of heart, tons of the innocents destroyed in Nantes who can acquit the Parisians from the by Carrier. charge of being parties to the crimes
The false sublime of this passagecommitted in their city ?
because, in fact, the two seas do not The public has been subsequently unite-does not affect its truth. Who, shocked at the re-action which ensan
now, can wonder at any thing? guined the South of France: it is the While the angry passions were thus country of re-action, if we may believe alert, Avarice was equally active, and this writer :
perhaps, its victims were more numeThis indifference gave to Lyons, and rous and inore pitiable. The poignard throughout the South, a horrible activity ended life and miseries, at a blow : to re-action .... Assassination avenged ruined finances prolonged sufferings assassinatione. By day, by night, the without remission.
The Directory began its career at a mo- cles, the concerts, the public walks, the sa-, ment of difficulty... The state had no re-lous were the exchanges on which these venues: it was, therefore, weil enough | burlesque burgains were made, and every pleased to pa: nobody. But what follow-quarter of the town swarmed with similar ed? The proprietors of lands, the annui. caricatures. iants, the men in office, were reduced to poverty. The proprietors, because the far.
The rise of Buonaparte gives the bess paid only in assignats, according to 7riter pleasure; and to biin he sacrifices their uominai value; insonuch that when other officers,--pot excepting Admiral ihis paper money was depreciated, a rent of | Bruyx, whoin de charges with "imprutwelve thousand livres became in effect 10 jence," in Egypt. He acknowledges, more than twe've or fifteen in gold. The indeed, that the system of burning Enannuit:uts, who formerly lived on an in-glish goods, injured only French dealers, come up one hundred louis
, the year through, without doing any harm to England; now found in two thousand four hundred livres of assignats about a week's subsis and affirms that the restoration of the tence, when a dish of coffee cost ibem two clergy toward Buonaparte in the opinion. bundred livres in paper. The men in of- of the French people ;-but, these, he fice, because they found, after all deduc says, were suggestions of others, not of tions made, that they had been serving the his own mind : He even goes so far as stite at the rate of seven or eight livres to say, that Napoleon gave France a per mouth.
inilitary government, to reconcile the This produced most curious scen(s. people to his confirmation of the Con
Every boly desired to become owner of cordat. Even when those blanders articles of some value, Le ihey what they hich led more immediately to the might. This diffused throughout Paris an downfall of the Emperor and king beactivity of the most singular and inconsi- in to shew themselves, N. L. attributes derate kind that ever existei, perhaps, them, “ to the perfidious suggestions of during several months. Frequently the miserable Hatterers." That he was merchandize in a warehouse passed through Hattered we admit: but, he ordered it : twenty hands in the same day, without be; His creatures did not dare to say othering displaced, and every purchaser obtained a profit of a few assignats, the perpetual wise, any more than the creatures of depreciation of which found his property Robespierre dared to have called him on the morrow exactly what it had beet other than great, and good, while he overuight : so that he had his whole labour lived. of four-and-twenty hours for nothing. Above all, was the amusing ridicule of
We must beg leave to differ still witnessing the prettiest women this active; more from the writer toward the close of forsaking sleep and the indulgence of sloth, his work; it is not “ believed in Enforsaking their beds of ciown at seven gland, that Talleyrand suggested the o'clock in the morning, rumuing about the war in Spain.” It is not true that streets of Paris; offering the first comer a " the Davube overflowed its banks, and CAPITAL BARGAIN of tobacco, or bales of rendered the battle of Essling indemusliu, or tea, or pepper, &c. often enter. cisive.” It is not true that respecting ing a coffee-house to finish the business Napoleon's proposals for marrying a with the buyer, who most frequently sold Russian princess, “ the court of Russia, it again, without stirring, to some other womo, or unknown man, who had been
was the dupe of any maneuvres." He brought there by the madness of the mo.
received what amounted to a negative; ment. Could it be otherwise than comic, as any statesman niight understand. when these ladies were amidst their circles Nor, indeed, do we believe, that he was of pleasure in the evening, to see them excited, guided, and ruined, by any take out of their kidICULES a candle's end, faction, which had sworn to dethrone a red-herring, a parcel of smoked sardines, him. We believe that, “ he followed as specimens, and gravely propose to sell his star,” and our opinion on the course so many bundred weight of tallow, or so
of that meteor, remains before the Pubmaoy buudrid barrels of salt fish; while the petit mailre, loaded with perfumes, lic. In fact, the writer forgets that in lighted a cigarre at the candle by way of proportion as he supposes Napoleon to puffing off the fragrance of the bundles have been the dupe of his advisers, he which be had to dispose of. The specta- deprives him of that reputation for
talent which he bad previously ascribed to him. Was he such a fool that he A Year in Canada, and other Poems. could not not discuver their drift? M. L. would not have asserted this, while
By Ann Cuthbert Knight. 12mo. price Napoleon wore the crown. That he 5s. Edinburgh, Doig. 1816. himself prevented the truth from ap This Lady possesses a pleasing proaching him, we lieve to be much power of observation and recollection. more correct, than this writer's asser
The seasons have passed in review betion, that it was purposely fraudently fore her, so far as a single year allowed kept from him ;-even after he began them. A longer residence might have to totter, the few words of truth told him I afforded a greater variety. Canada is, in by his senate, put him into a passion of fact, a subject for a much more consithat violent kind, froin which it may derable work. It is the beginning, or easily be judged what his sensations point of departure of many adventurwould have been had such liberties been
ous expeditions. Whoever has seen the taken with him, while in bis glory. setting off of the dealers, &c. engaged in
If the writer means his labours as an the fur trade, their batteaux, &c. must apology for Buonaparte, they must fail; } allow then to be very proper subjects he does not know his man. If he means for poetry. them as an apology for France, they The narratives frequently related by equally fail, for he attributes the down- some of these men (and others) their fall of Napoleon not to any sense of mode of life, in the distant parts, the virtue remaining among the citizens, different tribes of Indians they visit, but to the intrigues of a faction. His the distribution of presents to the Inarguments act rather, contrary to his dians, are so many points, very susintention, as an apology for the Sove- ceptible of poetical embellishments. As reigns, who determined to have nothing to the features of the country, the exto do with such a profligate and his tensive lakes, the magniticent rivers, family :--They could not trust him. the sweeping rapids, the waterfalls, &c. And this we believe, to be the main they are subjects of interesting grandepth of the secret, in a few words. As deur; and demand the hand of a mighto the conspirators against Buonaparte ty master. being members of his own family, his Lately too, the spirit of resistance mother, his brother Lucien, his sister to the invader, of activity, at the counLetitia, his uncle Cardinal Fesch, we try's call, of loyalty and attachment to must have better authority before we Britain, have distinguished the Canaadmit it. That these, with others in dian people. The intercourse with Euhis confidence, bad a conviction of his rope, also, adds to the charms of the rashness, and foresaw his ruin, may be subject, while it diversifies the song by true enough: But, the history of the introducing the gratifications of civilizfac!ion, that last governed France, will ed life. Even the military stationed be sufficienily clear from the true his in the province, may claim a place ; tory of the Emperor and King, when- and a scating expedition on the lakes, ever it shall appear; written without may claim a considerable place, in a bitterness, and without partiality, as it poem of which this Country were the really did happen, and not as it may be theme. distorted hy the favourable representa The lady who favours us with this tions of friends, or the malicious deli- attempt limits her exertions to more neations of enemies.
lowly strains. She takes a general There are several anecdotes of view of the country; but it is such as which Buonaparte is the suleject col- | becomes her sex; and throughout the lected in the third volume: some of whole we discover her to be a tempothem do him credit; though they seem rary resident, a mere flying visitor, rather to have been caused by sudden whose heart obeys the attractions which impulse, than to have been guided by draw it back to Scotland, although her any settled principles of virtue, or sen- presence may be for the time, in Cana, sibility : qualities he never possessed. da. The poem opens with this sentiment